Valparaíso

ValparaisoValparaiso, ChileValparaíso, ChilePort of ValparaísoValparaíso CityAlmendral, Los Andes, Valparaíso, ChileAscensores de Valparaísocity of ValparaisoCurauma, ValparaísoElevators
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.wikipedia
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Chile

🇨🇱ChileanRepublic of Chile
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile. International immigration transformed the local culture from Spanish origins and Amerindian origins, in ways that included the construction of the first non-Catholic cemetery of Chile, the Dissidents' Cemetery.
footnote_a = Legislature is based in Valparaíso.

Battle of Valparaíso

Capture of American frigate ''Essex'' and the sloop ''Essex Juniorcapture of the U.S. frigate ''Essexcaptured
In 1814, the naval Battle of Valaparaiso was fought offshore of the town, between American and British ships involved in the War of 1812.
It took place off Valparaíso, Chile on March 28, 1814 between the frigate and the sloop of the United States Navy and the frigate and sloop of the Royal Navy.

English Chileans

EnglishEnglish immigrants
Football (soccer) was introduced to Chile by English immigrants; and the first private Catholic school in Chile (Le Collège des Sacrés Cœurs, "The College of the Sacred Hearts"), French immigrants in Valparaíso; which has been operating for about 170 years.
Since the Port of Valparaíso opened its coasts to free trade in 1811, the English began to congregate in Valparaíso.

German Chileans

GermanGermansGerman Colonization in Chile
As a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.
The port city of Valparaíso became a major center for trade with Hamburg, with commercial travellers and merchants from Germany staying for lengthy periods of time to work in Valparaíso.

Italian Chileans

ItaliansItalianChile
As a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.
These families settled especially in Capitán Pastene, Angol, Lumaco, and Temuco, but also in Valparaiso, Concepción, Chillán, Valdivia, and Osorno.

Pacific Station

Commander-in-Chief, Pacific StationPacific SquadronSouth America Station
In 1826, the Royal Navy Great Britain established a South America Station in Valparaíso to maintain British naval interest in the region.
The British Pacific Squadron was established in 1813 to support British interests along the eastern shores of the Pacific Ocean at Valparaíso, Chile.

Dissidents Cemetery

Dissidents' Cemetery
International immigration transformed the local culture from Spanish origins and Amerindian origins, in ways that included the construction of the first non-Catholic cemetery of Chile, the Dissidents' Cemetery.
The Cemetery of Dissidents is a cemetery located on the Panteón hill, in front of the Cemetery nº 1 and at one side of the old city jail (now a cultural center) in Valparaíso, Chile.

El Mercurio de Valparaíso

El MercurioSantiago Wanderers history's best signing according to El Mercurio de Valparaíso
Notable features include Latin America's oldest stock exchange, the continent's first volunteer fire department, Chile's first public library, and the oldest Spanish language newspaper in continuous publication in the world, El Mercurio de Valparaíso.
It is based in Valparaíso, Chile.

1906 Valparaíso earthquake

1906 earthquake19061906 M 8.2 Valparaiso earthquake
The 1906 Valparaíso earthquake caused severe damage throughout the city on August 16, which was at that time the heart of the Chilean economy.
The 1906 Valparaíso earthquake hit Valparaíso, Chile, on August 16 at 19:55 local time.

Americans and Canadians in Chile

ChileNorth AmericanU.S.
The Chilean doctor, Carlos Van Buren, of U.S. descent, was involved in medical care of earthquake victims.
Valparaíso was on the route from Britain to California, which the United States won from Mexico in 1845.

San Francisco Church (Valparaíso)

church of San Francisco
In May 1828, a constitutional convention began regular meetings in the church of San Francisco.
San Francisco Church (Iglesia de San Francisco) is a Catholic church located in Barón Hill, Valparaíso, Chile.

Bombardment of Valparaíso

bombardedChilean merchant fleet's destructionbombard the port of Valparaiso
Taking advantage of the total lack of defenses, a Spanish fleet commanded by Casto Méndez Núñez bombarded the city during the Chincha Islands War in 1866.
The Bombardment of Valparaíso on 31 March 1866 happened after the Chincha Islands War, when a Spanish fleet shelled, burned and destroyed the undefended port of Valparaíso.

