A report on Vancouver

View of Gastown from Carrall and Water Street in 1886. Gastown was a settlement that quickly became a centre for trade and commerce on Burrard Inlet.
The first Vancouver City Council meeting following the Great Vancouver Fire in 1886
Plainclothes RCMP officers attack Relief Camp Workers' Union protesters in 1938. Several protests over unemployment occurred in the city during the Great Depression.
Downtown celebrations at the end of World War II
Satellite image of Metro Vancouver (2018)
Aerial view of Downtown Vancouver. Urban development in Vancouver is characterized by a large residential population living in the city centre with mixed-use developments.
Robson Square is a civic centre and public square designed by local architect Arthur Erickson.
Waterfront station, Vancouver
Completed in 2008, Living Shangri-La is the tallest building in Vancouver.
Vancouver's Chinatown is Canada's largest Chinatown. The city holds one of the largest concentrations of ethnic Chinese residents in North America.
The Port of Vancouver is the largest port in Canada, and the third-largest port in the Americas (by tonnage).
The 23 official neighbourhoods of Vancouver
Opened in 1936, Vancouver City Hall is home to Vancouver City Council.
Vancouver Metropolitan Area in 2018
Mounted officers of the Vancouver Police Department in Stanley Park
Hypodermic needles scattered amidst trash on Station Street near Pacific Central Station
Headquarters of the Vancouver School Board. The English-language school district serves Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands.
Main mall of the University of British Columbia (UBC). UBC is one of five public universities located in Vancouver.
Opened in 2005, VIFF Centre houses production rooms and offices for the Vancouver International Film Festival.
Science World is an interactive science centre. The building was originally constructed for Expo 86.
The Inukshuk at English Bay. The inukshuk is one of several pieces of public art on display in Vancouver.
The Granville Entertainment District downtown can attract large crowds to the street's many bars and nightclubs.
Granville Square (centre building) houses the two major daily newspapers of the city, The Vancouver Sun and The Province.
750 Burrard Street houses Bell Media's West Coast headquarters and the regional offices for The Globe and Mail.
A SeaBus crosses Burrard Inlet between Vancouver and the neighbouring city of North Vancouver.
Off- and on-ramps leading to British Columbia Highway 1 in Vancouver. Highway 1 is the only controlled-access highway within the city limits.
Vancouver's SkyTrain in the Grandview Cut, with downtown Vancouver in the background. The white dome-like structure is the old roof of BC Place Stadium.
Third Beach is one of many beaches located in Vancouver. Given the city's proximity to the ocean, and mountains, the area is a popular destination for outdoor recreation.
BC Place is a multi-purpose stadium that is home to the BC Lions of the CFL and the Vancouver Whitecaps FC of MLS.
The Vancouver Canucks are an NHL team who play their home games in Rogers Arena.
Container recycling, paper recycling and garbage bins in Vancouver
Draft map of villages and landmarks with their Indigenous names, Burrard Inlet and English Bay, by Vancouver Archivist J._S._Matthews

Major city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

- Vancouver

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British Columbia

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Westernmost province of Canada.

Westernmost province of Canada.

British Columbia's geography is epitomized by the variety and intensity of its physical relief, which has defined patterns of settlement and industry since colonization.
Outline map of British Columbia with significant cities and towns
Köppen climate types in British Columbia
The Strait of Georgia, near Vancouver
Shuswap Lake as seen from Sorrento
The Okanagan region has a climate suitable to vineyards.
Mount Robson, Canadian Rockies
Odaray Mountain and Lake O'Hara
Yoho National Park
Cheakamus Lake in Garibaldi Provincial Park
Humpback whale in Sooke coast
'Namgis Thunderbird Transformation Mask, 19th century
Fort San Miguel at Nootka in 1793
Kwakwaka'wakw house pole, second half of the 19th century
Fort Rupert, Vancouver Island, 1851
Cattle near the Maas by Dutch painter Aelbert Cuyp. Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Cuyp.
Victoria, 1864
Lord Strathcona drives the Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, November 7, 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of British Columbia's entry into Confederation.
Memorial to the "last spike" in Craigellachie
Statue of Queen Victoria outside the British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Internment camp for Japanese Canadians during World War II
W.A.C. Bennett, 25th premier of British Columbia
British Columbia's pavilion for Expo 86, Vancouver
The Coquihalla Highway was one of the legacies of the Expo 86 world's fair, though creation of the toll highway sparked controversy. Tolling was removed in 2008.
The cauldron of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver
Population density map of British Columbia, with regional district borders shown
The Vancouver skyline
Canada Place in Downtown Vancouver
Entrance to Telus Garden
The British Columbia Parliament Buildings in Victoria
Coat of arms' escutcheon of the current lieutenant governor
John Horgan is premier, BC's head of government.
The meeting chamber of the Legislative Assembly
The flower of the Pacific dogwood is often associated with British Columbia.
The Alex Fraser Bridge on Highway 91 between Richmond and Delta
British Columbia Highway 1 near Brentwood, Burnaby
CPR train traversing the Stoney Creek Bridge
Spirit of Vancouver Island S-class ferry
Ice sailing in Whistler
Shoreline Trail in Victoria
Hatley Castle on the campus of Royal Roads University
Aerial view of Simon Fraser University in Burnaby
Quest University Canada Academic Building, aerial view

The capital of British Columbia is Victoria and its largest city is Vancouver.

