A report on Urban area

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants
Greater Melbourne, Australia at night, seen from the International Space Station
Urban land area (km2), 2010
Urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006
India gate panorama.
A street sign indicating the beginning of an urban area in Finland. The picture was taken in Vimpeli.
São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Americas, and the world's ninth-largest urban area by population.
Moscow, the capital and largest city of Russia
Saint Petersburg, the cultural capital and the second-largest city
Yekaterinburg, the fourth-largest city in the country.
Greater São Paulo at night seen from the International Space Station

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

- Urban area
Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants

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Overall

Palitana represents the city's symbolic function in the extreme, devoted as it is to Jain temples.

City

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Large human settlement.

Large human settlement.

Palitana represents the city's symbolic function in the extreme, devoted as it is to Jain temples.
Hillside housing and graveyard in Kabul
Downtown Pittsburgh sits at the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, which become the Ohio.
Kluuvi, a city centre of Helsinki, Finland
The L'Enfant Plan for Washington, D.C., inspired by the design of Versailles, combines a utilitarian grid pattern with diagonal avenues and a symbolic focus on monumental architecture.
This aerial view of the Gush Dan metropolitan area in Israel shows the geometrically planned city of Tel Aviv proper (upper left) as well as Givatayim to the east and some of Bat Yam to the south. Tel Aviv's population is 433,000; the total population of its metropolitan area is 3,785,000.
An arch from the ancient Sumerian city Ur, which flourished in the third millennium BC, can be seen at present-day Tell el-Mukayyar in Iraq
Mohenjo-daro, a city of the Indus Valley Civilization in Pakistan, which was rebuilt six or more times, using bricks of standard size, and adhering to the same grid layout—also in the third millennium BC.
This aerial view of what was once downtown Teotihuacan shows the Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon, and the processional avenue serving as the spine of the city's street system.
Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia has existed since the 13th century
Imperial Free Cities in the Holy Roman Empire 1648
This map of Haarlem, the Netherlands, created around 1550, shows the city completely surrounded by a city wall and defensive canal, with its square shape inspired by Jerusalem.
The industrial-based city of Tampere on the shores of the Tammerkoski rapids in 1837.
Diorama of old Gyumri, Armenia with the Holy Saviour's Church (1859–1873)
Small city Gyöngyös in Hungary in 1938.
Graph showing urbanization from 1950 projected to 2050.
Map showing urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006.
The city council of Tehran meets in September 2015.
The city hall in George Town, Malaysia, today serves as the seat of the City Council of Penang Island.
The Dublin Fire Brigade in Dublin, Ireland, quenching a severe fire at a hardware store in 1970
The Ripon Building, the headquarters of Greater Chennai Corporation in Chennai. It is one of the oldest city governing corporations in Asia.
La Plata, Argentina, based on a perfect square with 5196-meter sides, was designed in the 1880s as the new capital of Buenos Aires Province.
Clusters of skyscrapers in Xinyi Special District – the centre of commerce and finance of Taipei City, capital of Taiwan.
Paris is one of the best-known cities in the world.
Nepalese dancers at Edmonton Heritage Festival, an example of the cultural diversity of a city.
Atomic bombing on August 6, 1945, devastated the Japanese city of Hiroshima.
Warsaw Old Town after the Warsaw Uprising, 85% of the city was deliberately destroyed.
Traffic congestion in Bandung, West Java
Aqueduct of Segovia in Spain
Gautrain stopped at the O. R. Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg
Transjakarta in Indonesia is the longest bus rapid transit system in the world
Baana, a shared-path rail trail in the center of Helsinki
This urban scene in Paramaribo features a few plants growing amidst solid waste and rubble behind some houses.
Profile of an urban heat island
St Stephen's Green, an urban park in Dublin, Ireland
Central Park in New York City
Stock exchanges, characteristic features of the top global cities, are interconnected hubs for capital. Here, a delegation from Australia is shown visiting the London Stock Exchange.
World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C., United States
John Martin's The Fall of Babylon (1831), depicting chaos as the Persian army occupies Babylon, also symbolizes the ruin of decadent civilization in modern times. Lightning striking the Babylonian ziggurat (also representing the Tower of Babel) indicates God's judgment against the city.
Recreation of Ancient Rome at its height. The city was the first in the world to reach one million inhabitants.
Horbury Terrace (c.1836), terrace housing in Sydney, Australia.

Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centres for employment, entertainment, and education.

Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island extends to the east of the central core of Manhattan.

Metropolitan area

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Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island extends to the east of the central core of Manhattan.
Greater São Paulo at night seen from the International Space Station

A metropolitan area or metro is a region that consists of a densely populated urban agglomeration and its surrounding territories sharing industries, commercial areas, transport network, infrastructures and housing.

The small town of Flora, Oregon in the United States is unincorporated, but is considered a populated place.

Human settlement

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Community in which people live.

Community in which people live.

The small town of Flora, Oregon in the United States is unincorporated, but is considered a populated place.
A field landscape of the rural Pajuniemi village in Sastamala, Pirkanmaa, Finland.
Taos Pueblo, an ancient pueblo belonging to a Taos-speaking Native American tribe of Pueblo people. It is approximately 1000 years old and lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the modern city of Taos, New Mexico.
Some settlement sites may go out of use. This location in Estonia was used for human settlement in 2nd half of first millennium and it is considered an archaeological record, that may provide information on how people lived back then.
Urban structure of Sortavala, a town in Republic of Karelia, Russia
Abandoned buildings in Kolmanskop, Namibia

The complexity of a settlement can range from a minuscule number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas.

A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.

Village

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Clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town , with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

Clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town , with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand.

A village in Strochitsy, Belarus, 2008.
A village in Pornainen, Finland
An alpine village in the Lötschental Valley, Switzerland
A berber village in Ourika valley, High Atlas, Morocco
The old village of Hollókő, Nógrád, Hungary (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Mollösund, an example of a common village in Sweden and the Nordics.
A typical rural peasant Indian village in Rajasthan, India
A village in Pakistani Kashmir's Neelum Valley "Dosut"
A typical small village in Hainan, China
Shirakawa-gō, Gifu, Japan
Lug, village in northern Serbia
Kovachevitsa, a village in southern Bulgaria
The village of Kichkalnya, Tatarstan
Mayaky Village, Donetsk, Ukraine
Saint-Cirq-Lapopie in Lot is one of "The Most Beautiful Villages in France".
The village of Collina, part of the Forni Avoltri municipality, in Friuli, Italy
The main street of the village of Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England
Kilmaurs in East Ayrshire, Scotland
Bisley, Gloucestershire, a village in the Cotswolds
The village of Burrawang in New South Wales, Australia
A Newfoundland fishing village
A church in Newfane, Vermont
Oracle, Arizona is an unincorporated rural town often called a village in local media
A village in Kaita, Nigeria

Most rural areas in Pakistan tend to be near cities, and are peri-urban areas, This is due to the definition of a rural area in Pakistan being an area that does not come within an urban boundary.

The Barossa Valley in South Australia is an area noted for vineyards.

Rural area

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Geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

Geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.

The Barossa Valley in South Australia is an area noted for vineyards.
Rice terraces in Kami, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan.
A rural landscape in Lappeenranta, South Karelia, Finland. 15 July 2000.
A rural landscape near Mount Shasta in California
A typical countryside scene in rural Yorkshire Dales, England.
A rural village in Rajasthan, India
Amra Kalan village in Kharian, Pakistan

Predominantly urban regions have less than 15 percent of their population living in a rural community.

A map of the large conurbation area of Helsinki (in yellow) in Uusimaa, Finland

Conurbation

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A map of the large conurbation area of Helsinki (in yellow) in Uusimaa, Finland
Satellite photo from 2012 showing Sydney in the centre, with Wollongong visible on the left and the Central Coast on the right
Nocturnal view of the New York City metropolitan area, the world's most brightly illuminated conurbation and largest urban landmass. Long Island extends 120 miles eastward from Manhattan, the central core of the conurbation.
The ten largest urban centers in China
Rhine-Ruhr, the largest conurbation of the European continent
2011 Rural Urban classification by Local Authority Districts in England
2011 Rural Urban classification by census Output Areas in England
Satellite view of the Taipei-Taoyuan-Keelung Metropolitan Area, the largest metropolitan area in Taiwan.
Satellite view of the Kaohsiung-Pingtung-Tainan metropolitan area.