Santiago

Santiago de ChileSantiago, ChileGreater Santiago
Valparaíso is located about 120 km northwest of Santiago by road and is one of the South Pacific's most important seaports.
The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets mostly in nearby Valparaíso.

Michelle Bachelet

BacheletMichelle Bachelet JeriaPresident Bachelet
On April 13, 2014, a huge brush fire burned out of control, destroying 2,800 homes and killing 16 people, forcing President Michelle Bachelet to declare it a disaster zone.
Bachelet was sworn in as President of the Republic of Chile on 11 March 2006 in a ceremony held in a plenary session of the National Congress in Valparaíso attended by many foreign heads of states and delegates.

Great Fire of Valparaíso

2014 Valparaíso wildfirea huge brush firemassive forest fire
On April 13, 2014, a huge brush fire burned out of control, destroying 2,800 homes and killing 16 people, forcing President Michelle Bachelet to declare it a disaster zone.
The Great Fire of Valparaíso (Gran Incendio de Valparaíso) started on 12 April 2014 at 16:40 local time (19:40 UTC), in the hills of the city of Valparaíso, Chile.

Augusto Pinochet

PinochetGeneral PinochetGeneral Augusto Pinochet
In November 1915, Augusto Pinochet was born in the city.
Pinochet was born in Valparaíso, the son of Augusto Pinochet Vera, a descendant of an 18th-century French Breton immigrant from Lamballe, and Avelina Ugarte Martínez, a woman whose family had been in Chile since the 17th century and was of partial Basque descent.

War of the Confederation

Peru-Bolivian Confederacy1841 invasion of BoliviaChilean campaigns against the Peru-Bolivian Confederation
On June 6, 1837, Minister Diego Portales was shot at the port outside of Baron Hill on suspicion of promoting conspirators who opposed the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, considered a turning point of Chilean public opinion and the purpose of the war.
On a deeper level, both countries were in a heated competition for the control of the commercial routes on the Pacific; and for the Chileans especially, whose relations with independent Peru had already been strained by economic problems centering on the rivalry between their ports of Callao and Valparaíso.

CSAV

Compañía Sudamericana de VaporesChilean steamship companyCompañía Sud Americana de Vapores
A merger of the National Steamship Company and Chilean Steamship Company, the South American Steamship Company was created as a national response to the increasing dominance of the Pacific Steam Navigation Company in 1872.
For the duration of the war CSAV flourished, and after the war it prioritised its new service between Valparaíso and New York.

Plaza Sotomayor

Sotomayor Square
Plaza Sotomayor
The Plaza Sotomayor is a plaza in Valparaíso, Chile.

1730 Valparaíso earthquake

earthquake17301730 Valparaiso earthquake
Other significant earthquakes to affect the city were the 1730 Valparaíso earthquake and the 1985 Algarrobo earthquake.
It had an estimated magnitude of 8.7 and triggered a major tsunami with an estimated magnitude of M t =8.75, that inundated the lower parts of Valparaíso.

Chincha Islands War

war against SpainPeruvian War with Spainwar with Spain
Taking advantage of the total lack of defenses, a Spanish fleet commanded by Casto Méndez Núñez bombarded the city during the Chincha Islands War in 1866.
The Spanish ships arrived at the port of Valparaiso, Chile, on April 18, 1863.

Iglesia de la Matriz

Iglesia de la Matriz
The Iglesia de La Matriz del Salvador (The Matriz Church of the Saviour) is a church in the city of Valparaíso, Chile.

The Mackay School

Immigrants from Scotland and Germany founded the first private secular schools, (The Mackay School, and Die Deutsche Schule, respectively).
It is considered one of the best academic institutions in the Valparaiso region.

Viña del Mar

ViñaVilla Dulce in Viña del MarVina del Mar
Although technically only Chile's 6th largest city, with an urban area population of 263,499 (275,982 in municipality ), the Greater Valparaíso metropolitan area, including the neighbouring cities of Viña del Mar, Concón, Quilpué and Villa Alemana, is the second largest in the country (803,683 inhabitants).
The Greater Valparaíso Area is home to five municipalities: Valparaíso, Viña del Mar, Concon, Quilpue and Villa Alemana.

British people

BritishUnited KingdomBritons
As a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.
Around 32,000 English settled in Valparaíso, influencing the port city to the extent of making it virtually a British colony during the last decades of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.