Vandals

VandalVandalicVandal Kingdomcomplete listHasdingi Vandals Vandal invasion409 invasion of the Iberian peninsulaCariniKing of the VandalsVandal invasion
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.wikipedia
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Vandal Kingdom

VandalVandalskingdom
Some later moved in large numbers, including most notably the group which successively established kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula and then North Africa in the 5th century. By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
The Vandal Kingdom (Regnum Vandalum) or Kingdom of the Vandals and Alans (Regnum Vandalorum et Alanorum) was established by the Germanic Vandal people under Genseric, and ruled in North Africa and the Mediterranean from 435 AD to 534 AD.

Crossing of the Rhine

crossed the Rhinecrossedcross the Rhine
Around 400, raids by the Huns forced many Germanic tribes to migrate into the territory of the Roman Empire, and fearing that they might be targeted next the Vandals were pushed westwards, crossing the Rhine into Gaul along with other tribes in 406.
The crossing of the Rhine by a mixed group of barbarians which included Vandals, Alans and Suebi is traditionally considered to have occurred on 31 December 406.

Hasdingi

AsdingHasding VandalsAsding Vandals
In 409 the Vandals crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula, where their main groups, the Hasdingi and the Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (northwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively.
The Hasdingi were the southern tribes of the Vandals, an East Germanic tribe.

Gaiseric

GeisericGeiserikGenseric
In 429, under king Genseric (reigned 428–477), the Vandals entered North Africa.
Gaiseric (c. 400 – 25 January 477), also known as Geiseric or Genseric (Gaisericus, Geisericus; reconstructed Vandalic: *Gaisarīks), was King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477) who established the Vandal Kingdom and was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century.

Silingi

SilingSiling VandalsSilinger
In 409 the Vandals crossed the Pyrenees into the Iberian Peninsula, where their main groups, the Hasdingi and the Silingi, settled in Gallaecia (northwest Iberia) and Baetica (south-central Iberia) respectively.
The Silings or Silingi (Latin: Silingae, Ancient Greek Σιλίγγαι – Silingai) were a Germanic tribe, part of the larger Vandal group.

Sicily

SicilianSiciliansSicilia
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily was ruled during the Early Middle Ages by the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Byzantine Empire, and the Emirate of Sicily.

Gunderic

After the Visigoths invaded Iberia in 418, the Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals voluntarily subjected themselves to the rule of Hasdingian leader Gunderic, who was pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419.
Gunderic (Gundericus; 379–428), King of Hasding Vandals (407-418), then King of Vandals and Alans (418–428), led the Hasding Vandals, a Germanic tribe originally residing near the Oder River, to take part in the barbarian invasions of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
After the Visigoths invaded Iberia in 418, the Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals voluntarily subjected themselves to the rule of Hasdingian leader Gunderic, who was pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419.
They next extended their authority into Hispania at the expense of the Suebi and Vandals.

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
Around 400, raids by the Huns forced many Germanic tribes to migrate into the territory of the Roman Empire, and fearing that they might be targeted next the Vandals were pushed westwards, crossing the Rhine into Gaul along with other tribes in 406.
During the 6th century, Justinian I reconquered the Italian peninsula from the Ostrogoths, North Africa from the Vandals, and southern Spain from the Visigoths.

Malta

🇲🇹MalteseMLT
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
After a period of Byzantine rule (4th to 9th century) and a probable sack by the Vandals, the islands were invaded by the Aghlabids in AD 870.

Alans

AlanAlanicAlanian
After the Visigoths invaded Iberia in 418, the Iranian Alans and Silingi Vandals voluntarily subjected themselves to the rule of Hasdingian leader Gunderic, who was pushed from Gallaecia to Baetica by a Roman-Suebi coalition in 419.
They crossed the Rhine in 406AD along with the Vandals and Suebi, settling in Orléans and Valence.

