Vanitas

vanityVanitas VanitatumAll is in vain!vanitas paintingsVanitas themesvanitas vanitatum omnia vanitasvaniteevanitiesVarney, vanity... (...all is vanity)
A vanitas is a symbolic work of art showing the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, often contrasting symbols of wealth and symbols of ephemerality and death.wikipedia
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Still life

still-lifestill lifesstill lives
Best-known are vanitas still lifes, a common genre in Netherlandish art of the 16th and 17th centuries; they have also been created at other times and in other media and genres.
These vanitas images have been re-interpreted through the last 400 years of art history, starting with Dutch painters around 1600.

Memento mori

momento moriskullskull and crossbones
By the 15th century, these could be extremely morbid and explicit, reflecting an increased obsession with death and decay also seen in the Ars moriendi, the Danse Macabre, and the overlapping motif of the Memento mori. From the Renaissance such motifs gradually became more indirect and, as the still-life genre became popular, found a home there.
A version of the theme in the artistic genre of still life is more often referred to as a vanitas, Latin for "vanity".

Charles Allan Gilbert

C. Allan GilbertC. Allen Gilbertall is vanity
He is especially remembered for a widely published drawing (a memento mori or vanitas) titled All Is Vanity.

Temporality

temporaltemporalitiestransience
A vanitas is a symbolic work of art showing the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, often contrasting symbols of wealth and symbols of ephemerality and death.

Ephemerality

ephemeralephemeral riverephemera
A vanitas is a symbolic work of art showing the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, often contrasting symbols of wealth and symbols of ephemerality and death.

Alexander de Cadenet

Alexander
He is most known for his skull portraits that are set within the tradition of Vanitas.

Vanitas: Flesh Dress for an Albino Anorectic

As suggested by the title, the work is considered within the genre of "vanitas", a category of art showing death and decay.

Vanity

vainVaingloryvainglorious
Although the term vanitas (Latin, "emptiness") originally meant not obsession by one's appearance, but the ultimate fruitlessness of humankind's efforts in this world, the phrase summarizes the complete preoccupation of the subject of the picture.

Ecclesiastes

Book of EcclesiastesKoheletQoheleth
It alludes to Ecclesiastes, where vanitas translates the Hebrew word hevel, which also includes the concept of transitoriness.

Ars moriendi

By the 15th century, these could be extremely morbid and explicit, reflecting an increased obsession with death and decay also seen in the Ars moriendi, the Danse Macabre, and the overlapping motif of the Memento mori. From the Renaissance such motifs gradually became more indirect and, as the still-life genre became popular, found a home there.

Abraham Mignon

Mignon, Abraham
Composition of flowers is a less obvious style of Vanitas by Abraham Mignon in the National Museum, Warsaw.
The motif of Vanitas or transience of life is also often present.

Danse Macabre

Dance of DeathTotentanzThe Dance of Death
By the 15th century, these could be extremely morbid and explicit, reflecting an increased obsession with death and decay also seen in the Ars moriendi, the Danse Macabre, and the overlapping motif of the Memento mori. From the Renaissance such motifs gradually became more indirect and, as the still-life genre became popular, found a home there.

Art of the Low Countries

Netherlandish artNetherlandishart of the pre-1830 Low Countries
Best-known are vanitas still lifes, a common genre in Netherlandish art of the 16th and 17th centuries; they have also been created at other times and in other media and genres.

List of art media

mediamediumart materials
Best-known are vanitas still lifes, a common genre in Netherlandish art of the 16th and 17th centuries; they have also been created at other times and in other media and genres.

Genre

subgenregenressubgenres
Best-known are vanitas still lifes, a common genre in Netherlandish art of the 16th and 17th centuries; they have also been created at other times and in other media and genres.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The Latin noun vanitas (from the Latin adjective vanus 'empty') means 'emptiness', 'futility', or 'worthlessness', the traditional Christian view being that earthly goods and pursuits are transient and worthless.

National Museum, Warsaw

National Museum in WarsawNational MuseumWarsaw National Museum
Composition of flowers is a less obvious style of Vanitas by Abraham Mignon in the National Museum, Warsaw.