Uttarakhand

UttaranchalUttrakhandUttarkhandPolitics of UttarakhandUttranchalUttarakhand StateUttarakhand, IndiaUttarakhandiUKUttarakahnd
Uttarakhand, formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.wikipedia
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Uttar Pradesh

UPUttar Pradesh, IndiaU.P.
On 9 November 2000, Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India, being carved from the Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.
On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region.

Dehradun

Dehra DunDehradun, IndiaDehradun, Uttarakhand
The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city of the state, which is a railhead.
Dehradun, also spelled Dera Doon, is the interim capital of Uttarakhand, a state in India.

Himachal Pradesh

HimachalHPHimachal Pradesh, India
It borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.
Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab state on the west, Haryana state on the southwest, Uttarakhand state on the southeast, and Tibet region on the east.

Nainital

Naini TalNanitalKainchi
The High Court of the state is located in Nainital.
Nainital, also spelled as Naini Tal, is a popular hill station in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.

Terai

Terai regionTaraiOuter Terai
Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabar and the Terai.
In northern India, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River eastward across Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Garhwal Kingdom

GarhwalTehri GarhwalKing of Garhwal
During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom.
Garhwal Kingdom, was an independent kingdom in the current north-western Himalayan state of Uttarakhand, India, founded in 823 AD by Kanakpal, the progenitor of the Panwar dynasty that ruled over the kingdom uninterrupted till 1803.

Uttarakhand movement

Uttarakhand statehood movementKumaon Parishadmovement to separate
Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of Garhwal and Kumaon were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighbouring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds between the two regions which further strengthened during the Uttarakhand movement for statehood in the 1990s. In August 2006, Union Council of Ministers assented to the demands of the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly and leading members of the Uttarakhand statehood movement to rename Uttaranchal state as Uttarakhand.
Uttarakhand movement is termed to the events of statehood activism within the state Uttar Pradesh which ultimately resulted in a separate state Uttarakhand of the Republic of India.

Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly

Vidhan SabhaUttarakhandMLA of Uttarakhand
In August 2006, Union Council of Ministers assented to the demands of the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly and leading members of the Uttarakhand statehood movement to rename Uttaranchal state as Uttarakhand.
The Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly, also known as the Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha, is a unicameral governing and law making body of Uttarakhand, one of the 29 States in India, and is seated at Dehradun, the interim capital of Uttarakhand, with 71 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

Kumaon Kingdom

KumaonKumaunKingdom of Kumaon
During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom.
Kumaon Kingdom was a Himalayan kingdom ruled by Many Himalayan dynasties in the Kumaon region of present-day Uttarakhand state of India

Sudurpashchim Pradesh

Province No. 7Sudurpashchim9
It borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north; the Sudurpashchim Pradesh of Nepal to the east; the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west and north-west.
It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Karnali Pradesh and Province No. 5 to the east, and the Indian states of Uttarakhand to the west and Uttar Pradesh to the south.

Government of Uttarakhand

GovernmentCabinet Minister to the Government of UttarakhandState Government
However, the region was given the name Uttaranchal by the Bharatiya Janata Party led union government and Uttarakhand state government when they started a new round of state reorganisation in 1998.
The Government of Uttarakhand also known as the State Government of Uttarakhand, or locally as State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Uttarakhand and its 13 Districts.

Katyuri kings

KatyuriKatyuri KingKatyuri dynasty
The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns.
The Katyuri kings were a medieval ruling clan of present-day Uttarakhand, India.

Doti

DoteliDoti/DipayalKings of Doti
The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns.
Doti (Devnagari; डोटी), also known as Doti region, Dotigarh as used in the Jagar (folk tales; जागर), and the Farwestern region of Nepal, is a region situated between River Kali boarding to the Uttarakhand in the west and Karnali river on the east.

Kuninda Kingdom

KunindaKunindasKuninda coins
The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns. Among the first major dynasties of Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism.
The Kingdom of Kuninda (or Kulinda in ancient literature) was an ancient central Himalayan kingdom documented from around the 2nd century BCE to the 3rd century, located in the modern state of Uttarakhand and southern areas of Himachal in northern India.

Chand kings

Chand dynastyChandChand king
The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns.
The Chand Kings were a medieval Kshatriya ruling clan later also known as Rajput of Kumaon region of the Uttarakhand state of India, which ruled the region after the decline of Katyuri Kings in 11th century AD.

Almora

AlmorahAlmora CantonmentAlmora district
In 1791, the expanding Gorkha Empire of Nepal overran Almora, the seat of the Kumaon Kingdom.
Almora is a municipal board and a cantonment town in the state of Uttarakhand, India.

Baijnath, Uttarakhand

BaijnathKartikeyapuraKartikeypura
Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the Katyuri dynasty dominated lands of varying extent from the Katyur valley (modern-day Baijnath) in Kumaon.
Baijnath is a small town on the banks of the Gomati river in the Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand, India.

British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish rule
The Pauravas, Khasas, Kiratas, Nandas, Mauryas, Kushanas, Kunindas, Guptas, Karkotas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, Katyuris, Raikas, Chands, Parmars or Panwars, Mallas, Shahs and the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns. In 1816, most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli.

Ban Rawats

Van RawatsBan RajiBanrawat
Other peoples of the Tibeto-Burman group known as Kirata are thought to have settled in the northern highlands as well as in pockets throughout the region, and are believed to be ancestors of the modern day Bhotiya, Raji, Jad, and Banrawat people.
The Ban Rawats (alt., "Ban Rajis", "Van Rawat", Van Rajis) are a native endangered ethnic minority group, originating and living in Uttarakhand, India.

Uttarakhand Kranti Dal

Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (P)UKD(UKD)
Until 1998, Uttarakhand was the name most commonly used to refer to the region, as various political groups, including the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (Uttarakhand Revolutionary Party), began agitating for separate statehood under its banner.
UKD), is a registered unrecognised regional political party in Uttarakhand, India.

Rampur Tiraha firing case

Rampur Tiraha firing
The most notable incident during this period was the Rampur Tiraha firing case on the night of 1 October 1994, which led to a public uproar.
The Rampur Tiraha firing case refers to police firing on unarmed Uttarakhand statehood activists at Rampur Tiraha (crossing) in Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh in India on the night of 13 September 1994.

Ganges

GangaGanges RiverGanga River
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri.
The 2525 km river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India and Bangladesh, eventually emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council

Legislative CouncilUttar PradeshMLC
On 24 September 1998, the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council passed the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, which began the process of forming a new state.
After the reorganisation of Uttar Pradesh state in November 2000 and the creation of Uttarakhand state, this strength has now reduced to 100.

Yamuna

Yamuna RiverRiver YamunaJumna
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the glaciers of Uttarakhand, the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri.
Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6387 m on the southwestern slopes of Banderpooch peaks of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand, it travels a total length of 1376 km and has a drainage system of 366223 km2, 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin.

Badrinath

BadrikashramaBadariBadri
These two along with Badrinath and Kedarnath form the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus.
Badrinath is a holy town and a nagar panchayat in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, India.