The first F-35 Lightning II of the 33rd Fighter Wing arriving at Eglin AFB
AAF Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
An Air Force RQ-4 strategic reconnaissance aircraft
General of the Army Henry H. ("Hap") Arnold
An Air Force KC-46 Pegasus refuels a C-17A Globemaster III
USAAF recruitment poster
An Air Force A-10 demonstrating close air support at Nellis AFB
Tuskegee Airmen War bonds poster
Test launch of a LGM-30 Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile from Vandenberg AFB
1943 portrait of WAC air controller
Combined Air Operations Center at Al Udeid Air Base
AAF Training Command patch
Roundels that have appeared on U.S. military aircraft
1.) 5/1917–2/1918
2.) 2/1918–8/1919
3.) 8/1919–5/1942
4.) 5/1942–6/1943
5.) 6/1943–9/1943
6.) 9/1943–1/1947
7.) 1/1947–
USAAF recruiting poster
The SR-71 Blackbird was a Cold War reconnaissance plane.
USAAF insignia from July 1943 to January 1947
The F-117 Nighthawk was a stealth attack aircraft (retired from service in April 2008).
B-17G Fortresses of the 306th Bomb Group
A row of Douglas C-54 Skymasters during the Berlin Airlift in 1949
P-51 Mustang of 361st Fighter Group, 1944
Various Air Force personnel pose during the Air Force's 74th birthday celebration at the Pentagon, September 17, 2021.
Taylorcraft L-2
Organization of the United States Air Force within the Department of Defense
C-47 of the 438th Troop Carrier Group
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USAAF AT-6Cs near Luke Field, 1943
Pararescuemen and a simulated "survivor" watch as an HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter comes in for a landing
UC-64 Norseman
U.S. Air Force trainee demonstrating a butt stroke on a strike dummy as part of Basic Military Training.
General Carl A. Spaatz
USAF Airmen training at Lackland AFB
Medal of Honor recipient Major Richard Bong in Officer's Service Dress
A-10 Thunderbolt II ground-attack aircraft
Awards ceremony at RAF Debden, April 1944, illustrating varying shades of olive drab and the M-1944 "Ike jacket". Light shade 33 on left, dark shade 51 on right. Trousers are shade 33, khaki shade 1, and drab shade 54. The three combinations at right are "pinks and greens".
B-2 Spirit stealth bomber
At the AAF School of Air Evacuation at Bowman Field, Ky., student flight nurses learned how to handle patients with the aid of a mock-up fuselage of a Douglas C-47 transport.
A C-17 Globemaster III, the USAF's newest and most versatile transport plane
Female service dress in OD shade 33 at Randolph Field, 1944
E-3 Sentry airborne warning and control system
USAAF flight crew
F-22 Raptor stealth air superiority fighter
First Air Force
KC-10 Extender tri-jet air-to-air tanker
Second Air Force
An MC-12W Liberty at Beale AFB
Third Air Force
MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicle
Fourth Air Force
Lockheed U-2 spy plane
Fifth Air Force
RQ-170 Sentinel stealth unmanned aerial vehicle reconnaissance aircraft
Sixth Air Force
VC-25A (Air Force One)
Seventh Air Force
A WC-130J Hercules from the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron
Eighth Air Force
An unarmed Minuteman III ICBM shoots out of the silo during an operational test launch
Ninth Air Force
Tenth Air Force
Eleventh Air Force
Twelfth Air Force
Thirteenth Air Force
Fourteenth Air Force
Fifteenth Air Force
Twentieth Air Force

It was created on 20 June 1941 as successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and is the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force, today one of the six armed forces of the United States.

- United States Army Air Forces

In practice, the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) was virtually independent of the Army during World War II, and in virtually every way functioned as an independent service branch, but airmen still pressed for formal independence.

- United States Air Force
The first F-35 Lightning II of the 33rd Fighter Wing arriving at Eglin AFB

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Seal of National Military Establishment (1947–1949), which was later renamed the Department of Defense.

National Security Act of 1947

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Law enacting major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies following World War II.

Law enacting major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies following World War II.

Seal of National Military Establishment (1947–1949), which was later renamed the Department of Defense.
Seal of the Department of the Air Force, established by the National Security Act of 1947.
President Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment of 1949. Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson leans over the desk. Behind him is Admiral Louis Denfeld, General Omar N. Bradley, and General Hoyt Vandenberg.
The first page of the National Security Act of 1947.
The last page of the National Security Act of 1947. Signed by Speaker of the House of Representatives Joseph W. Martin, Jr. (R-MA), President of the Senate pro tempore Arthur H. Vandenberg (R-MI), and President Harry S. Truman.
President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 on board this VC-54C Presidential transport, the first aircraft used for the role of Air Force One.

