A report on Van Cortlandt Park

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Remains of the New York and Putnam Railroad, Van Cortlandt Station inside the park
Van Cortlandt Park, Oscar Florianus Bluemner, 1936
Rocky terrain in the park
The Sachkerah Woods Playground, located at Van Cortlandt Park's southeast corner
Putnam Trail entrance, looking south from the city line.
The park's own little stonehenge, a former structural stone testing site for the construction of Grand Central Terminal
The historic Van Cortlandt House, now a museum
Riverdale Stables
The lake and golf course at sunset; the former railroad bridge is at far left
View of the Parade Ground from the starting line of the cross-country course
The interchange of Henry Hudson, Saw Mill, and Mosholu Parkways in the park
The abandoned Putnam Railroad bridge over the Henry Hudson Parkway
The Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street station

1146 acre park located in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.

- Van Cortlandt Park
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The Bronx

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Borough of New York City, coextensive with Bronx County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Borough of New York City, coextensive with Bronx County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Map of southern Westchester County in 1867. This, along with the southern part of the former Town of Yonkers, became the Bronx.
Grand Concourse and 161st Street as it appeared around 1900
The Simpson Street elevated station was built in 1904 and opened on November 26, 1904. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on September 17, 2004, reference #04001027.
Row houses on a location where there was once burnt rubble. The Bronx has since seen revitalization
The Bronx - All-America City sign
Location of the Bronx (red) within New York City (remainder white)
Aerial view of the Bronx from the east at night
The New York Times 1896 map of parks and transit in the newly annexed Bronx. Marble Hill is in pink, cut off by water from the rest of Manhattan in orange. Van Cortlandt, Pelham Bay and Crotona Parks are light green, as is Bronx Park (now home to the New York Botanical Garden and Bronx Zoo), Woodlawn Cemetery medium green, sports facilities dark green, the not-yet-built Jerome Park Reservoir light blue, St. John's College (now Fordham University) violet, and the city limits of the newly expanded New York red.
Northern tip of Hunter Island in Pelham Bay Park
The neighborhood of Co-op City is the largest cooperative housing development in the world.
A sunken boat off the shore of City Island
Grand Concourse at East 165th Street
Poverty concentrations within the Bronx, by Census Tract
The Bronx Zoo is the largest zoo in New York City, and among the largest in the country.
The Bronx's P.L.A.Y.E.R.S. Club Steppers performing at the 2007 Fort Greene Park Summer Literary Festival in Brooklyn. (Note the T-shirts' inscription "I ♥ BX" [Bronx], echoing the ubiquitous slogan "I ♥ NY" [I Love New York] ).
New Yankee Stadium at 161st and River Avenue
The Hub on Third Avenue
Renovated Prow Building, part of the original Bronx Terminal Market
An aerial view of the Bronx, Harlem River, Harlem, Hudson River and George Washington Bridge
Morris Heights, a Bronx neighborhood of over 45,000
Street scene on Fordham Road, a major street in the Bronx
The Bronx High School of Science
Fordham University's Keating Hall
Bronx–Whitestone Bridge
An aerial view of the Throgs Neck Bridge
Middletown Road subway station on the
NYC Transit bus operating on the Bx40 route in University Heights

About a quarter of the Bronx's area is open space, including Woodlawn Cemetery, Van Cortlandt Park, Pelham Bay Park, the New York Botanical Garden, and the Bronx Zoo in the borough's north and center.

Mosholu Parkway, seen from the Mosholu Parkway station on the IRT Jerome Avenue Line.

Mosholu Parkway

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Hybrid freeway-standard parkway and grade-level roadway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, constructed from 1935 to 1937 as part of the roadway network created under Robert Moses.

Hybrid freeway-standard parkway and grade-level roadway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, constructed from 1935 to 1937 as part of the roadway network created under Robert Moses.

Mosholu Parkway, seen from the Mosholu Parkway station on the IRT Jerome Avenue Line.

The roadway extends for 3.0 mi between the New York Botanical Garden (where its southeast end meets the Bronx River Parkway) and Van Cortlandt Park (where its northwest end meets the Henry Hudson Parkway).

