Václav Klaus

Vaclav KlauspresidentDr Vaclav KlausKlausPresident of the Czech RepublicV.KlausVaclav Klaus,
Václav Klaus (born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second President of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013.wikipedia
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Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic)

Civic Democratic PartyODSCivic Democrats
Klaus was the principal co-founder of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), a Czech free-market Eurosceptic political party. Two months later, he led supporters of a free-market economy into the break-away Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana or ODS).
Founded in 1991 as the pro-free market wing of the Civic Forum by Václav Klaus and modelled on the British Conservative Party, the ODS won the 1992 legislative election, and has remained in government for most of the Czech Republic's independence.

Klausism

klausist
His political views have been referred to as "Klausism".
In Czech politics, Klausism refers to the political positions of Václav Klaus, former prime minister and president of the Czech Republic.

Euroscepticism

EuroscepticHard EuroscepticismSoft Euroscepticism
His presidency was marked by numerous controversies over his strong views on a number of issues, from global warming denial to euroscepticism, and a wide-ranging amnesty declared in his last months of office, triggering his indictment by the Czech Senate on charges of high treason.
The Czech president Václav Klaus rejected the term ’Euroscepticism’ for its purported negative undertones, saying (at a meeting in April 2012) that the expressions for a Eurosceptic and their opponent should be "a Euro-realist" and someone who is "Euro-naïve", respectively.

Czechs

CzechCzech peopleBohemian
Václav Klaus (born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second President of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013.
The Czech Republic has had multiple Prime Ministers the first of which was latter Presidents Václav Klaus and Miloš Zeman.

Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

Velvet Divorcedissolutiondissolved
From July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in January 1993 he served as the second and last Prime Minister of the Czech Republic while it was a federal subject of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, and then as the first Prime Minister of the newly-independent Czech Republic from 1993 to 1998.
In 1992, the Czech Republic elected Václav Klaus and others who demanded either an even tighter federation ("viable federation") or two independent states.

Miloš Zeman

Milos ZemanZemanPresident
Instead, Klaus negotiated the "Opposition Agreement" (opoziční smlouva) with ČSSD chairman Miloš Zeman, his long-time political adversary.
He is the first directly elected President in Czech history; both of his predecessors, Václav Havel and Václav Klaus, were elected by the Czech Parliament.

1990 Civic Forum leadership election

elected chairman of the Civic Forumran for leadership of Civic Forumthe leadership election
In October 1990, Klaus was elected chairman of the Civic Forum.
Václav Klaus was elected the leader of the party, defeating Martin Palouš.

Freedom Union – Democratic Union

Freedom UnionUS-DEUUS–DEU
The defeated faction subsequently left ODS, and in early 1998 established a new party, the Freedom Union (Unie svobody), with President Havel's support.
Freedom Union was founded in January 1998 by former members of the Civic Democratic Party who were unhappy with the leadership of Václav Klaus.

1992 Czech legislative election

19921992 legislative election5–6 June 1992
Following a period of strong economic growth, Klaus led ODS to the largest vote share (29.73%) in Czech legislative elections on 5–6 June 1992.
Campaign of the Civic Democratic Party revolved around its leader Václav Klaus.

2003 Czech presidential election

20032003 presidential election2003 election
Klaus was elected President of the Czech Republic on 28 February 2003, in the third round of the election, in which both chambers vote together at a joint session of the Parliament by secret ballot between the two top candidates.
However, on the third round of the third ballot on 28 February, Václav Klaus was elected.

1998 Czech legislative election

19981998 election1998 legislative election
ODS finished second in early elections in 1998, behind the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD).
The party's leader, Václav Klaus, then formed a minority government supported by the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD).

President of the Czech Republic

PresidentCzech PresidentPresidential Assent
Václav Klaus (born 19 June 1941) is a Czech economist and politician who served as the second President of the Czech Republic from 2003 to 2013. Klaus was elected President of the Czech Republic on 28 February 2003, in the third round of the election, in which both chambers vote together at a joint session of the Parliament by secret ballot between the two top candidates.
By contrast, his successor, Václav Klaus, has required the full measure of the process.

