United States Postal Service

U.S. Postal ServiceU.S. Post OfficeUnited States Post Officepost officeUSPSUS Postal ServicePostal ServiceU.S. Mailmailingpostal
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.wikipedia
4,287 Related Articles

United States Postmaster General

Postmaster GeneralU.S. Postmaster GeneralPostmaster General of the United States
The USPS traces its roots to 1775 during the Second Continental Congress, when Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general. On January 28, 2009, Postmaster General John E. Potter testified before the Senate that, if the Postal Service could not readjust its payment toward the contractually funding earned employee retiree health benefits, as mandated by the Postal Accountability & Enhancement Act of 2006, the USPS would be forced to consider cutting delivery to five days per week during June, July, and August.
The postmaster general of the United States is the chief executive officer of the United States Postal Service.

United States Post Office Department

Post Office DepartmentU.S. Post Office DepartmentPost Office
The Post Office Department was created in 1792 from Franklin's operation.
The United States Post Office Department was the predecessor of the United States Postal Service, in the form of a Cabinet department, officially from 1872 to 1971.

United Parcel Service

UPSUnited Parcel Service (UPS)United Parcel Service, Inc.
The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but now has to compete against private package delivery services, such as United Parcel Service, FedEx, and Amazon.
The American Messenger Company focused primarily on package delivery to retail stores with special delivery mail delivered for its largest client the United States Postal Service.

Grumman LLV

Long Life Vehicle
The USPS operates one of the largest civilian vehicle fleets in the world, with an estimated 227,896 vehicles, the majority of which are the easily identified Chevrolet/Grumman LLV (long-life vehicle), and the newer Ford/Utilimaster FFV (flex-fuel vehicle), originally also referred to as the CRV (carrier route vehicle).
The Grumman Long Life Vehicle (LLV) is an American light transport truck model, designed as a mail truck for the United States Postal Service, which is its primary user.

Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013

MilCon/VA spending bill
However, this change was reversed by federal law in the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013.
It also required the United States Postal Service to continue regular mail delivery on Saturdays.

National Rural Letter Carriers' Association

National Rural Letter Carriers Association
On June 10, 2009, the National Rural Letter Carriers' Association (NRLCA) was contacted for its input on the USPS's current study of the effect of five-day delivery along with developing an implementation plan for a five-day service plan.
The National Rural Letter Carriers' Association (NRLCA) is an American labor union that represents the Rural letter carriers of the United States Postal Service.

Postal Reorganization Act

Postal Reorganization Act of 19701971 reorganization of postal servicesJuly 1, 1971
It was elevated to a cabinet-level department in 1872, and was transformed by the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 into the United States Postal Service as an independent agency. While the strike ended without any concessions from the Federal government, it did ultimately allow for postal worker unions and the government to negotiate a contract which gave the unions most of what they wanted, as well as the signing of the Postal Reorganization Act by President Richard Nixon on August 12, 1970.
The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 was a law passed by the United States Congress that abolished the then United States Post Office Department, which was a part of the cabinet, and created the United States Postal Service, a corporation-like independent agency with an official monopoly on the delivery of mail in the United States.

Letter box

mailboxmail boxmailboxes
The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but now has to compete against private package delivery services, such as United Parcel Service, FedEx, and Amazon.
Although the United States Postal Service (USPS) has general regulations stating the distance a letter box may be from the road surface, these requirements may be changed by the local postmaster according to local environment and road conditions.

John E. Potter

Jack PotterJohn E. “Jack” PotterJohn Potter
On January 28, 2009, Postmaster General John E. Potter testified before the Senate that, if the Postal Service could not readjust its payment toward the contractually funding earned employee retiree health benefits, as mandated by the Postal Accountability & Enhancement Act of 2006, the USPS would be forced to consider cutting delivery to five days per week during June, July, and August.
He is the former United States Postmaster General and CEO of the United States Postal Service (USPS), having become the 72nd Postmaster General on June 1, 2001.

U.S. postal strike of 1970

organized a strike1970 postal strike1970 United States Postal Service strike
On March 18, 1970, postal workers in New York City—upset over low wages and poor working conditions, and emboldened by the Civil Rights Movement—organized a strike against the United States government.
The strike influenced the contents of the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970, which transformed the post office into the more corporate United States Postal Service and guaranteed collective bargaining rights (though not the right to strike.)

Federal government of the United States

United States governmentU.S. governmentfederal government
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The president presides over the executive branch of the federal government, an organization numbering about 5 million people, including 1 million active-duty military personnel and 600,000 postal service employees.

Postal Regulatory Commission

Postal Rate CommissionPostal Accountability and Enhancement ActPostal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2006
Since the 2006 all-time peak mail volume, after which Congress passed the [[Postal Regulatory Commission#Changes under the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2006|Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act]] which mandated that $5.5 billion per year be paid to fully prefund employee retirement health benefits, revenue dropped sharply due to recession-influenced declining mail volume, prompting the postal service to look to other sources of revenue while cutting costs to reduce its budget deficit.
Like the Postal Service, it was defined in law as an independent establishment of the executive branch.

