United States Capitol dome
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The United States Capitol dome is the dome situated above the United States Capitol which reaches upwards to 288 ft in height and 96 ft in diameter.wikipedia
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The United States Capitol dome is the dome situated above the United States Capitol which reaches upwards to 288 ft in height and 96 ft in diameter.
The original building was completed in 1800 and was subsequently expanded, particularly with the addition of the massive dome, and expanded chambers for the bicameral legislature, the House of Representatives in the south wing and the Senate in the north wing.
The iron for the dome was cast by the foundry of Janes, Fowler, Kirtland & Company, owned by Adrian Janes in the Bronx, New York.
Adrian Janes (February 4, 1798 - March 2, 1869) was the owner of the iron foundry Janes, Kirtland & Co. in The Bronx, New York, the company which created iron work for the Bow Bridge in Central Park, the railings of the Brooklyn Bridge, and the Capitol dome of the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
rotundaCapitol rotundaRotunda of the U.S. Capitol
This included the building of a double-dome structure, a stone, brick, and wooden interior dome to rise 96 ft above the rotunda floor (matching the dimensions of the Pantheon), and a wooden exterior dome covered in copper that would rise to 140 ft. Set at the crown of the exterior dome was an oculus 24 ft wide, which provided illumination to the rotunda floor below.
It is located below the Capitol dome, built 1857–1866; the later construction also extended the height of the rotunda walls.
The third Architect of the Capitol, Charles Bulfinch, altered the exterior profile of the plans still further by increasing the dome's height, which he later wrote was at the insistence of the President and Congress.
Bulfinch split his career between his native Boston, Massachusetts and Washington, D.C., where he served as Commissioner of Public Building and built the intermediate United States Capitol rotunda and dome.
FreedomColumbia" on the Capitol domeColumbia, the statue
By December 2, 1863, Walter was able to set the Statue of Freedom atop the dome.
The Statue of Freedom, also known as Armed Freedom or simply Freedom, is a bronze statue designed by Thomas Crawford (1814–1857) that, since 1863, has crowned the dome of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. Originally named Freedom Triumphant in War and Peace, a U.S. government publication now states that the statue "is officially known as the Statue of Freedom". The statue depicts a female figure bearing a military helmet and holding a sheathed sword in her right hand and a laurel wreath and shield in her left.
Edward Clark Edward Clark
His replacement, Edward Clark, assumed the role of finishing the last aspects of the dome.
In 1851, Walter was appointed the Architect of the Capitol and charged with designing and building the United States Capitol dome and the north (Senate) and south (House) wings of the United States Capitol.
St. Isaac's CathedralSt IsaacSt. Isaac
Influenced by the great domes of Europe, Walter paid particular attention to the Pantheon of Paris, St Paul's Cathedral in London and St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, as well as the more recent Saint Isaac's Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia, one of the first domes with an iron frame, by Auguste de Montferrand (1816–1858).
The design of the cathedral in general and the dome in particular later influenced the design of the United States Capitol dome, Wisconsin State Capitol in Madison, Wisconsin, and the Lutheran Cathedral in Helsinki.
Thomas U. WalterThomas Walter
The dome was designed by Thomas U. Walter, the fourth Architect of the Capitol, and constructed between 1855 and 1866 at a cost of $1,047,291 (equivalent to $ in ).
second inauguration2013 Presidential Inauguration2013
The inauguration theme was "Faith in America's Future", a phrase that draws upon the 150th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the completion of the Capitol dome in 1863.
In 1866 Constantino Brumidi completed the frescoed interior of the United States Capitol dome in Washington, and spent the rest of his life executing still other artworks to beautify the Capitol.
January – The second United States Capitol dome is completed in Washington, D.C. after 11 years of work; it survives to the modern day.
Gonzaga College HSGonzagaGonzaga College
The large painting above the altar is the work of Constantino Brumidi, famous for painting the frescoes on the interior of the United States Capitol dome.
1857 - The foundry of Janes, Fowler, Kirtland & Company, owned by Adrian Janes moves to facilities in the Bronx in order to cast the second United States Capitol dome.
August Gottlieb Schoenborn (October 20, 1827 - January 24, 1902) was a German American architect who helped design the United States Capitol dome.
State CapitolCapitol of the State of KansasKansas State Capitol Building
The dome, at 304 ft, is taller than the 288 ft United States Capitol dome, although its diameter (50 ft) is approximately half that of the national capitol (96 ft).
People from Boston
Charles Bulfinch – architect who designed Massachusetts State House, original United States Capitol dome and rotunda
The current dome over the United States Capitol building, although painted white and crowning a masonry building, is also made of cast iron.
Designed by Thomas Ustick Walter, who would go on to design the dome of the U.S. Capitol, the white marble monument consists of seven pieces of carved stone held together simply by weight and friction — not reinforced, for example, with metal pins.
State HouseCapitol of the State of Vermontstate capitol
This may have been done to imitate the increased height of the new Capitol dome in Washington designed by Thomas U. Walter which was being constructed during the same time.
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However, like all capitols with domes in the US it is also inspired by the idea of domed capitols originating with the United States Capitol dome.
Floyd admitted to blocking John's appointment, but said that Meigs had opposed him "in everything" regarding construction of the Washington Aqueduct and the United States Capitol dome and said he would resign from the cabinet if John Meigs' appointment had been approved.
United States Capitol dome, Washington DC, Historic preservation, 1990–2015.
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In 1863, the imposing ''Statue of Freedom", was placed on the top of the current (new at the time) dome.