United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UKBritainGBRGreat BritainU.K.EnglishScottishthe United Kingdom
{{Infobox country Britain and Northern Ireland}} * common_name = United Kingdom * linking_name = the United Kingdom * name = {{resize|1.25em|United Kingdom of Greatwikipedia
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Islam in the United Kingdom

British MuslimBritish MuslimsMuslim
| {{#expr:( 2786635/63182178)*100 round 1}}% Muslim
Islam is the second largest religion in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, with results from the United Kingdom 2011 Census giving the UK Muslim population in 2011 as 2,786,635, 4.4% of the total population.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
| Scotland The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Scotland (Scotland, Alba ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
| Wales The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Wales (Cymru ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishUlster
| Northern Ireland Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state{{mdashb}}the Republic of Ireland. The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann ; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern Sea
Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world.
The North Sea is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between the United Kingdom (particularly England and Scotland), Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Republic of Ireland

IrelandIrishRepublic
Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state{{mdashb}}the Republic of Ireland.
The sovereign state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom.

Ireland

🇮🇪IrishIRL
The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands.
Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.

Monarchy of the United Kingdom

MonarchBritish monarchQueen
leader_title1 = Monarch The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
capital = London Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.
London is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom.

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
membership = England The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands.
Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and constitutes most of its territory.

Cardiff

Cardiff, WalesCaerdyddCity of Cardiff
Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.
The eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom, it is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural institutions and Welsh media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales.

Belfast

Belfast, Northern IrelandBelfast, IrelandWest Belfast
Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.
Belfast is a city in the United Kingdom and the capital city of Northern Ireland, on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.

Countries of the United Kingdom

Constituent countryCountryconstituent countries
The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland and Wales (which collectively make up Great Britain) and Northern Ireland (which is variously described as a country, province or region).

Devolution in the United Kingdom

devolutiondevolveddevolved administrations
Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers.
In the United Kingdom, devolution (fèin-riaghlaidh, datganoli; Irish: Dílárú) refers to the statutory granting of powers from the Parliament of the United Kingdom to the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the London Assembly and to their associated executive bodies the Scottish Government, the Welsh Government, the Northern Ireland Executive and in England, the Greater London Authority and combined authorities.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghCity of Edinburgh council area
Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively.
It is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom (after London) and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination (again, after London), attracting over one million overseas visitors each year.

List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office

longest-serving current head of statehead of statelongest currently serving head of state
The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.

List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom

former British coloniescountries that have gained independence from the UKcountries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom
British influence can be observed in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies.
This is a line of countries and territories formerly ruled or administered by the United Kingdom or part of the British Empire, with their independence days.

Representative democracy

elected representativerepresentative democraticparliamentary democracy
The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.
Nearly all modern Western-style democracies are types of representative democracies; for example, the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy, France is a unitary state, and the United States is a federal republic.

2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum

2016 referendum2016 EU referendumEU referendum
It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated.
The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom (UK) and Gibraltar to ask the people if they wanted the country either to remain a member of or to leave the European Union (EU) under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000.

Brexit negotiations

negotiations18 months of negotiationsBrexit
It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated.
The Brexit negotiations are taking place between the United Kingdom and the European Union for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union following the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum on 23 June 2016.

Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category)

mixed raceMixedmixed-race
| 2.0% Mixed
Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.

Constitutional monarchy

constitutional monarchconstitutional monarchiesconstitutional
The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. government_type = Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
The United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms are all constitutional monarchies in the Westminster system of constitutional governance.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
legislature = Parliament
The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament, or Westminster Parliament, and domestically simply as Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, and the British Overseas Territories.

Irish Sea

Irishseathe sea
The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland.
Northern Ireland ports handle 10 e6t of goods trade with the rest of the United Kingdom annually; the ports in the Republic of Ireland handle 7.6 e6t, representing 50% and 40% respectively of total trade by weight.