Universal Pictures

Universal StudiosUniversalUniversal Film Manufacturing CompanyUniversal-InternationalUniversal InternationalUniversal Film Manufacturing Co.Universal Pictures InternationalDeutsche Universal-FilmBack Lot MusicUniversal City Studios
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios, formally known as Universal City Studios LLC, and formerly Universal Film Manufacturing Company) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.wikipedia
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Carl Laemmle

Carl Laemmle, Sr.Laemmle
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States; the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film; and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market.
Carl Laemmle (born Karl Lämmle; January 17, 1867 – September 24, 1939) was an American filmmaker and the founder and, until 1934, owner of Universal Pictures.

NBCUniversal

NBC UniversalUniversalNBC
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios, formally known as Universal City Studios LLC, and formerly Universal Film Manufacturing Company) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
It is named for its most significant divisions, the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) — one of the United States' Big Three television networks — and the major Hollywood film studio Universal Pictures.

Major film studio

major studiomajor studiosmajor film studios
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States; the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film; and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market.
Today, the Big Five majors – Walt Disney Pictures, Warner Bros. Pictures, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Paramount Pictures – routinely distribute hundreds of films every year into all significant international markets (that is, where discretionary income is high enough for consumers to afford to watch films).

Comcast

Comcast CorporationComcast XfinityXfinity
Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios, formally known as Universal City Studios LLC, and formerly Universal Film Manufacturing Company) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.
Comcast owns and operates the Xfinity residential cable communications subsidiary, Comcast Business, a commercial services provider, Xfinity Mobile, an MVNO of Verizon, over-the-air national broadcast network channels (NBC, Telemundo, TeleXitos and Cozi TV), multiple cable-only channels (including MSNBC, CNBC, USA Network, Syfy, NBCSN, and E!, among others), the film studio Universal Pictures, and Universal Parks & Resorts.

Gaumont Film Company

GaumontSociété des Etablissements L. GaumontGaumont Distribution
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, and Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States; the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Titanus, and Nordisk Film; and the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market.
It is the first and oldest film company in the world, founded before other studios such as Pathé (founded in 1896), Titanus (1904), Nordisk Film (1906), Universal and Paramount (both founded in 1912) The company headquarters are in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France.

Universal Studios Lot

Universal StudiosbacklotLot
Its studios are located in Universal City, California, and its corporate offices are located in New York City.
It is the site of Universal Pictures and is owned by Comcast through its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.

Universal City, California

Universal CityUniversal City, CAUniversal
Its studios are located in Universal City, California, and its corporate offices are located in New York City.
Approximately 415 acres (1.7 km²) within and around the surrounding area is the property of Universal Pictures, one of the five major film studios in the United States: about 70 percent of the studio's property is inside this unincorporated area, while the remaining 30 percent is within the Los Angeles city limits.

Jack Conway (filmmaker)

Jack Conway
Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood.
Four years later, he made his mark as a director and gained valuable experience at Universal (1916–17 and 1921–23), before moving on to MGM in 1925.

Florence Lawrence

In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence, formerly known as "The Biograph Girl", and actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing.
The company, founded by Carl Laemmle, the owner of a film exchange (who later absorbed IMP into Universal Pictures, which he also founded and also the president), was looking for experienced filmmakers and actors.

Universal Studios Hollywood

Universal StudiosHollywoodUniversal
On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre (0.9-km²) converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood.
Outside the theme park, a new, all-digital facility near the Universal Pictures backlot was built in an effort to merge all of NBCUniversal's West Coast operations into one area.

Abe Stern

In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Stern and Julius Stern.
He was a co-founder of Universal Studios.

Julius Stern (producer)

Julius Stern
In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Stern and Julius Stern.
He was a co-founder of Universal Studios.

Independent Moving Pictures

Independent Moving Pictures CompanyIndependent Motion Picture CompanyIMP
That company quickly evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP), with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century.
In 1912, IMP merged with several other production companies to form Universal Film Manufacturing Company, later re-named Universal Pictures Company with Laemmle as president.

