Utkala Kingdom

UtkalaUtkalking of UtkalaPuri – Haridwar Kalingutkal ExpressPuri―Haridwar Kalinga utkal ExpressUdraUtkal RajyaUtkalas
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.wikipedia
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Midnapore

MedinipurMidnapoorMidnapore town
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.
After the fall of last independent Hindu dynasty of Kalinga-Utkala, Gajapati Mukunda Deva in the 16th century, this region came under one of the five Sarkars of Mughalbandi Odisha i.e. Jaleswar Sarkar which was ruled by the Subehdar of Odisha.

Jana Gana Mana

national anthemIndian National AnthemNational Anthem of India
It is mentioned in India's national anthem, Jana Gana Mana.
Another controversy is that only those provinces that were under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha, Dravid (South India), Odisha/Utkal and Bengal, were mentioned.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

Odisha

OrissaKalingaOdisha State
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

Bankura

BacoorahBankura city
Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

Purulia

Utkala Kingdom was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha and also included the districts of Bankura, Purulia and Midnapore districts of West Bengal.

Mahabharata

MahābhārataMahabharathaMahabharat
This kingdom was mentioned in the epic Mahabharata, with the names Utkala, Utpala, and Okkal. * Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli

Sanskrit

Skt.classical SanskritSanskrit language
The early medieval literature says in Sanskrit "उत्कृष्ट कलायाः देशः यः सः उत्कलः " Meaning the land having excellent opulence of artists and art is called Utkala(Kala=Art, Utkrishta=Excellent);land of Utkrishta=Excellent-Kala=Art.

Dasarna Kingdom

DasarnaDasarnasDasharnas
The Dasarnas, the Mekalas (a kingdom to the west of Utkala) and the Utkalas were mentioned as kingdoms of Bharata Varsha (Ancient India) (6:9).

Kurukshetra War

battle of KurukshetraMahabharata warKurukshetra
Utkalas were mentioned as taking part in the Kurukshetra War siding with the Kauravas.

Kaurava

KauravasChitraKaurawa
Utkalas were mentioned as taking part in the Kurukshetra War siding with the Kauravas.

Kalinga (Mahabharata)

KalingaKalingasKalinga Kingdom
Many Mekalas and Utkalas, and Kalingas, and Nishadas, and Tamraliptakas, advanced against Nakula, showering their shafts and lances, desirous of slaying him (8:22). The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Nakula

NagulanNakul
Many Mekalas and Utkalas, and Kalingas, and Nishadas, and Tamraliptakas, advanced against Nakula, showering their shafts and lances, desirous of slaying him (8:22).

Pundra Kingdom

PaundrasPundraPundras
The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Andhra in Indian epic literature

AndhraAndhrasAndhrakas
The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Trigarta Kingdom

TrigartasTrigartaPrasthalas
The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Bahlikas

ValhikasBahlikaVahlikas
The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Karna

KarnKarna GhatPrince Karna
The Utpalas, the Mekalas, the Paundras, the Kalingas, the Andhras, the Nishadas, the Trigartas, and the Valhikas, were all vanquished by Karna (7:4).

Mahajanapadas

mahajanapadaancient IndiaMaha Janapadas
* Kingdoms of Ancient India

Vyasa

Veda VyasaVed VyasaVedavyasa
* Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli

List of rulers of Odisha

Kesari dynastyking of OrissaMukunda Dev
It was also known by different names like Kalinga, Hirakhanda, Mahakantara, Odra Desha or Utkala in different eras.

Odia literature

OriyaOrayaOdia
The region has been known at different stages of history as Kalinga, Udra, Utkala or Hirakhanda.

Balasore

BaleswarBaleshwarBalasore (Baleshwar Town)
Baleshwar district was part of the ancient Kalinga kingdom which later became a territory of Utkal, till the death of Mukunda Dev.

History of Odisha

GanjamOdisha history
Utkala: Utkala was a part of Kalinga in some parts of Mahabharata. Karna is mentioned to have conquered kingdom of Utkala among others. But, according to other texts like Raghuvasma and Brahma Purana, they were separate kingdoms. There are several views regarding the etymology of the name. Utkala may have meant northern (uttara) part of Kalinga or ut-Kalinga. Utkala desha (country or land) may have meant the land of "finest art" (utkarsha kala). There are also other arguments regarding the origin of the name.