2002 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

2002another leadership electionDecember ODS congress
After a long period of deliberation, and even though ODS won Senate elections in October 2002, Klaus did not run for re-election as party chairman at the December ODS congress.
The incumbent leader Václav Klaus decided to not participate in the election.

Interparliamentary Club of the Democratic Right

supporters of a free-market economy
Two months later, he led supporters of a free-market economy into the break-away Civic Democratic Party (Občanská demokratická strana or ODS).
Václav Klaus became its leader.

List of Prime Ministers of the Czech Socialist Republic

second and last Prime Minister
From July 1992 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in January 1993 he served as the second and last Prime Minister of the Czech Republic while it was a federal subject of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, and then as the first Prime Minister of the newly-independent Czech Republic from 1993 to 1998.

Václav Havel

Vaclav HavelHavelPresident Havel
During his term as Prime Minister, President Václav Havel heavily criticized Klaus' policy of voucher privatization of previously state-owned enterprises.
Václav Klaus, one of his greatest political adversaries, was elected his successor as President on 28 February 2003.

1997 Civic Democratic Party leadership election

challengedre-elected as chairman of ODS
At a party congress in late 1997, Klaus was re-elected as chairman of ODS by 227 votes to 72 votes.
Incumbent party leader and Prime Minister Václav Klaus faced Jan Ruml, Klaus won the election and remained as the leader of the ODS, which led to a split in party when a group of ODS members left the party and founded the Freedom Union (US).

Civic Forum

OFCivic Forum (OF)
Klaus entered Czechoslovak politics during the Velvet Revolution in 1989, during the second week of the political uprising, when he offered his services as an economic advisor to the Civic Forum, whose aim was to unify the anti-government movements in Czechoslovakia and overthrow the Communist regime.
On October 16, 1990, Václav Klaus was elected its new chairman.

Vladimír Mečiar

MečiarVladimir MeciarVladimír Meciar
When he began coalition talks with HZDS leader Vladimir Meciar, Klaus told Meciar that unless HZDS was willing to agree to a tighter federation, the only alternative was for the Czechs and Slovaks to form independent nations.
The winners of the June 1992 elections in Czechoslovakia and new prime ministers were the Civic Democratic Party led by Václav Klaus in the Czech Republic and the HZDS led by Vladimír Mečiar in Slovakia.

Jan Ruml

Either party could have formed a majority with the support of other parties, but Freedom Union chairman Jan Ruml, despite his animosity to Klaus, refused to support ČSSD.
He then challenged Václav Klaus for the leadership of the Civic Democratic Party over a party funding scandal.

Mirek Topolánek

Mirek Topolanekprime ministerTopolánek
Against his declared preference, Klaus was succeeded as party leader by Mirek Topolánek.
Topolánek was appointed Prime Minister by President Václav Klaus on 16 August 2006 and introduced a unicolour government (nine members of the Civic Democratic Party and six independents).

Opposition Agreement

Instead, Klaus negotiated the "Opposition Agreement" (opoziční smlouva) with ČSSD chairman Miloš Zeman, his long-time political adversary.
It was signed by Miloš Zeman and Václav Klaus on 8 July 1998.

Jan Sokol (philosopher)

Jan Sokol
It was widely reported that Klaus won due to the support of Communist Members of Parliament, support which his opponent, Jan Sokol, had publicly refused to accept.
Sokol ran for President of the Czech Republic in the 2003 election but lost to Václav Klaus.

University of Economics, Prague

University of EconomicsUniversity of Economics in PraguePrague University of Economics
Klaus studied Economics of Foreign Trade at the University of Economics, Prague, graduating in 1963.

2002 Czech Senate election

20022002 Senate electionLegislative election
After a long period of deliberation, and even though ODS won Senate elections in October 2002, Klaus did not run for re-election as party chairman at the December ODS congress.