Urman, Syria

OrmanUrmanOrman, Syria
Urman (عرمان; also spelled Orman or Arman) is a village in southern Syria, administratively part of the Salkhad District of the al-Suwayda Governorate.wikipedia
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Al-Atrash

Bani al-Atrashal-Atrash clanAtrash
Urman was a village dominated by the Bani al-Atrash clan and in the 1870s, its sheikhs (chieftains) were Najm al-Atrash and his son Ibrahim.
By the early 1880s, the family controlled eighteen villages, chief among which were as-Suwayda, Salkhad, al-Qurayya, 'Ira and Urman.

Sahwat al-Khudr

It is located south of al-Suwayda and nearby localities include Salkhad to the west, Awas to the south, Malah to the east and Sahwat al-Khudr to the north.
Nearby localities include Salah to the northeast, Miyamas to the north, Hubran to the northwest, Salkhad to the southwest and Orman to the south.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
Urman (عرمان; also spelled Orman or Arman) is a village in southern Syria, administratively part of the Salkhad District of the al-Suwayda Governorate.

Salkhad District

Salkhad
Urman (عرمان; also spelled Orman or Arman) is a village in southern Syria, administratively part of the Salkhad District of the al-Suwayda Governorate.

As-Suwayda

al-SuwaydaSuwaydaSweida
It is located south of al-Suwayda and nearby localities include Salkhad to the west, Awas to the south, Malah to the east and Sahwat al-Khudr to the north.

Salkhad

SalcahSarkhadSalkhad Castle
It is located south of al-Suwayda and nearby localities include Salkhad to the west, Awas to the south, Malah to the east and Sahwat al-Khudr to the north.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
Byzantine-era ruins and artifacts have been found in Urman.

Ottoman Syria

OttomanSyriaSyrian
In 1596, Urman appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Bani Malik as-Sadir, in the Hauran Sanjak.

Defter

tax registerscensustax records
In 1596, Urman appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Bani Malik as-Sadir, in the Hauran Sanjak.

Hauran Sanjak

Sanjak HauranQada HauranQada Hawran
In 1596, Urman appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Bani Malik as-Sadir, in the Hauran Sanjak.

Muslims

MuslimMoslemMoslems
It had an entirely Muslim population consisting of seventeen households and seven bachelors.

Akçe

aspersakceasper
They paid a fixed tax-rate of 40% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, goats, beehives and a water-mill; the taxes totaled 16,500 akçe.

Johann Ludwig Burckhardt

John Lewis BurckhardtJohann BurckhardtBurckhardt
Swiss traveler Johann Ludwig Burckhardt visited Orman in 1810 and noted that it was a deserted site.

Druze

DruzesDruzismDruse
However, by the 1870s, the village was a large village settled by the Druze, who had migrated from Mount Lebanon.

Mount Lebanon

LebanonLebanon MountainsLebanese mountains
However, by the 1870s, the village was a large village settled by the Druze, who had migrated from Mount Lebanon.

Sheikh

shaykhShaikhSheik
Urman was a village dominated by the Bani al-Atrash clan and in the 1870s, its sheikhs (chieftains) were Najm al-Atrash and his son Ibrahim.

Galilee

Western GalileeGalileanGalilea
In the 1880s, migrants from the village of Jarmaq in the Galilee settled in Urman.

Jabal al-Druze

Jabal al-ArabJabal HauranJabal Druze
In 1889–1890, Urman was one of the four villages in the southern Jabal al-Arab mountainous region whose peasants rebelled against the al-Atrash sheikhs during the Ammiyya revolt.

Ammiyya

Ammiyya RevoltʿAmmiyya
In 1889–1890, Urman was one of the four villages in the southern Jabal al-Arab mountainous region whose peasants rebelled against the al-Atrash sheikhs during the Ammiyya revolt.

Lajat

TrachonitisLejahArgob
A subsequent punitive campaign by the Ottoman authorities inflicted heavy losses on the Druze inhabitants and rebels, who largely fled their villages to the Lejah, a deserted volcanic plain bordering the Jabal.

Great Syrian Revolt

Great Syrian RevolutionSyrian Revolutionrevolt
Syria came under French rule in 1920 and in the summer of 1925, the Druze of Jabal al-Arab initiated the Great Syrian Revolt (1925–1927) against the French.

Sultan al-Atrash

Sultan Pasha al-AtrashSultan Basha al-AtrashSultan Pasha el Atrash
The revolt's first shots occurred at Urman when Sultan Pasha al-Atrash and 250 of his horsemen entered the village and were tracked there by two French reconnaissance planes; al-Atrash's fighters fired at the circling planes, shooting one down.

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
Between the turn of the 20th century and the 1930s, some of the inhabitants of Urman emigrated from the village to countries such as the United States, Argentina, Venezuela, Senegal and Nigeria.

Venezuela

VenezuelanBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVEN
Between the turn of the 20th century and the 1930s, some of the inhabitants of Urman emigrated from the village to countries such as the United States, Argentina, Venezuela, Senegal and Nigeria.

Senegal

SenegaleseSENSénégal
Between the turn of the 20th century and the 1930s, some of the inhabitants of Urman emigrated from the village to countries such as the United States, Argentina, Venezuela, Senegal and Nigeria.