United Farm Workers

United Farm Workers of AmericaNational Farm Workers AssociationUFWAgricultural Workers Organizing CommitteeUnited FarmworkersNational Farmworkers AssociationUnited Farm Workers Organizing CommitteeUnited Farm Workers UnionCesar Chavez FoundationNFWA
The United Farm Workers of America, or more commonly just United Farm Workers (UFW), is a labor union for farmworkers in the United States.wikipedia
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Cesar Chavez

César ChávezCesar E. ChavezCesar Chávez
It originated from the merger of two workers' rights organizations, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) led by organizer Larry Itliong, and the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by César Chávez and Dolores Huerta.
Along with Dolores Huerta, he co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, later renamed the United Farm Workers (UFW) union.

Dolores Huerta

Dolores Clara HuertaDolores Huerta (1930)
It originated from the merger of two workers' rights organizations, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) led by organizer Larry Itliong, and the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by César Chávez and Dolores Huerta. Dolores Huerta grew up in Stockton, California, in the San Joaquin Valley, an area filled with farms.
Dolores Clara Fernández Huerta (born April 10, 1930) is an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Cesar Chavez, is a co-founder of the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW).

Delano, California

DelanoDelano, CABakersfield
They became allied and transformed from workers' rights organizations into a union as a result of a series of strikes in 1965, when the mostly Filipino farmworkers of the AWOC in Delano, California initiated a grape strike, and the NFWA went on strike in support.
During the strike, the two groups joined forces and formed the United Farm Workers of America (UFW).

Farmworker

farmhandfarm workerfarm hand
The United Farm Workers of America, or more commonly just United Farm Workers (UFW), is a labor union for farmworkers in the United States.
Some of the main organizations associated with the farm workers movement are the United Farm Workers, the Farm Labor Organizing Committee, the Agricultural Justice Project and the Coalition of Immokalee Workers.

Larry Itliong

Larry Dulay Itlionglabor unions
It originated from the merger of two workers' rights organizations, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) led by organizer Larry Itliong, and the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by César Chávez and Dolores Huerta.
By 1965, Itliong was leading the AFL–CIO union Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee; the majority of members of the committee were Filipinos who had in the 1930s arrived in the United States.

Fred Ross

Fred Ross Sr.
In 1952, Chávez met Fred Ross, who was a community organizer working on behalf of the Community Service Organization.
The CSO in San Jose, CA gave a young Cesar Chavez his first training in organizing, which he would later use in founding the United Farm Workers.

Richard Chavez

Richard
Also in 1962, Richard Chavez, the brother of César Chávez, designed the black Aztec eagle insignia that became the symbol of the NFW and the UFW.
Chavez was the younger brother of labor leader César Chávez, who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, now known as the United Farm Workers (UFW).

Helen Fabela Chávez

Helen ChavezHelen ChávezHelen Fabela
Women like Helen Chávez were important in responsibilities such as credit union bookkeeping and behind the scenes advising.
Helen Fabela Chávez (January 21, 1928 – June 6, 2016) was an American labor activist for the United Farm Workers of America (UFWA).

San Joaquin Valley

San JoaquinSan Joaquin Valley (North)San Joaquin Valley, California
Dolores Huerta grew up in Stockton, California, in the San Joaquin Valley, an area filled with farms.
Ethnic and economic friction between Mexican-Americans and the valley's predominantly white farming elite manifested itself most notably during the 1960s and 1970s, when the United Farm Workers, led by César Chávez, went on numerous strikes and called for boycotts of table grapes.

Delano grape strike

grape boycottboycottCalifornia Grape Workers' Strike
They became allied and transformed from workers' rights organizations into a union as a result of a series of strikes in 1965, when the mostly Filipino farmworkers of the AWOC in Delano, California initiated a grape strike, and the NFWA went on strike in support.
The Delano grape strike was a labor strike organized by the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), a predominantly Filipino and AFL-CIO-sponsored labor organization, against table grape growers in Delano, California to fight against the exploitation of farm workers.

AFL–CIO

AFL-CIOAmerican Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial OrganizationsAmerican Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
This organization was accepted into the AFL-CIO in 1972 and changed its name to the United Farm Workers Union.
UNITE HERE disaffiliated in mid-September 2005, the United Farm Workers left in January 2006, and the Laborers' International Union of North America disaffiliated on June 1, 2006.