Sack of Rome (455)

Sack of Romesacked Romecaptured the city
They fended off several Roman attempts to recapture the African province, and sacked the city of Rome in 455.
was the third of four ancient sacks of Rome; it was conducted by the Vandals, who were then at war with the usurping Western Roman Emperor Petronius Maximus.

Vandalism

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This led to the use of the term "vandalism" to describe any pointless destruction, particularly the "barbarian" defacing of artwork.
The term finds its roots in an Enlightenment view that the Germanic Vandals were a uniquely destructive people.

Corsica

CorseCorsican1 collectivity
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
In the 5th century, the western half of the Roman Empire collapsed, and the island was invaded by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths.

Marcomannic Wars

campaignsecond expedition against the GermansSecond Marcomannic War
Expanding into Dacia during the Marcomannic Wars and to Pannonia during the Crisis of the Third Century, the Vandals were confined to Pannonia by the Goths around 330 AD, where they received permission to settle from Constantine the Great.
In the same year, Vandals (Astingi and Lacringi) and the Sarmatian Iazyges invaded Dacia, and succeeded in killing its governor, Calpurnius Proculus.

Crisis of the Third Century

crisis of the 3rd centuryCrisisconfusion in the Imperial seat
Expanding into Dacia during the Marcomannic Wars and to Pannonia during the Crisis of the Third Century, the Vandals were confined to Pannonia by the Goths around 330 AD, where they received permission to settle from Constantine the Great.
There were frequent raids across the Rhine and Danube frontier by foreign tribes, including the Carpians, Goths, Vandals, and Alamanni, and attacks from Sassanids in the east.

Early Middle Ages

early medievalEarlyDark Ages
However, modern historians tend to regard the Vandals during the transitional period from Late Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages as perpetuators, not destroyers, of Roman culture.
Fleeing before the advance of the Huns, the Vandals, Suebi, and Alans launched an attack across the frozen Rhine near Mainz; on 31 December, 406, the frontier gave way and these tribes surged into Roman Gaul.

Sardinia

SardegnaSardinianisland
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
The east Germanic tribe of the Vandals conquered Sardinia in 456.

North Africa during Antiquity

AfricaNorth AfricaRoman Africa
In 429, under king Genseric (reigned 428–477), the Vandals entered North Africa.
Rome lost parts of Africa to the Vandals in the 5th century.

Vandalic War

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Their kingdom collapsed in the Vandalic War of 533–4, in which Emperor Justinian I's forces reconquered the province for the Eastern Roman Empire.
In the course of the gradual decline and dissolution of the Western Roman Empire in the early 5th century, the Germanic tribe of the Vandals, allied with the Alans, had established themselves in the Iberian peninsula.

Balearic Islands

BalearicBalearesBalearic island
By 439 they established a kingdom which included the Roman province of Africa as well as Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta and the Balearic Islands.
The Vandals under Genseric conquered the Islands sometime between 461 and 468 during their war on the Roman Empire.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval period
Some medieval authors applied the ethnonym "Vandals" to Slavs: Veneti, Wends, Lusatians or Poles.
In 406 the Alans, Vandals, and Suevi crossed into Gaul; over the next three years they spread across Gaul and in 409 crossed the Pyrenees Mountains into modern-day Spain.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
Their kingdom collapsed in the Vandalic War of 533–4, in which Emperor Justinian I's forces reconquered the province for the Eastern Roman Empire.
The first of the western kingdoms Justinian attacked was that of the Vandals in North Africa.

North Africa

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Some later moved in large numbers, including most notably the group which successively established kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula and then North Africa in the 5th century.
Over the years, Berbers have been influenced by contact with other cultures: Greeks, Phoenicians, Egyptians, Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Europeans and Africans.

Aurelian

Lucius Domitius AurelianusEmperor AurelianRoman Emperor Aurelian
In about 271 AD the Roman Emperor Aurelian was obliged to protect the middle course of the Danube against them.
He also defeated the Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and Carpi.