A report on Varanasi

Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint
Banarasi sari
Tourists shopping for jewellery in Varanasi
Ganges view from Bhadaini water works, Varanasi
Ramnagar Fort was built in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh.
Alamgiri Mosque
Memorial of Sant Ravidas at Sant Ravidas Ghat
Sarnath, the suburb of Varanasi
Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Wall paintings, Varanasi, 1973
Sant Goswami Tulsidas Awadhi Hindi poet and propagator of Bhakthi music in Varanasi
Krishna standing on serpent Kaliya during Nag Nathaiya festival in Varanasi
The Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology in Varanasi
The Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport is the main airport that serves Varanasi.
Varanasi Junction, is the main railway station which serves Varanasi.
Banaras railway station at night
Ring Road Phase I
Road in Varanasi Cantonment
BLW manufactured locomotives hauling load across the nation.
A lithograph by James Prinsep (1832) of a Brahmin placing a garland on the holiest location in the city.
A painting by Edwin Lord Weeks (1883) of Varanasi, viewed from the Ganges.
An illustration (1890) of Bathing Ghat in Varanasi.
Maharaja of Benares, 1870s.
Map of the city, c. 1914.
An 1895 photograph of the Varanasi riverfront.
The lanes of Varanasi are bathed in a plethora of colours.
Dashashwamedh Ghat
Manikarnika Ghat
The Jain Ghat/Bachraj Ghat
Kedar Ghat during Kartika Purnima
The Kashi Vishwanath Temple, the most important temple in Varanasi.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.<ref name="Brief description">{{cite news|title=Brief description|publisher=Benaras Hindu University website|access-date=7 March 2015|url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/|url-status=dead |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6zTH4V8Me?url=http://www.bhu.ac.in/VT/ |archive-date=17 May 2018}}</ref>
The 18th century Durga Kund Temple
Parshvanath Jain temple

City on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world, even as the traditions are transformed in the face of modernization, generational changes and emigration.

- Varanasi
Kabir, a 15th-century Indian mystic poet and saint

157 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Uttar Pradesh

24 links

State in northern India.

State in northern India.

A part of the Gangetic Plain
Monsoon clouds over Indirapuram
Divisions of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the largest subdivion by population in the world. The red area has a smaller population than Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature.
Logo of Uttar Pradesh Police, the largest police force in the world.
Sown saplings of rice in a paddy; located in the rich fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, agriculture is the largest employment generator in the state.
IT premise in Noida, which is known for infrastructure and services, as well as high-end housing complexes.
A section of Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway
Indian field hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand
Ekana Cricket Stadium in Lucknow.
JRHU is the world's first school for the handicapped
Central Drug Research Institute, an autonomous multidisciplinary research institute
Kumbh Mela 2013 at Sangam, Allahabad
The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata
Kathak dancer performing
Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar Holi
Uttar Pradeshi thali with naan, sultani dal, raita, and shahi paneer
Paan (betel leaves) being served with silver foil
Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti
A hybrid nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) showing nectar spur, found mainly in Hardoi district
View of the Terai region
The threatened Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian found in the Ganges River

Uttar Pradesh has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations, including Agra, Aligarh, Ayodhya, Kushinagar, Prayagraj, Varanasi and Vrindavan.

Ganges

10 links

Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

Trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through India and Bangladesh.