A conurbation is a region comprising a number of metropolises, cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.

Global urbanization map showing the percentage of urbanization and the biggest global population centres per country in 2018, based on UN estimates.

Urbanization

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Global urbanization map showing the percentage of urbanization and the biggest global population centres per country in 2018, based on UN estimates.
Urbanization over the past 500 years
A global map illustrating the first onset and spread of urban centers around the world, based on.
Population age comparises between rural Pocahontas County, Iowa and urban Johnson County, Iowa, illustrating the flight of young adults (red) to urban centres in Iowa.
The City of Chicago, Illinois is an example of the early American grid system of development. The grid is enforced even on uneven topography.
A crowded BTS Station during the rush hour in Bangkok, Thailand
Map showing urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006.

Urbanization (or urbanisation) refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the corresponding decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and the ways in which societies adapt to this change.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)

Paris

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Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km² , making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020.

Gold coins minted by the Parisii (1st century BC)
The Palais de la Cité and Sainte-Chapelle, viewed from the Left Bank, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry (month of June) (1410)
The Hôtel de Sens, one of many remnants of the Middle Ages in Paris
The storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, by Jean-Pierre Houël
The Panthéon, a major landmark on the Rive Gauche, was completed in 1790.
The Eiffel Tower, under construction in November 1888, startled Parisians — and the world — with its modernity.
General Charles de Gaulle on the Champs-Élysées celebrating the liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944
Western Paris in 2016, as photographed by a SkySat satellite
Anti-terrorism demonstration on the Place de la République after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, 11 January 2015
Satellite image of Paris by Sentinel-2
Autumn in Paris
A map of the arrondissements of Paris
The Hôtel de Ville, or city hall, has been at the same site since 1357.
A map of the Greater Paris Metropolis (Métropole du Grand Paris) and its governing territories
The Élysée Palace, official residence of the President of the French Republic
The Palais-Royal, residence of the Conseil d'État
Police (Gendarmerie) motorcyclists in Paris
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, Hermitage Museum
Rue de Rivoli
Place des Vosges
Paris and its suburbs, as seen from the Spot Satellite
West of Paris seen from Tour Montparnasse in 2019
City proper, urban area, and metropolitan area population from 1800 to 2010
Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre
St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Le Marais
The Eiffel Tower and the La Défense district
Employment by economic sector in the Paris area (petite couronne), with population and unemployment figures (2015)
Median income in Paris and its nearest departments in 2018 (high income in red, low income in yellow)
Tourists from around the world make the Louvre the most-visited art museum in the world.
The Passage Jouffroy, one of Paris's covered passages
The Axe historique, pictured here from Concorde to Grande Arche of La Défense
Pierre Mignard, Self-portrait, between 1670 and 1690, oil on canvas, 235 x, The Louvre
Auguste Renoir, Bal du moulin de la Galette, 1876, oil on canvas, 131 x, Musée d'Orsay
Musée d'Orsay
Musée du quai Branly
The Comédie Française (Salle Richelieu)
Victor Hugo
Jean-Paul Sartre
Olympia, a famous music hall
Charles Aznavour
Salah Zulfikar and Sabah in Paris and Love (1972)
Dining room of the Vagenende
Le Zimmer, on the Place du Châtelet, where Géo Lefèvre first suggested the idea of a Tour de France to Henri Desgrange in 1902
Les Deux Magots café on Boulevard Saint-Germain
Magdalena Frackowiak at Paris Fashion Week (Fall 2011)
Republican Guards parading on Bastille Day
The main building of the former University of Paris is now used by classes from Sorbonne University, New Sorbonne University and other autonomous campuses.
The École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), France's most prestigious university in the social sciences, is headquartered in the 6th arrondissement.
Sainte-Geneviève Library
Parc des Princes
2010 Tour de France, Champs Élysées
The French Open, played on red clay, is one of four Grand Slams in professional tennis.
The Gare du Nord railway station is the busiest in Europe.
The Paris Métro is the busiest subway network in the European Union.
In 2020 Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport was the busiest airport in Europe and the eighth-busiest airport in the world.
Ring roads of Paris
Vélib' at the Place de la Bastille
A view of the Seine, the Île de la Cité and a Bateau Mouche
The lawns of the Parc des Buttes-Chaumont on a sunny day
The Passerelle de l'Avre, crossing the Seine and establishing a link between the Bois de Boulogne and Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, is the City of Paris's westernmost point.
The Paris Catacombs hold the remains of approximately 6 million people.
The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, the oldest hospital in the city
Agence France-Presse Headquarters in Paris
Column dedicated to Paris near the Baths of Diocletian in Rome
Sculpture dedicated to Rome in the square Paul Painlevé in Paris
Lutetia Parisiorum vulgo Paris, Plan de Paris en 1657, Jan Janssonius