The act also created the position of the secretary of defense as the head of the NME It established the United States Air Force under the DAF, which worked to separate the Army Air Forces into its own service.

Brigadier General Chuck Yeager

Chuck Yeager

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Brigadier General Chuck Yeager
Yeager as a young captain, c. 1944
P-51D-20NA, Glamorous Glen III, is the aircraft in which Yeager achieved most of his aerial victories.
Yeager in front of the Bell X-1, which, as with all of the aircraft assigned to him, he named Glamorous Glennis (or some variation thereof), after his wife.
Yeager in the Bell X-1 cockpit
Yeager in 1950
Yeager, as Commandant of the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School with a model of the North American X-15, 1959
Brigadier General Yeager in 2000
Special Congressional Silver Medal awarded to Yeager in 1976
Old emblem of the General Chuck Yeager Cadet Squadron (formerly of the Civil Air Patrol)
Yeager in 2012, in front of a new Glamorous Glennis III F-15D Eagle

Brigadier General Charles Elwood Yeager (, February 13, 1923December 7, 2020) was a United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot who in 1947 became the first pilot in history confirmed to have exceeded the speed of sound in level flight.

His career began in World War II as a private in the United States Army, assigned to the Army Air Forces in 1941.

Tokyo after the massive firebombing attack on the night of March 9–10, 1945, the single most destructive raid in military aviation history. The Tokyo firebombing cut the city's industrial productivity by half and killed around 100,000 civilians.

Strategic bombing

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Military strategy used in total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale, its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.

Military strategy used in total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale, its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.

Tokyo after the massive firebombing attack on the night of March 9–10, 1945, the single most destructive raid in military aviation history. The Tokyo firebombing cut the city's industrial productivity by half and killed around 100,000 civilians.
A 1918 Air Raid rehearsal, evacuating children from a hospital.
German airship bombing Calais on the night of 21–22 February 1915
Ruins of Guernica (1937)
Destroyed townhouses in Warsaw after the German Luftwaffe bombing of the city, September 1939
1943 USAAF raid on ball bearing works at Schweinfurt, Germany
Child amid ruins following German aerial bombing of London, 1945
A U.S. Air Force F-100C practices a nuclear bombing run.
Smoke in Novi Sad, Serbia after NATO bombardment

German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and other high-ranking officials of Nazi Germany frequently described attacks by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during their strategic bombing campaigns as Terrorangriffe—terror attacks.

The United States Air Force (USAF) at first conducted only tactical attacks against strategic targets.

Shield of the Air National Guard which portrays two jet aircraft and the 1874 The Minute Man sculpture