Bracero program

bracerobracerosBracero'' program
In 1941, the United States Government and the Mexican Government enacted the Bracero Program.
The end of the bracero program in 1964 was followed by the rise to prominence of the United Farm Workers and the subsequent transformation of American migrant labor under the leadership of César Chávez, Gilbert Padilla, and Dolores Huerta.

Eugene Nelson

In May 1966, California farm worker activist, Eugene Nelson, traveled to Texas to rally support for the Schenley Farms boycott.
Later, in south Texas, he founded a union called the Independent Workers Association, which later affiliated with Chávez's United Farm Workers.

Keene, California

KeeneLa Paz, California
In 1970, Chavez decided to move the union's headquarters from Delano to La Paz, California into a former sanatorium in the Tehachapi Mountains.
The headquarters of the United Farm Workers (UFW), a national farmworkers organization organized and led by Cesar Chavez, is located in Keene, and is sometimes referred to as "Nuestra Señora Reina de La Paz" ("Our Lady Queen of Peace").

Cesar Chavez (film)

Cesar ChavezCésar ChávezChávez
César Chávez is a film released in March 2014, directed by Diego Luna about the life of the Mexican-American labor leader who co-founded the United Farm Workers.
Cesar Chavez is a 2014 Mexican-American biographical film produced and directed by Diego Luna about the life of American labor leader Cesar Chavez, who cofounded the United Farm Workers.

California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975

California Agricultural Labor Relations ActCalifornia Agricultural Labor Relations Board1975 Modesto march
The violence led the state in 1975 to enact the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act, creating an administrative agency, the ALRB, that oversaw secret ballot elections and resolved charges of unfair labor practices, like failing to bargain in good faith, or discrimination against activists.
In August 1966, the National Farm Workers Association and Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee, two unrecognized and relatively minor labor unions claiming to represent farm workers in California, merged to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (the predecessor organization to the United Farm Workers).

Marshall Ganz

Ganz, MarshallProfessor Marshall Ganz
Introduced to organizing in Civil Rights Movement, he worked on the staff of the United Farm Workers for sixteen years, became trainer and organizer for political campaigns, unions and nonprofit groups, and returned to Harvard where he earned his PhD in Sociology (2000).

Brown Berets

Brown Beretthe Brown Berets
In mid-1973 the San Antonio office of the UFOC was taken over by the Brown Berets.
They supported the United Farm Workers movement and the Land Grant Movement in New Mexico.

International Brotherhood of Teamsters

TeamstersTeamsters UnionTeamster
The union was poised to launch its next major campaign in the lettuce fields in 1970 when a deal between the International Brotherhood of Teamsters and the growers nearly destroyed it.
A major jurisdictional battle with the United Farm Workers (UFW) broke out in 1970, and did not end until 1977.

Solidarity action

sympathy strikesecondary boycottsecondary boycotts
The UFW responded with strikes, lawsuits and boycotts, including secondary boycotts in the retail grocery industry.
Because farm laborers in the United States are not covered by the Wagner Act, the United Farm Workers union has legally used solidarity boycotting of grocery store chains to aid to its strikes against California agribusiness and its primary boycotts of California grapes, lettuce and wine.

Filipino Americans

Filipino AmericanFilipinoFilipino-American
They became allied and transformed from workers' rights organizations into a union as a result of a series of strikes in 1965, when the mostly Filipino farmworkers of the AWOC in Delano, California initiated a grape strike, and the NFWA went on strike in support.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
They became allied and transformed from workers' rights organizations into a union as a result of a series of strikes in 1965, when the mostly Filipino farmworkers of the AWOC in Delano, California initiated a grape strike, and the NFWA went on strike in support.

Stockton, California

StocktonStockton, CAStockton Police Department
Dolores Huerta grew up in Stockton, California, in the San Joaquin Valley, an area filled with farms.

University of the Pacific (United States)

University of the PacificPacificCollege of the Pacific
In the early 1950s, she completed a degree at Delta Community College, part of the University of the Pacific.

Community Service Organization

To help, she became one of the founders of the Stockton chapter of the Community Service Organization (CSO).