Upper house

upper chamberupperEuropean Upper HousesSenateCouncilfirst chamberfirst houseHouseHouse of NotablesHouse of Representatives of Japan
For the demesne in the Keys to the Kingdom series, see The Upper House.wikipedia
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Bicameralism

bicameralbicameral legislaturechambers
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.
The bicameral Parliament of Australia consists of two Houses, the lower house is called the House of Representatives and the upper house is named the Senate.

Senate of Canada

SenatorSenateCanadian Senator
For example, members of the Senate of Canada are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the monarch (represented by the governor general).

Legislature

legislativeLegislative powerlegislative branch
In a democracy, legislators are most commonly popularly elected, although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber.

Landstinget

LandstingLandsting (Denmark)upper house
Landstinget was the upper house of the Rigsdag (the parliament of Denmark), from 1849 until 1953, when the bicameral system was abolished in favor of unicameralism.

House of Federation

Council of the Federationfederal parliamentHouse of the Federation
The House of Federation (Amharic language የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት Yefedereshn Mekir Bet) is the upper house of the bicameral Federal Parliamentary Assembly, the parliament of Ethiopia.

Rajya Sabha

Council of StatesMPupper house
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of India.

State Legislative Council (India)

Vidhan ParishadLegislative CouncilState Legislative Council
The Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature; the lower house being the State Legislative Assembly.

Government of India

Indian governmentCentral GovernmentGovt. of India
The parliament is bicameral in nature, with the Lok Sabha being the lower house, and the Rajya Sabha the upper house.

Dewan Negara

SenateSenatorSenators
The Dewan Negara (Malay for Senate, literally State Assembly) is the upper house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of 70 senators of whom 26 are elected by the state legislative assemblies, with two senators for each state, while the other 44 are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King), including four who are appointed to represent the federal territories.

Chamber of Most Worthy Peers

Chamber of PeersChamber of the Most Worthy Peers of the RealmChamber of Most Worthy Peers of the Kingdom
The Chamber of Peers of Portugal, alternatively translatable as the House of Lords and formally styled the Chamber of the Most Worthy Peers of the Realm (Portuguese: Câmara dos Pares or Câmara dos Digníssimos Pares do Reino), was the upper house of the Cortes Gerais, the legislature of the Kingdom of Portugal during most of the constitutional monarchy period.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
The bicameral federal parliament consists of the lower house, the House of Representatives and the upper house, the Senate.

Federation Council (Russia)

Federation CouncilFederation Council of RussiaRussian Federation Council
The Federation Council (Сове́т Федера́ции; Sovet Federatsii, common abbreviation: Совфед (Sovfed) or Senate) is the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (the parliament of the Russian Federation), according to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation.

National Council of Provinces

NCOPChairperson of the National Council of ProvincesCouncil of Provinces
The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) is the upper house of the Parliament of South Africa under the (post-apartheid) constitution which came into full effect in 1997.

House of Elders (Somaliland)

House of EldersGuurtiGolaha Guurtida
The House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) is the upper house of Somaliland.

National Council (Slovenia)

National CouncilNational Council of SloveniaDržavni svet
It may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.

Tricameralism

tricameralbicameral or tricameralBolivar's tricameralism
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.

Motion of no confidence

vote of no confidencevote of confidenceconfidence vote

States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
The German Bundesrat is composed of members of the cabinets of the German states, in most cases the state premier and several ministers; they are delegated and can be recalled anytime.

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
The Australian state of Queensland also once had an appointed Legislative Council before abolishing it in 1922.

Denmark

DanishKingdom of DenmarkConstituent country

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia