A report on XinjiangUyghurs and Xinjiang conflict

(Xinjiang), highlighted red, shown within China
Dzungaria (Red) and the Tarim Basin or Altishahr (Blue)
A Uyghur girde naan baker
Armed police and metal detector at the Kargilik bazaar
Northern Xinjiang (Junggar Basin) (Yellow), Eastern Xinjiang- Turpan Depression (Turpan Prefecture and Hami Prefecture) (Red) and Altishahr/the Tarim Basin (Blue)
Uyghur man in traditional clothing, playing a tambur, a traditional Uyghur instrument.
Protesters in Prague, Czech Republic carrying Tibetan and East Turkestan flags, 29 March 2016
Physical map showing the separation of Dzungaria and the Tarim Basin (Altishahr) by the Tien Shan Mountains
A possible Tocharian or Sogdian monk (left) with an East Asian Buddhist monk (right). A fresco from the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, dated to the 9th or 10th century (Kara-Khoja Kingdom).
Map of Han Dynasty in 2 CE. Light blue is the Tarim Basin protectorate.
Uyghur hunter in Kashgar
Old Uyghur/Yugur art from the Bezeklik murals
Uyghur schoolchildren in Kashgar (2011)
The Tarim Basin in the 3rd century AD
Uyghur princes from Cave 9 of the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves, Xinjiang, China, 8th–9th century AD, wall painting
A Sogdian man on a Bactrian camel. Sancai ceramic statuette, Tang dynasty
An 8th-century Uyghur Khagan
Mongol states from the 14th to the 17th centuries: the Northern Yuan dynasty, Four Oirat, Moghulistan and Kara Del
Uyghur Khaganate in geopolitical context c. 820 AD
The Dzungar–Qing Wars, between the Qing Dynasty and the Dzungar Khanate
Chagatai Khanate (Moghulistan) in 1490
The Battle of Oroi-Jalatu in 1756, between the Manchu and Oirat armies
Ethnolinguistic map of Xinjiang in 1967
The Qing Empire ca. 1820
Map showing the distribution of ethnicities in Xinjiang according to census figures from 2000, the prefectures with Uyghur majorities are in blue.
Scene from the 1828 Qing campaign against rebels in Altishahr
Protesters Amsterdam with the Flag of East Turkestan
Yakub Beg, ruler of Yettishar
A Uyghur mosque in Khotan
19th-century Khotan Uyghurs in Yettishar
Map of language families in Xinjiang
Kuomintang in Xinjiang, 1942
Leaf from an Uyghur-Manichaean version of the ‘‘Arzhang’’.
Governor Sheng Shicai ruled from 1933 to 1944.
Uyghur Meshrep musicians in Yarkand
The Soviet-backed Second East Turkestan Republic encompassed Xinjiang's Ili, Tarbagatay and Altay districts.
Wall painting at Bezeklik caves in Flaming Mountains, Turpan Depression.
Close to Karakoram Highway in Xinjiang.
Xinjiang carpet factory
Pamir Mountains and Muztagh Ata.
Uyghur polu (پولۇ, полу)
Taklamakan Desert
Doppa Maker, traditional Uyghur hats, Kashgar
Tianchi Lake
A Uyghur man having his head shaved in a bazaar. Shaving of head is now seen mostly among the older generation.
Black Irtysh river in Burqin County is a famous spot for sightseeing.
Uyghur girl in clothing made of fabric with design distinctive to the Uyghurs
Kanas Lake
Uyghur women on their way to work, Kashgar. 2011
Largest cities and towns of Xinjiang
Statue of Mao Zedong in Kashgar
Nur Bekri, Chairman of the Xinjiang Government between 2007 and 2015
The distribution map of Xinjiang's GDP per person (2011)
Ürümqi is a major industrial center within Xinjiang.
Wind farm in Xinjiang
Sunday market in Khotan
Ürümqi Diwopu International Airport
Karakorum highway
This flag (Kök Bayraq) has become a symbol of the East Turkestan independence movement.
"Heroic Gesture of Bodhisattvathe Bodhisattva", example of 6th-7th-century terracotta Greco-Buddhist art (local populations were Buddhist) from Tumxuk, Xinjiang
Sogdian donors to the Buddha, 8th century fresco (with detail), Bezeklik, Eastern Tarim Basin
A mosque in Ürümqi
People engaging in snow sports by a statue of bodhisattva Guanyin in Wujiaqu
Christian Church in Hami
Catholic Church in Urumqi
Temple of the Great Buddha in Midong, Ürümqi
Taoist Temple of Fortune and Longevity at the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan in Fukang, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture
Emin Minaret
Id Kah mosque in Kashgar, largest mosque in China
Erkin Tuniyaz, the incumbent Chairman of the Xinjiang Government

The Xinjiang conflict, also known as the East Turkistan conflict, Uyghur–Chinese conflict or Sino-East Turkistan conflict (as argued by the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile), is an ongoing ethnic geopolitical conflict in what is now China's far-northwest autonomous region of Xinjiang also known as East Turkistan.