Bhagirathi River at Gangotri.
Devprayag, confluence of Alaknanda (right) and Bhagirathi (left), and beginning of the Ganges proper.
The Himalayan headwaters of the Ganges River in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, India.
The Gandhi Setu Bridge across the Ganges in Patna, Bihar
A sailboat on the main distributory of the Ganges in Bangladesh, the Padma river.
The Ganges delta in a 2020 satellite image.
A 1908 map showing the course of the Ganges and its tributaries.
The River Ganges at Kolkata, with Howrah Bridge in the background
Lower Ganges in Lakshmipur, Bangladesh
Hardinge Bridge, Bangladesh, crosses the Ganges-Padma River. It is one of the key sites for measuring streamflow and discharge on the lower Ganges.
Chromolithograph, Indian woman floating lamps on the Ganges, by William Simpson, 1867
Descent of Ganga, painting by Raja Ravi Varma c. 1910
Preparations for cremations on the banks of the Ganges in Varanasi], 1903. The dead are being bathed, wrapped in cloth, and covered with wood. The photograph has a caption, "Who dies in the waters of the Ganges obtains heaven."]
Women and children at a bathing ghat on the Ganges in Banares (Varanasi), 1885.
Shiva, as Gangadhara, bearing the Descent of the Ganges, as the goddess Parvati, the sage Bhagiratha, and the bull Nandi look on (circa 1740).
A procession of Akharas marching over a makeshift bridge over the Ganges River. Kumbh Mela at Allahabad, 2001.
Head works of the Ganges canal in Haridwar (1860). Photograph by Samuel Bourne.
The Ganges Canal highlighted in red stretching between its headworks off the Ganges River in Haridwar and its confluences with the Jumna (Yamuna) River in Etawah and with the Ganges in Cawnpore (now Kanpur).
A girl selling plastic containers in Haridwar for carrying Ganges water.
Ganges from Space
Lesser florican (Sypheotides indicus)
The catla (Catla catla) is one of the Indian carp species that support major fisheries in the Ganges
The threatened gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is a large fish-eating crocodilian that is harmless to humans
The Gangetic dolphin in a sketch by Whymper and P. Smit, 1894.
People bathing and washing clothes in the Ganges in Varanasi.
The Ganges at Sultanganj.

It has been important historically, with many former provincial or imperial capitals such as Pataliputra, Kannauj, Kara, Munger, Kashi, Patna, Hajipur, Delhi, Bhagalpur, Murshidabad, Baharampur, Kampilya, and Kolkata located on its banks or the banks of tributaries and connected waterways.

Tulsidas composing the Ramcharitamanas.

Tulsidas

8 links

Ramanandi Vaishnava Hindu saint and poet, renowned for his devotion to the deity Rama.

Ramanandi Vaishnava Hindu saint and poet, renowned for his devotion to the deity Rama.

Tulsidas composing the Ramcharitamanas.
Picture of Tulsidas published in the Ramcharitmanas, by Sri Ganga Publishers, Gai Ghat, Benaras, 1949
Birthplace of Tulsidas
Tulsidas' patron deity Rama (centre) with wife Sita to his left and brother Lakshamana to the right, while Hanuman bows to his Lord
A Mughal prince visits Tulsidas. Early 18th century Sisodia dynasty painting from Udaipur, Mewar.
Tulsidas composes one of his works. Statue at Sant Tulsidas Municipal Inter College, Soron, Kasganj, India.
Tulsidas Home in Varanasi Where Ramacharitra Manas Hanuman Chalisa was written located near Tulsi Ghat Varanasi
Tulsidas House near Tulsi Ghat, Varanasi on the banks of river Ganga where Hanuman Chalisa and Ramacharitra Manas were written. Temple also exists at this location
250px
250px
150px

Tulsidas spent most of his life in the city of Varanasi and Ayodhya.

Allahabad

9 links

Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Metropolis in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE. Sometime about 1575 CE, Birbal of Akbar's era added an inscription that mentions the "Magh mela at Prayag Tirth Raj".
Allahabad Fort, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1575 on the banks of the Yamuna River.
Tomb of Nithar Begum (daughter of Mughal Emperor Jahangir) at Khusro Bagh.
Mahatma Gandhi at a January 1940 Congress Working Committee meeting with Vallabhbhai Patel and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit at Anand Bhavan in Allahabad
Allahabad University, established in 1887, is one of the oldest modern universities in the Indian subcontinent.
Pilgrims at the Triveni Sangam, the confluence of the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers in Allahabad.
The Yamuna in Allahabad during the rainy season
A typical Indian peacock, found in Allahabad on a large scale
The Allahabad High Court is India's fourth-oldest high court
New Yamuna Bridge in Allahabad
MLN Medical College, the Government Medical College in Allahabad
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad, a public engineering and management school
Anand Bhavan, owned by Indian political leader Motilal Nehru
A procession of pilgrims cross the Ganges during the 2001 Kumbh Mela in Allahabad

Alam, who was abandoned by Shuja after the defeats, surrendered to the English and was lodged at the fort, as they captured Allahabad, Benares and Chunar in his name.

