A report on United Nations

Members of the United Nations
1943 sketch by Franklin Roosevelt of the UN original three branches: The Four Policemen, an executive branch, and an international assembly of forty UN member states
The UN in 1945: founding members in light blue, protectorates and territories of the founding members in dark blue
Dag Hammarskjöld was a particularly active secretary-general from 1953 until his death in 1961.
Kofi Annan, secretary-general from 1997 to 2006
Flags of member nations at the United Nations Headquarters, seen in 2007
Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet general secretary, addressing the UN General Assembly in December 1988
Colin Powell, the US Secretary of State, demonstrates a vial with alleged Iraq chemical weapon probes to the UN Security Council on Iraq war hearings, 5 February 2003
Current secretary-general, António Guterres
The ICJ ruled that Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008 did not violate international law.
Under Sukarno, Indonesia became the first and only country to leave the United Nations.
A Nepalese soldier on a peacekeeping deployment providing security at a rice distribution site in Haiti during 2010
The UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus was established in 1974 following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus.
Eleanor Roosevelt with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1949
Three former directors of the Global Smallpox Eradication Programme reading the news that smallpox has been globally eradicated in 1980
In Jordan, UNHCR remains responsible for the Syrian refugees and the Zaatari refugee camp.
The 2001 Nobel Peace Prize to the UN—diploma in the lobby of the UN Headquarters in New York City
Marking of the UN's 70th anniversary – Budapest, 2015

Intergovernmental organization whose purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.

- United Nations

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Ban in 2016

Ban Ki-moon

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South Korean politician and diplomat who served as the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations between 2007 and 2016.

South Korean politician and diplomat who served as the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations between 2007 and 2016.

Ban in 2016
Ban Ki-moon with the President of Russia Vladimir Putin in Moscow in April 2008
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Ban Ki-moon with Bill Gates, World Economic Forum, 24 January 2013
U.S. President George W. Bush talks with United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of South Korea in October 2006. In their early meetings, Ban stressed the importance of confronting global warming.
Ban with Angela Merkel and Dmitry Medvedev at the 34th G8 Summit, July 2008
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton with Ban Ki-Moon, 7 April 2011
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Ban Ki-moon, 11 January 2015
Ban with leaders of Russia, China, India, South Africa, Vietnam and Egypt during the Moscow Victory Day Parade, 9 May 2015
Ban Ki-moon, Chinese President Xi Jinping, and U.S. President Barack Obama in Hangzhou, China, 3 September 2016
Ban Ki-moon and his wife visit the ancient ruins of Carthage in Tunisia, 29 March 2016
Ban Ki-moon speaking at an event in 2018

Prior to becoming the secretary-general, Ban was a career diplomat in South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and in the United Nations.

United Nations Office at Nairobi

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Flags of member states at the United Nations, Nairobi
The zero-energy UN-Habitat and UNEP office building

The United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON, Ofisi ya Umoja wa Mataifa Nairobi) in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is one of four major United Nations office sites where numerous different UN agencies have a joint presence.

A UNICEF worker is distributing high-calorie food during an emergency situation in Goma, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 2008.

Humanitarian aid

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Material and logistic assistance to people who need help.

Material and logistic assistance to people who need help.

A UNICEF worker is distributing high-calorie food during an emergency situation in Goma, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in 2008.
Humanitarian Aid being distributed in Haiti
Henry Dunant
Henry Dunant at Solferino
Cover of the original edition of A Memory of Solferino (1862).
Original Geneva Conventions
A contemporary print showing the distribution of relief in Bellary, Madras Presidency. From the Illustrated London News (1877).
RAF C-130 airdropping food during 1985 famine
Ban Ki-moon
United Nations
Truck for delivery of aid from Western to Eastern Europe
World Food Programme distributing food in Liberia
An American soldier gives a young Pakistani girl a drink of water as they are airlifted from Muzaffarabad to Islamabad following the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.
UNICEF humanitarian aid, ready for deploying. This can be food like Plumpy'nut or water purification tablets.
Wanda Błeńska, Polish leprosy expert and missionary who successfully developed the Buluba Hospital in Uganda
Bangladeshi citizens offload food rations from a US Marine CH-46E helicopter of 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit after Tropical Cyclone Sidr in 2007
Logo of the Core Humanitarian Standard

In reaching out to international communities, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) of the United Nations (UN) is responsible for coordination responses to emergencies.

