Valuation (finance)

valuationinvestment analysisvaluationsasset pricingasset pricesasset valuationovervaluationvaluevaluedinvestment profitability analysis
In finance, valuation is the process of determining the present value (PV) of an asset.wikipedia
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Intangible asset

intangible assetsintangibleintangibles
Valuations can be done on assets (for example, investments in marketable securities such as stocks, options, business enterprises, or intangible assets such as patents and trademarks) or on liabilities (e.g., bonds issued by a company).
An intangible asset is usually very hard to evaluate.

International Valuation Standards Council

International Valuation StandardsIVS
The International Valuation Standards (IVS) are international standards that consist of various actions required during the undertaking of a valuation assignment supported by technical information and guidance.

Mergers and acquisitions

mergermergedM&A
Valuations are needed for many reasons such as investment analysis, capital budgeting, merger and acquisition transactions, financial reporting, taxable events to determine the proper tax liability, and in litigation.
asset valuation,

Embedded option

embeddedexchange
3) Option pricing models, in this context, are used to value specific balance-sheet items, or the asset itself, when these have option-like characteristics. Examples of the first type are warrants, employee stock options, and investments with embedded options such as callable bonds; the second type are usually real options. The most common option pricing models employed here are the Black–Scholes-Merton models and lattice models. This approach is sometimes referred to as contingent claim valuation, in that the value will be contingent on some other asset; see #Contingent claim valuation.
The valuation of these securities combines bond- or equity-valuation, as appropriate, with option pricing.

Startup company

startupstartupsstartup companies
Startup companies such as Uber, which was valued at $50 billion in early 2015, are assigned post-money valuations based on the price at which their most recent investor put money into the company.
Some startups become unicorns, i.e. privately held startup companies valued at over $1 billion.

Net asset value

NAVNet Asset Value (NAV)book value
This method is known as the net asset value or cost method.
There is no universal method or basis of valuing assets and liabilities for the purposes of calculating the net asset value used throughout the world, and the criteria used for the valuation will depend upon the circumstances, the purposes of the valuation and any regulatory and/or accounting principles that may apply.

Business valuation

Option pricing approaches#Option pricing approachesappraised
The standards stress the use of the cost approach, market approach, and the income approach, depending on the stage of development of the mining property or project.
Business valuation is a process and a set of procedures used to estimate the economic value of an owner's interest in a business.

Patent valuation

Patent valuation #Option-based methodPatent valuation § Option-based methodpatents
Valuation models can be used to value intangible assets such as for patent valuation, but also in copyrights, software, trade secrets, and customer relationships.
Valuation of patent rights is one of the main activities related to intellectual property management within an organization or company.

Real options valuation

real optionsreal options analysisreal option
3) Option pricing models, in this context, are used to value specific balance-sheet items, or the asset itself, when these have option-like characteristics. Examples of the first type are warrants, employee stock options, and investments with embedded options such as callable bonds; the second type are usually real options. The most common option pricing models employed here are the Black–Scholes-Merton models and lattice models. This approach is sometimes referred to as contingent claim valuation, in that the value will be contingent on some other asset; see #Contingent claim valuation.
Spot price: the starting or current value of the project is required: this is usually based on management's "best guess" as to the gross value of the project's cash flows and resultant NPV;

Intellectual property valuation

financevaluation
Intellectual property valuation
Valuation is considered as one of the most critical areas in finance; it plays a key role in many areas of finance such as buy/sell, solvency, merger and acquisition.

Fundamental analysis

fundamentalfundamentalseconomic fundamentals
Fundamental analysis
These terms are used to distinguish such analysis from other types of investment analysis, such as quantitative and technical.

Paper valuation

Paper valuation
Paper Valuation is the value of privately held shares that is not directly tradeable at an exchange.

Venture capital

venture capitalistventure capitalistsventure capital firm
The price reflects what investors, for the most part venture capital firms, are willing to pay for a share of the firm.
Venture capitalists also are expected to nurture the companies in which they invest, in order to increase the likelihood of reaching an IPO stage when valuations are favourable.

Fuzzy pay-off method for real option valuation

fuzzy method for real optionsfuzzy pay-off method
Fuzzy pay-off method for real option valuation
The fuzzy pay-off method for real option valuation (FPOM or pay-off method) is a new method for valuing real options, created in 2008.

Chepakovich valuation model

Chepakovich valuation model
The Chepakovich valuation model uses the discounted cash flow valuation approach.

Terminal value (finance)

Terminal valuePerpetuity Growth Model
For whole-company valuation purposes, there are two methodologies used to calculate the Terminal Value.

Price discovery

price discovery mechanismpricing
Price discovery
Price discovery is different from valuation.

Multiple factor models

Multiple factor models
In mathematical finance, multiple factor models are asset pricing models that can be used to estimate the discount rate for the valuation of financial assets.

Enterprise value

enterprise valuesEVTotal Enterprise Value
Enterprise value
For detailed information on the valuation process see Valuation (finance).

Mineral economics

see also Mineral economics in general.
Valuation (finance)# Valuation of mining projects

Finance

financialfinancesfiscal
In finance, valuation is the process of determining the present value (PV) of an asset.

Present value

cash optiondiscountedcash
In finance, valuation is the process of determining the present value (PV) of an asset.

Asset

assetstotal assetstangible asset
In finance, valuation is the process of determining the present value (PV) of an asset.