Seal of the University

Banaras Hindu University

9 links

Seal of the University
Seal of the University
298x298px
Initial prospectus of the university
Founder Mahamana inaugurate literacy day among students
Singh Dwar, the main entrance gate to university campus
Rajiv Gandhi South Campus of the university
Limbdi hostel in the university
President Kovind, the incumbent Visitor of the university
Prof. Jain, the incumbent VC of the university
Office of the Controller of Examinations
The Central Office of BHU, atop is the BHU flag at what is also known as the Central Registry.
Shri Vishwanath Mandir has the tallest temple tower in the world.
Organization chart of the university
Dept. of Electrical Engineering IIT-BHU
Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University
Agriculture Fields of Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU
220x220px
Sir Sundarlal Hospital, IMS-BHU
Faculty of Arts, Banaras Hindu University
Faculty of Sanskrit Vidya Dharma Vijnan
220x220px
Centre for Advanced Study, Banaras Hindu University
Faculty building in the university
Central Library, BHU
Convocation attendees in university academic costume
Swatantra Bhawan (Hall of Independence) is the university auditorium with seating capacity of 2,000
BHU Medal
S Radhakrishnan<ref>{{Cite web|date=2021-09-05|title=Teachers Day 2021: Know all about Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|url=https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/teachers-day-2021-know-all-about-dr-sarvepalli-radhakrishnan-101630801598409.html|access-date=2022-01-21|website=Hindustan Times|language=en|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105806/https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/teachers-day-2021-know-all-about-dr-sarvepalli-radhakrishnan-101630801598409.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
CV Raman<ref>{{Cite speech |last=Raman |first=C. V. |date=1926 |title=Dr Sir C. V. Raman's Address |url=http://dspace.rri.res.in:8080/jspui/handle/2289/3265|language=en |access-date=21 January 2022|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105812/http://dspace.rri.res.in:8080/jspui/handle/2289/3265|url-status=live}}</ref>
APJ Abdul Kalam<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-10-24|title=A P J Abdul Kalam to teach at BHU|url=https://www.oneindia.com/2007/10/23/a-p-j-abdul-kalam-to-teach-at-bhu-1193206796.html|access-date=2022-01-21|website=oneindia.com|language=en|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105812/https://www.oneindia.com/2007/10/23/a-p-j-abdul-kalam-to-teach-at-bhu-1193206796.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
Girija Devi<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-10-24|title=बीएचयू में सबसे अलग थी अप्पा जी की क्लास, संगीत-मंचकला संकाय में विजिटिंग प्रोफेसर रहीं गिरिजा देवी|url=https://www.amarujala.com/uttar-pradesh/varanasi/girija-devi-was-a-visiting-professor-at-bhu|access-date=2022-01-21|language=hi|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105806/https://www.amarujala.com/uttar-pradesh/varanasi/girija-devi-was-a-visiting-professor-at-bhu|url-status=live}}</ref>
Sucheta Kripalani<ref>{{Cite web|title=Loksabha Profile|url=http://loksabhaph.nic.in/writereaddata/biodata_1_12/804.htm|access-date=2022-01-21|language=en|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105808/http://loksabhaph.nic.in/writereaddata/biodata_1_12/804.htm|url-status=live}}</ref>
N. Rajam<ref>{{Cite news|last=Anand|first=Lakshmi|date=2021-02-18|title=Rajam's journey with the violin|language=en-IN|work=The Hindu|url=https://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/music/rajams-journey-with-the-violin/article33870635.ece|access-date=2022-01-29|issn=0971-751X|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105806/https://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/music/rajams-journey-with-the-violin/article33870635.ece|url-status=live}}</ref>
