# University of Cambridge

**Cambridge UniversityCambridgeUniversityThe University of CambridgeCantab.Cambridge UniversitiesCantabCouncil of the SenateCambridge-educatedUniversities of Cambridge**

The University of Cambridge (legally The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom.wikipedia

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### Cambridge

**Cambridge, EnglandCambridge, UKCambridge, United Kingdom**

The University of Cambridge (legally The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209.

### University of Oxford

**Oxford UniversityOxfordUniversity**

The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople.

After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge.

### Colleges of the University of Cambridge

**constituent collegeCambridge Collegescolleges**

Cambridge is formed from a variety of institutions which include 31 semi-autonomous constituent Colleges and over 100 academic departments organised into six schools.

This is a list of the colleges within the University of Cambridge.

### Cambridge University Press

**CambridgeCUPUniversity Press**

Cambridge University Press, a department of the university, is the world's oldest publishing house and the second-largest university press in the world.

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

### Fitzwilliam Museum

**The Fitzwilliam MuseumFitzwilliam Museum, CambridgeFitzwilliam**

The university also operates eight cultural and scientific museums, including the Fitzwilliam Museum, as well as a botanic garden.

The Fitzwilliam Museum is the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge.

### Cambridge University Library

**University LibraryCambridgeCambridge Library**

Cambridge's libraries, of which there are over 100, hold a total of around 16 million books, around nine million of which are in Cambridge University Library, a legal deposit library.

Cambridge University Library is the main research library of the University of Cambridge in England.

### List of oldest universities in continuous operation

**oldest universitiesoldest universities in continuous operationeducational**

Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university.

### List of University of Cambridge people

**List of University of Cambridge membersnotable alumniuniversity contemporary**

The university has educated many notable alumni, including eminent mathematicians, scientists, politicians, lawyers, philosophers, writers, actors, monarchs and other heads of state.

This is a list of University of Cambridge people, featuring members of the University of Cambridge segregated in accordance with their fields of achievement.

### Cambridge Union

**Cambridge Union SocietyThe Cambridge UnionUnion**

The university is home to, but independent of, the Cambridge Union - the world’s oldest debating society.

The Cambridge Union Society, also known as the Cambridge Union, is a debating and free speech society in Cambridge, England and the largest society in the University of Cambridge.

### Oxbridge

**Oxford and CambridgeOxford or CambridgeCamford**

The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'.

Oxbridge is a portmanteau of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest universities in the United Kingdom.

### List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation

**Nobel laureates19 Nobel laureatesNobel laureates by university affiliation**

, 120 Nobel Laureates, 11 Fields Medalists, 7 Turing Award winners and 14 British Prime Ministers have been affiliated with Cambridge as students, alumni, faculty or research staff.

### Peterhouse, Cambridge

**PeterhousePeterhouse CollegeMaster of Peterhouse**

Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely, founded Peterhouse, Cambridge's first college, in 1284.

Peterhouse is the oldest constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England, founded in 1284 by Hugo de Balsham, Bishop of Ely.

### Rankings of universities in the United Kingdom

**Complete University GuideThe Complete University Guideleague tables of British universities**

As of 2019, Cambridge is the top-ranked university in the United Kingdom according to all major league tables.

In the 2020 table, the top 5 universities were the University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, University of St Andrews, Imperial College London and Loughborough University.

### Homerton College, Cambridge

**Homerton CollegeHomertonHomerton College of Education, Cambridge**

However, Homerton College only achieved full university college status in March 2010, making it the newest full college (it was previously an "Approved Society" affiliated with the university).

Homerton College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.

### Robinson College, Cambridge

**Robinson CollegeRobinsonR**

The most recently established college is Robinson, built in the late 1970s.

Robinson College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, England.

### Cambridge University Botanic Garden

**Cambridge Botanic GardenCambridge Botanic GardensBotanic Garden**

The university also operates eight cultural and scientific museums, including the Fitzwilliam Museum, as well as a botanic garden.

The garden was created for the University of Cambridge in 1831 by Professor John Stevens Henslow (Charles Darwin's mentor) and was opened to the public in 1846.

### Downing College, Cambridge

**Downing CollegeDowningDowning College Cambridge**

Many colleges were founded during the 14th and 15th centuries, but colleges continued to be established until modern times, although there was a gap of 204 years between the founding of Sidney Sussex in 1596 and that of Downing in 1800.

Downing College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge and currently has around 650 students.

### List of UK universities by endowment

**endowment trust fundsfifth largest endowmentBritish universities**

By both endowment size and consolidated assets, Cambridge is the wealthiest university in the United Kingdom.

### Christ's College, Cambridge

**Christ's CollegeChristChrist's College Cambridge**

In Cambridge, the movement was particularly strong at Emmanuel, St Catharine's Hall, Sidney Sussex and Christ's College.

Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.

### Silicon Fen

**CambridgeCambridge ClusterCambridge Phenomenon**

The university is closely linked to the development of the high-tech business cluster known as 'Silicon Fen'.

Many of these businesses have connections with the University of Cambridge, and the area is now one of the most important technology centres in Europe.

### Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge

**Sidney Sussex CollegeSidney Sussex(Sidney Sussex)**

Many colleges were founded during the 14th and 15th centuries, but colleges continued to be established until modern times, although there was a gap of 204 years between the founding of Sidney Sussex in 1596 and that of Downing in 1800.

Sidney Sussex College (referred to informally as "Sidney") is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England.

### Senior Wrangler (University of Cambridge)

**Senior WranglerList of Wranglers of the University of CambridgeSecond Wrangler**

Students awarded first-class honours after completing the mathematics Tripos are termed wranglers, and the top student among them is the Senior Wrangler.

The Senior Wrangler is the top mathematics undergraduate at Cambridge University in England, a position which has been described as "the greatest intellectual achievement attainable in Britain."

### Tripos

**Engineering TriposCambridge TriposLaw Tripos**

The exam is known as a Tripos.

At the University of Cambridge, a Tripos (, plural 'Triposes', though some with Greek prefer 'Tripodes') is any of the undergraduate examinations that qualify an undergraduate for a bachelor's degree or the courses taken by an undergraduate to prepare.

### Mathematical Tripos

**Cambridge Mathematical TriposMathematics TriposTripos**

Examination in mathematics was once compulsory for all undergraduates studying for the Bachelor of Arts degree, the main first degree at Cambridge in both arts and sciences.

The Mathematical Tripos is the mathematics course that is taught in the Faculty of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge.

### Wrangler (University of Cambridge)

**wranglerSecond Wranglersenior optime**

Students awarded first-class honours after completing the mathematics Tripos are termed wranglers, and the top student among them is the Senior Wrangler.

At the University of Cambridge in England, a "Wrangler" is a student who gains first-class honours in the third year of the University's undergraduate degree in mathematics.