Paris is the core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its limits: commonly referred to as the agglomération Parisienne, and statistically as a unité urbaine (a measure of urban area), the Paris agglomeration's population of 10,785,092 in 2017 made it the largest urban area in the European Union.

Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.

Town

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Human settlement.

Human settlement.

Mõisaküla is a small town in the southern part of Estonia, just next to the border of Latvia. The town's current population is less than 1,000 inhabitants.
The town of Hancock, Michigan along Quincy Street
The town of Peshtera, Bulgaria
The town of Sastamala, Finland
The town of Salins-les-Bains, France
Putbus on Rügen Island, Germany
Nearly every town in Hong Kong has its own town hall. The picture shows the Sha Tin Town Hall in the town of Sha Tin.
Town of Húsavík in Iceland
A street in Paravur town, India
Satriano di Lucania, a town in the Melandro Valley, Basilicata, South Italy.
The town of Valka, Latvia
The town center of Loboc, Bohol.
Zamość in Poland is an example of a utopian ideal town. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992
The town of Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Bishan, one of Singapore's towns is the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 21st most populated planning area in the country.
View towards St Mary's Cathedral in Visby, Sweden. Visby is one of the most well-preserved former Hanseatic cities in Sweden and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today it is the seat of Gotland Municipality.
Fire station in town of Bohorodchany
A traditional English town centre at Rugby
Bishop's Stortford
The tiny farming community of Wyatt, Indiana

For formal purposes, urban areas having at least 200 inhabitants are considered by.

Lagos

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Largest city in Nigeria and the second most populous city in Africa, with a population of 15.4 million as of 2015 within the city proper - daily the Lagos area is growing by some 3,000 people, or around 1.1 million annually, so the true population figure of the greater Lagos area in 2022 is roughly 28 million (up from some 23.5 million in 2018).

Largest city in Nigeria and the second most populous city in Africa, with a population of 15.4 million as of 2015 within the city proper - daily the Lagos area is growing by some 3,000 people, or around 1.1 million annually, so the true population figure of the greater Lagos area in 2022 is roughly 28 million (up from some 23.5 million in 2018).

Aerial view of Lagos in 1929
Map of Lagos' initial city boundaries, showing its contemporary districts. This definition is rarely used in the present day; the expanded metropolitan area is now a more accepted definition of Lagos.
Lekki Conservation Centre canopy walk
Lagos Marina
Victoria Island
Civic Towers, Victoria Island, Lagos
A map showing the 16 LGAs making up Lagos Metropolitan Area
Lagos market scene
Apapa port
Filming
Entrance of the Lekki Free Trade Zone
Construction of the Dangote Raffinerie
Tree growing in Freedom Park
Tinubu Square
National Stadium.
The Lagos Black Heritage Festival Parade, 2012
Lekki Beach in Lagos
The Cathedral Church of Christ Marina on Lagos Island
Arewa Traditional Kitchen
Lagos Business School
Lagos Business School's Cafeteria
Dowen College in Lagos
University of Lagos
Toll gates and roads at the Lekki-Ẹpẹ Expressway
Lagos, its ports, airports, free trade zone and light rail system
Distilling column of the Dangote refinery in compare to a Saturn rocket
Pharmacy in Epe

Even though Lagos is still widely referred to as a city, the present-day Lagos, also known as "Metropolitan Lagos", and officially as "Lagos Metropolitan Area" is an urban agglomeration or conurbation, consisting of 16 LGAs including Ikeja, the state capital of Lagos State.