Valdivia

Idealized illustration of Pastene from Alonso de Ovalle's "Histórica relación del Reyno de Chile"
Picture of Pedro de Valdivia, conquistador of Chile and founder of Valdivia
Image of Torreón El Canelo restored in the 1850s. It is one of two remaining Spanish towers in Valdivia used to defend the city and one of the few remaining colonial structures
A painting of the assault on Corral fort
Friar Camilo Henríquez born in Valdivia was one of the founding fathers of the Republic of Chile
A street in Valdivia after the earthquake of 22 May 1960
Picture of Michelle Bachelet's visit to Valdivia in 2007 in which she confirmed the creation of Los Ríos Region
Kunstmann Brewery, Valdivia, Chile
Map of Valdivia and its surroundings
View of Valdivia from west
Valdivia products treemap, 2020
Picture of Niebla lighthouse situated just above the Niebla fort
Pedro de Valdivia Bridge and the city's sea lion colony
The New Cau Cau bridge in Valdivia has been restored and fixed.
Haverbeck Canal
Libertad Walk & Valdivia cathedral
Isla Teja and Torobayo connected by the Río Cruces Bridge
Pedro de Valdivia Bridge
UACh Botanical Garden
Plaza de la República
Sea lions by the riverside market
An obelisk
Universidad Austral de Chile housing
A German-styled house on General Lagos Street
Haverbeck Canal of the Valdivia River
Valdivia, Chile

City and commune in southern Chile, administered by the Municipality of Valdivia.

- Valdivia

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Austral University of Chile

Entrance to Austral University of Chile's botanical garden
Picture of one of the "A"-houses of Universidad Austral near Valdivia River in Isla Teja Campus
Faculty of UACh in the forests of San Pablo de Tregua
Centro de Educación continua building in downtown Valdivia

Austral University of Chile (Universidad Austral de Chile or UACh) is a Chilean research university based primarily in Valdivia, with a satellite campus in Puerto Montt.

Valdivia River

Known locally, is a major river in southern Chile.

It is the continuation of the Calle-Calle River, from the point where it meets the Cau-Cau River in the city of Valdivia.

1960 Valdivia earthquake

The most powerful earthquake ever recorded.

Valdivia after the 22 May earthquake
ShakeMap of the mainshock
The Valdivia earthquake released almost a quarter of all global seismic energy between 1906 and 2005
Travel time of the tsunami across the Pacific at one-hour intervals
Wrecks of Carlos Haverbeck (top) and Canelos (bottom).
Hilo, Hawaii, after the tsunami
Effect of the tsunami at Kamaishi, Japan
Eruption of Cordón Caulle following the earthquake
The destroyed center of Corral, Chile
Destroyed infrastructure of Altos Hornos y Acerías de Corral, a steel factory closed a few years before the earthquake.

The epicenter of this megathrust earthquake was near Lumaco, approximately 570 km south of Santiago, with Valdivia being the most affected city.

Valdivia Province

One of two provinces of the southern Chilean region of Los Ríos (XIV).

The provincial capital is Valdivia.

Huilliche people

The Huilliche, Huiliche or Huilliche-Mapuche are the southern partiality of the Mapuche macroethnic group of Chile.

Catiguala, a cacique of the Huilliche in the 18th century
Map showing indigenous peoples of Chile; the Huilliche are shaded peach, near the middle of the country.

According to Ricardo E. Latcham the term Huilliche started to be used in Spanish after the second founding of Valdivia in 1645, adopting the usage of the Mapuches of Araucanía for the southern Mapuche tribes.

Corral, Chile

Town, commune and sea port in Valdivia Province, Los Ríos Region, Chile.

Corral and its fort as seen from Niebla
The destroyed center of Corral in Autumn 1960

Corral is best known for the forts of Corral Bay, a system of defensive batteries and forts made to protect Valdivia during colonial times.

Southern Chile

Informal geographic term for any place south of the capital city, Santiago, or south of Biobío River, the mouth of which is Concepción, about 200 mi south of Santiago.

Valdivia

Valdivian Fort System

View of the batteries of Castillo de la Pura y Limpia Concepción de Monfort de Lemus in Niebla.
The main fort in Corral
General view of the fort in Corral
18th-century map of Corral Bay and its four main fortresses.
Niebla Fort's former headquarter (now a museum), during a representation of the capture of Valdivia
Map of Corral Bay and the location of the coastal defences. The four largest forts are marked with red

The Fort System of Valdivia (Sistema de fuertes de Valdivia) are a series of Spanish colonial fortifications at Corral Bay, Valdivia and Cruces River established to protect the city of Valdivia, in southern Chile.

German colonization of Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue

The Chilean colonization project took advantage of the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states to recruit immigrants.
Example of German architecture in Puerto Varas, a town at Llanquihue Lake with strong German influence.
Drawing of the landscape around Puerto Montt in 1850 by Vicente Pérez Rosales
2009 view of Calbuco volcano and Llanquihue Lake. Note the open fields at its foot.
Casa Hollstein, an example of German-Chilean architecture in Osorno.
Crudos and beer at Café Haussmann in downtown Valdivia.

From 1850 to 1875, some 6,000 German immigrants settled in the region around Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue in Southern Chile as part of a state-led colonization scheme.

Pedro de Valdivia

Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.

Posthumous portrait by Federico de Madrazo
Alonso de Ovalle's 1646 engraving of Pedro de Valdivia.
Pedro Lira's 1789 painting of the founding of Santiago by Pedro de Valdivia at Huelén Hill.
Alonso de Ovalle's 1646 engraving of Valdivia, Villagra and Alderete.
House of Pedro de Valdivia in Santiago de Chile, along with the Vera Cruz capel, as pictured by Recaredo Santos Tornero in Chile Ilustrado (1872).
Statue of Pedro de Valdivia (Santiago, Chile)
Last moments of Pedro de Valdivia of Nicolás Guzmán Bustamante

The city of Valdivia in Chile is named after him.