Unified Task Force

Operation Restore HopeOperation Continue HopeUNITAFRestore HopeSomaliaContinue HopeInternationalWar in Somalia (1992–1993)First Intervention in the Somali Civil WarOperations Restore Hope
The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was a United States-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force which operated in Somalia from 5 December 1992 until 4 May 1993.wikipedia
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United Nations Operation in Somalia II

UNOSOM IIUNOSOMSomalia
After the killing of 24 Pakistani peacekeepers in early June, the Security Council changed UNOSOM II's mandate issuing the Resolution 837, which established that UNOSOM troops could use "all necessary measures" to guarantee the delivery of humanitarian aid in accordance to Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
UNOSOM II carried on from the United States-controlled (UN-sanctioned) Unified Task Force (UNITAF).

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
The Unified Task Force (UNITAF) was a United States-led, United Nations-sanctioned multinational force which operated in Somalia from 5 December 1992 until 4 May 1993.
Forming the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the alliance was tasked with assuring security until humanitarian efforts aimed at stabilizing the situation were transferred to the UN.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 794

794Resolution 794UN Security Council Resolution 794
A United States initiative (code-named Operation Restore Hope), UNITAF was charged with carrying out United Nations Security Council Resolution 794 to create a protected environment for conducting humanitarian operations in the southern half of the country.
United Nations Security Council resolution 794, adopted unanimously on 3 December 1992, after reaffirming resolutions 733 (1992), 746 (1992), 751 (1992), 767 (1992) and 775 (1992), the Council "[expressed] grave alarm" regarding the situation in Somalia and authorised the creation of the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) to create a "secure environment for humanitarian relief operations in Somalia" in order to provide "essential for the survival of the civilian population".

United Nations Operation in Somalia I

UNOSOM IUNOSOMSomalia
Faced with a humanitarian disaster in Somalia, exacerbated by a complete breakdown in civil order, the United Nations had created the UNOSOM I mission in April 1992.
The operation was established in April 1992 and ran until its duties were assumed by the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) mission in December 1992.

Mohamed Farrah Aidid

Mohamed Farah AididAididMohamed Farah Aideed
By November, General Mohamed Farrah Aidid had grown confident enough to defy the Security Council formally and demand the withdrawal of peacekeepers, as well as declaring hostile intent against any further UN deployments.
He was one of the main targets of the Unified Task Force.

10th Mountain Division

Tenth Mountain Division10th Infantry Division10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry)
10th Mountain Division (referred to as ARFOR), as well as Air Force and Navy personnel and units.
The division has participated in Operation Desert Storm (Saudi Arabia), Hurricane Andrew disaster relief (Homestead, Florida), Operation Restore Hope and Operation Continue Hope (Somalia), Operation Uphold Democracy (Haiti), Operation Joint Forge (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Operation Joint Guardian (Kosovo), and several deployments as part of the Multinational Force and Observers (Sinai Peninsula).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 837

Resolution 837837
After the killing of 24 Pakistani peacekeepers in early June, the Security Council changed UNOSOM II's mandate issuing the Resolution 837, which established that UNOSOM troops could use "all necessary measures" to guarantee the delivery of humanitarian aid in accordance to Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 837, adopted unanimously on 6 June 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 733 (1992), 746 (1992), 751 (1992), 767 (1992), 775 (1992), 794 (1992) and 814 (1993), the Council condemned the attacks on the United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) in which 24 Pakistani troops deployed in the Unified Task Force were killed and 56 injured, including 1 Italian and 3 American soldiers.

I Marine Expeditionary Force

1st Marine Expeditionary ForceI MEFI Marine Amphibious Force
The I Marine Expeditionary Force (I MEF) staff made up the core of the JTF headquarters.

2nd Battalion, 9th Marines

2nd Battalion 9th Marines2nd Battalion2nd Battalion, 9th Marine Regiment
The MEU's ground combat element, 2nd Battalion 9th Marines (2/9), performed simultaneous raids on the Port of Mogadishu and Mogadishu International Airport, establishing a foothold for additional incoming troops.
In 1992, the battalion participated in Operation Restore Hope in Somalia.

15th Marine Expeditionary Unit

15th MEU15th15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (SOC)
In the early hours of 8 December 1992, elements of the 4th Psychological Operations Group attached to the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) conducted leaflet drops over the capital city of Mogadishu.
The MEU spearheaded Operation Restore Hope on 9 December 1992, to provide humanitarian assistance to the civil war torn and famine-stricken country of Somalia.

Special Activities Center

Special Activities DivisionSADSAD/SOG
Larry Freedman, a CIA paramilitary officer from the Special Activities Division, became the first U.S. casualty of the conflict in Somalia when his vehicle struck an anti-tank mine.
CIA sent in teams of Paramilitary Operations Officers into Somalia prior to the U.S. intervention in 1992.

