Uman

Uman, UkraineHumanHuman, UkraineHumanskyHumańthe raion's administrative center
Uman (Умань, ; Humań) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia.wikipedia
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City of regional significance (Ukraine)

city of oblast significancecity of regional significancetown of oblast significance
Uman serves as the administrative center of Uman Raion (district), but is designated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion.

Cherkasy Oblast

CherkasyCherkasy regionCherkassy Oblast
Uman (Умань, ; Humań) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia.
The oblast's territory was the major cities of Cherkasy, Smila and Uman, their corresponding raions (districts), as well as 30 former raions of the Vinnytsia, Kiev, Kirovohrad and Poltava Oblasts.

Uman Raion

UmanKolodysteUmanskyi
Uman serves as the administrative center of Uman Raion (district), but is designated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion.
Its administrative center is Uman which is incorporated separately as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion.

Taras Shevchenko

ShevchenkoT. ShevchenkoTaras Hryhorovych Shevchenko
Among Ukrainians, Uman is known for its depiction of the Haidamak rebellions in Taras Shevchenko's longest of poems, Haidamaky ("The Haidamaks", 1843).
In 1824 Taras, along with his father, became a traveling merchant (chumak) and traveled to Zvenyhorodka, Uman, Yelizavetgrad (today Kropyvnytskyi).

Private town

ownershipprivate bishop townprivate fortified town
Uman (Humań) was a privately owned city of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Amongst the most well-known former private magnate towns are Białystok, Zamość, Rzeszów, Puławy, Tarnów, Siedlce, Biała Podlaska, Ivano-Frankivsk (Polish: Stanisławów), Ternopil (Polish: Tarnopol) and Uman (Polish: Humań).

Vinnytsia

VinnitsaVinnitsyaWinnica
Uman (Умань, ; Humań) is a city located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine, to the east of Vinnytsia.
According to the Russian census of 1897, Vinnytsia with a population of 30,563 was the third largest city of Podolia after Kamianets-Podilskyi and Uman.

Ivan Gonta

Notably during the latter, Cossack rebels Maksym Zalizniak and Ivan Gonta captured Uman during the Koliyivshchyna uprising against Polish rule.
Born in Rożyszki (modern Rozsishky) near Uman' in Bracław Voivodship, Gonta served as a sotnik (captain) of Cossack household militia of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, the Voivode of Kiev and commanded a small garrison of Uman since 1757.

Massacre of Uman

Haidamak Massacre of Umanmassacre took placesuffered greatest losses
During this revolt, a massacre took place against Jews, Poles and Ukrainian Uniates.
The Massacre of Humań, or massacre of Uman (rzeź humańska; "уманська різня" or "взяття Умані") was the 1768 massacre of the Jews, Poles and Ukrainian Uniates by haidamaks at the town of Humań (now Uman) in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.

Maksym Zalizniak

Maksym ZaliznyakZalizniak
Notably during the latter, Cossack rebels Maksym Zalizniak and Ivan Gonta captured Uman during the Koliyivshchyna uprising against Polish rule.
In April 1768 Zaliznyak emerged from Motroninsky Forest and started to advance toward Uman.

Sofiyivka Park

Sofiyivsky ParkSofiyivkaArboretum Sofiyivka
The city is also a pilgrimage site for Breslov Hasidic Jews and a major center of gardening research containing the dendrological park Sofiyivka and the University of Gardening.
The park is located in the northern part of the City of Uman, Cherkasy Oblast (Central Ukraine), near the Kamianka River.

Battle of Uman

Uman PocketUmancaptured about 100,000 Soviet prisoners
In 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army encircled Soviet positions. During the Second World War, in 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army encircled Soviet positions.
The battle finished by the encirclement and annihilation of 6th and 12th armies to the southeast of the Uman city.

Rosh Hashana kibbutz

pilgrimageRosh Hashanah kibbutzBreslov Rosh Hashana gathering
Every Rosh Hashana, there is a major pilgrimage by tens of thousands of Hasidim and others from around the world to the burial site of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, located on the former site of the Jewish cemetery in a rebuilt synagogue.
It specifically refers to the pilgrimage of tens of thousands of Hasidim to the city of Uman, Ukraine, but also refers to sizable Rosh Hashana gatherings of Breslover Hasidim in other locales around the world.

