Umberto Eco

EcoEco, UmbertoThe Open WorkU. EcoI tre cosmonautiUmberto Echo
Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.wikipedia
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The Name of the Rose

novel of the same nameIl nome della rosaName of the Rose
He is widely known for his 1980 novel Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose), a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory.
The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa ) is the 1980 debut novel by Italian author Umberto Eco.

Semiotics

semioticsemioticiansemiology
He is widely known for his 1980 novel Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose), a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory. Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.
Semiotics is frequently seen as having important anthropological and sociological dimensions; for example, the Italian semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco proposed that every cultural phenomenon may be studied as communication.

Foucault's Pendulum

Foucault’s Pendulum
He later wrote other novels, including Il pendolo di Foucault (Foucault's Pendulum) and L'isola del giorno prima (The Island of the Day Before).
Foucault's Pendulum (original title: Il pendolo di Foucault ) is a novel by Italian writer and philosopher Umberto Eco.

The Prague Cemetery

Il cimitero di PragaThe Cemetery of Prague
His novel Il cimitero di Praga (The Prague Cemetery), released in 2010, topped the bestseller charts in Italy.
The Prague Cemetery (Il cimitero di Praga) is the sixth novel by Italian author Umberto Eco.

The Island of the Day Before

He later wrote other novels, including Il pendolo di Foucault (Foucault's Pendulum) and L'isola del giorno prima (The Island of the Day Before).
The Island of the Day Before (L'isola del giorno prima) is a 1994 historical fiction novel by Umberto Eco set in the 17th-century during the historical search for the secret of longitude.

Exercises in Style

Exercices de style
Eco also wrote academic texts, children's books, and essays, and edited and translated into Italian books from French, such as Raymond Queneau’s “Exercises in Style” (1983).

Historical mystery

historical detectivehistorical mysterieshistorical whodunnit
He is widely known for his 1980 novel Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose), a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory.
Umberto Eco's one-off The Name of the Rose (1980) also helped popularize the concept, and starting in 1979, author Anne Perry wrote two series of Victorian era mysteries featuring Thomas Pitt (1979–2013) and William Monk (1990–2013).

Roger Angell

Eco was honoured with the Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement in 2005 along with Roger Angell.
He received a number of awards for his writing, including the George Polk Award for Commentary in 1980, the Kenyon Review Award for Literary Achievement in 2005 along with Umberto Eco, and the inaugural PEN/ESPN Lifetime Achievement Award for Literary Sports Writing in 2011.

Alessandria

Alessandria, ItalyAlessandria on the TanaroAlessandrini
Eco was born on 5 January 1932 in the city of Alessandria, in Piedmont in northern Italy, and here he attended high school.
A legend (related in Umberto Eco's book Baudolino, and which recalls one concerning Bishop Herculanus’ successful defense of Perugia several centuries earlier) says it was saved by a quick-witted peasant, Gagliaudo: he fed his cow with the last grain remaining within the city, then took it outside the city walls until he reached the Imperial camp.

Literary criticism

literary criticliterary studiescritic
Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.

CICAP

Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CICAP)Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the PseudosciencesItalian Committee for the Investigation of Claims on the Paranormal
Eco was a member of the Italian skeptic organization Comitato Italiano per il Controllo delle Affermazioni sulle Pseudoscienze (Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudosciences) CICAP.
Other notable members included the philosopher, semiotician and novelist Umberto Eco.

Open text

re-reading
Literature which limits one's potential understanding to a single, unequivocal line, the closed text, remains the least rewarding, while texts that are the most active between mind, society and life (open texts) are the liveliest and best—although valuation terminology was not his primary focus.
The concept of the open text comes from Umberto Eco's collection of essays The Role of the Reader, but it is also derivative of Roland Barthes's distinction between 'readerly' (lisible) and 'writerly' (scriptible) texts as set out in his 1968 essay, "The Death of the Author".

University of Bologna

BolognaBologna UniversityUniversità di Bologna
He was the founder of the Department of Media Studies at the University of the Republic of San Marino, president of the Graduate School for the Study of the Humanities at the University of Bologna, member of the Accademia dei Lincei, and an honorary fellow of Kellogg College, Oxford.

