A report on Västergötland

Summertime agricultural landscape around Flo, south of Vänern. These plains are part of the geographical Central Swedish lowland and the geological Sub-Cambrian peneplain.
Husaby Church
Läckö Castle

One of the 25 traditional non-administrative provinces of Sweden , situated in the southwest of Sweden.

- Västergötland

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View from Kinnekulle

Vänern

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Largest lake in Sweden, the largest lake in the European Union and the third-largest lake of all Europe after Ladoga and Onega in Russia.

Largest lake in Sweden, the largest lake in the European Union and the third-largest lake of all Europe after Ladoga and Onega in Russia.

View from Kinnekulle
Satellite image of Vänern

It is located in the provinces of Västergötland, Dalsland, and Värmland in the southwest of the country.

Dalsland

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Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden.

Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden.

A typical lake in Dalsland
View from the Kroppefjäll tableland, wherein an enclosed area is designated as nature reserve.

Lying to the west of Lake Vänern, it is bordered by Värmland to the north, Västergötland to the southeast, Bohuslän to the west, and Norway to the northwest.

Sweden

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Country in Northern Europe.

Country in Northern Europe.

A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
Scania in southern Sweden
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
people/km²
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Djurgårdsbron
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

Götaland in this sense mainly includes the provinces of Östergötland (East Gothia) and Västergötland (West Gothia).

Götaland

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One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

One of three lands of Sweden and comprises ten provinces.

Map of Götaland, the areas of the Geats, which politically merged with the Swedes to form Sweden. Note that Värmland, north of Dalsland and Västergötland, also was a part of Götaland originally, while the large island of Gotland was not. Expansions in dark gray outside the border, including Gotland.
Historical coat of arms of Götaland.
Map indicating that the areas of the Geats originally included Värmland as well.
Kalmar Castle - View from the North-Eastern side
Gothia, Sweden, in 1635 (yellow outline), bordering Danish Scanian lands to the south and southwest (red outline), and Norway to the west (green outline). Note the inclusion of Värmland.
Map of Sweden's three historical lands, the former Swedish province Österland in Finland, and the former historical land of Denmark (Skåneland) in southern Sweden. In the map, the lands has their most recent borders.
Götaland with the Swedish acquisitions of 1645 and 1658 in darker green: Gotland, Blekinge, Halland, and Skåne from Denmark, and Bohuslän from Norway (then under Danish rule).

However, the term mainly referred to the population of modern Västergötland.

Småland

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Historical province in southern Sweden.

Historical province in southern Sweden.

An image from a canyon in the forested Småland.
Camping site in Småland
A backstuga in småland (ca 1900)
Traditional Windsor chairs are manufactured in great numbers in Småland.
Ingatorp Old Church, Småland, Sweden, ca. 1895
Farmhouses in Småland are typically red with white corners.
The small lands of Småland. The black and red spots indicate runestones. The red spots indicate runestones telling of long voyages.
A Smålandströvare (Smaland hound)
HSwMS Småland, J19

Småland borders Blekinge, Scania, Halland, Västergötland, Östergötland and the island Öland in the Baltic Sea.

Östergötland

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One of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden.

One of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden.

Typical Östgöta plains
The Palace in Finspång
The church tower at Bjälbo
The Provincial Museum in Linköping
Winter scene at Ekenäs Castle
Former Industrial landscape in Norrköping
Övralid Manor, with view over Lake Vättern
The Göta Canal at Söderköping
Tidersrum Church, the oldest wooden church in Sweden
Vadstena Castle in Vadstena
The Cathedral in Linköping
Vreta Abbey from the early 12th century

It borders Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland and the Baltic Sea.

Västra Götaland County

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County or län on the western coast of Sweden.

County or län on the western coast of Sweden.

Map of Västra Götaland county

Of cultural and historical significance are the provinces that Västra Götaland County consists of: Västergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland.

Bohuslän

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Swedish province in Götaland, on the northernmost part of the country's west coast.

Swedish province in Götaland, on the northernmost part of the country's west coast.

Lysekil, an old fishing-village in Bohuslän
Urhultsberget in Lysekil Municipality
Regional flag of Bohuslän
Nordic Bronze Age rock art in Bohuslän, Three men performing a ritual, circa 2nd millennium BCE, the Bronze Age.
Small fishing huts on Käringön in the Bohuslän archipelago. Drawn by Ferdinand Boberg in 1917.
Nordic Bronze Age rock art at Tanum, Bohuslän
Gullholmen, Bohuslän July 2016
Käringön, Bohuslän July 2016
Gullholmen, Bohuslän July 2016

It is bordered by Dalsland to the northeast, Västergötland to the southeast, the Skagerrak arm of the North Sea to the west, and the county of Østfold, in Norway, to the north.

Halland

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One of the traditional provinces of Sweden , on the western coast of Götaland, southern Sweden.

One of the traditional provinces of Sweden , on the western coast of Götaland, southern Sweden.

The peace stone in Brömsebro is not a runestone even if it looks like one. The stone was made in 1915 to commemorate the peace between Denmark and Sweden and the text is written with Latin letters. The text on the stone says "Memory of the peace in Brömsebro – Gaspard Coignet de La Thuilerie – Axel Oxenstierna – Corfitz Ulfeldt". The three named persons were the negotiators. Thuilerie was an ambassador from France, Oxenstierna represented Sweden and Ulfeldt represented Denmark.

It borders Västergötland, Småland, Scania and the sea of Kattegat.

Extraordinary flat surfaces of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain around the shores of Lake Vänern near Kinnekulle

Sub-Cambrian peneplain

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Ancient, extremely flat, erosion surface that has been exhumed and exposed by erosion from under Cambrian strata over large swathes of Fennoscandia.

Ancient, extremely flat, erosion surface that has been exhumed and exposed by erosion from under Cambrian strata over large swathes of Fennoscandia.

Extraordinary flat surfaces of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain around the shores of Lake Vänern near Kinnekulle
Much of the Hardangervidda plateau in the Norway is believed to be an uplifted part of the peneplain
Blå Jungfrun, an inselberg and island formed in connection to the peneplain.
Limestone stacks of Byrum's raukar in Öland laterally close to the exhumed parts of the peneplain and also close to the buried parts of the peneplain.

In southern Sweden the peneplain surfaces tilt away from the crest of South Swedish Dome, to the northwest in Västergötland, to the northeast in Östergötland and to the east in eastern Småland.