B.C. Nirmal<ref>{{Cite web|last=Shrivastava|first=Prachi|title=Ex-BHU Prof BC Nirmal wins NUSRL Ranchi VC-ship|url=https://www.legallyindia.com/lawschools/ex-bhu-prof-bc-nirmal-appointed-to-nusrl-vc-ship-20140217-4353|access-date=2022-01-29|website=www.legallyindia.com|language=en-gb|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105810/https://www.legallyindia.com/lawschools/ex-bhu-prof-bc-nirmal-appointed-to-nusrl-vc-ship-20140217-4353|url-status=live}}</ref>
Adya Prasad Pandey<ref>{{Cite web|date=2016-10-27|title=Manipur University: BHU prof Aadya Prasad Pandey named new Vice Chancellor|url=https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/manipur-university-bhu-prof-aadya-prasad-pandey-named-new-vice-chancellor-3104763/|access-date=2022-01-29|website=The Indian Express|language=en|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105807/https://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/manipur-university-bhu-prof-aadya-prasad-pandey-named-new-vice-chancellor-3104763/|url-status=live}}</ref>
S. R. Ranganathan<ref>{{Cite web|title=S. R. Ranganathan BHU - Google Search|url=https://www.google.com/search?q&#61;S.+R.+Ranganathan+BHU&sxsrf&#61;AOaemvIp0pEYQKS9Mj_VxGSh6-O40Uajfg:1642762224454&ei&#61;8I_qYfOcG-XC3LUPobmGiAY&ved&#61;0ahUKEwjz1NqW1sL1AhVlIbcAHaGcAWEQ4dUDCA4&uact&#61;5&oq&#61;S.+R.+Ranganathan+BHU&gs_lcp&#61;Cgdnd3Mtd2l6EAM6BwgjELADECc6BwgAEEcQsANKBAhBGABKBAhGGABQmwNYmwNgmQpoAXACeACAAc4BiAHOAZIBAzItMZgBAKABAqABAcgBA8ABAQ&sclient&#61;gws-wiz|access-date=2022-01-29|website=www.google.com|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105810/https://www.google.com/search?q=S.+R.+Ranganathan+BHU&sxsrf=AOaemvIp0pEYQKS9Mj_VxGSh6-O40Uajfg:1642762224454&ei=8I_qYfOcG-XC3LUPobmGiAY&ved=0ahUKEwjz1NqW1sL1AhVlIbcAHaGcAWEQ4dUDCA4&uact=5&oq=S.+R.+Ranganathan+BHU&gs_lcp=Cgdnd3Mtd2l6EAM6BwgjELADECc6BwgAEEcQsANKBAhBGABKBAhGGABQmwNYmwNgmQpoAXACeACAAc4BiAHOAZIBAzItMZgBAKABAqABAcgBA8ABAQ&sclient=gws-wiz|url-status=live}}</ref>
Ramchandra Shukla<ref>{{Cite web|title=इनके चलते हो गया हिंदी और उर्दू का ब्रेक-अप|url=https://www.thelallantop.com/tehkhana/five-interesting-stories-about-ramchandra-shukla-on-his-birth-anniversary/|access-date=2022-01-29|website=LallanTop - News with most viral and Social Sharing Indian content on the web in Hindi|language=hi|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105811/https://www.thelallantop.com/tehkhana/five-interesting-stories-about-ramchandra-shukla-on-his-birth-anniversary/|url-status=live}}</ref>
Omkarnath Thakur<ref>{{Cite web|title=Banaras Hindu University, Faculty of Performing Arts,Department of Musicology, Varanasi|url=https://www.bhu.ac.in/performing_arts/musicology/|access-date=2022-01-29|website=www.bhu.ac.in|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105810/https://www.bhu.ac.in/performing_arts/musicology/|url-status=live}}</ref>
Prem Saran Satsangi<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://www.dei.ac.in/dei/edei/files/a1-f1-mc08e40c4a47f73e63cf6dd84184e6fff538072d2-ATT1.pdf |title=Archived copy |access-date=21 January 2022 |archive-date=8 January 2022 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220108012316/https://www.dei.ac.in/dei/edei/files/a1-f1-mc08e40c4a47f73e63cf6dd84184e6fff538072d2-ATT1.pdf |url-status=live }}</ref>
Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar<ref>{{Cite web |url=https://vigyanprasar.gov.in/bhatnagar-shanti-swarup/ |title=Archived copy |access-date=21 January 2022 |archive-date=21 January 2022 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121111316/https://vigyanprasar.gov.in/bhatnagar-shanti-swarup/ |url-status=live }}</ref>
