Vakhtang I of Iberia

A miniature by Pier Rossi based on the 17th century fresco of Vakhtang from Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
The largest expansion of Iberia under Vakhtang I
Ruins of Ujarma, once an Iberian stronghold under Vakhtang
Statue of King Vakhtang next to the Metekhi Church in Tbilisi.
Grave of Vakhtang I at Svetitskhoveli Cathedral.

Vakhtang I Gorgasali (ვახტანგ I გორგასალი) (c.

- Vakhtang I of Iberia

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Peroz I

The Sasanian King of Kings of Iran from 459 to 484.

Silver drachma of Peroz I, Darabgerd mint
The Sasanian Empire in the mid 5th-century
Map of the Roman-Iranian frontier
5th-century drachma of a Kidarite ruler
Gold dinar of Peroz I minted at Balkh in 466, shortly after he put an end to Kidarite rule in Tokharistan. He is depicted on the obverse, wearing his second crown
Drachma minted by a Hephthalite ruler, with the obverse showing a close imitation of the coinage of Peroz I wearing his third crown
Map of the Caucasus
15th-century Shahnameh illustration of the defeat and death of Peroz I
14th-century illustration of Peroz I questioning a group of Zoroastrian priests
The basilica of Bolnisi Sioni, located in Bolnisi, Georgia
Silver drachma of Peroz I, Darabgerd mint
Gold dinar of Peroz I, Ardashir-Khwarrah mint

In 482, revolts broke out in the western provinces of Armenia and Iberia, led by Vahan Mamikonian and Vakhtang I respectively.


City in Mtskheta-Mtianeti province of Georgia.

Town square
Street near Svetitskhoveli Cathedral
Svetitskhoveli seen from an old street
Jvari Monastery
Samtavro Monastery
"Pompey's bridge", August 2008

By the 5th century AD the small church was no longer satisfying the growing community of the city, and Vakhtang Gorgasali built a large basilica, the greatest Assumption church in Georgia, Svetitskhoveli, that survived until 11th century.


Capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.

Anchiskhati Basilica is the oldest surviving church in Tbilisi
Detail from the Nautical chart by Angelino Dulcert, depicting Georgian Black Sea coast and Tiflis, 1339
Tbilisi according to French traveler Jean Chardin, 1671
A 1717 illustration of Teflis by Joseph Pitton de Tournefort
The coat of arms of Tiflis under Russian rule
Tiflis by Mikhail Lermontov, 1837
The Red Army entered Tbilisi on 25 February 1921
City Council building overlooking Freedom Square
A police station on Agmashenebeli Avenue
Tbilisi, especially Old Town, has a complex terrain, with hills and cliffs
The National Botanical Garden of Georgia in Tbilisi is concealed from view as it resides among the hills of the Sololaki Range
Tbilisi Sea is the largest body of water in Tbilisi.
Preparations for the 2015 UEFA Super Cup at the Dinamo Arena in Tbilisi
Rustaveli Theatre seen on the Rustaveli Avenue
Open-air cafés in Old Tbilisi
Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre
Tbilisi Art Gallery
High-rise residential and office buildings in Vake.
Tbilisi International Airport
Public School Number 1 of Tbilisi, also known as the First Classical Gymnasium
Tbilisi State University, Building I
Remnants of city walls, recently found in central Tbilisi
Tbilisi Platz in Saarbrücken, Germany.
"Dry Bridge", constructed by Italian architect Antonio Scudieri
View on Golovin Avenue as seen from the site of present-day Freedom Square
Building of the Tbilisi City Hall
Grand Hotel "Kavkaz" in central Tbilisi, c 1900
Building of the Art Museum of Georgia, built at the end of the 1830s, photo ca. 1900
Tatar bazaar and with the Metekhi Orthodox church seen on the cliff
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, demolished by the Soviets to make way for the present Parliament building

Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia, and since then has served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics.

Georgian Orthodox Church

Autocephalous Eastern Orthodox church in full communion with the other churches of Eastern Orthodoxy.

Coat of arms of the Orthodox Church of Georgia
Saint Nino of Cappadocia, baptizer of the Georgians.
Jvari Monastery, near Mtskheta, one of Georgia's oldest surviving monasteries (6th century)
A page from a rare 12th century Gelati Gospel depicting the Nativity
The Khakhuli triptych
Patriarch Anton II of Georgia was downgraded to the status of an archbishop by the Russian Imperial authorities.
Eparchies of the Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church as of 2010
The Holy Trinity Church (Tsminda Sameba) of Gergeti, in the mountains of Khevi

The king of Iberia, Vakhtang Gorgasali, who sought an alliance with Byzantium against the Persians, accepted the Henotikon, a compromise put forward by the Byzantine Emperor Zeno in 482.

Kingdom of Iberia

Exonym (foreign name) for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli (ქართლი), known after its core province, which during Classical Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages was a significant monarchy in the Caucasus, either as an independent state or as a dependent of larger empires, notably the Sassanid and Roman empires.

Colchis and Iberia
Map of Iberia and Colchis by Christoph Cellarius printed in Leipzig in 1706
Iberia during the Roman Empire.

The early reign of the Iberian king Vakhtang I dubbed Gorgasali (447–502) was marked by the relative revival of the kingdom.

Chosroid dynasty

The Chosroid dynasty (a Latinization of Khosro[v]ianni, ხოსრო[ვ]იანები), also known as the Iberian Mihranids, were a dynasty of the kings and later the presiding princes of the early Georgian state of Iberia from the 4th to the 9th centuries.

Charles I of England and his son, the future James II of England, from the House of Stuart.

The Chosroid kings of Iberia, albeit Christian, remained generally loyal to their Iranian suzerains until Vakhang I Gorgasali (r.


City in the southeast of Georgia, in the region of Kvemo Kartli and 20 km southeast of capital Tbilisi.

Rustavi fortress
Head office of Rustavi Steel Works
Kostava Street, Rustavi
Rapid expansion under Soviet rule
Map of Rustavi
Rustavi City hall
Statue of Shota Rustaveli
view of the Rustavi Metallurgical Plant. 1957
Poladi Stadium

During the reign of Vakhtang I of Iberia (5th century) Rustavi took an important part in the political life in Kingdom of Iberia.


Historical province in southern Georgia, corresponding to the modern municipalities of Akhalkalaki, Aspindza (partly), Ninotsminda, and partly to the Turkey's Ardahan Province.

In the 5th century during the rule of Vakhtang I of Iberia Javakheti was a province of Iberia and after his death his second wife the Byzantine princess settled in Tsunda (part of Javakheti).

Juansher Juansheriani

Juansher Juansheriani (ჯუანშერ ჯუანშერიანი) (fl.

Silver coin minted by erismtavari Stephanoz I, 7th century.

Juansher was a husband of a niece of Archil of Kakheti, to whom a note in the text of the Queen Anne and Queen Mary codices of the Georgian Chronicles attributes the work "The Life of King Vakhtang Gorgasali" which covers the history of Iberia from the reign of Vakhtang I (c.


Province of ancient and medieval Georgia, which is now part of Turkey's Artvin Province.

The monastery of Khandzta, now in ruins

The marriage of the Chosroid king Vakhtang I of Iberia to the Roman princess Helena seems to have enabled the Iberians to regain the province c. 485.