A report on Uttar Pradesh

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

State in northern India.

- Uttar Pradesh

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Overall

Allahabad

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The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Allahabad Fort, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1575 on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Tomb of Nithar Begum (daughter of Mughal Emperor Jahangir) at Khusro Bagh.
Mahatma Gandhi at a January 1940 Congress Working Committee meeting with Vallabhbhai Patel and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit at Anand Bhavan in Allahabad
Allahabad University, established in 1887, is one of the oldest modern universities in the Indian subcontinent.
Pilgrims at the Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers in Allahabad.
The Yamuna in Allahabad during the rainy season
A typical Indian peacock, found in Allahabad on a large scale
The Allahabad High Court is India's fourth-oldest high court
New Yamuna Bridge in Allahabad
MLN Medical College, the Government Medical College in Allahabad
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, a public engineering and management school
Anand Bhavan, owned by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru
A procession of pilgrims cross the Ganges during the 2001 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad

Allahabad, officially known as Prayagraj, also known as Ilahabad, is a metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Delhi

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Ancient built environment.

Ancient built environment.

The walls of the 16th-century Purana Qila built on a mound whose topography is thought to match the literary description of the citadel Indraprastha in the Sanskrit-epic Mahabharata, though excavations in the vicinity have yielded no evidence of construction.
At 72.5 m, the Qutb Minar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, was completed during the reign of Sultan Illtutmish in the 13th century; although its style has some similarities with the Jarkurgan minaret, it is more closely related to the Ghaznavid and Ghurid minarets of Central Asia
Red Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years.
Six stamps issued by the Government of British India to mark the inauguration of New Delhi in February 1931
Khan Market in New Delhi, now a high-end shopping district, was established in 1951 to help refugees of the Partition of India, especially those from the North West Frontier Province (NWFP). It honours Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan, Chief Minister of NWFP during the Partition.
Aerial view of Delhi in April 2016 with river Yamuna in top-right.
A dense toxic smog in New Delhi blocks out the sun. In November 2017, Delhi's chief minister described the city as a "gas chamber".
Urban sustainability analysis of the greater urban area of the city using the 'Circles of Sustainability method of the UN Global Compact Cities Programme.
Districts of Delhi
Municipalities of Delhi
Connaught Place in New Delhi is an important economic hub of the National Capital Region.
The Khari Baoli market in Old Delhi is one of the oldest and busiest in the city.
Indira Gandhi International Airport's new terminal in Delhi. It is the busiest airport in South Asia. Shown here is the immigration counter in Terminal 3.
The Delhi Transport Corporation operates three types of compressed natural gas buses, the world's largest fleet. The red- and green-roofed buses seen in the picture have low floors whereas the orange buses have standard height. The elevated Delhi metro is seen above in Azadpur.
The cycle rickshaw and the auto rickshaw are commonly used in Delhi for travelling short distances.
A platform of the New Delhi railway station shows a passenger train and freight which awaits pick up or transportation to other destinations. The pedestrian bridge overhead connects the platforms.
Delhi Metro is widely used Delhi- NCR.
Traditional pottery on display in Dilli Haat
The Pragati Maidan in Delhi hosts the World Book Fair biennially
More than a quarter of the immigrants in Delhi are from Bihar and neighboring states. Chhath, a festival of rural Bihar is now popular in Delhi.
On Basant Panchmi eve, qawwali singers wearing yellow headbands gather at the dargah of Sufi saint Nizamuddin Auliya to sing verses from Amir Khusrau.
The kitchen of Karim's, Old Delhi, a historic restaurant located near Jama Masjid. 
 Established in 1913, the restaurant has been described as "arguably the city's most famous culinary destination".
Pitampura TV Tower broadcasts programming to Delhi
Indian athletes marching into the National Stadium during the opening ceremony of the 1951 Asian Games.
The 2010 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony in Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium.
alt=The Birla temple in Delhi with its towers.|Birla Mandir, Delhi, a Hindu temple, was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1933
The Jama Masjid was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan between 1650 and 1656
The prayer hall of Sikh Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi which dates to 1783
Municipalities of Delhi

Straddling the Yamuna river, primarily its western or right bank, Delhi shares borders with the state of Uttar Pradesh in the east and with the state of Haryana in the remaining directions. The NCT covers an area of 1483 km2. According to the 2011 census, Delhi's city proper population was over 11 million, while the NCT's population was about 16.8 million. Delhi's urban agglomeration, which includes the satellite cities of Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Noida in an area known as the National Capital Region (NCR), has an estimated population of over 28 million, making it the largest metropolitan area in India and the second-largest in the world (after Tokyo).