Victoria, British Columbia

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Capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast.

Capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast.

View of Victoria from James Bay in 1862. The city was incorporated that year as a result of the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush.
Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve members stand outside the British Columbia Parliament Buildings in 1914.
Bird's-eye view of Victoria in 1889. After the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1886, Victoria lost its position as the commercial centre of the province to Vancouver.
Victoria in February, shortly after rainfall. The city has distinct dry and rainy seasons, with two-thirds of its annual rainfall coming from November to February.
Time series of average temperatures during summer (June, July, and August) and winter (December, January, and February) in Victoria, BC from 1978 to 2019 (weather station data from ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/noaa/). For comparison, the Global surface temperature anomaly rose by just under one degree over the same period.
Wawadit'la, a Kwakwaka'wakw "big house", with a totem pole in Thunderbird Park. Indigenous made up 5.9 percent of Victoria's population in 2011, although this number dropped to 4.6% as of the 2016 census.
Aerial view of Victoria's inner harbour.
Craigdarroch Castle in the neighbourhood of Rockland. Rockland is a historic neighbourhood just southeast of Downtown Victoria.
The Bay Centre is one of three shopping malls in Victoria.
Downtown Victoria at twilight. Downtown is the central business district for Greater Victoria and a major tourist destination.
Ogden Point is a deep water port in the southwest corner of Victoria. The port sees 500,000 daytime visitors via cruise ships per year.
The Royal Theatre is an opera house and concert hall in Victoria. It is home to the Victoria Symphony, the Victoria Philharmonic Choir, as well as Pacific Opera Victoria.
The Belfry Theatre is a theatre company founded in 1974 and located in the neighbourhood of Fernwood.
The Empress is a hotel on Government Street, facing Victoria Harbour.
Clover Point located on Dallas Road
The Royal British Columbia Museum is the province's human and natural history museum.
Just north of the city limits is Butchart Gardens, a botanical garden and National Historic Site.
Cyclists during the Bastion Square cycling race. Greater Victoria is home to a number of bicycle trails.
Royal Athletic Park is a multi-purpose stadium in the city. It is used as the home stadium for the WCL's Victoria HarbourCats.
Save-On-Foods Memorial Centre is an indoor ice hockey arena in Victoria. It is the home arena for the WHL's Victoria Royals.
Outside the city limits, on the southeast corner of Vancouver Island is the Jordan River Dam. The dam is the main hydroelectric power station for the Island, including Victoria.
Victoria International Airport is an international airport that serves the Saanich Peninsula.
Because of Victoria's mild year-round weather, with mostly rainy winters, travel around Victoria by bicycle is practical year-round compared to other Canadian cities.
Operating a fleet of buses, Victoria Regional Transit System provides public transit to the Greater Victoria region.
The Mile Zero sign for Canada's Trans-Canada Highway. Victoria is the western terminus for the highway.
Royal Roads University is one of three universities in Greater Victoria.
Street sign of sister cities in Victoria, Canada

Victoria is the southernmost major city in Western Canada and is about 100 km southwest from British Columbia's largest city of Vancouver on the mainland.


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City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada.

City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada.

Capitol Hill and the North Shore mountains, as seen from Deer Lake Park
The Brentwood neighbourhood, with Capitol Hill in the distance
Metrotown at sunset, as seen from Lochdale
Burnaby Central Secondary School, one of Burnaby's eight public secondary schools
Joe Sakic, former captain for the Colorado Avalanche
Actress Carrie-Anne Moss, known for movies such as The Matrix trilogy and Memento
Christy Clark, a former BC Liberal premier of British Columbia

Located in the centre of the Burrard Peninsula, it neighbours the City of Vancouver to the west, the District of North Vancouver across the confluence of the Burrard Inlet with its Indian Arm to the north, Port Moody and Coquitlam to the east, New Westminster and Surrey across the Fraser River to the southeast, and Richmond on the Lulu Island to the southwest.

New Westminster

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City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Metro Vancouver Regional District.

City in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Metro Vancouver Regional District.

A view of New Westminster from the Fraser River, c. 1865
Moody likened his vision of the nascent Colony of British Columbia to the pastoral scenes painted by Aelbert Cuyp.
Coquitlam City, of New Westminster
City of New Westminster in flames, September 10, 1898
The BC Penitentiary being constructed c. 1877
Contrasting views of Columbia Street in 1932 and 2008
A replica of a Queen Anne house opposite Queens Park
View towards the West End and Uptown neighbourhoods from the Queensborough Bridge
Westminster Quay
May Day celebrations in 1913. Young girls dance around a maypole.
The May Queen c. 1887
Wayne Wright sets off an anvil shot during the 2008 Ancient and Honourable Hyack Anvil Battery Salute.
New Westminster Bridge
An Expo Line train approaching New Westminster station
Memorial cairn at Grimston Park in New Westminster

It was the British Columbia Mainland's largest city from that year until it was passed in population by Vancouver during the first decade of the 20th century.

