University

universitiescollegecomprehensive universityuniversity statusresearch universityresearch universitieshigher education institutioninstitutionsUndisclosed Universityvarsity
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.wikipedia
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Academic degree

degreedegreesuniversity degree
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
Formal education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.

Tertiary education

post-secondarypost-secondary educationtertiary
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
The World Bank, for example, defines tertiary education as including universities as well as trade schools and colleges.

Higher education

higher learninghigherHigher Education Institution
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.
It is delivered at universities, academies, colleges, seminaries, conservatories, and institutes of technology, and through certain college-level institutions, including vocational schools, trade schools, and other career colleges that award degrees.

Student

studentscollege studentpupils
At the time of the emergence of urban town life and medieval guilds, specialized "associations of students and teachers with collective legal rights usually guaranteed by charters issued by princes, prelates, or the towns in which they were located" came to be denominated by this general term.
In the United Kingdom and India, the term "student" denotes those enrolled in secondary schools and higher (e.g., college or university); those enrolled in primary/elementary schools are called "pupils."

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
At the time of the emergence of urban town life and medieval guilds, specialized "associations of students and teachers with collective legal rights usually guaranteed by charters issued by princes, prelates, or the towns in which they were located" came to be denominated by this general term.
Intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities.

Guild

guildscraft guildtrade guild
At the time of the emergence of urban town life and medieval guilds, specialized "associations of students and teachers with collective legal rights usually guaranteed by charters issued by princes, prelates, or the towns in which they were located" came to be denominated by this general term.
An important result of the guild framework was the emergence of universities at Bologna (established in 1088), Oxford (at least since 1096) and Paris (c.

Medieval university

medieval universitiesuniversitiesuniversity
The modern university system has roots in the European medieval university, which was created in Italy and evolved from cathedral schools for the clergy during the High Middle Ages.
The first Western European institutions generally considered universities were established in the Kingdom of Italy (then part of the Holy Roman Empire), the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of France, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Kingdom of Portugal between the 11th and 15th centuries for the study of the Arts and the higher disciplines of Theology, Law, and Medicine.

Teacher

educatorschoolteacherschool teacher
At the time of the emergence of urban town life and medieval guilds, specialized "associations of students and teachers with collective legal rights usually guaranteed by charters issued by princes, prelates, or the towns in which they were located" came to be denominated by this general term.
In many countries, a person who wishes to become a teacher must first obtain specified professional qualifications or credentials from a university or college.

Magna Charta Universitatum

Magna Charta of the European UniversitiesThe Magna Charta
This is now widely recognised internationally - on 18 September 1988, 430 university rectors signed the Magna Charta Universitatum, marking the 900th anniversary of Bologna's foundation.
The Magna Charta Universitatum (Great Charter of Universities) is a document to celebrate university traditions and encourage bonds among European universities, but is also intended to serve as a universal inspiration and is open to universities throughout the world.

Charles University

Charles University in PragueUniversity of PraguePrague
Later they were also founded by Kings (University of Naples Federico II, Charles University in Prague, Jagiellonian University in Kraków) or municipal administrations (University of Cologne, University of Erfurt).
Charles University, known also as Charles University in Prague (Univerzita Karlova; Universitas Carolina; Karls-Universität) or historically as the University of Prague (Universitas Pragensis), is the oldest and largest university in the Czech Republic.

University of Paris

SorbonneParisLa Sorbonne
The first universities in Europe with a form of corporate/guild structure were the University of Bologna (1088), the University of Paris (c.1150, later associated with the Sorbonne), and the University of Oxford (1167).
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne, was a university in Paris, France, active 1150–1793, and 1806–1970.

Avicenna

Ibn SinaIbn SīnāAbu Ali ibn Sina
Professors lectured on the books of Aristotle for logic, natural philosophy, and metaphysics; while Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicenna were used for medicine.
His most famous works are The Book of Healing, a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine, a medical encyclopedia which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities and remained in use as late as 1650.

Postgraduate education

postgraduategraduate studentpost-graduate
Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education.
For historical reasons dating back to the French Revolution of 1789, France has a dual education system, with Grandes Écoles on one side, and universities on the other hand, with the Grandes Écoles being considered as much more prestigious.

Madrasa

madrasahmadrassamedrese
Their endowment by a prince or monarch and their role in training government officials made early Mediterranean universities similar to Islamic madrasas, although madrasas were generally smaller, and individual teachers, rather than the madrasa itself, granted the license or degree.
Scholars like Arnold H. Green and Seyyed Hossein Nasr have argued that, starting in the 10th century, some medieval Islamic madaris indeed became universities.

Educational institution

educational institutionseducational instituteinstitution
A university (universitas, 'a whole') is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

Latin Church

Latin CatholicWestern ChurchLatin Rite
The earliest universities were developed under the aegis of the Latin Church by papal bull as studia generalia and perhaps from cathedral schools.
Universities developed in the large cities of Europe during this period, and rival clerical orders within the church began to battle for political and intellectual control over these centers of educational life.

Research university

researchresearch universitiesresearch college
In the United States, the Johns Hopkins University was the first to adopt the (German) research university model; this pioneered the adoption by most other American universities.
A research university is a university that is committed to research as a central part of its mission.

University of al-Qarawiyyin

University of Al QuaraouiyineUniversity of Al-KaraouineAl-Qarawiyyin
The University of Al Quaraouiyine, founded in Morocco by Fatima al-Fihri in 859, is considered by some to be the oldest degree-granting university.
According to UNESCO, and a number of other scholars, Al Quaraouiyine is considered to have been a university since its founding and therefore that it is the oldest university in the world.

National university

NationalPublic (National)national universities
A national university is generally a university created or run by a national state but at the same time represents a state autonomic institution which functions as a completely independent body inside of the same state.
A national university is generally a university created or managed by a government, but which may at the same time operate autonomously without direct control by the state.

Argentine university reform of 1918

University RevolutionUniversity Reform of 1918University Reform
Reforms in Argentina were the result of the University Revolution of 1918 and its posterior reforms by incorporating values that sought for a more equal and laic higher education system.
The Argentine university reform of 1918 was a general modernization of the universities, especially tending towards democratization, brought about by student activism during the presidency of Hipolito Yrigoyen, the first democratic government.

Laboratory

laboratorieslaboratory equipmentlab
The German, or Humboldtian model, was conceived by Wilhelm von Humboldt and based on Friedrich Schleiermacher's liberal ideas pertaining to the importance of freedom, seminars, and laboratories in universities.
Scientific laboratories can be found as research room and learning spaces in schools and universities, industry, government, or military facilities, and even aboard ships and spacecraft.

Rector (academia)

rectorrector magnificusuniversity rector
Although each institution is organized differently, nearly all universities have a board of trustees; a president, chancellor, or rector; at least one vice president, vice-chancellor, or vice-rector; and deans of various divisions.
A rector (‘ruler’, from rector meaning ’ruler’) is a senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school.

Faculty (division)

facultyfacultiesFaculty of Law
Universities are generally divided into a number of academic departments, schools or faculties.
A faculty is a division within a university or college comprising one subject area or a group of related subject areas, possibly also delimited by level (e.g. undergraduate).

Public university

Publicpublic universitiespublic research university
Public university systems are ruled over by government-run higher education boards.
A public university is a university that is in state ownership or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university.