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint

Varanasi

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City on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

City on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Banarasi sari
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Alamgiri Mosque
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
Banaras railway station at night
Ring Road Phase I
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

Located in the middle-Ganges valley in the southeastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi lies on the left bank of the river.

Bihar

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State in eastern India.

State in eastern India.

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(Sitting L to R): Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha during Mahatma Gandhi's 1917 Champaran Satyagraha
Kathak classical dance form, from Bhojpur region
Patna river port on national inland waterways-1 at Gai Ghat
Front view of administrative building of IIT Patna
NIT Patna main building

Bihar borders Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south.

Madhya Pradesh

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State in central India.

State in central India.

Physical map of Madhya Pradesh village Tumen Ashoknagar
Matang was completely developed and manufactured by Vehicle Factory Jabalpur
Woman harvesting wheat, Raisen district
Performing Mallakhamba
Holkar Stadium in Indore.
Mesolithic rock painting, Bhimbetka rock shelters, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho
Bateshwar temple complex, Padavli, Morena
Chausath Yogini Temple, Mitavli, Morena
Sahastra Bahu Temples, Gwalior Fort
Teli ka Mandir, Gwalior Fort
Shiva Temple in Bhojpur
Lakshmi Temple, Orchha
Brahma statue with various deities at Amarkantak.
Gwalior Fort, Gwalior
Gwalior Fort
Langur monkey (Semnopithecus dussumieri), Orchha
Tigress with cubs in Kanha Tiger Reserve
Tickell's blue flycatcher, Bandhavgarh National Park
Vultures in the nest, Orchha
Male nilgais fighting, Lakeshwari, Gwalior district
Narmada River
Son River, Umaria district, MP, India
The River Narmada flows through a gorge of marble rocks in Bhedaghat, Jabalpur
The Shri Ram Ghat on the Shipra River in Ujjain
Betwa in the Ashoknagar District of Madhya Pradesh
Children in Raisen district, Bhil tribe
Shepherds in Chambal
A young farmer in Umaria district
Young Baiga women
Bagh Print Traditional hand block print craft in Bagh.
A man playing flute in Orchha, with a white tilak on his forehead, and holy saffron-coloured clothes.
Sand sculpture by Sudarshan Pattnaik at Bandrabhan near Hoshangabad
Rajiv Gandhi Technical University's main gate
IIM Indore's aerial panoramic view
St. Aloysius Senior Secondary School, Jabalpur, established in the year 1868 is among the oldest schools in India
Tigress with cubs in Kanha Tiger Reserve

It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.

The Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani in Sikandra was originally built as a Baradari by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in 1495.

Agra

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The Tomb of Mariam-uz-Zamani in Sikandra was originally built as a Baradari by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in 1495.
The Town and Fort of Agra, an engraving.
Map of the city, c. 1914
Agra, Main Street, c. 1858
The Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb
Tomb of Akbar the Great
The sweet dish petha, which is a symbol of Mughal legacy.
Agra Cantt Railway Station
Railway Map of Agra (the line to Jaipur has meanwhile been converted to broad gauge)
Agra Cantt. Railway Station
Inner Ring Road link Yamuna Expressway to Lucknow expessway, Fatehabad Road, Shamshabad Road, NH-3, NH-11 Agra
Agra University
St John College
St Peter's College
Agra College
The most common front view of the Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal and outlying buildings as seen from across the Yamuna River (northern view)
Tombs of Shah Jahan and his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal
Taj Mahal from Agra fort
The Jahangiri Mahal, the largest residence in the complex
Musamman Burj, an octagonal Tower which was the residence of Shah Jahan's favourite empress, Mumtaz Maḥal
The Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque
Amar Singh Gate, one of two entrances into Agra's Red Fort

Agra is a city on the banks of the Yamuna river in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, about 210 km south of the national capital New Delhi and 320 km west of the state capital Lucknow.

Ganges

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Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

At Haridwar, a dam diverts some of its waters into the Ganges Canal, which irrigates the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh, whereas the river, whose course has been roughly southwest until this point, now begins to flow southeast through the plains of northern India.