Aerial view of the park (pictured in the center left)

Pelham Bay Park

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Municipal park located in the northeast corner of the New York City borough of the Bronx.

Municipal park located in the northeast corner of the New York City borough of the Bronx.

Aerial view of the park (pictured in the center left)
Map of Pelham Bay Park's future site at the time of the Battle of Pell's Point
Mouth of Hutchinson River, in the park
Rock outcropping in Pelham Bay Park
Orchard Beach promenade, built in the 1930s
Aerial view of Orchard Beach
Hunter mansion
Former private mansion on Rodman's Neck
Glover's Rock: "Near this site on October 12, 1776 Col. John Glover and 600 patriots held off British and Hessian forces under Gen Howe long enough to save Washington's troops from destruction, enabling them to withdraw to Westchester and ultimate victory."
Split Rock
Bird watching is a popular activity in the park
Panoramic view of Orchard Beach, facing from the bathhouse pavilion
South side of statue
Clubhouse
The west end of the City Island Bridge (original bridge pictured) is located inside Pelham Bay Park.
Pedestrian overpass to the park's eponymous station

Due to its distance from the city, NYC Parks decided to keep 3000 acre of Pelham Bay and Van Cortlandt Parks in their natural state, unlike some of the other parks closer to Manhattan, which were being extensively landscaped.

Randel's surveying bolt

Central Park

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Urban park in New York City, between the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan.

Urban park in New York City, between the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan.

Randel's surveying bolt
Map of the former Seneca Village from Viele's survey for Central Park
The Lake, one of the first features of Central Park to be completed
Bethesda Terrace and Fountain under construction in 1862
Gentry in the new park, c. undefined 1870
Belvedere Castle, completed 1869
Lower end of the mall, seen in 1901
East side of Rat Rock
Wooded area of the Ramble
Female northern cardinal, one of the bird species found in Central Park
The USS Maine National Monument
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Bethesda Terrace and Fountain
Gapstow Bridge in fall
Angel of the Waters (1873) in Bethesda Fountain
Cleopatra's Needle, the park's oldest man-made structure
Horse-drawn carriage by the park
Summerstage features free musical concerts throughout the summer.
Entrance to the Fifth Avenue–59th Street subway station just outside Central Park
66th Street transverse
Center Drive in Central Park
North Woods, one of several places where crimes were reported during the 1989 Central Park jogger case
Sheep Meadow, a common place for gatherings
Skyscrapers abut the southern border of Central Park.

Central Park is the fifth-largest park in New York City, behind Pelham Bay Park, the Staten Island Greenbelt, Van Cortlandt Park, and Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, with an area of 843 acre.

New York City

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Most populous city in the United States.

Most populous city in the United States.

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

Over a fifth of the Bronx's area, 7000 acre, is given over to open space and parks, including Pelham Bay Park, Van Cortlandt Park, the Bronx Zoo, and the New York Botanical Gardens.

Yonkers, New York

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City in Westchester County, New York, United States.

City in Westchester County, New York, United States.

Philipse Manor Hall
Yonkers, New York, c. 1860s
The Town of Yonkers in 1867, including the Village of Yonkers, which was very small. The southern part of the town was annexed by NYC in 1874.
Yonkers Public Library
High-rise apartments along the Hudson River in Northwest Yonkers
The "Blue Cube", a former factory turned television production facility on the Northwest Yonkers waterfront, as seen from across the Hudson River
Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church
Riverdale Avenue looking north from the Bronx line
Messiah Baptist Church
The current Yonkers City Hall was built from 1907 to 1910 and was designed by H. Lansing Quick in the Beaux-Arts style
Yonkers Metro-North train station.
Yonkers Fire Department headquarters from 1927 to 2015
Yonkers City Jail
Yonkers Welcome Sign
Yonkers Saint Patrick's Day Parade 2010
Fountains at Westchester's Ridge Hill
The Yonkers Metro-North Station
The Saw Mill River in Getty Square
Westbound McLean Avenue at ParkHill Avenue
Eastbound Cross County Parkway

It runs north–south in Yonkers from the Hastings-on-Hudson border in the north to the Bronx border in the south at Van Cortlandt Park where it is referred to as the Putnam Greenway.

