United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituencyborough constituencycounty constituenciesParliamentary constituenciesborough constituenciesconstituenciesBoroughCounty
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elects one member to the House of Commons.wikipedia
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Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies

CountyBoroughList of Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies 1921-1973
* The Parliament of Northern Ireland (see Northern Ireland Parliament constituencies)
As in the UK Parliament the constituencies were classified as borough, county or university constituencies.

List of parliamentary constituencies in Northern Ireland

Parliamentary(NI Seats)12 seats in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland is divided into 18 Parliamentary constituencies: 4 borough constituencies in Belfast and 14 county constituencies elsewhere.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elects one member to the House of Commons.
For elections to the House of Commons, the UK is divided into 650 constituencies, each electing a single member of parliament (MP) by simple plurality.

Dundee

Dundee, ScotlandCity of DundeeDundee City
In Scotland, all House of Commons constituencies are county constituencies except those in the cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Dundee and three urban areas of Lanarkshire.
For elections to the British House of Commons at Westminster, the city area and portions of the Angus council area are divided in two constituencies.

Irish House of Commons

House of Commons of IrelandHouse of CommonsIrish Parliament
Similar distinctions applied in the Irish House of Commons, while the non-university elected members of the Parliament of Scotland were called Shire Commissioners and Burgh Commissioners.
In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives.

District of burghs

districts of burghsdistrict of burghs constituencyparliamentary burghs
After the Acts of Union 1707, Scottish burghs were grouped into districts of burghs in the Parliament of Great Britain, except that Edinburgh was a constituency in its own right.
All the parliamentary burghs (burghs represented in the pre-Union Parliament of Scotland) were assigned to a district, except for Edinburgh which had an MP to itself.

Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

Redistribution of Seats Act1885Redistribution of Seats Act of 1885
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 equalised the population of constituencies; it split larger boroughs into multiple single-member constituencies, reduced smaller boroughs from two seats each to one, split each two-seat county and division into two single-member constituencies, and each three-seat county into single-member constituencies.
It was a piece of electoral reform legislation that redistributed the seats in the House of Commons, introducing the concept of equally populated constituencies, a concept in the broader global context termed equal apportionment, in an attempt to equalise representation across the UK.

Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832

Parliamentary Boundaries ActParliamentary Divisions of Counties
It also divided larger counties into two two-seat divisions, the boundaries of which were defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832, and gave seven counties a third member.
The Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which defined the parliamentary divisions (constituencies) in England and Wales required by the Reform Act 1832.

United Kingdom Parliament constituencies

constituencyparliamentary constituencyWestminster Parliament constituencies
In the 2005 United Kingdom general election, the House of Commons had 646 constituencies covering the whole of the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom Parliament currently has 650 Parliamentary constituencies across the constituent countries (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), each electing a single Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons by the plurality (first past the post) system of election, ordinarily every five years.

2010 United Kingdom general election

2010 general election20102010 election
This rose to 650 in the 2010 election.
The election took place in 650 constituencies across the United Kingdom under the first-past-the-post system.

Ancient borough

boroughboroughsBorough charter
In the House of Commons of England, each English county elected two "knights of the shire" while each enfranchised borough elected "burgesses" (usually two, sometimes four, and in a few cases one).
Most of these survived into the post Norman Conquest era and are the core of later Parliamentary Boroughs and municipal corporations.

Scottish Parliament

ParliamentHolyroodScotland
The 73 Scottish Parliament constituencies shared the same boundaries as the UK Parliament constituencies in Scotland, prior to the 2005 reduction in the number of Scottish MPs, with the exception of Orkney and Shetland which each return their own constituency MSP.

High sheriff

sheriffprickedshrievalty
In England and Wales, the position of returning officer in borough constituencies is held ex officio by the mayor or chairman of the borough or district council, and the high sheriff of the county in county constituencies.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

House of CommonsBritish House of CommonsCommons
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elects one member to the House of Commons.
Members are elected to represent constituencies by the first-past-the-post system and hold their seats until Parliament is dissolved.

Forty-shilling freeholders

Forty Shilling FreeholdersForty Shilling Freeholder Act40 shilling freeholder
The franchise was restricted differently in different types of constituency; in county constituencies forty shilling freeholders (i.e. landowners) could vote, while in boroughs the franchise varied from potwallopers, giving many residents votes, to rotten boroughs with hardly any voters.
The Whigs pointed out this had always been the case with urban areas not previously represented as borough constituencies (which had included major centres of wealth and population like Birmingham, Leeds and Manchester as well as the rapidly growing suburbs of London).

Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of Parliament
Each constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the "first-past-the-post" system of election.
MPs are elected in general elections and by-elections to represent constituencies, and may remain MPs until Parliament is dissolved, which occurs around five years after the last general election, as laid down in the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

Returning officer

acting returning officerreturning officersautorisé
In England and Wales, the position of returning officer in borough constituencies is held ex officio by the mayor or chairman of the borough or district council, and the high sheriff of the county in county constituencies.
In England and Wales the post of returning officer for general elections is an honorary one, held by the high sheriff of the county for a county constituency or the mayor or chairman of the local council for a borough constituency.

Greater London

LondonLondon regionGreater London, England
There are fourteen London Assembly constituencies covering the Greater London area, and each constituency elects one member of the assembly by the first-past-the-post system.
London is divided into 73 Parliamentary borough constituencies, formed from the combined area of several wards from one or more boroughs.

Orkney (Scottish Parliament constituency)

OrkneyconstituencyOrkney constituency
The two exceptions were the Orkney Holyrood constituency, covering the Orkney Islands council area, and the Shetland Holyrood constituency, covering the Shetland Islands council area.
Orkney is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).

Shetland (Scottish Parliament constituency)

ShetlandMSP for ShetlandShetland constituency
The two exceptions were the Orkney Holyrood constituency, covering the Orkney Islands council area, and the Shetland Holyrood constituency, covering the Shetland Islands council area.
Shetland is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament (Holyrood).

Orkney and Shetland (UK Parliament constituency)

Orkney and ShetlandOrkney and Shetland (seat 1/1)Orkney & Shetland
For Westminster elections, these council areas were covered (and still are covered) by the Orkney and Shetland Westminster constituency.
Orkney and Shetland is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Scottish Parliament constituencies and regions

electoral regionconstituencyScottish Parliament constituencies
Scottish Parliament constituencies are sometimes called Holyrood constituencies, to distinguish them from Westminster (House of Commons) constituencies.
The parliament has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the plurality (first past the post) system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional MSPs.

National Assembly for Wales constituencies and electoral regions

electoral regionWelsh Assembly constituenciesconstituencies
There are 40 Welsh Assembly constituencies covering Wales, and each elects one Assembly Member (AM) by the first-past-the-post system.
The constituencies of the National Assembly for Wales (or Welsh Assembly) (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) were created with the boundaries of the Welsh constituencies of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster), as they were in 1999.

Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act 2004

Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act
This link was broken, however, by the Scottish Parliament (Constituencies) Act 2004, which enabled the creation of a new set of Westminster constituencies without change to Holyrood constituencies.
Before it was amended by this Act, the Scotland Act 1998 provided for the constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (known also as Holyrood constituencies) to be the same as those for the United Kingdom Parliament (Westminster), except that Orkney and Shetland were separate constituencies.

Wales

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿WelshWAL
There are 40 Welsh Assembly constituencies covering Wales, and each elects one Assembly Member (AM) by the first-past-the-post system.
In the House of Commons – the lower house of the UK parliament – Wales is represented by 40 MPs (out of 650) from Welsh constituencies.