Gates of the Palace at Lucknow by W. Daniell, 1801

Lucknow

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Gates of the Palace at Lucknow by W. Daniell, 1801
Chota Imambara is a Shia Muslim Hussainiya and a mausoleum for Muhammad Ali Shah.
The ruins of the Residency at Lucknow show the gunfire it took during the rebellion.
Bada Imambada is famous for its maze called 'Bhool Bhulaiyaa' in Hindi-Urdu. It is built of identical 2.5 feet wide passageways like the one shown in this photograph.
Map of parts of the Old City and the Civil Station, ca 1914
Map of Lucknow city
Tata Consultancy Services Campus at TCS Awadh Park in Vibhuti Khand, Gomti Nagar
HCL Technologies Campus at HCL IT City, Lucknow
Signature Building (Uttar Pradesh Police Headquarter in Lucknow)
New building of Lucknow High Court
Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha
The roads of Lucknow (Gomti Nagar in picture)
Agra–Lucknow Expressway
Purvanchal Expressway
Buses of Lucknow Mahanagar Parivahan Sewa
Alambagh Inter State Terminal
Awadh Bus Station
Lucknow Charbagh railway station
Lucknow Junction railway station
Terminal-2, CCS International Airport
Terminal-2, CCS International Airport
Lucknow Metro
Lucknow Metro Coach
Ghanta Ghar, the tallest clock tower in India
Multi-storey apartments
Brijesh Pathak, Minister of Law & Justice and Additional Energy Resources in Uttar Pradesh, inaugurating the bada mangal festivities at UPNEDA office in Vibhuti Khand (May 2017)
Free food being distributed on a Bada Mangal (May 2017). Bada Mangal is a ritual specific only to Lucknow.
Tunday's Gelawati Kababs, Lucknow's speciality
DewaSharif
A dancer posing during a kathak dance sequence. The dance has its origins in Northern India and especially Lucknow.
BRSABV Ekana Cricket Stadium
K. D. Singh Babu Stadium, Lucknow
Dr. Akhilesh Das Gupta Stadium
Janeshwar Mishra Park
Ambedkar Memorial Park
Lucknow is known for its dasheri mangoes, which are exported to many countries
Baby elephant at Lucknow Zoo
Indian Institute of Management Lucknow
Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Lucknow
La Martiniere College
University of Lucknow
Central Drug Research Institute
Amity University Lucknow Campus, also known as Mango Orchard Campus
BBD groups of colleges Campus in Lucknow
BBD University building in BBD Campus in Lucknow
Electric Bus in Capital City Lucknow
Kaiserbagh Bus Stand
Gomti Riverfront Park

Lucknow (, Lakhnaū) is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and it is also the second largest urban agglomeration in Uttar Pradesh.

Along the Ghats of Mathura (circa 1880)

Mathura

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Along the Ghats of Mathura (circa 1880)
General view of the excavations in January 1889 at Kankali Tila, Mathura
Gate of Shet Lukhmeechund's Temple, a photo by Eugene Clutterbuck Impey, 1860s.
Statue of Kanishka I, second century CE, Mathura Museum.
Sculpture of woman from ancient Braj-Mathura ca. second century CE.
Entrance to the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple complex.

Mathura is a city and the administrative headquarters of Mathura district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

North India

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Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

States under Northern India Zonal Council in orange
Late Vedic Culture (1100-500 BCE)
Vedic India covered North, Central, Western and Eastern India
Children playing cricket in North Indian state of Himachal Pradesh
Sunset on the sand dunes at Thar desert located in North Indian state of Rajasthan
Distribution of Indo-Aryan languages.
North Indian Hindu bride in Lehenga
Chinkara in Madhya Pradesh, India
Goat at Great Himalayan national Park in Himachal Pradesh
Jim Corbett National Park
Sunrise in Kishtwar National Park, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Akshardham Temple, Delhi
The Taj Mahal at Agra
Amer Fort in Rajasthan
India's Köppen climate classification map is based on native vegetation, temperature, precipitation and their seasonality.(Major categories)
(Am) Tropical monsoon
(Aw) Tropical savanna, wet & dry
(BWh) Hot desert
(BWk) Cold desert
(BSh) Hot semi arid
(Cwa) Subtropical humid summer, dry winter
(Cwb) Subtropical highland, dry wint

The Ministry of Culture in its North Culture Zone includes the state of Uttarakhand but excludes Delhi whereas the Geological Survey of India includes Uttar Pradesh and Delhi but excludes Rajasthan and Chandigarh.