Universalism

UniversalistUniversalistsuniversaluniversalisticuniversalityJewish Universalistuniversal religionFirst Universalist ChurchInclusionismIslam espouses such a principle
Universalism is the philosophical and theological concept that some ideas have universal application or applicability.wikipedia
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Universal reconciliation

universal salvationChristian universalistuniversalism
This specific idea being called universal reconciliation. In 1899 the Universalist General Convention, later called the Universalist Church of America, adopted the Five Principles: the belief in God, Jesus Christ, the immortality of the human soul, the reality of sin and universal reconciliation.
In Christian theology, universal reconciliation (also called universal salvation, Christian universalism, or in context simply universalism) is the doctrine that all sinful and alienated human souls—because of divine love and mercy—will ultimately be reconciled to God.

Universality (philosophy)

universaluniversalityabsolute truth
Moral universalism (also called moral objectivism or universal morality) is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics applies universally.
In certain theologies, universalism is the quality ascribed to an entity whose existence is consistent throughout the universe, whose being is independent of and unconstrained by the events and conditions that compose the universe, such as entropy and physical locality.

Unitarian Universalism

Unitarian UniversalistUnitarianUnitarian Universalists
Unitarian Universalism emphasizes that religion is a universal human quality, and also focuses on the universal principles of most religions.
New England Universalists rejected the Puritan forefathers' emphasis on the select few, the Elect, who were supposed to be saved from eternal damnation by a just God.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
Universalism has had an influence on modern day Hinduism, in turn influencing western modern spirituality.
This idea of a Vedic essence was taken over by Hindu reform movements as the Brahmo Samaj, which was supported for a while by the Unitarian Church, together with the ideas of Universalism and Perennialism, the idea that all religions share a common mystic ground.

Universalist Church of America

UniversalistUniversalist ChurchUniversalism
In 1899 the Universalist General Convention, later called the Universalist Church of America, adopted the Five Principles: the belief in God, Jesus Christ, the immortality of the human soul, the reality of sin and universal reconciliation.
These churches and others form minor pockets of Christian theological Universalists which remain, but most are affiliated with other denominations.

Swami Vivekananda

VivekanandaNarendranath DuttaSwami Vivekanand
Hindu Universalism was popularised in the 20th century in both India and the west by Vivekananda and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
Rammohan Roy, the founder of the Brahmo Samaj who was strongly influenced by unitarianism, strived toward an universalistic interpretation of Hinduism.

Steven Blane

Jewish Spiritual Leaders Institute
An on-line organization, the Jewish Spiritual Leaders Institute founded and led by Steven Blane, who calls himself an "American Jewish Universalist Rabbi", believes in a more inclusive version of Jewish Universalism, stating that "God equally chose all nations to be lights unto the world, and we have much to learn and share with each other. We can only accomplish Tikkun Olam by our unconditional acceptance of each other's peaceful doctrines."
Rabbi Blane, a Universalist rabbi and cantor, conducts his teaching and pastoral work online.

Clement of Alexandria

ClementClemens AlexandrinusSt. Clement of Alexandria
These included such important figures such as Alexandrian scholar Origen as well as Clement of Alexandria, a Christian theologian.
He espouses broadly universalist doctrine, holding that Christ's promise of salvation is available to all, even those condemned to hell.

Origen

Origen of AlexandriaOrigenismOrigenist
These included such important figures such as Alexandrian scholar Origen as well as Clement of Alexandria, a Christian theologian.
Origen was a Universalist, who suggested that all people might eventually attain salvation, but only after being purged of their sins through "divine fire".

Afterlife

life after deathhereafterafter death
Some Unitarian Universalists believe in universalism: that all souls will ultimately be saved and that there are no torments of hell.

Apocatastasis

apokatastasisἀποκατάστασις
The Greek term apocatastasis came to be related by some to the beliefs of Christian universalism, but central to the doctrine was the restitution, or restoration of all sinful beings to God, and to His state of blessedness.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries several histories published by Universalists, including Hosea Ballou (1829), Thomas Whittemore (1830), John Wesley Hanson (1899) and George T. Knight (1911), argued that belief in universal reconciliation was found in early Christianity and in the Reformation, and ascribed Universalist beliefs to Origen, Clement of Alexandria, and others.

George de Benneville

The same teachings were later spread throughout 18th-century France and America by George de Benneville.
He settled in Pennsylvania and worked as a physician and apothecary in Oley, Berks County, using free time to continue his Universalist preaching.

Perennial philosophy

PerennialismPerennialistphilosophia perennis
A more popular interpretation argues for universalism, the idea that all religions, underneath seeming differences, point to the same Truth.

Quakers

QuakerSociety of FriendsReligious Society of Friends
Elias Hicks' religious views were claimed to be universalist and to contradict Quakers' historical orthodox Christian beliefs and practices.

Primitive Baptist Universalist

Primitive Baptist UniversalismPrimitive Baptist Universalists
Although they did not split as a denomination away from other Primitive Baptists until 1924, the Primitive Baptist Universalists (PBUs) have been theologically distinct as Universalists since at least 1907, when the minutes of the Washington District Primitive Baptist Association record a reproval:

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
Later Islamic theologians expanded this definition to include Zoroastrians, and later even Hindus, as the early Islamic empire brought many people professing these religions under its dominion, but the Qur'an explicitly identifies only Jews, Christians, and Sabians as People of the Book.
Thus, Zoroastrianism can be said to be a universalist religion with respect to salvation in that all souls are redeemed at the final judgement.

Western Sufism

Universal SufismUniversal SufiSufi movement
Both held the principle of universalism, according to which Sufism can be valid for anyone, regardless of their background.

Ananda Marga

Ananda Marga GurukulaAnanda MargAnanda Sutram
It covers both the spiritual and the social combining the two in a unique synthesis of universal vision.

Comparative religion

comparative religionscomparative study of religioncomparative

Universal (metaphysics)

universalsuniversalPlatonic universals
Universalism is the philosophical and theological concept that some ideas have universal application or applicability.

Rigveda

Rig VedaRigvedicRig-Veda
As the Rig Veda states, "Truth is one; sages call it by various names."

Religious pluralism

pluralismpluralisticpluralist
It accepts all religions in an inclusive manner, this approach to religion being called religious pluralism.

Christian universalism

UniversalistuniversalismChristian Universalist
Christian universalism refers to the idea that every human will be saved in a religious or spiritual sense.