Air National Guard

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Shield of the Air National Guard which portrays two jet aircraft and the 1874 The Minute Man sculpture
A Galludet Tractor biplane which the New York National Guard aviators rented in 1915
Captain Charles A. Lindbergh, Missouri National Guard, and members of his National Guard unit, 110th Observation Squadron, after he flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean, 1927
Following a devastating blizzard in 1949, Colorado ANG C-47s dropped hay to stranded and starving livestock throughout the Rocky Mountain region. Altogether the Colorado Air Guardsmen flew 17 such missions dropping tons of hay that saved thousands of cattle and wildlife. Colorado ANG F-51s and A-26s also flew 10 reconnaissance missions during that emergency, 29 January 1949.
Captain John McMahn and Sergeant White, of the 182nd Fighter-Bomber Squadron, Texas Air National Guard, close out flight records at Taegu AB (K-2), South Korea, following their F-84E Thunderjet becoming the first such aircraft to complete 1,000 flying hours, 1952
An Air National Guard Lockheed F-104A-25-LO Starfighter (AF Ser. No. 56-0863) from the 157th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, South Carolina Air National Guard, at McEntire Air National Guard Base, South Carolina
F-84F Thunderstreaks of the 110th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 131st Tactical Fighter Wing, Missouri Air National Guard, Toul Air Base, France – Deployed as a result of the Berlin Crisis 1961/62
An F-104A Starfighter interceptor from the 157th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, South Carolina Air National Guard, being loaded aboard a C-124 Globemaster II for shipment to Europe during the Berlin crisis, 1961
A ground crew preparing an F-100 of the Colorado Air National Guard's 120th Tactical Fighter Squadron for combat missions at Phan Rang Air Base, South Vietnam, 1968
A Lockheed EC-121S Coronet Solo from the 193rd Tactical Electric Warfare Group, Pennsylvania Air National Guard
110th Tactical Fighter Squadron McDonnell F-4C-23-MC Phantom II, AF Ser. No. 64-0749, of the Missouri ANG at Lambert Field ANGB, St Louis, MO, 1980
A-7 Corsair II aircraft of the Iowa ANG and South Dakota ANG flying near RAF Waddington, UK. These aircraft were deployed to the United Kingdom from 21 August to 12 September 1979 for NATO Exercise CORONET STALLION.
A New York Air National Guard F-16 pilot from the 174th Tactical Fighter Wing, 138th Tactical Fighter Squadron, preparing to take-off on a combat mission from a Saudi Arabian base during Operation Desert Storm, 1991
A Fairchild Republic A-10A Thunderbolt II (AF Ser. No. 78-0652) from the 138th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 174th Tactical Fighter Wing, New York Air National Guard
An Air National Guard A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft from the 104th Fighter Group, Massachusetts Air National Guard, taxis on the runway at Aviano Air Base, Italy to take off for NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs, 6 September 1995
Emblem of the 107th Expeditionary Fighter Squadron, Michigan Air National Guard. Used at Balad Air Base during Operation Iraqi Freedom
An F-15C Eagle from 102nd Fighter Wing, Massachusetts Air National Guard, flies a combat air patrol over New York City as part of Operation Noble Eagle. F-15s from the 102nd were the first to arrive on scene over the World Trade Center following the September 11 terrorist attacks.
F-16s of the 119th Fighter Wing, North Dakota Air National Guard, flying a combat air patrol over Washington, DC, and the Pentagon in Operation Noble Eagle, November 2001
Personnel assigned to the 321st Air Expeditionary Squadron offloading supplies from a C-130H Hercules aircraft assigned to the 187th Airlift Squadron, 153rd Airlift Wing, Wyoming Air National Guard, at Kandahar, Afghanistan, during Operation Enduring Freedom
Paktia Province, Afghanistan, 4 March 2002, Technical Sergeant Keary Miller of the 123rd Special Tactics Squadron, Kentucky Air National Guard, not only managed to drag a wounded helicopter pilot to safety at Taka Ghur, but also orchestrated the establishment of multiple casualty collection points. In between treating the wounded, Miller set up the distribution of ammunition for the Army Rangers who were taking the fight to the enemy. For his extraordinary life-saving efforts while putting himself in extreme danger under enemy fire, Sergeant Miller was awarded the Silver Star. (Keith Rocco, The Battle of Takur Ghar, National Guard Heritage Painting.)
Munitions personnel from the 160th Fighter Squadron, 187th Fighter Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, assigned to the 410th Air Expeditionary Wing at a forward deployed location work on guided munitions on the pylon of one of their F-16C Fighting Falcons. The Falcon has an AIM-120A Advanced Medium Air-to-Air Missile fixed to the wing tip. The 410th Air Expeditionary Wing prepares the aircraft for take off for sorties on A-Day, the commencement of the air war for Operation Iraqi Freedom, 19 March 2003.
Commando Solo EC-130E from the 193rd Special Operations Wing, Pennsylvania Air National Guard, sits on the ramp at undisclosed location during Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom in late 2005
A C-130E Hercules cargo aircraft from the 146th Airlift Wing, California Air National Guard,
rigged with a Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System (MAFFS) making a Phos-Chek fire retardant drop on the Simi Fire in Southern California, 28 October 2003
Members of the Indiana Air National Guard participating in an emergency operation after recent flooding in Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1 March 1982
LC-130Hs equipped with landing skis, operated by the 139th Airlift Squadron, 109th Airlift Wing, New York Air National Guard, parked on the ice pack at McMurdo Station at Ross Island in Antarctica during Operation Deep Freeze 2001. The unit operates six LC-130s between Christchurch, New Zealand, and a number of U.S. National Science Foundation stations located on the Antarctic ice pack, 5 November 2001. (Photographer: MSgt Joe Cupido, Air Force photo)
U.S. Air Force Gen. Joseph L. Lengyel, the 28th Chief of the National Guard Bureau, conducts a transition of responsibility order for newly promoted Lt. Gen. Michael A. Loh during a Change of Responsibility ceremony at the Pentagon July 28, 2020.

The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force of the United States Air Force, as well as the air militia of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Because the present day U.S. Air Force evolved from the U.S. Army, it was only natural that a separate Air National Guard would be established with the divestiture of the former U.S. Army Air Forces and its establishment as a separate and independent U.S. Air Force in 1947.

World War II Air Districts and Numbered Air Forces.

Numbered Air Force

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World War II Air Districts and Numbered Air Forces.

A Numbered Air Force (NAF) is a type of organization in the United States Air Force that is subordinate to a major command (MAJCOM) and has assigned to it operational units such as wings, squadrons, and groups.

Over a year after the establishment of the United States Army Air Forces on 20 June 1941, the Arabic numerals were changed to the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Air Forces on 18 September 1942.