United States Navy SEALs

Navy SEALsNavy SEALSEAL
The operation began on 6 December 1992, when Navy SEALs and special warfare combatant-craft crewmen from Naval Special Warfare Task Unit TRIPOLI began conducting reconnaissance operations in the vicinity of the airport and harbor.
On 6 December 1992, as part of Operation Restore Hope, U.S. Navy SEALs and Special Boat crewmen from Naval Special Warfare Task Unit TRIPOLI began a three-day operation carrying out reconnaissance operations in the vicinity of Mogadishu airport and harbor; ahead of UNITAFs deployment to the country.

Intelligence Star

Freedman was awarded the Intelligence Star for extraordinary heroism.
On 23 December 1992, CIA Paramilitary Officer Larry Freedman was the first casualty of the conflict in Somalia.

Assault Amphibious Vehicle

Amphibious Assault VehicleAAVLVTP-7
Echo and Golf Company assaulted the airport by helicopter and Amphibious Assault Vehicles, while Fox Company secured the port with an economy of force rubber boat raid.
It was heavily used in the 1991 Gulf War and Operation Restore Hope.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
In the early hours of 8 December 1992, elements of the 4th Psychological Operations Group attached to the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) conducted leaflet drops over the capital city of Mogadishu.
Forming the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the alliance was tasked with assuring security until humanitarian efforts were transferred to the UN.

Delta Force

1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta1st SFOD-D1st SFOD-D (Delta Force)
Freedman was a former Army Delta Force operator and Special Forces soldier and had served in every conflict that the United States was involved in both officially and unofficially since Vietnam.

Somalia affair

Shidane AroneSomalia InquiryClayton Matchee
On a sad note, the Canadian Airborne Regiment was disbanded due to its disgraceful conduct at UNITAF following the Somalia Affair probe.
Canadian forces, under the name Operation Deliverance, were sent to Somalia to participate in the American-led Operation Restore Hope.

1st Battalion, 7th Marines

1st Battalion 7th Marines1st Battalion1st BN, 7th Marine Regiment
The 1st Marine Division's Air Contingency Battalion (ACB), 1st Battalion, 7th Marines and 3rd Battalion 11th Marines (3/11 is an Artillery Unit but operated as a Provisional Infantry Battalion while in Somalia), arrived soon after the airport was secured.
On 11 December 1992, the first elements of 1st Battalion, 7th Marines arrived at Mogadishu, Somalia for Operation Restore Hope.

3rd Battalion, 9th Marines

3rd Battalion 9th Marines3rd Battalion2nd Battalion, 9th Marines
Elements of BLT 2/9 India Co, 2nd Battalion, 9th Marines and 1/7 went on to secure the airport in Baidoa and the city of Bardera while Golf Company 2/9 and elements of the Belgian Special Forces conducted an amphibious landing at the port city of Kismayo.
Participated in Operation Restore Hope between 1992 and 1993.

United Somali Congress

USCSomaliaSomali Salvation Alliance
Formed in 1987, it played a key role in the ouster of the government of Siad Barre in 1991, and became a target of the Unified Task Force campaign in 1993.

HMLA-267

HML-267Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 267VMO-5
Air support was provided by the combined helicopter units of HMLA-267, HMH-363, HMH-466, HMM-164 and HC-11 DET 10.
The next stop for USS Tripoli was Mogadishu, Somalia and was part of the original insertion of Marines (primarily those from HMLA-267) and the beginning of Operation Restore Hope.

VMM-164

HMM-164HMMT-164Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 164 (HMM-164)
Air support was provided by the combined helicopter units of HMLA-267, HMH-363, HMH-466, HMM-164 and HC-11 DET 10.
The squadron provided support to Joint Task Force (Somalia) during Operation Restore Hope from December 1992 until February 1993.

VMM-363

HMM-363HMH-363Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 363
Air support was provided by the combined helicopter units of HMLA-267, HMH-363, HMH-466, HMM-164 and HC-11 DET 10.
In December 1992, the squadron participated in Operation Restore Hope in Somalia and was awarded the Joint Meritorious Unit Commendation and Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
Forming the Unified Task Force (UNITAF), the alliance was tasked with assuring security until humanitarian efforts aimed at stabilizing the situation were transferred to the UN.

Canadian Airborne Regiment

The Canadian Airborne Regiment1st Airborne Commando1st Canadian Parachute Battalion
On a sad note, the Canadian Airborne Regiment was disbanded due to its disgraceful conduct at UNITAF following the Somalia Affair probe.
The operation was called Operation Deliverance and formed part of the overall U.S.-led Operation Restore Hope.