United States Capitol

West front (2013)
United States Capitol and reflecting pool
The east front of the United States Capitol (2013 view)
The east front at night (2013 view)
Design for the U.S. Capitol, "An Elevation for a Capitol", by James Diamond was one of many submitted in the 1792 contest, but not selected.
The winning design for the U.S. Capitol, submitted by William Thornton
Samuel Morse's 1822 painting of the House in session shows the interior design of the House chamber.
The Capitol when first occupied by Congress (painting circa 1800 by William Russell Birch)
The Capitol from Pennsylvania Avenue as it stood before 1814 (drawn from memory by an unknown artist after the burning)
Daguerreotype of east side of the Capitol in 1846, by John Plumbe, showing Bulfinch's dome
The Capitol in 1814 after the burning of Washington by the British, during the War of 1812 (painting by George Munger)
The earliest known interior photograph of the Capitol, taken in 1860 and showing the new House of Representatives chamber
Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in 1861, before the partially complete Capitol dome
Capitol Rotunda (2013 view)
The Apotheosis of Washington, the 1865 fresco painted by Constantino Brumidi on the interior of the Capitol's dome (2005 view)
Carlo Franzoni's 1819 sculptural chariot clock, the Car of History, depicting Clio, the Greek muse of history. National Statuary Hall (2006 view).
Capitol Rotunda (2005 view)
Declaration of Independence (1819), by John Trumbull
National Statuary Hall Collection viewed from the south
Capitol Crypt
President George W. Bush delivering the annual State of the Union address in the House chamber
Old Supreme Court Chamber (2007 view)
US Senate chamber (circa 1873 view)
A 2007 aerial view of the Capitol Grounds from the west
Magnolias bloom on the Capitol Grounds in March 2020
The body of former President Ronald Reagan lying in state in June 2004
Exterior of the Capitol prior to the 2015 visit by Pope Francis
2021 United States Capitol attack
The opening ceremony of the Capitol Visitor Center in December 2008. The plaster cast model of the Statue of Freedom is in the foreground.
The Capitol on a 1922 US postage stamp
A snowball fight on the Capitol lawn, 1923.
The Capitol at night in 2006
The Capitol surrounded by snow in 2011
House of Representatives pediment, Apotheosis of Democracy, by Paul Wayland Bartlett, 1916
The Genius of America pediment, East Portico, carved by Bruno Mankowski 1959-60 (after Luigi Persico's 1825-1828 original)

Meeting place of the United States Congress and the seat of the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government.

- United States Capitol

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Seat of government

The seat of government is (as defined by Brewer's Politics) "the building, complex of buildings or the city from which a government exercises its authority".

World administrative levels

Three sites in Washington, D.C., United States: the United States Capitol (legislative seat), the White House (executive seat), and the United States Supreme Court building (judicial seat).

Washington, D.C.

Capital city and only federal district of the United States.

Looking West at the Capitol & the Mall, Washington DC
Historical coat of arms, as recorded in 1876
Following their victory at the Battle of Bladensburg (1814), the British entered Washington, D.C., burning down buildings, including the White House.
President Abraham Lincoln insisted that construction of the United States Capitol dome continue during the American Civil War (1861).
Crowds surrounding the Lincoln Memorial Reflecting Pool during the March on Washington, 1963
Satellite photo of Washington, D.C. by ESA
The Washington Monument, seen across the Tidal Basin during 2007's National Cherry Blossom Festival
The L'Enfant Plan for Washington, D.C., as revised by Andrew Ellicott in 1792
Looking Northwest at the Mall, Washington DC
Looking West from RFK Stadium, Washington DC
Construction of the 12-story Cairo Apartment Building (1894) in the Dupont Circle neighborhood spurred building height restrictions.
The Georgetown neighborhood is known for its historic Federal-style rowhouses. In the foreground is the 19th century Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
Meridian Hill Park, in Columbia Heights
Map of racial distribution in Washington, D.C., according to the 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
D.C. police on Harley-Davidson motorcycles escort a protest in 2018.
Federal Triangle, between Constitution Avenue and Pennsylvania Avenue. The U.S. federal government accounts for about 29% of D.C. jobs.
The Lincoln Memorial receives about six million visits annually.
The Smithsonian Institution is the world's largest research and museum complex. Like its administration building, known as The Castle, many of its museums are on the National Mall.
The National Gallery of Art
The Kennedy Center for Performing Arts is home to the Washington National Opera and National Symphony Orchestra.
Nationals Park in the Navy Yard area on the Anacostia River
is the home of the Washington Nationals baseball team.
The hometown Washington Capitals NHL hockey team plays in Penn Quarter's Capital One Arena; the arena is also home to the Washington Wizards NBA basketball team.
One Franklin Square: The Washington Post Building on Franklin Square
The Watergate complex was the site of the Watergate Scandal, which led to President Nixon's resignation.
The John A. Wilson Building houses the offices of the mayor of Washington and the Council of the District of Columbia.
The Eisenhower Executive Office Building, once the world's largest office building, houses the Executive Office of the President of the United States.
The Library of Congress is one of the world's largest libraries, with more than 167 million cataloged items.
Georgetown Day at Georgetown University
A Blue Line train at Farragut West, an underground station on the Washington Metro
Washington Union Station is one of the busiest rail stations in the United States.
I-66 in Washington, D.C.
The Capitol Power Plant, built to supply energy for the U.S. Capitol Complex, is under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol.