Faith in Fakes

The essay was later included in Eco's book Faith in Fakes.
Il costume di casa (Faith in Fakes) was originally an essay written by the Italian semiotician Umberto Eco, about "America's obsession with simulacra and counterfeit reality."

University of Turin

University of TorinoTurinTurin University
Umberto's father urged him to become a lawyer, but he entered the University of Turin to take up medieval philosophy and literature, writing his thesis on Thomas Aquinas and earning a Laurea degree in philosophy in 1954.
Last century, the Letters Faculty could claim staff such as Umberto Eco, Luigi Pareyson, Nicola Abbagnano, Massimo Mila, Lionello Venturi and Franco Venturi.

Mike Bongiorno

Eco's short 1961 essay "Fenomenologia di Mike Bongiorno" ("Phenomenology of Mike Bongiorno", then the most popular quiz show host in Italy) received much notoriety among the general public and has drawn endless questions by journalists at every public appearance by Eco; the essay was later included in the collection Diario minimo (1963).
In 1963 Umberto Eco wrote an essay entitled Phenomenology of Mike Bongiorno, a bestseller in which he used advanced academic theories to shed light on Mike Bongiorno and his way of communicating.

Kellogg College, Oxford

Kellogg CollegeKelloggDepartment for External Studies
He was the founder of the Department of Media Studies at the University of the Republic of San Marino, president of the Graduate School for the Study of the Humanities at the University of Bologna, member of the Accademia dei Lincei, and an honorary fellow of Kellogg College, Oxford.

Literary theory

literary theoristtheoristliterary
He is widely known for his 1980 novel Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose), a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory.

Guerrilla television

guerilla television
In 1967 he gave the influential lecture "Towards a Semiological Guerrilla Warfare", which coined the influential term "semiological guerrilla", and influenced the theorization of guerrilla tactics against mainstream mass media culture, such as guerrilla television and culture jamming.
As early as 1967, Umberto Eco used similar terminology in a lecture he gave in New York City, coining the term "semiological guerrilla" and using expressions like "communications guerrilla warfare" and "cultural guerrilla."

Jean-Claude Carrière

Jean-Claude CarriereCarrièreJean Claude Carriere
In 2012, Eco and Jean-Claude Carrière published a book of conversations on the future of information carriers.
In 2012, Carrière and Umberto Eco published a book of conversations on the future of information carriers.

Thomas Aquinas

St. Thomas AquinasAquinasSaint Thomas Aquinas
Umberto's father urged him to become a lawyer, but he entered the University of Turin to take up medieval philosophy and literature, writing his thesis on Thomas Aquinas and earning a Laurea degree in philosophy in 1954.
The influence of Thomas's aesthetics also can be found in the works of the Italian semiotician Umberto Eco, who wrote an essay on aesthetic ideas in Thomas (published in 1956 and republished in 1988 in a revised edition).

Fiction

fictionalRealistic fictionfictitious
He is widely known for his 1980 novel Il nome della rosa (The Name of the Rose), a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory.
* Eco, Umberto 2009.

Versus (journal)

VersusVersus'' (journal)Versus: Quaderni di studi semiotici
Eco co-founded Versus: Quaderni di studi semiotici (known as VS among Italian academics), a semiotic journal.
Founded by Umberto Eco, et al. in 1971, it has been an important confrontation space for a large number of scholars of several fields coping with signs and signification.

William of Baskerville

Brother William of Baskerville
Franciscan friar William of Baskerville, aided by his assistant Adso, a Benedictine novice, investigates a series of murders at a monastery that is to host an important religious debate.
William of Baskerville (Italian: Guglielmo da Baskerville) is a fictional Franciscan friar from the 1980 historical mystery novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) by Umberto Eco.

Baudolino

Baudolino was published in 2000.
Baudolino is a 2000 novel by Umberto Eco about the adventures of a man named Baudolino in the known and mythical Christian world of the 12th century.