Underground comix

underground comicsundergroundunderground comiccomixunderground cartoonistunderground comic bookunderground cartoonistsunderground comic stripUnderground comic stripscomix movement
Underground comix are small press or self-published comic books that are often socially relevant or satirical in nature.wikipedia
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Robert Crumb

R. CrumbCrumb[Robert] Crumb
Robert Crumb, Gilbert Shelton, Barbara "Willy" Mendes, Trina Robbins and numerous other cartoonists created underground titles that were popular with readers within the counterculture scene.
Crumb is a prolific artist and contributed to many of the seminal works of the underground comix movement in the 1960s, including being a founder of the first successful underground comix publication, Zap Comix, contributing to all 16 issues.

Gilbert Shelton

Robert Crumb, Gilbert Shelton, Barbara "Willy" Mendes, Trina Robbins and numerous other cartoonists created underground titles that were popular with readers within the counterculture scene. Perhaps the earliest of the underground comic strips was Frank Stack's (under the pseudonym Foolbert Sturgeon) The Adventures of Jesus, begun in 1962 and compiled in photocopied zine form by Gilbert Shelton in 1964.
Gilbert Shelton (born May 31, 1940) is an American cartoonist and a key member of the underground comix movement.

Trina Robbins

Robbins, Trina[Trina Robbins
Robert Crumb, Gilbert Shelton, Barbara "Willy" Mendes, Trina Robbins and numerous other cartoonists created underground titles that were popular with readers within the counterculture scene.
She was an early and influential participant in the underground comix movement, and one of the first few female artists in that movement.

Gary Panter

Punk had its own comic artists like Gary Panter.
Panter's work is representative of the post-underground, new wave comics movement that began with the end of Arcade: The Comics Revue and the initiation of RAW, one of the second generation in American underground comix.

Alternative comics

alternativeindependent comicsindependent comic book
Long after their heyday underground comix gained prominence with films and television shows influenced by the movement and with mainstream comic books, but their legacy is most obvious with alternative comics.
Alternative comics cover a range of American comics that have appeared since the 1980s, following the underground comix movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Comic book

comic bookscomic-bookcomic
Underground comix are small press or self-published comic books that are often socially relevant or satirical in nature.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what became known as underground comix.

Direct market

comic book storecomic shopcomic book retailer
The underground comix scene had its strongest success in the United States between 1968 and 1975, with titles initially distributed primarily though head shops.
The underground comix movement of the late 1960s was part of an alternative distribution network that also served the underground press, which proliferated in the mid-1960s.

Frank Stack

Foolbert SturgeonStack, Frank
Perhaps the earliest of the underground comic strips was Frank Stack's (under the pseudonym Foolbert Sturgeon) The Adventures of Jesus, begun in 1962 and compiled in photocopied zine form by Gilbert Shelton in 1964.
Frank Huntington Stack (born October 31, 1937 in Houston, Texas) is an American underground cartoonist and fine artist.

Wonder Wart-Hog

Wonder Warthog
Shelton's own Wonder Wart-Hog appeared in the college humor magazine Bacchanal #1-2 in 1962.
Wonder Wart-Hog (the "Hog of Steel") is an underground comic book character, a porcine parody of Superman, created by Gilbert Shelton and first published in 1962.

Barbara Mendes

Barbara "Willy" MendesWilly Mendes
Robert Crumb, Gilbert Shelton, Barbara "Willy" Mendes, Trina Robbins and numerous other cartoonists created underground titles that were popular with readers within the counterculture scene.
Mendes was one of the early and very influential member of the underground comix movement, working alongside the other few female artists who contributed to the newly founded underground comix movement.

Harvey Kurtzman

[Harvey] KurtzmanH. KurtzHarvey Kurtzman's Strange Adventures
American comix were strongly influenced by EC Comics and especially magazines edited by Harvey Kurtzman, including Mad.
He edited the low-budget Help! from 1960 to 1965, a humor magazine which featured work by future Monty Python member Terry Gilliam and the earliest work of underground cartoonists such as Robert Crumb and Gilbert Shelton.

Jaxon

Jack JacksonJack "Jaxon" JacksonJack Edward Jackson
Jack Jackson's God Nose, published in Texas in 1964, has also been given that title.
He co-founded Rip Off Press, and some consider him to be the first underground comix artist, due to his most well-known comic strip God Nose.

Don Donahue

Apex NoveltiesThe Apex Treasury of Underground Comics
Just as importantly, the major underground publishers were all based in the area: Don Donahue's Apex Novelties, Gary Arlington's San Francisco Comic Book Company, and Rip Off Press were all headquartered in the city, with Ron Turner's Last Gasp and the Print Mint based in Berkeley. Also in 1968, Crumb, in San Francisco, self-published (with the help of poet Charles Plymell and Don Donahue of Apex Novelties) his first solo comic, Zap Comix.
Donald Richard Donahue (May 18, 1942 – October 27, 2010) was a comic book publisher, operating under the name Apex Novelties, one of the instigators of the underground comix movement in the 1960s.

