Upstate New York

upstateNew YorkUpstate, New YorkUpper New York StateUpstate NYEarly history of Upstate New Yorkin upstate Albanynorthern New Yorkother placessubregion
Upstate New York is the portion of the American state of New York lying north of the New York metropolitan area.wikipedia
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Buffalo, New York

BuffaloBuffalo, NYBuffalo, United States
Major cities in Upstate New York, from east to west, include Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Binghamton, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the largest city in Upstate New York.

Hudson River

HudsonNorth RiverHudson River Watershed
Until railroads arrived around 1850, New York ran on rivers: the Hudson, its tributary the Mohawk, and to a lesser extent the Susquehanna and its tributary the Chemung.
The river originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York, flows southward through the Hudson Valley to the Upper New York Bay between New York City and Jersey City.

Albany, New York

AlbanyAlbany, NYCity
Major cities in Upstate New York, from east to west, include Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Binghamton, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.
Prosperity was soon seen all over Upstate New York.

Upstate New York Club Hockey League

UNYCHL
Other organizations in New York with "Upstate" in their name include the Upstate Collegiate Athletic Association (now known as the Liberty League), the Upstate Correctional Facility, the Upstate New York Club Hockey League, the Upstate New York Synod, and the Upstate Citizens for Equality.
The Upstate New York Club Hockey League is college ice hockey league comprising smaller colleges and universities in Upstate New York that is affiliated with the American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA).

Western New York

Westernwestern portionWestern New York State
Residents of Upstate New York sometimes prefer to identify with a more specific subregion, such as Western New York or Central New York.
Western New York is in some contexts considered a sub-region of "Upstate New York" (when that term is used to describe all of New York State outside Long Island and the New York City metropolitan area); in other contexts it is considered a separate region from "Upstate."

Finger Lakes AVA

Finger LakesFinger Lakes American Viticultural AreaFinger Lakes American Viticultural Area (AVA)
The Finger Lakes AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in Upstate New York, south of Lake Ontario.

Downstate New York

downstateSoutheastern New Yorka southern protrusion
There is no clear official boundary between Upstate New York and Downstate New York.
Downstate New York is the southern portion of New York State, United States, in contrast to Upstate New York, the upper portion.

Seneca Lake AVA

Seneca Lake wine trailWinemaking
The Seneca Lake AVA is an American Viticultural Area around Seneca Lake in Upstate New York.

German Americans

GermanGerman-AmericanGerman American
Residents of English colonial ancestry are common, as well as German, Irish, and Italian, with most metropolitan counties having a similar number of residents from each group.
Large sections of Pennsylvania, Upstate New York, and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia attracted Germans.

Rust Belt

Rustbeltmanufacturing stateSteel Belt
Since the mid-20th century, American de-industrialization has contributed to economic and population decline Upstate, and the region is largely considered part of the Rust Belt.
This includes most of the cities of the Midwest as far west as the Mississippi River, including St. Louis, and many of those in the Great Lakes and Northern New York.. At the center of this expanse lies an area stretching from northern Indiana and southern Michigan in the west to Upstate New York in the east, where local tax revenues relied more heavily on manufacturing than on any other sector.

Oneida people

OneidaOneida NationOneidas
There is also a significant presence of the indigenous Haudenosaunee or Six Nations in the region, who retain several reservations: the Seneca nation and Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians in Western New York, the Onondaga nation south of Syracuse, the Oneida nation of Oneida County and the Mohawk nation in Franklin County.
They are one of the five founding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in the area of upstate New York, particularly near the Great Lakes.

Utica, New York

UticaUtica, NYCity of Utica
Major cities in Upstate New York, from east to west, include Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Binghamton, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.
From 1975 to 2001, the city's economic growth rate was similar to that of Buffalo, while other upstate New York cities such as Rochester and Binghamton outperformed both.

Iroquois

Iroquois ConfederacyHaudenosauneeSix Nations
There is also a significant presence of the indigenous Haudenosaunee or Six Nations in the region, who retain several reservations: the Seneca nation and Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians in Western New York, the Onondaga nation south of Syracuse, the Oneida nation of Oneida County and the Mohawk nation in Franklin County. Before the American Revolutionary War, Upstate was populated by Native Americans and was home to the Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy.
When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Haudenosaunee were based in what is now the northeastern United States, primarily in what is referred to today as Central New York and Western New York, west of the Hudson River and through the Finger Lakes region, and upstate New York along the St. Lawrence River area downstream to today's Montreal.