Koliyivshchyna

KoliyivschynaKoliivshchynaa peasant uprising
Notably during the latter, Cossack rebels Maksym Zalizniak and Ivan Gonta captured Uman during the Koliyivshchyna uprising against Polish rule.
At Uman it led to a big massacre.

Bracław Voivodeship

Bratslav VoivodeshipBracławBratslav
It was part of the Bracław Voivodeship of the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown.
Most of them were private, with the strongest one being Uman In the 18th century, the voivodeship had several grand residences of Polish magnates, among them was Zofiowka of the Potocki family, located in close proximity to Uman.

Kiev Governorate

KievGovernment of KievKiev Guberniya
In 1795 Uman became a povit/uezd center in Voznesensk Governorate, and in 1797, in Kiev Governorate.
At the turn of the 20th century, the governorate included twelve uyezds named by their centers: Berdychiv, Cherkasy, Chyhyryn, Kaniv, Kyiv, Lipovets, Radomyshl, Skvyra, Tarashcha, Uman, Vasylkiv and Zvenyhorodka.

Eastern Front (World War II)

Eastern FrontGreat Patriotic WarGerman-Soviet War
During the Second World War, in 1941, the Battle of Uman took place in the vicinity of the town, where the German army encircled Soviet positions.
When it joined up with the southern elements of Army Group South at Uman, the Group captured about 100,000 Soviet prisoners in a huge encirclement.

Nathan of Breslov

Reb NosonNathan BratzlaverNathan of Breslav
The Rosh Hashana pilgrimage dates back to 1811, when the Rebbe's foremost disciple, Nathan of Breslov, organized the first such pilgrimage on the Rosh Hashana after the Rebbe's death.
Reb Noson was also responsible for making Uman, Ukraine, the city in which Rebbe Nachman is buried, into a focal point of the Hasidut.

Haidamaka

HaidamakyHaidamaksHaidamak
Among Ukrainians, Uman is known for its depiction of the Haidamak rebellions in Taras Shevchenko's longest of poems, Haidamaky ("The Haidamaks", 1843).
In 1768, led by Zaporozhian Cossack Maksym Zalizniak and leader of the Uman Cossack paramilitary group Ivan Gonta, the peasants were initially successful in conquering much of the Kiev and Bracław Voivodeships, as well as large chunks of Volhynia and Podolia.

Breslov (Hasidic group)

BreslovBresloverBreslov Hasidim
The city is also a pilgrimage site for Breslov Hasidic Jews and a major center of gardening research containing the dendrological park Sofiyivka and the University of Gardening.
Another specifically Breslov practice is the annual Rosh Hashanah kibbutz, a large gathering at the grave of Rabbi Nachman in Uman, Ukraine on the Jewish New Year.

Nachman of Breslov

Rabbi NachmanNachman of BreslavRebbe Nachman
Every Rosh Hashana, there is a major pilgrimage by tens of thousands of Hasidim and others from around the world to the burial site of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, located on the former site of the Jewish cemetery in a rebuilt synagogue.
A group of maskilim (Jews belonging to the secular Haskalah [Enlightenment] movement) living in Uman invited him to live in their town, and provided housing for him as his illness worsened.

The Dybbuk. A Tale of Wandering Souls

The controversy is the subject of the 2015 documentary film, The Dybbuk. A Tale of Wandering Souls.
The film tells the story of a conflict between Orthodox Jews and Ukrainian far-right activists in Uman, a city in Ukraine, just before Euromaidan protests.

Uman–Botoșani Offensive

Uman-Botosani OffensiveUman–Botoşani OffensiveUman-Botoshany
Uman was occupied by German forces from August 1, 1941 to March 10, 1944.
During the offensive, the towns of Uman, Vapniarka, Pervomaisk, Novoukrainka were liberated.

Milford Haven

MilfordMilford DockyardMilford Haven, Wales
Milford Haven is twinned with Romilly-sur-Seine, France and Uman, Ukraine.