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Nocturnal enuresis

bedwettingbed wettingbed-wetting
The term enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting).
Nocturnal enuresis, also called bedwetting, is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control usually begins.

Overactive bladder

urge incontinencebladder spasmincontinence
Urge incontinence due to an overactive bladder
If there is loss of bladder control then it is known as urge incontinence. More than 40% of people with overactive bladder have incontinence.

Overflow incontinence

Overflow incontinence due to either poor bladder contraction or blockage of the urethra
Overflow incontinence is a form of urinary incontinence, characterized by the involuntary release of urine from an overfull urinary bladder, often in the absence of any urge to urinate.

Enuresis

bed wettingbed-wettingbed-wetting problem
The term enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting).
Involuntary urination is also known as urinary incontinence.

Functional incontinence

unable to reach a toilet on time
Functional incontinence due to medications or health problems making it difficult to reach the bathroom
Functional incontinence is a form of urinary incontinence in which a person is usually aware of the need to urinate, but for one or more physical or mental reasons they are unable to get to a bathroom.

Urinary urgency

urgencyfeeling the need to urinate right awayIncreased urgency of urination
Polyuria (excessive urine production) of which, in turn, the most frequent causes are: uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, primary polydipsia (excessive fluid drinking), central diabetes insipidus and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Polyuria generally causes urinary urgency and frequency, but doesn't necessarily lead to incontinence.
It is often, though not necessarily, associated with urinary incontinence, polyuria, nocturia, and interstitial cystitis.

Athletic incontinence

Additionally, frequent exercise in high-impact activities can cause athletic incontinence to develop.
Athletic incontinence (athletic leakage, athletic leaks, exercise-induced urinary incontinence) is the specific form of urinary incontinence that results from engaging in high-impact or strenuous activities.

Spinal cord injury

spinal cord injuriesspinal injurycervical spine injury
Disorders like multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, Parkinson's disease, strokes and spinal cord injury can all interfere with nerve function of the bladder.
Depending on the location and severity of damage, the symptoms vary, from numbness to paralysis to incontinence.

Stroke

strokesischemic strokecerebrovascular accident
Disorders like multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, Parkinson's disease, strokes and spinal cord injury can all interfere with nerve function of the bladder.
Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.

Frequent urination

urinary frequencyfrequencypollakiuria
Polyuria (excessive urine production) of which, in turn, the most frequent causes are: uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, primary polydipsia (excessive fluid drinking), central diabetes insipidus and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Polyuria generally causes urinary urgency and frequency, but doesn't necessarily lead to incontinence.
It is often, though not necessarily, associated with urinary incontinence and polyuria (large total volume of urine).

Urination

urinateurinatingmicturition
Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine.
Urinary incontinence, the inability to hold urine

Parkinson's disease

ParkinsonParkinson diseaseParkinson’s disease
Disorders like multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, Parkinson's disease, strokes and spinal cord injury can all interfere with nerve function of the bladder.
Alterations in the autonomic nervous system can lead to orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure upon standing), oily skin and excessive sweating, urinary incontinence, and altered sexual function.

Urinary retention

urinary obstructionurine retentionischuria
Mixed incontinence is not uncommon in the elderly female population and can sometimes be complicated by urinary retention.
When of gradual onset, symptoms may include loss of bladder control, mild lower abdominal pain, and a weak urine stream.

Urethral hypermobility

Urologic causes can be classified as either bladder or urethral dysfunction and may include detrusor overactivity, poor bladder compliance, urethral hypermobility, or intrinsic sphincter deficiency.
A weakened pelvic floor muscle fails to adequately close the urethra and hence can cause stress urinary incontinence.

Obstetric fistula

fistulaobstetrical fistulaobstetrical fistulae
Structural incontinence: Rarely, structural problems can cause incontinence, usually diagnosed in childhood (for example, an ectopic ureter). Fistulas caused by obstetric and gynecologic trauma or injury are commonly known as obstetric fistulas and can lead to incontinence. These types of vaginal fistulas include, most commonly, vesicovaginal fistula and, more rarely, ureterovaginal fistula. These may be difficult to diagnose. The use of standard techniques along with a vaginogram or radiologically viewing the vaginal vault with instillation of contrast media.
It can result in incontinence of urine or feces.

Cystoscopy

cystoscopecystourethroscopecystourethroscopy
Cystoscopy – a thin tube with a tiny camera is inserted in the urethra and used to see the inside of the urethra and bladder.
loss of bladder control (incontinence) or overactive bladder; (Although, the American Urogynecologic Society does not recommend that cystoscopy, urodynamics, or diagnostic renal and bladder ultrasound are part of initial diagnosis for uncomplicated overactive bladder.)

Urinary bladder

bladderfundusintravesical
The body stores urine — water and wastes removed by the kidneys — in the urinary bladder, a balloon-like organ.
Problems with these muscles can lead to incontinence.

Bladder training

Treatments include surgery, pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, and electrical stimulation.
It is used as a first line treatment of overactive bladder on mixed urinary incontinence.

Ectopic ureter

ectopic urethraEctopic
Structural incontinence: Rarely, structural problems can cause incontinence, usually diagnosed in childhood (for example, an ectopic ureter). Fistulas caused by obstetric and gynecologic trauma or injury are commonly known as obstetric fistulas and can lead to incontinence. These types of vaginal fistulas include, most commonly, vesicovaginal fistula and, more rarely, ureterovaginal fistula. These may be difficult to diagnose. The use of standard techniques along with a vaginogram or radiologically viewing the vaginal vault with instillation of contrast media.
It can be associated with renal dysplasia, frequent urinary tract infections, and urinary incontinence (usually continuous drip incontinence).

Urodynamic testing

urodynamicurodynamicsUrodynamic studies
Urodynamics – various techniques measure pressure in the bladder and the flow of urine.
incontinence

Stress incontinence

stress urinary incontinenceBurch urethropexystress
Stress incontinence due to poor closure of the bladder
Stress incontinence, also known as stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or effort incontinence is a form of urinary incontinence.

Climacturia

Climacturia is urinary incontinence at the moment of orgasm. It can be a result of radical prostatectomy.
Climacturia is urinary incontinence at the moment of sexual climax (orgasm).

Tolterodine

Detrol
A number of medications exist to treat incontinence including: fesoterodine, tolterodine and oxybutynin.
Tolterodine (trade names Detrol, Detrusitol) is an antimuscarinic drug that is used for symptomatic treatment of urinary incontinence.

Oxybutynin

oxybutininGelnique
A number of medications exist to treat incontinence including: fesoterodine, tolterodine and oxybutynin.
Oxybutynin (brand names Ditropan, Lyrinel XL, Lenditro (ZA), Driptane (RU), Uripan (Middle East) ) is an anticholinergic medication used to relieve urinary and bladder difficulties, including frequent urination and inability to control urination (urge incontinence), by decreasing muscle spasms of the bladder.

Adult diaper

adult diapersadult diaper or nappyadult incontinence brief
However, this situation changed some when Kimberly-Clark aggressively marketed adult diapers in the 1980s with actor June Allyson as spokeswoman.
Diapers can be necessary for adults with various conditions, such as incontinence, mobility impairment, severe diarrhea or dementia.