Syracuse, New York

SyracuseSyracuse, NYCity of Syracuse
Major cities in Upstate New York, from east to west, include Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Binghamton, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo.
The Society for New Music, founded in 1971, is the oldest new music organization in the state outside of New York City, and the only year-round new music group in upstate New York.

Irish Americans

IrishIrish-AmericanIrish American
Residents of English colonial ancestry are common, as well as German, Irish, and Italian, with most metropolitan counties having a similar number of residents from each group.
In upstate New York, the Great Lakes area, the Midwest and the Far West, many became farmers or ranchers.

Southern Tier

SouthernSouthern Tier of New YorkCentral Southern Tier
In conflict with New York Colony's claims west of the Hudson Valley, which placed the entire region in the sprawling Albany County, Pennsylvania Colony claimed much of the Southern Tier until 1774, while Massachusetts Bay Colony claimed all of the region west of Massachusetts to the Great Lakes.
The Southern Tier is a geographic subregion of the broader Upstate New York region of New York State, consisting of counties west of the Catskill Mountains in Delaware County and geographically situated along or very near the northern border of Pennsylvania.

Schenectady County, New York

SchenectadySchenectady County Schenectady
Italian Americans are the largest ethnic group in Oneida County, Schenectady County, as well as in some counties in the Hudson Valley that are closest to New York City.
Schenectady County is located in east central New York State, northwest of Albany, an area usually considered "Upstate".

Watkins Glen International

Watkins GlenWGLGLN
In 1969 the Woodstock Festival was held in Bethel, New York, while in 1973 another multiday festival was held at the Watkins Glen International Raceway.
The United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen quickly became an autumnal tradition as huge crowds of knowledgeable racing fans flocked to Upstate New York each year amid the spectacular autumn colors of the region.

Battle of Fort Oswego

Battle of Fort Oswego (1756)capture of Fort OswegoFall of Fort Oswego
The region became the area for many conflicts of the French and Indian War, such as the Battle of Fort Oswego (1756) and the Siege of Fort William Henry (which was later depicted in the work of James Fenimore Cooper), during the Seven Years' War.
Following the beginning of open conflict between French and British colonists in 1754 with the Battle of Jumonville Glen, the governments of Britain and France both sent regular army troops to North America to further contest the disputed territories of the Ohio Country and other border areas, including the frontier between the French province of Canada and the British province of New York, an area in present-day Upstate New York that was then largely controlled by the Iroquois nations.

Mormons

MormonLDSMormon community
The Mormons, Seventh-day Adventists and Spiritualists are the only 21st century survivors of the hundreds of sects created during this time; some more mainstream churches, such as the Wesleyan Church and Free Methodist Church (both offshoots of Methodism that originated in political disputes with the mainline Methodist church), also survive.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.

Bainbridge, New York

BainbridgeSouth BainbridgeSouth Bainbridge, New York
New Yorkers who lost land in Vermont came to be known as the "Vermont Sufferers" and were granted new lands in 1788 in the Town of Bainbridge, New York.
In 1779, George Washington ordered the Sullivan Expedition into what is today Upstate New York.

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
Upstate New York is the portion of the American state of New York lying north of the New York metropolitan area.
The large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, and the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state.

Sullivan Expedition

Sullivan's ExpeditionSullivan Campaignexpedition
In 1779, the Sullivan Expedition, a campaign by the Continental Army ordered by General George Washington, drove thousands of the Haudenosaunee from their villages, farms and lands in the region in an effort to both avenge and prevent such attacks.
Today this area is the heartland of Upstate New York, and with the military power of the Iroquois vanquished, the events also opened up the vast Ohio Country, the Great Lakes regions, Western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky to post-war settlements.

Westchester County, New York

Westchester CountyWestchesterWestchester, New York
Although the precise boundary is debated, Upstate New York excludes New York City and Long Island, and most definitions of the region exclude all or part of Westchester and Rockland counties.
Westchester County is located in the New York metropolitan area and Downstate New York, north of New York City and south of Upstate New York.

Upstate New York Synod

Other organizations in New York with "Upstate" in their name include the Upstate Collegiate Athletic Association (now known as the Liberty League), the Upstate Correctional Facility, the Upstate New York Club Hockey League, the Upstate New York Synod, and the Upstate Citizens for Equality.