The city is divided into quadrants centered on the Capitol Building, and there are as many as 131 neighborhoods.

United States Senate

Upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber.

Graph showing historical party control of the U.S. Senate, House and Presidency since 1855
Members of the United States Senate for the 117th Congress
A typical Senate desk
The Senate side of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Committee Room 226 in the Dirksen Senate Office Building is used for hearings by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
The Senate has the power to try impeachments; shown above is Theodore R. Davis's drawing of the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson, 1868
U.S. Senate chamber c. 1873: two or three spittoons are visible by desks

The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

United States House of Representatives

Lower house of the United States Congress, with the Senate being the upper house.

Representation of all political parties as percentage in House of Representatives over time
Historical graph of party control of the Senate and House as well as the presidency
Republican speaker of the House Thomas Brackett Reed (1895–1899)
All 435 voting seats of the current House shown grouped by state, largest to smallest (From 2015)
Population per U.S. representative allocated to each of the 50 states and D.C., ranked by population. Since D.C. (ranked 49th) receives no voting seats in the House, its bar is absent.

The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol.

United States Capitol dome

The dome of the United States Capitol building at night (2006)
United States Capitol with Charles Bulfinch's dome, 1846
1859 cross-section drawing of the dome and supporting structure by Thomas U. Walter
Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, March 4, 1861, beneath the unfinished capitol dome
Apotheosis of Washington
Visitors standing on the balcony beneath the Apotheosis of Washington
The Statue of Freedom is a bronze statue that, since 1863, has crowned the dome of the U.S. Capitol
Scaffolding on the Capitol dome during the 1993 restoration of Statue of Freedom
View of the floor of the Rotunda from the interior balcony directly beneath the Apotheosis of Washington, 180 feet (55 m) above the Rotunda floor
Washington DC Capitol Dome with United States Flag
US Capitol Building lit up at night with the streets of Washington DC
A view from the top of the U.S. Capitol Dome
thumb|United States Capitol Dome, Sunrise

The United States Capitol features a dome situated above its rotunda.

United States Congress

Legislature of the federal government of the United States.

In 1868, this committee of representatives prosecuted President Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial, but the Senate did not convict him.
The 1940 painting Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, depicting George Washington presiding over the signing of the United States Constitution.
United States Congress c. 1915
Historical graph of party control of the Senate, House, and Presidency. Since 1980, the Democrats have held the Presidency for four terms, but because of the Senate filibuster, have only been able to freely legislate in two years. The Republicans have been similarly disabled.
Congress's "power of the purse" authorizes taxing citizens, spending money, and printing currency.
Congress authorizes defense spending such as the purchase of the USS Bon Homme Richard (CV-31).
Congress oversees other government branches, for example, the Senate Watergate Committee, investigating President Nixon and Watergate, in 1973–74.
View of the United States Capitol from the United States Supreme Court building
The impeachment trial of President Clinton in 1999, Chief Justice William Rehnquist presiding
Second committee room in Congress Hall in Philadelphia
Library of Congress Jefferson Building
Lobbying depends on cultivating personal relationships over many years. Photo: Lobbyist Tony Podesta (left) with former senator Kay Hagan (center) and her husband.
An Act of Congress from 1960.
The House Financial Services committee meets. Committee members sit in the tiers of raised chairs, while those testifying, and audience members sit below.
In this example, the more even distribution is on the left and the gerrymandering is presented on the right.
The Federalist Papers argued in favor of a strong connection between citizens and their representatives.

The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. Both senators and representatives are chosen through direct election, though vacancies in the Senate may be filled by a governor's appointment.

Pennsylvania Avenue

Looking southeast down Pennsylvania Avenue, NW towards the United States Capitol seen here from the Old Post Office Pavilion.
Pennsylvania Avenue NW street sign near the White House
A 1942 photo of a DC 4 shield.
Drawing of Pennsylvania Avenue and the Capitol before it was burned down in 1814
Intersection of 11th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, in 1921
Looking southeast down Pennsylvania Avenue towards the Old Post Office Pavilion and United States Capitol.
Crossroads of K Street and Pennsylvania Avenue in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood
Protesters marching down Pennsylvania Avenue during the September 15, 2007 anti-war protest.
The White House is at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.
Storefronts along Pennsylvania Avenue in the Capitol Hill neighborhood

Pennsylvania Avenue is a diagonal street in Washington, D.C., and Prince George's County, Maryland, that connects the White House and the United States Capitol and then crosses the city to Maryland.

Capitol Hill

G Street SE
Aerial view of Capitol Hill looking east, showing the Capitol, Supreme Court Building, Library of Congress, and congressional office buildings.
Christ Church built in 1806 on G Street SE
East Capitol Street NE
Police Substation Number 1
Houses on G Street, SE
Houses on D Street SE
The Hiram W. Johnson House, a National Historic Landmark located on Capitol Hill
thumb|The Capitol Hill

Capitol Hill, in addition to being a metonym for the United States Congress, is the largest historic residential neighborhood in Washington, D.C., stretching easterly in front of the United States Capitol along wide avenues.

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

About the elder Benjamin Henry Latrobe.

Benjamin Henry Latrobe, c. 1804, portrait by Charles Willson Peale
An engraving (circa 1807) by George E. Blake of Latrobe's Center Square Water Works in Philadelphia
Benjamin Henry Latrobe, by Filippo Costaggini
Bank of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia - engraving by William Russell Birch
Latrobe Gate at the Washington Navy Yard
Principal story plan for the White House by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, 1807
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Baltimore, Maryland
For his architectural accomplishments, Benjamin Latrobe is honored, together with Thomas U. Walter, in a ceiling mosaic in the East Mosaic Corridor at the entrance to the Main Reading Room of the Library of Congress.
The Pope Villa

In his thirties, he emigrated to the new United States and designed the United States Capitol, on "Capitol Hill" in Washington, D.C., as well as the Old Baltimore Cathedral or The Baltimore Basilica, (later renamed the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary).

Neoclassical architecture

Architectural style produced by the Neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century in Italy and France.

