United States Senate

U.S. SenatorUnited States SenatorU.S. SenateSenatorSenateUS SenateUS SenatorSenatorsU.S. SenatorsUnited States Senators
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States.wikipedia
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United States House of Representatives

U.S. RepresentativeU.S. House of RepresentativesUnited States Representative
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper house.

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, and consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

United States Capitol

U.S. CapitolCapitolCapitol Building
The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.
The original building was completed in 1800 and was subsequently expanded, particularly with the addition of the massive dome, and expanded chambers for the bicameral legislature, the House of Representatives in the south wing and the Senate in the north wing.

Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Seventeenth Amendment17th Amendmentdirect election of Senators
From 1789 to 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states they represented; they are now elected by popular vote, following the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913.
The Seventeenth Amendment (Amendment XVII) to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States senators by the people of the states.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C. The District of Columbia and all other territories are not entitled to representation allowed to vote in either house of Congress; though they do have official non-voting delegates in the House of Representatives, they have zero representation in the Senate.
D.C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate.

United States Senate chamber

Senate chamberSenate floorU.S. Senate Chamber
The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.
The United States Senate Chamber is a room in the north wing of the United States Capitol that serves as the legislative chamber of the United States Senate, since January 4, 1859.

Ambassadors of the United States

United States AmbassadorU.S. AmbassadorAmbassador
These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
Their appointment needs to be confirmed by the United States Senate.

List of justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

Supreme Court JusticeJusticeSupreme Court Justices
These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the Constitution grants plenary power to the President of the United States to nominate, and with the advice and consent (confirmation) of the United States Senate, appoint justices to the Supreme Court.

U.S. state

StatestatesU. S. state
The Senate is composed of senators, each of whom represents a single state in its entirety.
States and their residents are represented in the United States Congress, a bicameral legislature consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

United States Electoral College

Electoral Collegepresidential electorelectoral votes
In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for vice president, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office.
Each state's number of electors is equal to the combined total of the state's membership in the Senate and House of Representatives; currently there are 100 senators and 435 representatives.

Cabinet of the United States

Cabinetcabinet secretaryUnited States Cabinet
These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
All federal public officials, including Cabinet members, are also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" (Article II, Section 4).

Impeachment in the United States

impeachmentimpeachedimpeach
Furthermore, the Senate has the responsibility of conducting the trials of those impeached by the House.
Analogous to a trial before a judge and jury, these proceedings are (where the legislature is bicameral) conducted by the upper house of the legislature, which at the federal level is the Senate.

United States federal judge

United States District JudgeUnited States Circuit Judgefederal judge
These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
In the United States, the title of federal judge means a judge (pursuant to Article Three of the United States Constitution) appointed by the president of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution.

Vice President of the United States

Vice PresidentU.S. Vice Presidentvice presidential
In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for vice president, the duty falls to the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office.
This all changed on September 4, when the committee recommended that the nation's chief executive be elected by an Electoral College, with each state having a number of presidential electors equal to the sum of that state's allocation of representatives and senators.

Constitution of the United States

United States ConstitutionU.S. ConstitutionConstitution
The drafters of the Constitution created a bicameral Congress primarily as a compromise between those who felt that each state, since it was sovereign, should be equally represented, and those who felt the legislature must directly represent the people, as the House of Commons did in Great Britain.
According to the United States Senate: "The Constitution's first three words—We the People—affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. For over two centuries the Constitution has remained in force because its framers wisely separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, and of the federal and state governments."

Henry Clay

ClayHenry Clay, Sr.Clay, Henry
As a result, four senators who failed to meet the age requirement were nevertheless admitted to the Senate: Henry Clay (aged 29 in 1806), John Jordan Crittenden (aged 29 in 1817), Armistead Thomson Mason (aged 28 in 1816), and John Eaton (aged 28 in 1818).
Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American attorney and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives, served as seventh speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served as the ninth U.S. secretary of state.

Article Five of the United States Constitution

Article VArticle Fiveratified
Article Five of the Constitution stipulates that no constitutional amendment may be created to deprive a state of its equal suffrage in the Senate without that state's consent.
Amendments may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a convention of states called for by two-thirds of the state legislatures.

John J. Crittenden

John Jordan CrittendenJohn CrittendenCrittenden
As a result, four senators who failed to meet the age requirement were nevertheless admitted to the Senate: Henry Clay (aged 29 in 1806), John Jordan Crittenden (aged 29 in 1817), Armistead Thomson Mason (aged 28 in 1816), and John Eaton (aged 28 in 1818).
He represented the state in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and twice served as United States Attorney General in the administrations of William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore.

United States federal executive departments

federal executive departmentsexecutive departmentsfederal executive department
These include the approval of treaties, and the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, Supreme Court justices, federal judges, flag officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, other federal executive officials and other federal uniformed officers.
The heads of the executive departments are appointed by the President and take office after confirmation by the United States Senate, and serve at the pleasure of the President.

Connecticut Compromise

Great Compromisecompromise on representationConnecticut Compromise (USA)
This idea of having one chamber represent people equally, while the other gives equal representation to states regardless of population, was known as the Connecticut Compromise.
Each state would have two representatives in the upper house.

Joe Biden

Joseph BidenBidenVice President Joe Biden
In November 1972, Joe Biden was elected to the Senate at the age of 29, but he reached his 30th birthday before the swearing-in ceremony for incoming senators in January 1973.
Biden also represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate from 1973 to 2009.

Republican Party (United States)

RepublicanRepublican PartyR
The Democratic Party traditionally sits to the presiding officer's right, and the Republican Party traditionally sits to the presiding officer's left, regardless of which party has a majority of seats.
As of 2019, the GOP controls the presidency, a majority in the U.S. Senate, a majority of state governorships, a majority (30) of state legislatures, and 22 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers).

Non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives

delegatedelegatesDelegate to Congress
The District of Columbia and all other territories are not entitled to representation allowed to vote in either house of Congress; though they do have official non-voting delegates in the House of Representatives, they have zero representation in the Senate.
Non-voting members serve exclusively in the House of Representatives—not the Senate.

John Eaton (politician)

John EatonJohn H. EatonJohn Henry Eaton
As a result, four senators who failed to meet the age requirement were nevertheless admitted to the Senate: Henry Clay (aged 29 in 1806), John Jordan Crittenden (aged 29 in 1817), Armistead Thomson Mason (aged 28 in 1816), and John Eaton (aged 28 in 1818).
John Henry Eaton (June 18, 1790 – November 17, 1856) was an American politician and diplomat from Tennessee who served as U.S. Senator and as Secretary of War in the administration of Andrew Jackson.

1st United States Congress

First CongressFirst United States Congress1st Congress
This was achieved by dividing the senators of the 1st Congress into thirds (called classes), where the terms of one-third expired after two years, the terms of another third expired after four, and the terms of the last third expired after six years.
The First United States Congress, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, met from March 4, 1789, to March 4, 1791, during the first two years of George Washington's presidency, first at Federal Hall in New York City and later at Congress Hall in Philadelphia.