The United Nations Security Council Chamber

United Nations Security Council veto power

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Power of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to veto any "substantive" resolution.

Power of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to veto any "substantive" resolution.

The United Nations Security Council Chamber

Critics say that the veto is the most undemocratic element of the UN, as well as the main cause of inaction on war crimes and crimes against humanity, as it effectively prevents UN action against the permanent members and their allies.

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Behind them stand, from the left, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Fleet Admiral Ernest King, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, General of the Army George Marshall, Major General Laurence S. Kuter, General Aleksei Antonov, Vice Admiral Stepan Kucherov, and Admiral of the Fleet Nikolay Kuznetsov.

Yalta Conference

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The World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to discuss the postwar reorganization of Germany and Europe.

The World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union to discuss the postwar reorganization of Germany and Europe.

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Behind them stand, from the left, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Fleet Admiral Ernest King, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, General of the Army George Marshall, Major General Laurence S. Kuter, General Aleksei Antonov, Vice Admiral Stepan Kucherov, and Admiral of the Fleet Nikolay Kuznetsov.
The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Behind them stand, from the left, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Fleet Admiral Ernest King, Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, General of the Army George Marshall, Major General Laurence S. Kuter, General Aleksei Antonov, Vice Admiral Stepan Kucherov, and Admiral of the Fleet Nikolay Kuznetsov.
Soviet, American and British diplomats during the Yalta conference
Yalta American Delegation in Livadia Palace from left to right: Secretary of State Edward Stettinius, Maj. Gen. L. S. Kuter, Admiral E. J. King, General George C. Marshall, Ambassador Averell Harriman, Admiral William Leahy, and President F. D. Roosevelt. Livadia Palace, Crimea, RSFSR
A Big Three meeting room
Leaders of the Big Three at the negotiating table at the Yalta conference
Allied-occupied territories (red) on 15 February 1945, four days after the end of the conference
Poland's old and new borders, 1945 – Kresy in light red
The eventual partition of Germany into Allied Occupation Zones: {{legend|#69AB69|British zone}} {{legend|#2464D8|French zone (two exclaves) and beginning in 1947, the Saar protectorate}} {{legend|#FCA93E|American zone, including Bremen}} {{legend|#FF5555|Soviet zone, later the GDR}} {{legend|#FFFFCF|Polish and Soviet annexed territory}}
Partition plan from Winston Churchill: {{legend|#C9A091|North German state}} {{legend|#9195C9|South German state, including modern Austria and Hungary}} {{legend|#92C991|West German state}}
Morgenthau Plan: {{legend|#FF6464|North German state}} {{legend|#6464FF|South German state}} {{legend|#64ff64|International zone}} {{legend|#C8C8C8|Territory lost from Germany (Saarland to France, Upper Silesia to Poland, East Prussia, partitioned between Poland and the Soviet Union)}}
From left to right: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Also present are Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov (far left); Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Cunningham, RN, Marshal of the RAF Sir Charles Portal, RAF, (standing behind Churchill); General George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, and Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, USN, (standing behind Roosevelt)

Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the Pacific War against Japan, specifically for the planned invasion of Japan (Operation August Storm), as well as Soviet participation in the United Nations.

The offices of the United Nations in Geneva (Switzerland), which is one of 
the city that hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world.

International organization

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Stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the behavior of states and other actors in the international system.

Stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the behavior of states and other actors in the international system.

The offices of the United Nations in Geneva (Switzerland), which is one of 
the city that hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world.

Organizations may be established by a treaty or be an instrument governed by international law and possessing its own legal personality, such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization and NATO.

The Millennium Development Goals are a UN initiative.

Millennium Development Goals

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The Millennium Development Goals are a UN initiative.
A poster at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City, New York, United States, showing the Millennium Development Goals
The Hollywood actress Geena Davis in a speech at the MDG Countdown event at the Ford Foundation in New York, addressing gender roles and issues in film such as her organisation's work in combating inequality in Hollywood (24 September 2013)
Graph of global population living on under 1, 1.25 and 2 equivalent of 2005 US dollars a day (red) and as a proportion of world population (blue) from 1981 to 2008 based on data from The World Bank

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.

Vienna

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National capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria.

National capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria.