The Basilica Palladiana in Vicenza (Veneto, Italy)
Château de Malmaison, 1800, room for the Empress Joséphine, on the cusp between Directoire and Empire style
Second Bank of the United States, Philadelphia, 1824.
The L'Enfant Plan for Washington, D.C., as revised by Andrew Ellicott in 1792.
The neoclassical Helsinki Cathedral from the 19th century, near the Senate Square in Helsinki, Finland.
Parisian apartment building on Rue de Rivoli. The name of the street comes from Napoleon's victory over the Austrians at the Battle of Rivoli (1797)
Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Budapest by William Tierney Clark, 1840–1849
The Rotunda of Mosta, built between 1833 and 1860
St. Anne's Church, Warsaw
The Museo del Prado in Madrid, by Juan de Villanueva
Altes Museum in Berlin (finished in 1830)
The east façade of Stourhead House, based on Palladio's Villa Emo
Russborough House (County Wicklow, Ireland) a notable example of Irish Palladianism,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://iarc.ie/exhibitions/previous-exhibitions/andrea-palladio-1508-1580/|title=Andrea Palladio 1508–1580|publisher=Irish Architectural Archive|date=2010|access-date=23 September 2018}}</ref> 1741–1755, by Richard Cassels
Woburn Abbey (Woburn, Bedfordshire, England), 1746, by Henry Flitcroft
thumb|Nova Scotia Legislature Building from Halifax (Nova Scotia, Canada), 1819
West facade of the Petit Trianon (Versailles, France)
The Panthéon (Paris), 1758–1790, by Jacques-Germain Soufflot (1713–1780) and Jean-Baptiste Rondelet (1743–1829)
The University of Virginia Rotunda, an example of the Neoclassical architecture Thomas Jefferson built on campus.
The main building of the Academy of Athens, one of Theophil Hansen's "Trilogy" in central Athens (1859)
Legislative Building Manila
The Blue Salon of the Château de Compiègne (Compiègne), an example of an Empire interior
Detail of the ceiling of the Arc de Triomphe from Paris
Design for a room in the Etruscan or Pompeian style, from 1833, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City)
Dining room of the Centralhotel (Berlin), designed in 1881 by von der Hude & Hennicke
The Reading Room of the Bibliothèque Mazarine (Paris)
The Propyläen (Munich, Germany)
The British Museum (London)
The Friedrich-von-Thiersch hall of the Kurhaus (Wiesbaden, Germany)
The Royal Scottish Academy (Edinburgh, Scotland)
The Circus (Bath, Somerset, England), 1754–1768, by John Wood, the Elder
Bedroom in Harewood House (Harewood, West Yorkshire, England), 1759–1771, by Robert Adam
Kedleston Hall (Kedleston, Derbyshire, England) based on the Arch of Constantine in Rome, the 1760s, by Robert Adam
Interior of Syon House (London) with Ionic columns and gilded statues, 1767–1775, by Robert Adam
Dining room of Syon House, with a complex ceiling
The General Register House (Edinburgh, Scotland), 1774–1788, by Robert Adam
alt=View upwards of street buildings with green domed roofs|Buildings in Lower O'Connell Street (Dublin) constructed between 1918 and 1923 in the highly refined and aesthetically restrained style typical of the Irish capital
The central courtyard of Somerset House (London), 1776, by Sir William Chambers
Ionic Temple at the Chiswick House (London), an example of English landscape garden
The Greek hexastyle portico of the General Post Office (Dublin) completed in 1818
The western front of St George's Hall in Liverpool from St. John's Gardens
Dublin's Custom House
Parliament Buildings, Northern Ireland (1933)
Boudoir de la Reine of the Palace of Fontainebleau (Fontainbleau)
Château de Bagatelle (Paris), a small Neoclassical château, 1777, by François-Joseph Bélanger
Stairway of the Grand Theater of Bordeaux, 1780, by Victor Louis
The Palais de la Légion d'Honneur (Paris), 1782–1787, by Pierre Rousseau
Cabinet doré of Marie-Antoinette at the Palace of Versailles (1783)
Église de la Madeleine (Paris), 1807–1828, by Pierre-Alexandre Vignon
Empress's bedroom from the Château de Malmaison, another Empire interior
The Vendôme Column (Paris), modelled after Trajan's Column, 1810
The Guimet Museum (Paris), by Jules Chatron
The Old Royal Palace, completed in 1843
The National Library of Greece designed by Theophil von Hansen (1888)
The National and Capodistrian University of Athens (1843)
The Zappeion (1888)
The Numismatic Museum of Athens or Iliou Melathron built for Heinrich Schliemann by Ernst Ziller (1880)
The Presidential Mansion (formerly the Crown Prince's Palace) in Athens built by Ernst Ziller
Butler Library at Columbia University in New York City (finished in 1934)
The United States Capitol (finished in 1800)
Federal Hall National Memorial
Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C (1939-1943)
The Palacio de Minería in Mexico, built between 1797 and 1813 by the Spaniard Manuel Tolsá<ref name="museu.ms">{{cite web|url=http://museu.ms/museum/details/17596/museo-manuel-tols-palacio-de-minera-de-la-fi-unam|title=Museo Manuel Tolsá - Palacio de Minería de la FI UNAM|language=es|website=museu.ms}}</ref>
The Palacio del Marqués del Apartado from Mexico City, built 1795–1805 by Manuel Tolsá
The Palacio de Gobierno (Nuevo León)
Hospicio Cabañas (Guadalajara), built between 1805–1845, is one of the oldest and largest hospital complexes in the Americas.
San José Iturbide parish, built in 1866 by Ramón Ramírez y Arangoiti<ref name="iturbide.travel">{{cite web|url=https://iturbide.travel/datos-curiosos-de-la-parroquia-de-san-jose-iturbide/|language=es|website=iturbide.travel|title=Datos curiosos de la Parroquia de San José Iturbide|date=10 July 2019}}</ref>
Palacio de La Moneda from Santiago de Chile (1784-1805) by Joaquín Toesca
Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago (Chile) (1748-1899) by Joaquín Toesca and Ignacio Cremonesi
Palacio de Carondelet (Quito, Ecuador) built between (1611–1801 by Antonio García)
Capitolio Nacional (Bogotá, Colombia) (1848–1926 by Thomas Reed)
Primatial Cathedral of Bogotá (Colombia) (1807–1823 by Friar Domingo de Petrés)
Basilica Cathedral of Arequipa (Peru) (1540–1844 by Lucas Poblete)
Palácio Imperial de Petrópolis (Brazil) (1845–1862 by Julius Friedrich Koeler)
Palacio del Congreso de Nación Argentina (1896–1906 by Vittorio Meano)
El Capitolio (Havana, Cuba) (1926–1929 by Eugenio Rayneri Piedra)
San Bartolome Church (Malabon)
Ayuntamiento de Manila
National Museum of Natural History (Manila)
El Hogar Building
Cebu Provincial Capitol
Taal Basilica
Villa Welgelegen, 1789 (Haarlem, The Netherlands)

International neoclassical architecture was exemplified in Karl Friedrich Schinkel's buildings, especially the Altes Museum in Berlin, Sir John Soane's Bank of England in London and the newly built White House and Capitol in Washington, D.C. of the nascent American Republic.