United States Army Military Government in Korea

Southern KoreaSouth KoreaUnited States Army Military GovernmentKoreaUnited States Military GovernmentUSAMGIKAmerican military government of KoreaAmerican occupationU.S. Military GovernmentUnited States military administration
The United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) was the official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from September 8, 1945 to August 15, 1948.wikipedia
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Korea under Japanese rule

KoreaJapanese KoreaJapanese occupation
The after-effects of the Japanese occupation were still being felt in the occupation zone, as well as in the Soviet zone in the North.
The Division of Korea separated the Korean Peninsula under two governments and economic systems with the northern Soviet Civil Administration and the southern United States Army Military Government in Korea.

Lyuh Woon-hyung

Yuh Woon-HyungYeo Un-hyeong1945–1946
The leader of the People's Republic, Yeo Un-hyeong, stepped down and formed the Working People's Party.
In October, he stepped down under pressure from the United States Military Government, and organized the People's Party of Korea, becoming its chairman.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRhee
In the south the interim legislature and the interim government were headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee, respectively, and the elections for which were met with a large uprising.
Rhee oversaw the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea.

Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea

Korean Provisional GovernmentProvisional GovernmentProvisional Government of Korea
The U.S. administration also refused to recognize the members of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, led by Kim Ku, who were obliged to enter the country as private citizens.
Similary, the US made the United States Army Military Government in south part of Korean Peninsula after the end of the WWII.

People's Republic of Korea

KoreaPeople’s Republic of Koreapopularly established committees
Popular discontent stemmed from the U.S. Military Government's support of the Japanese colonial government; then once removed, keeping the former Japanese governors on as advisors; by ignoring, censoring and forcibly disbanding the functional and popular People's Republic of Korea (PRK); and finally by supporting United Nations elections that divided the country.
After the American arrival in September 1945, the United States Army Military Government in Korea controlled the peninsula south of the 38th parallel.

First Republic of Korea

South KoreaFirst Republic of South KoreaFirst Republic
Although it did not implement sweeping educational reforms, the military government did lay the foundations for reforms which were implemented early in the First Republic. Following the constitutional assembly and presidential elections held in May and July 1948 respectively, the Republic of Korea was officially proclaimed on August 15, 1948.
The First Republic was founded on 15 August 1948 after the transfer from the United States Army Military Government that governed South Korea since the end of Japanese rule in 1945, becoming the first independent capitalist republican government in Korea.

Autumn Uprising of 1946

Daegu October Incidenta large uprisingDaegu Riot
In the south the interim legislature and the interim government were headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee, respectively, and the elections for which were met with a large uprising.
The 10.1 Daegu Uprising of 1946 (hangul: 대구 10·1 사건; hanja: 大邱 10·1 事件) in Korea was a peasant uprising throughout the southern provinces of Korea against the policies of the United States Army Military Government in Korea headed by General John R. Hodge and in favor of restoration of power to the people's committees that made up the People's Republic of Korea.

Kim Kyu-sik

Kim GyusikKim Kyu-shikGim Gyusik
In the south the interim legislature and the interim government were headed by Kim Kyu-shik and Syngman Rhee, respectively, and the elections for which were met with a large uprising.
After the post World War II liberation of Korea in 1945, he returned to his homeland to participate in the formation of a newly independent state, which was then under the rule of the United States Army Military Government in Korea in the south and the Soviet Civil Authority in the north.

History of South Korea

Sixth RepublicSixth Republic of South Koreademocratization of South Korea
The unconditional surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea into two occupation zones (similar to the four zones in Germany), with the United States administering the southern half of the peninsula and the Soviet Union administering the area north of the 38th parallel.

John R. Hodge

John HodgeGeneral John R. Hodge
They were commanded by Lt. General John R. Hodge, who then took charge of the government.
From 1945 to 1948, Hodge was the military governor of South Korea under the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK).

1948 South Korean presidential election

19481948 presidential election1948–1960
Following the constitutional assembly and presidential elections held in May and July 1948 respectively, the Republic of Korea was officially proclaimed on August 15, 1948.
Syngman Rhee was elected with 180 votes, and took over the government to oversee the transfer of power from the United States Army Military Government in Korea.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
After the surrender of the Empire of Japan to the Allies, division at the 38th parallel marked the beginning of Soviet and American command over the North and South, respectively.
The Provisional Government also faced heavy opposition from the United States Army Military Government in Korea after World War II.

38th parallel north

38th parallel38°N38 degrees North
After the surrender of the Empire of Japan to the Allies, division at the 38th parallel marked the beginning of Soviet and American command over the North and South, respectively.
When Japan surrendered in August 1945, the 38th parallel was established as the boundary between Soviet and American occupation zones.

1948 South Korean Constitutional Assembly election

1948general election1948 South Korean general election
Following the constitutional assembly and presidential elections held in May and July 1948 respectively, the Republic of Korea was officially proclaimed on August 15, 1948.
It was held under the American military occupation, with supervision from the United Nations.

North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of KoreaNorthDPRK
At the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States.

William F. Dean

William DeanGeneral William DeanMajor General William F. Dean
In October 1947, Dean was appointed the commander of military forces in South Korea, deputy to Lieutenant General John R. Hodge, commander of the United States Army Military Government in Korea.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
Following the constitutional assembly and presidential elections held in May and July 1948 respectively, the Republic of Korea was officially proclaimed on August 15, 1948.

Archibald Vincent Arnold

Archibald V. ArnoldArchibald Arnold
After the war, Arnold was made the military governor of Korea from 1945 to 1946.

Korean Peninsula

KoreapeninsulaKorean
The United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) was the official ruling body of the southern half of the Korean Peninsula from September 8, 1945 to August 15, 1948.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
Popular discontent stemmed from the U.S. Military Government's support of the Japanese colonial government; then once removed, keeping the former Japanese governors on as advisors; by ignoring, censoring and forcibly disbanding the functional and popular People's Republic of Korea (PRK); and finally by supporting United Nations elections that divided the country.

Laboring People's Party

Working People's Party
The leader of the People's Republic, Yeo Un-hyeong, stepped down and formed the Working People's Party.

Kim Koo

Kim GuKim KuKim Chang-soo
The U.S. administration also refused to recognize the members of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, led by Kim Ku, who were obliged to enter the country as private citizens.

Incheon

Incheon, South KoreaInchonJinsen
U.S. forces landed at Incheon on September 8, 1945, and established a military government shortly thereafter.