Depiction of Vienna in the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493
Vienna in 1683
Vienna from Belvedere by Bernardo Bellotto, 1758
Vienna's Ringstraße and the State Opera in around 1870
Color lithograph of Vienna, 1900
Crowds greet Adolf Hitler as he rides in an open car through Vienna in March 1938
Occupation zones in Vienna, 1945–55
Vienna in 1966
Karlskirche, located on the south side of Karlsplatz in the 4th city district
Satellite image of Vienna (2018)
Map of the districts of Vienna with numbers
Albertina Terrace in the Innere Stadt
The Ring Road (Ringstraße) with a historical tram
The Debating Chamber of the former House of Deputies of Austria in the parliament
Interior of Vienna's historical Rathaus, the seat of city mayor
Messe Wien Congress Center
Austria Center Vienna (ACV)
“HoHo Wien” in January 2020
Monument of Johann Strauss II at Stadtpark, Vienna
State Opera (Staatsoper)
Hofburg Palace
Musikverein Vienna
Statue of Mozart during spring in Vienna
Courtyard of the Museumsquartier with Enzi seating furniture
Leopold Museum
Liechtenstein Museum
Hotel Sacher
View of the city from Stephansdom
Statue of Friedrich Schiller in front of the Academy of Fine Arts
The Vienna University of Economics and Business
The University of Vienna's main building
TU Wien
The Schönbrunn gardens in autumn
Ernst-Happel-Stadion in the Prater
Sachertorte
Wiener Schnitzel
A typical Heurigen-Restaurant in Grinzing
Demel Café
Stephansplatz metro station
Vienna Airport terminal 3 arrivals lounge
UN complex in Vienna, with the Austria Center Vienna in front, taken from the Danube Tower in the nearby Donaupark before the extensive building work
Many international organizations and offices are located in Donaustadt.
Albertina
Austrian Parliament Building
Belvedere Palace
Burgtheater
Graben
Hundertwasserhaus
Karlskirche at dusk
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Naturhistorisches Museum
Palais Augarten
Rathaus
Schönbrunn Zoo
Spanish Riding School
Stephansplatz
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Prince Eugene Monument
View of Hofburg
Vienna Secession building
Vienna State Opera
Wiener Riesenrad

Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations, OPEC and the OSCE.

U Thant in July 1963

U Thant

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U Thant in July 1963
Thant as a Rangoon University student in 1927
Thant with U Nu in 1955 on an early morning walk
Thant swearing in to the United Nations Secretariat
Thant shakes hands with John F. Kennedy during his visit to the UN Headquarters.
Thant meets with U.S President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Cabinet Room of the White House on February 21, 1968.
Thant's tomb, Shwedagon Pagoda Road, Rangoon
Thant and his family, including brothers Khant Thaung and Tin Maung, his mother Nan Thaung, and his daughter Aye Aye Thant and her husband, Tyn Myint-U, in 1964

Thant (January 22, 1909 – November 25, 1974), known honorifically as U Thant, was a Burmese diplomat and the third secretary-general of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971, the first non-Scandinavian to hold the position.

Location of Iraq (green) and Kuwait (orange)

Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

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Operation conducted by Iraq on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighboring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.

Operation conducted by Iraq on 2 August 1990, whereby it invaded the neighboring State of Kuwait, consequently resulting in a seven-month-long Iraqi military occupation of the country.

Location of Iraq (green) and Kuwait (orange)
The Basra Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in 1897. After the Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913, Kuwait was established as an autonomous kaza, or district, of the Ottoman Empire and a de facto protectorate of Great Britain.
April Glaspie's first meeting with Saddam Hussein
An Iraqi Type 69 tank on display at the site of the Al-Qurain Martyrdom
A Kuwait M-84 tank during Operation Desert Shield in 1990. Kuwait continues to maintain strong relations with the coalition of the Gulf War.
Ground troop movements from 24–28 February 1991 during Operation Desert Storm.
American tanks from the 3rd Armored Division during Operation Desert Storm.
More than 600 Kuwaiti oil wells were set on fire by retreating Iraqi forces, causing massive environmental and economic damage to Kuwait.
The oil fires caused were a result of the scorched earth policy of Iraqi military forces retreating from Kuwait
Aerial view of oil wells on fire
US troops in Kuwait, 2015

The invasion and Iraq's subsequent refusal to withdraw from Kuwait by a deadline mandated by the United Nations led to a direct military intervention by a United Nations-authorized coalition of forces led by the United States.