Irving Thalberg

Irving G. ThalbergThalbergIrving Thalberg Award
During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg.
He then found work as a secretary with Universal Studios' New York office, and was later made studio manager for their Los Angeles facility.

Fort Lee, New Jersey

Fort LeeAmerica's first motion picture industryFort Lee, NJ
That company quickly evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP), with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century.
In 1909, a forerunner of Universal Studios, the Champion Film Company, built the first studio.

Oswald the Lucky Rabbit

OswaldOswald RabbitOswald the Rabbit
Mintz's company, Winkler Pictures, was to produce 26 "Oswald the Lucky Rabbit" cartoons for Universal.
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit (also known as Oswald the Rabbit or Oswald Rabbit) is an anthropomorphic cartoon rabbit created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks for Universal Pictures.

Lon Chaney

Lon Chaney, Sr.Lon Chaney Sr.Chaney
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing steadily in dramas.
The time spent there is not clearly known, but between the years 1912 and 1917, Chaney worked under contract for Universal Studios doing bit or character parts.

Studio system

Hollywood studio systemstudio eraGolden Age of Hollywood
The new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production, distribution and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era.
Of these eight, five were fully integrated conglomerates, combining ownership of a production studio, distribution division, and substantial theater chain, and contracting with performers and filmmaking personnel: Fox Film Corporation (later 20th Century Fox), Loew’s Incorporated (owner of America's largest theater circuit and parent company to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer), Paramount Pictures, RKO Radio Pictures, and Warner Bros. Two majors—Universal Pictures and Columbia Pictures—were similarly organized, though they never owned more than small theater circuits.

Carl Laemmle Jr.

Carl Laemmle, Jr.Carl Laemmle JrCarl, Jr.
In 1928, Laemmle, Sr. made his son, Carl, Jr. head of Universal Pictures as a 21st birthday present.
Carl Laemmle Jr. (born Julius Laemmle; April 28, 1908 – September 24, 1979) was an American businessman and heir of Carl Laemmle, who had founded Universal Studios.

Walt Disney Animation Studios

Walt Disney ProductionsDisneyWalt Disney Feature Animation
Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks created the character and the Walt Disney Studio provided the animation for the cartoons under Winkler's supervision.
The Alice Comedies were distributed by Margaret J. Winkler's Winkler Pictures, which later also distributed a second Disney short subject series, the all-animated Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, through Universal Pictures starting in 1927.

Joe Pasternak

EuterpeEuterpe ProductionsJoseph Pasternak
In 1926, Universal opened a production unit in Germany, Deutsche Universal-Film AG, under the direction of Joe Pasternak.
It was seen by Wesley Ruggles who offered him a job at Universal Studios as an assistant director at $35 a week.

Foolish Wives

This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands (1919) and Foolish Wives (1922), but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Foolish Wives is a 1922 American erotic silent drama film produced and distributed by Universal Pictures under their Super-Jewel banner and written and directed by Erich von Stroheim.

Mickey Mouse

MickeyThe Spirit of MickeyKing Mickey
Disney and Iwerks would create Mickey Mouse in secret while they finished the remaining Oswald films they were contractually obligated to finish.
Mickey Mouse was created as a replacement for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, an earlier cartoon character created by the Disney studio for Charles Mintz, a film producer who distributed product through Universal Studios.

John Ford

Argosy PicturesFordArgosy Productions
Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood.
Francis played in hundreds of silent pictures for filmmakers such as Thomas Edison, Georges Méliès and Thomas Ince, eventually progressing to become a prominent Hollywood actor-writer-director with his own production company (101 Bison) at Universal.

Frankenstein (1931 film)

FrankensteinBaron Frankenstein1931 film
Among them are Dracula (1931), Frankenstein (1931), The Mummy (1932) and The Invisible Man (1933).
Frankenstein is a 1931 American pre-Code science-fiction horror film from Universal Pictures.