Amtrak

National Railroad Passenger CorporationRail Passenger Service ActAmtrak trains
The USPS is often mistaken for a government-owned corporation (e.g., Amtrak) because it operates much like a business.
The diversion of most U.S. Postal Service mail from passenger trains to trucks, airplanes, and freight trains in late 1967 deprived those trains of badly needed revenue.

Compact of Free Association

Compacts of Free AssociationFreely Associated Statesfree association
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The U.S. treats these countries uniquely by giving them access to many U.S. domestic programs, including disaster response and recovery and hazard mitigation programs under the Federal Emergency Management Agency, some U.S. Department of Education programs including the Pell Grant, and services provided by the National Weather Service, the United States Postal Service, the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Communications Commission, and U.S. representation to the International Frequency Registration Board of the International Telecommunication Union.

United States Postal Inspection Service

postal inspectorU.S. Postal Inspection ServicePostal Inspection Service
The United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) is one of the oldest law enforcement agencies in the U.S. Founded by Benjamin Franklin, its mission is to protect the Postal Service, its employees, and its customers from crime and protect the nation's mail system from criminal misuse.
The United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) or the Postal Inspectors is the law enforcement arm of the United States Postal Service.

FedEx

Federal ExpressFedEx CorporationFedEx Freight
The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but now has to compete against private package delivery services, such as United Parcel Service, FedEx, and Amazon.
Strong ties to the White House and members of Congress allow access to international trade and tax cut rebates as well as the rules of the business practices of the United States Postal Service.

Package delivery

parcelparcelsdelivery service
The USPS has exclusive access to letter boxes marked "U.S. Mail" and personal letterboxes in the United States, but now has to compete against private package delivery services, such as United Parcel Service, FedEx, and Amazon.
The United States Postal Service "Metro Post" started in 2012, which by 2014 was shipping Amazon orders to 15 cities.

Benjamin Franklin

Ben FranklinFranklinFranklin, Benjamin
The USPS traces its roots to 1775 during the Second Continental Congress, when Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general. The United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) is one of the oldest law enforcement agencies in the U.S. Founded by Benjamin Franklin, its mission is to protect the Postal Service, its employees, and its customers from crime and protect the nation's mail system from criminal misuse.
On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress established the United States Post Office and named Benjamin Franklin as the first United States Postmaster General.

Universal service

Universal service obligationuniversal postal service
While not explicitly defined, the Postal Service's universal service obligation (USO) is broadly outlined in statute and includes multiple dimensions: geographic scope, range of products, access to services and facilities, delivery frequency, affordable and uniform pricing, service quality, and security of the mail.
Hill's reforms were quickly adopted by postal authorities worldwide, including the United States Post Office Department (now the United States Postal Service) which already held a monopoly through the Private Express Statutes.

POSTNET

POSTNET delivery point barcodePostal Numeric Encoding Technique
This system, which was intended to replace the depreciated POSTNET system, allows bulk mailers to use pre-printed bar codes to assist in mail delivery and sorting.
POSTNET (Postal Numeric Encoding Technique) is a barcode symbology used by the United States Postal Service to assist in directing mail.

Richard Nixon

Richard M. NixonNixonPresident Nixon
While the strike ended without any concessions from the Federal government, it did ultimately allow for postal worker unions and the government to negotiate a contract which gave the unions most of what they wanted, as well as the signing of the Postal Reorganization Act by President Richard Nixon on August 12, 1970.
He eliminated the Cabinet-level United States Post Office Department, which in 1971 became the government-run United States Postal Service.

Private Express Statutes

postal monopoly on first-class mail
It consists of two parts: the Private Express Statutes (PES) and the mailbox access rule.
The Private Express Statutes (PES) are a group of United States federal civil and criminal laws placing various restrictions on the carriage and delivery of letters by all organizations other than the United States Postal Service.

United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General

USPS Office of Inspector GeneralOffice of Inspector GeneralUnited States inspector general
The United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General (OIG) was authorized by law in 1996.
The United States Postal Service Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the United States Postal Service was created by federal statute in 1996, assuming internal oversight duties over the United States Postal Service (previously carried out by the United States Postal Inspection Service, in addition to their federal law enforcement duties).

Universal Postal Union

UPUGeneral Postal Unioninternational mail
As a government agency, it has many special privileges, including sovereign immunity, eminent domain powers, powers to negotiate postal treaties with foreign nations, and an exclusive legal right to deliver first-class and third-class mail.
Low terminal dues gave the United States Postal Service an advantage over private postal services such as Fedex and DHL.

Intelligent Mail barcode

OneCodeIntelligent Mail programnew standard of barcode cancellation
To improve accuracy and efficiency, the Postal Service introduced the Intelligent Mail program to complement the ZIP code system.
The term "Intelligent Mail" refers to services offered by the United States Postal Service for domestic mail delivery.