Vaccine

vaccinesvaccinologyvaccinatedvaccinationvaccinatevaccinationsvaccinologistrecombinant vaccinetherapeutic vaccinedelivery system
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.wikipedia
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B cell

B cellsB-cellB lymphocytes
It also might fail for genetic reasons if the host's immune system includes no strains of B cells that can generate antibodies suited to reacting effectively and binding to the antigens associated with the pathogen.

Antibody

antibodiesimmunoglobulinimmunoglobulins
It also might fail for genetic reasons if the host's immune system includes no strains of B cells that can generate antibodies suited to reacting effectively and binding to the antigens associated with the pathogen.

Mortality rate

mortalitymortality ratesdeath rates
However, even a partial, late, or weak immunity, such as a one resulting from cross-immunity to a strain other than the target strain, may mitigate an infection, resulting in a lower mortality rate, lower morbidity, and faster recovery.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
In 1958, there were 763,094 cases of measles in the United States; 552 deaths resulted.

Polio

poliomyelitisinfantile paralysisparalytic polio
Other diseases such as rubella, polio, measles, mumps, chickenpox, and typhoid are nowhere near as common as they were a hundred years ago thanks to widespread vaccination programs.

Chickenpox

chicken poxvaricellaCongenital varicella syndrome
Other diseases such as rubella, polio, measles, mumps, chickenpox, and typhoid are nowhere near as common as they were a hundred years ago thanks to widespread vaccination programs.

Herd immunity

herd immunity § Mechanismthe wider community
This effect is called herd immunity.

Afghanistan

AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
Polio, which is transmitted only between humans, is targeted by an extensive eradication campaign that has seen endemic polio restricted to only parts of three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan).

Nigeria

Federal Republic of NigeriaNigerianNGA
Polio, which is transmitted only between humans, is targeted by an extensive eradication campaign that has seen endemic polio restricted to only parts of three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan).

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
Polio, which is transmitted only between humans, is targeted by an extensive eradication campaign that has seen endemic polio restricted to only parts of three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan).

Immunodeficiency

immunocompromisedimmune deficiencyimmunodeficient
Varicella vaccine is rarely associated with complications in immunodeficient individuals and rotavirus vaccines are moderately associated with intussusception.

Intussusception (medical disorder)

intussusceptionictusintro-susception
Varicella vaccine is rarely associated with complications in immunodeficient individuals and rotavirus vaccines are moderately associated with intussusception.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Some countries such as the United Kingdom provide compensation for victims of severe adverse effects via its Vaccine Damage Payment.

Vaccine Damage Payment

payments
Some countries such as the United Kingdom provide compensation for victims of severe adverse effects via its Vaccine Damage Payment.

Typhoid fever

typhoidenteric fevertyphoid pneumonia
Other diseases such as rubella, polio, measles, mumps, chickenpox, and typhoid are nowhere near as common as they were a hundred years ago thanks to widespread vaccination programs.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections
Vaccines can be prophylactic (to prevent or ameliorate the effects of a future infection by a natural or "wild" pathogen), or therapeutic (e.g., vaccines against cancer, which are being investigated).

Diphtheria

diphteriadiptheriaDiphthera
Examples of toxoid-based vaccines include tetanus and diphtheria.

Western diamondback rattlesnake

Crotalus atroxwestern diamondbackwestern diamondbacks
Not all toxoids are for micro-organisms; for example, Crotalus atrox toxoid is used to vaccinate dogs against rattlesnake bites.

Rattlesnake

rattlesnakesRattlerRattlers
Not all toxoids are for micro-organisms; for example, Crotalus atrox toxoid is used to vaccinate dogs against rattlesnake bites.

Hepatitis B virus

HBVhepatitis BB
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.

Serum (blood)

serumblood serumsera
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.

Recombinant DNA

recombinantrecombinant proteingene splicing
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.

Human papillomavirus infection

human papillomavirusHPVhuman papilloma virus
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.

Capsid

nucleocapsidviral capsidcoat protein
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.

Hemagglutinin

haemagglutininhemagglutinins, viralphytohemaglutinins
Examples include the subunit vaccine against Hepatitis B virus that is composed of only the surface proteins of the virus (previously extracted from the blood serum of chronically infected patients, but now produced by recombination of the viral genes into yeast) or as an edible algae vaccine, the virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) that is composed of the viral major capsid protein, and the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase subunits of the influenza virus.