- Xinjiang conflict

The Uyghurs are recognized as native to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Northwest China.

- Uyghurs

It is centred around the Uyghurs, a Turkic ethnic group who constitute a plurality of the region's population.

- Xinjiang conflict

It is home to a number of ethnic groups, including the Turkic Uyghur, Kazakhs and Kyrgyz, the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Chinese Tajiks (Pamiris), Mongols, Russians and Sibe.

- Xinjiang

Scholars estimate that at least one million Uyghurs have been arbitrarily detained in the Xinjiang internment camps since 2017; Chinese government officials claim that these camps, created under CCP general secretary Xi Jinping's administration, serve the goals of ensuring adherence to Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ideology, preventing separatism, fighting terrorism, and providing vocational training to Uyghurs.

- Uyghurs

From the 1990s to the 2010s, the East Turkestan independence movement, separatist conflict and the influence of radical Islam have resulted in unrest in the region with occasional terrorist attacks and clashes between separatist and government forces.

- Xinjiang

3 related topics with Alpha


Ili Rebellion

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The Ili Rebellion (Üch Wiläyt inqilawi ) was a Uyghur separatist movement backed by the Soviet Union against the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China in 1944.

The deaths of the other former ETR leaders were not announced until December, after the Chinese Communists' People's Liberation Army (PLA) had control of northern Xinjiang and had reorganized the military forces of the Three Districts into the PLA.

In the Xinjiang conflict, the Soviet Union was involved in funding and support the East Turkestan People's Revolutionary Party (ETPRP) to start a separatist uprising against China in 1968.

Kök Bayraq has become a symbol of the East Turkestan independence movement.

East Turkestan independence movement

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Kök Bayraq has become a symbol of the East Turkestan independence movement.
This emblem, featuring the basmalah-stylized tughra (calligraphic monogram), is sometimes used alongside the flag above.
The Second East Turkestan Republic was a short-lived Soviet-backed unrecognized republic in northern Xinjiang.
ETGIE members at Capitol Hill on 14 September 2004

The East Turkestan independence movement (شەرقىي تۈركىستان مۇستەقىللىق ھەرىكىتى; ) is a political movement that seeks the independence of East Turkestan, a large and sparsely-populated region in northwest China, as a homeland for the Uyghur people.

The region is currently administered as a province-level subdivision of the People's Republic of China (PRC), under the official name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR).

Xinjiang has been a hotbed of ethnic and religious conflict throughout much of the period that it has been governed by successive Chinese regimes.

Second East Turkestan Republic

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The Ili, Tarbaghatay and Altay districts (red) controlled by the 2nd East Turkestan Republic
Coalition government representatives in 1946 including Chairman Zhang Zhizhong (front row fifth from right) and Vice-chairman Ehmetjan Qasimi (front row fourth from right).
The Ili, Tarbaghatay and Altay districts (red) controlled by the 2nd East Turkestan Republic
Ehmetjan Qasimi and Abdulkerim Abbas with Chiang Kai-shek in Nanjing on 22 November 1946.
Ehmetjan Qasimi and Abdulkerim Abbas with Sun Fo, the son of Sun Yat-sen in Nanjing on 24 November 1946.
Ehmetjan Qasimi, Chairman of the Xinjiang Democratic League of Peace Safeguarding, in 1948, Ghulja
Saifuddin Azizi, Xi Zhongxun (father of 6th paramount leader of China Xi Jinping), Burhan Shahidi in July 1952 after successful quelling of Ospan Batyr Kazakh insurgency in Xinjiang.

The East Turkestan Republic (ETR) was a short-lived satellite state of the Soviet Union in northwest Xinjiang (East Turkestan), between November 12, 1944, and December 22, 1949.

Ehmetjan regarded the current situation as a historic opportunity for Uyghurs and other people of Xinjiang to gain freedom and independence that shouldn't be lost.

In the Xinjiang conflict, the Soviet Union again backed Uyghur separatists against China, starting in the 1960s.