Looking north at the Deegan from 138th Street

Interstate 87 (New York)

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333.49 mi north–south Interstate Highway located wholly within the U.S. state of New York.

333.49 mi north–south Interstate Highway located wholly within the U.S. state of New York.

Looking north at the Deegan from 138th Street
The Major Deegan Expressway in the West Bronx
Looking east along I-87/I-287 (the NYS Thruway) toward the Tappan Zee Bridge from Nordkop Mountain in Suffern
Tappan Zee Bridge
View north along the thruway in Ramapo
The Thaddeus Kosciusko Bridge carries I-87 (the Northway) over the Mohawk River north of Albany.
Northbound Northway in Warren County between exits 23 and 24.
View to High Peaks region from the northbound side of the Northway in Schroon Lake
Bilingual sign for exit 34 (NY 9N) in Keeseville.
Approach to Canadian border in Champlain.
Overhead signage at the northern terminus of the Major Deegan Expressway
Original Tappan Zee Bridge

North of Kingsbridge, the expressway follows a generally northeasterly alignment, passing through the center of Van Cortlandt Park as it connects to Mosholu Parkway and Jerome Avenue.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red

Broadway (Manhattan)

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Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red
Broadway in 1834
Broadway in 1860
Somerindyke House, Bloomingdale Road, middle 19th century
Looking north from Broome Street (circa 1853–55)
In 1885, the Broadway commercial district was overrun with telephone, telegraph, and electrical lines. This view was north from Cortlandt and Maiden Lane.
The segment of Broadway in Times Square
A view up Broadway from Bowling Green, with the Chrysler Building visible in the background
A view of Broadway in 1909
Broadway looking north from 48th Street in the Theater District
X-shaped intersection of Broadway (from lower right to upper left) and Amsterdam Avenue (lower left to upper right), looking north from Sherman Square to West 72nd Street and the treetops of Verdi Square
Broadway at Dyckman Street in Inwood
North Broadway (U.S. 9) in Yonkers
The Washington Irving Memorial on North Broadway in Irvington, not far from Irving's home, Sunnyside
Canyon of Heroes during a ticker-tape parade for the Apollo 11 astronauts on August 13, 1969
Broadway under the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's elevated structure in the Bronx
Plan of 1868 for an "arcade railway"
International Mercantile Marine Company Building

Afterward, it then enters the Bronx, where it is the eastern border of Riverdale and the western border of Van Cortlandt Park.

The mouth of the Spuyten Duyvil Creek with the Henry Hudson Bridge and the Spuyten Duyvil Bridge

Spuyten Duyvil Creek

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Short tidal estuary in New York City connecting the Hudson River to the Harlem River Ship Canal and then on to the Harlem River.

Short tidal estuary in New York City connecting the Hudson River to the Harlem River Ship Canal and then on to the Harlem River.

The mouth of the Spuyten Duyvil Creek with the Henry Hudson Bridge and the Spuyten Duyvil Bridge
Spuyten Duyvil Creek, King's Bridge, and Marble Hill area, 1777 military map
1842 view
What was a southern meander of Spuyten Duyvil Creek is now a bay in Inwood Park.

The brook currently ends above ground within Van Cortlandt Park, emptying into the Harlem River system at the Wards Island Water Pollution Control Plant via underground sewers.

Riverdale, Bronx

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Residential neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the New York City borough of the Bronx.

Residential neighborhood in the northwestern portion of the New York City borough of the Bronx.

Palisades (New Jersey), looking west across the Hudson River from Sigma Place, Riverdale.
Location of Riverdale within the Bronx
A pathway in Wave Hill
Northbound Henry Hudson Parkway
College of Mount Saint Vincent
Russian Mission Residency
The Riverdale station of the Metro-North Railroad
JFK house at 5040 Independence Avenue
Lou Gehrig's house
A house on Independence Avenue
Palisade Avenue

Riverdale's boundaries are disputed, but it is commonly agreed to be bordered by Yonkers to the north, Van Cortlandt Park and Broadway to the east, the Kingsbridge neighborhood to the southeast, either the Harlem River or the Spuyten Duyvil neighborhood to the south, and the Hudson River to the west.