Universal Pictures

UniversalUniversal StudiosUniversal Film Manufacturing CompanyUniversal-InternationalUniversal InternationalUniversal Film Manufacturing Co.Universal Pictures InternationalBluebird PhotoplaysUniversal CityUniversal City Studios
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios, formerly Universal Film Manufacturing Company) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.wikipedia
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Carl Laemmle

Carl Laemmle, Sr.Laemmle
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film, and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios in terms of the overall film market.
Carl Laemmle (born Karl Lämmle; January 17, 1867 – September 24, 1939) was an American filmmaker and a founder of Universal Studios.

Major film studio

major studiomajor studiosBig Six
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film, and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios in terms of the overall film market.
Three of them – Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, and 20th Century Fox – were members of the "Big Five", but the other three – Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios – did not gain their market shares until much later.

Comcast

Comcast XfinityComcast CorporationXfinity
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios, formerly Universal Film Manufacturing Company) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
Comcast owns and operates the Xfinity cable communications subsidiary, over-the-air national broadcast network channels (NBC and Telemundo), multiple cable-only channels (including MSNBC, CNBC, USA Network, NBCSN, and E!, among others), the film studio Universal Pictures, and Universal Parks & Resorts.

Gaumont Film Company

GaumontGaumont PicturesGaumont Television
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film, and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios in terms of the overall film market.
It is the first and oldest film company in the world, founded before other studios such as Pathé (founded in 1896), Titanus (1904), Nordisk Film (1906), Universal and Paramount (both founded in 1912) The company headquarters are in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.

Universal Studios Hollywood

Universal StudiosHollywoodUniversal
On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre (0.9-km²) converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood.
Outside the theme park, a new, all-digital facility near the Universal Pictures backlot was built in an effort to merge all of NBCUniversal's West Coast operations into one area.

Universal City, California

Universal CityUniversalUniversal City, CA
Its studios are located in Universal City, California, and its corporate offices are located in New York City.
Approximately 415 acres (1.7 km²) within and around the surrounding area is the property of Universal Pictures, one of the six major film studios in the United States: about 70 percent of the studio's property is inside this unincorporated area, while the remaining 30 percent is within the Los Angeles city limits.

Universal Studios Lot

backlotbacklot of Universal PicturesLot
Its studios are located in Universal City, California, and its corporate offices are located in New York City.
It is the site of Universal Pictures and is owned by Comcast through its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.

Florence Lawrence

In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence, formerly known as "The Biograph Girl", and actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing.
The company, founded by Carl Laemmle, the owner of a film exchange (who later absorbed IMP into Universal Pictures, which he also founded and also the president), was looking for experienced filmmakers and actors.

Jack Conway (filmmaker)

Jack Conway
Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood.
Four years later, he made his mark as a director and gained valuable experience at Universal (1916–17 and 1921–23), before moving on to MGM in 1925.

Julius Stern (producer)

Julius Stern
In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Stern and Julius Stern.
He was a co-founder of Universal Studios.

Abe Stern

In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Stern and Julius Stern.
He was a co-founder of Universal Studios.

John Ford

FordArgosy ProductionsJack Ford
Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood.
Francis played in hundreds of silent pictures for filmmakers such as Thomas Edison, Georges Méliès and Thomas Ince, eventually progressing to become a prominent Hollywood actor-writer-director with his own production company (101 Bison) at Universal.

Independent Moving Pictures

Independent Moving Pictures CompanyIMPIMP Studios
That company quickly evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP), with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century.
In 1912, IMP was one of the independent film companies absorbed into the newly incorporated Universal Film Manufacturing Company, with Laemmle as president.

Irving Thalberg

ThalbergIrving G. ThalbergIrving Thalberg Award
During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg.
He then found work as a secretary with Universal Studios' New York office, and was later made studio manager for their Los Angeles facility.

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Fort LeeFort Lee, NJFort Lee Borough
That company quickly evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP), with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century.
In 1909, a forerunner of Universal Studios, the Champion Film Company, built the first studio.

Oswald the Lucky Rabbit

OswaldOswald Rabbit
Universal owned the rights to the "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit" character, although Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks had created Oswald, and their films had enjoyed a successful theatrical run.
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit (also known as Oswald the Rabbit or Oswald Rabbit) is an anthropomorphic rabbit and animated cartoon character created by Walt Disney for cartoon animal films and distributed by Universal Studios in the 1920s and 1930s, serving as the Disney studio's first animated character to feature in their own series.

Lon Chaney

Lon Chaney, Sr.Lon Chaney Sr.Chaney
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing steadily in dramas.
The time spent there is not clearly known, but between the years 1912 and 1917, Chaney worked under contract for Universal Studios doing bit or character parts.

Foolish Wives

This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands (1919) and Foolish Wives (1922), but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Foolish Wives is a 1922 American silent drama film produced and distributed by Universal Pictures under their Super-Jewel banner and written and directed by Erich von Stroheim.

Studio system

Golden AgeHollywood's Golden Agestudio era
The new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production, distribution and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era.
Of these eight, five were fully integrated conglomerates, combining ownership of a production studio, distribution division, and substantial theater chain, and contracting with performers and filmmaking personnel: Fox Film Corporation (later 20th Century Fox), Loew’s Incorporated (owner of America's largest theater circuit and parent company to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer), Paramount Pictures, RKO Radio Pictures, and Warner Bros. Two majors—Universal Pictures and Columbia Pictures—were similarly organized, though they never owned more than small theater circuits.

Carl Laemmle Jr.

Carl Laemmle, Jr.Carl, Jr.Julius (Carl Jr.) Laemmle
In 1928, Laemmle, Sr. made his son, Carl, Jr. head of Universal Pictures as a 21st birthday present.
Carl Laemmle Jr. (born Julius Laemmle; April 28, 1908 – September 24, 1979) was an American businessman and heir of Carl Laemmle, who had founded Universal Studios.

Walt Disney Animation Studios

Walt Disney ProductionsDisneyWalt Disney Feature Animation
This moment effectively launched Walt Disney Studios' foothold, while Universal became a minor player in film animation.
The Alice Comedies were distributed by Margaret J. Winkler's Winkler Pictures, which later also distributed a second Disney short subject series, the all-animated Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, through Universal Pictures starting in 1927.

Mickey Mouse

MickeyKing MickeyTopolino
Instead, Disney and Iwerks created Mickey Mouse, who in 1928 starred in the first "sync" sound animated short, Steamboat Willie.
Mickey Mouse was created as a replacement for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, an earlier cartoon character created by the Disney studio for Charles Mintz, a film producer who distributed product through Universal Studios.

Pat Powers (businessman)

Pat PowersCelebrity ProductionsCelebrity Pictures
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film, and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Six" studios in terms of the overall film market.
In 1912, Powers' company merged with Carl Laemmle's Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP) film company and others to create what eventually would become Universal Pictures.

The Walt Disney Company

DisneyWalt DisneyWalt Disney Productions
In 2006, after almost 80 years, NBC Universal sold all Walt Disney-produced Oswald cartoons, along with the rights to the character himself, back to Disney.
After the demise of the Alice comedies, Disney developed an all-cartoon series starring his first original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, which was distributed by Winkler Pictures through Universal Pictures.

Frankenstein (1931 film)

Frankenstein1931 film1931 film adaptation
Among them are Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), The Mummy (1932) and The Invisible Man (1933).
Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code horror monster film from Universal Pictures.