Richmond, British Columbia

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Coastal city in the Metro Vancouver region of British Columbia, Canada.

Coastal city in the Metro Vancouver region of British Columbia, Canada.

Old Richmond home, 2006
Aberdeen Centre
Empire Centre
East-facing aerial view of Westminster Highway and Canada Line
Exterior of the Richmond Olympic Oval with Water Sky Garden sculpture by artist Janet Echelman
Capstan Way development in 2018
The Garden City Lands
City Centre Community Centre
Aberdeen Park
Richmond City Hall
The Canada Line is Richmond's rapid transit service to Vancouver International Airport and Downtown Vancouver.
The Dinsmore Bridge (foreground) is one of three road connections between Lulu Island (at right) and Sea Island (at left).
Richmond Fire-Rescue
The head offices of the Richmond School District #38, on Granville Avenue

Encompassing the adjacent Sea Island (where the Vancouver International Airport is located) and several other smaller islands and uninhabited islets to its north and south, it neighbours Vancouver and Burnaby on the Burrard Peninsula to the north, New Westminster and Annacis Island to the east, Delta to the south, and the Strait of Georgia to the west.

Downtown Vancouver

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Main central business district and the city center neighbourhood of Metro Vancouver, located on the northwestern shore of the Burrard Peninsula in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

Main central business district and the city center neighbourhood of Metro Vancouver, located on the northwestern shore of the Burrard Peninsula in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

Downtown Vancouver is bounded by Burrard Inlet to the north.
Sunset over Downtown Vancouver
Burrard Street Bridge is a major bridge and access point to Downtown.
Waterfront station is a major intermodal public transportation hub in Downtown Vancouver.

Along with West End, Stanley Park and the nearby Downtown Eastside, the Downtown makes up Central Vancouver, one of the three main areas (the other two being East Side and West Side) under the City of Vancouver administration.

Aerial view of Burrard Inlet

Burrard Inlet

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Relatively shallow-sided fjord in northwestern Lower Mainland, British Columbia, Canada.

Relatively shallow-sided fjord in northwestern Lower Mainland, British Columbia, Canada.

Aerial view of Burrard Inlet
Burrard Inlet and the Second Narrows Ironworkers Memorial Bridge, looking west from Capitol Hill in Burnaby
Part of the Outer Harbour (upper area), extending to part of the Central Harbour (lower area) on April 5, 2022. Taken from the International Space Station during Expedition 67; north is oriented towards the right and somewhat down.

Formed during the last Ice Age, it separates the City of Vancouver and the rest of the lowland Burrard Peninsula to the south from the coastal slopes of the North Shore Mountains, which span West Vancouver and the City and District of North Vancouver to the north.

Fraser River

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Fraser River drainage basin
The Descent of the Fraser River, 1808, by C.W. Jefferys
Fraser River in Lillooet
Source of Fraser River at Fraser Pass
The Chilliwack flood of 1894
Fraser River in the Glen Fraser area, about 25 km upstream of Lillooet
An east-facing aerial view of Ladner beyond Barber Island, Duck Island, Gunn Island and Port Guichon in the Fraser River Estuary

The Fraser River is the longest river within British Columbia, Canada, rising at Fraser Pass near Blackrock Mountain in the Rocky Mountains and flowing for 1375 km, into the Strait of Georgia just south of the City of Vancouver.

Emblem of the 2010 Winter Olympics

2010 Winter Olympics

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Emblem of the 2010 Winter Olympics
Olympic sites map
Richmond Olympic Oval: speed skating long track venue
The clock counting down to the opening of the Olympic Games in Downtown Vancouver
2010 Winter Olympics Participants
Sidney Crosby celebrates moments after scoring the gold medal-winning goal over the United States.
Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper and Governor General of Canada Michaelle Jean at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic Games Heads of State Reception

The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and also known as Vancouver 2010, were an international winter multi-sport event held from February 12 to 28, 2010 in Vancouver, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University of British Columbia, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.

The Expo 86 logo

Expo 86

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The Expo 86 logo
The monorail at Expo 86. After the site closed, it was shipped to England where it was installed at the Alton Towers theme park in 1987.
Oregon's pavilion
Expo 86 Stamp Issued by the Soviet Union
The former Expo 86 monorail, Swiss built Von Roll Seilbahnen AG Mark II, is now installed at Alton Towers in the United Kingdom.
The McBarge is currently anchored derelict in Burrard Inlet next to an oil refinery
The pub on the left was the China Gate Restaurant, and is now the Lighthouse Pub in Sechelt BC; the lighthouse on the right was a spaceship atop a McDonald's.
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Great Hall of Ramses II
Great Norwegian Explorers
The Roundhouse
Air Plaza
Marine Plaza
Highway 86: The Middle of the Road

The 1986 World Exposition on Transportation and Communication, or simply Expo 86, was a World's Fair held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from May 2 until October 13, 1986.