Gary Arlington

San Francisco Comic Book Company
Just as importantly, the major underground publishers were all based in the area: Don Donahue's Apex Novelties, Gary Arlington's San Francisco Comic Book Company, and Rip Off Press were all headquartered in the city, with Ron Turner's Last Gasp and the Print Mint based in Berkeley.
Gary Edson Arlington (October 7, 1938 – January 16, 2014) was an American retailer, artist, editor, and publisher, who became a key figure in the underground comix movement of the 1960s and 1970s.

Charles Plymell

Charlie Plymell
One guide lists two other underground comix from that year, Vaughn Bodē's Das Kampf and Charles Plymell's Robert Ronnie Branaman. Also in 1968, Crumb, in San Francisco, self-published (with the help of poet Charles Plymell and Don Donahue of Apex Novelties) his first solo comic, Zap Comix.
He was influential in the underground comix scene, first printing Zap Comix artists such as Robert Crumb and S. Clay Wilson, whom he first published in Lawrence, Kansas.

Print Mint

The Print MintDon Schencker
Just as importantly, the major underground publishers were all based in the area: Don Donahue's Apex Novelties, Gary Arlington's San Francisco Comic Book Company, and Rip Off Press were all headquartered in the city, with Ron Turner's Last Gasp and the Print Mint based in Berkeley.
The Print Mint, Inc. was a major publisher and distributor of underground comix based in the San Francisco Bay Area during the genre's late 1960s-early 1970s heyday.

Yellow Dog (comics)

Yellow Dog
In 1968, John Thompson, Joel Beck, and Robert Crumb founded the tabloid underground comic newspaper Yellow Dog, which lasted for 26 issues, first as a newspaper, and then in comic book format from #13 up.
Yellow Dog was an underground comix newspaper and later comic book published by the Print Mint in Berkeley, California.

Zap Comix

ZapZap Comics
Also in 1968, Crumb, in San Francisco, self-published (with the help of poet Charles Plymell and Don Donahue of Apex Novelties) his first solo comic, Zap Comix.
Zap Comix is an underground comix series which was originally part of the youth counterculture of the late 1960s.

Joel Beck

Lenny of Laredo
In 1968, John Thompson, Joel Beck, and Robert Crumb founded the tabloid underground comic newspaper Yellow Dog, which lasted for 26 issues, first as a newspaper, and then in comic book format from #13 up. Joel Beck began contributing a full-page comic each week to the underground newspaper the Berkeley Barb and his full-length comic Lenny of Laredo was published in 1965.
His comic book, Lenny of Laredo, one of the earliest underground comic books of the 1960s, was the first underground comic book published on the West Coast.

Rip Off Press

Just as importantly, the major underground publishers were all based in the area: Don Donahue's Apex Novelties, Gary Arlington's San Francisco Comic Book Company, and Rip Off Press were all headquartered in the city, with Ron Turner's Last Gasp and the Print Mint based in Berkeley.
Rip Off Press, Inc. is a mail order retailer and distributor, better known as the former publisher of "adult-themed" series like The Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers and Rip Off Comix, as well as many other seminal publications from the underground comix era.

Last Gasp

Ron TurnerLast Gasp PublishingCherry
Just as importantly, the major underground publishers were all based in the area: Don Donahue's Apex Novelties, Gary Arlington's San Francisco Comic Book Company, and Rip Off Press were all headquartered in the city, with Ron Turner's Last Gasp and the Print Mint based in Berkeley.
Owned and operated by Ron Turner, for most of its existence Last Gasp was a publisher, distributor, and wholesaler of underground comix and books of all types.

Vaughn Bodē

Vaughn BodéVaughn BodeDas Kampf
One guide lists two other underground comix from that year, Vaughn Bodē's Das Kampf and Charles Plymell's Robert Ronnie Branaman. Curated by Bhob Stewart for famed museum director Walter Hopps, it included work by Crumb, Shelton, Vaughn Bodé, Kim Deitch, Jay Lynch and others.
Vaughn Bodē (July 22, 1941 – July 18, 1975) was an American underground cartoonist and illustrator known for his character Cheech Wizard and his artwork depicting voluptuous women.

Tijuana bible

Tijuana bibles
Often referred to as Tijuana bibles, these books are often considered the predecessors of the underground comix scene.
In some senses, Tijuana bibles were the first underground comix.

Jay Lynch

Jay Patrick LynchNard n' Pat
Curated by Bhob Stewart for famed museum director Walter Hopps, it included work by Crumb, Shelton, Vaughn Bodé, Kim Deitch, Jay Lynch and others.
Jay Patrick Lynch (January 7, 1945 – March 5, 2017) was an American cartoonist who played a key role in the underground comix movement with his Bijou Funnies and other titles.

Angelfood McSpade

Crumb's best known underground features included Whiteman, Angelfood McSpade, Fritz the Cat, and Mr. Natural.
Angelfood McSpade is a comic book character created and drawn by the 1960s counter culture figure and underground comix artist Robert Crumb.