Patcha Ramachandra Rao<ref>{{Cite web|title=INSA :: Deceased Fellow Detail|url=https://www.insaindia.res.in/detail.php?id&#61;N85-0913|access-date=2022-01-29|website=www.insaindia.res.in|archive-date=11 May 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210511050347/https://www.insaindia.res.in/detail.php?id=N85-0913|url-status=live}}</ref>
Birbal Sahni<ref>{{Cite web|title=Sahni, Birbal (1891-1949) – International Organisation of Palaeobotany|url=https://palaeobotany.org/index.php/palaeobotanist-biographies/sahni-birbal-1891-1949/|access-date=2022-01-29|language=en-US|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121105809/https://palaeobotany.org/index.php/palaeobotanist-biographies/sahni-birbal-1891-1949/|url-status=live}}</ref>
Ashok Agarwal<ref>{{Cite web|title=Dr. Ashok Agarwal is named IVF Expert of the Year 2019 {{!}} Embcol|url=https://embcol.org/Agarwal|access-date=2022-01-21|website=embcol.org|language=en|archive-date=21 January 2022|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20220121154940/https://embcol.org/Agarwal|url-status=live}}</ref>
Harivansh Rai Bachchan<ref name="indianexpress.com" />
Harkishan Singh
Bindeshwar Pathak<ref>{{Cite web|title=BHU Notable Alumni - Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.|url=https://new.bhu.ac.in/Site/BHUNotableAlumni/1_0|access-date=2022-01-29|website=new.bhu.ac.in|archive-date=14 July 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200714065255/https://new.bhu.ac.in/Site/BHUNotableAlumni/1_0|url-status=live}}</ref>
Bhupen Hazarika
Krishan Kant
Raj Narain
T. V. Ramakrishnan
Kamanio Chattopadhyay<ref>{{Cite web|title=INSA :: Indian Fellow Detail|url=https://www.insaindia.res.in/detail.php?id&#61;N96-1198|access-date=2022-01-29|website=www.insaindia.res.in|archive-date=1 May 2021|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210501205920/https://www.insaindia.res.in/detail.php?id=N96-1198|url-status=live}}</ref>
Tapan Singhel
Shyam Sunder Surolia
Robert M. Pirsig
Koenraad Elst
Kota Harinarayana<ref>{{Cite web|title=Profile – Dr. Kota Harinarayana |url=http://nias.res.in/sites/default/files/adjunct/CV-KotaHarinarayana.pdf|access-date=2022-01-28|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201023223254/http://nias.res.in/sites/default/files/adjunct/CV-KotaHarinarayana.pdf|archive-date=23 October 2020}}</ref>
Mannu Bhandari<ref>{{Cite web |title=काशी हिंदू विश्वविद्यालय से हिंदी में एमए किया था मन्नू भंडारी ने, 1951 से 53 तक बनारस में किया था प्रवास |url=https://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/varanasi-city-mannu-bhandari-had-done-ma-in-hindi-from-banaras-hindu-university-had-migrated-from-1951-to-53-in-banaras-jagran-special-22208964.html |access-date=2022-03-20 |website=Dainik Jagran |language=hi}}</ref>
President Murmu, Visitor of the university

Banaras Hindu University (BHU) (Hindi: काशी हिन्दू विश्वविद्यालय IAST: kashi Hindu vishwavidyalaya IPA : kaʃi hind̪u viʃvəvid̪yaləy ), formerly Central Hindu College, is a collegiate, central, and research university located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Rigveda (padapatha) manuscript in Devanagari, early 19th century. The red horizontal and vertical lines mark low and high pitch changes for chanting.

Sanskrit

7 links

Classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages.

Classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages.

Rigveda (padapatha) manuscript in Devanagari, early 19th century. The red horizontal and vertical lines mark low and high pitch changes for chanting.
A 17th-century birch bark manuscript of Pāṇini's grammar treatise from Kashmir
An early use of the word for "Sanskrit" in Late Brahmi script (also called Gupta script): Gupta ashoka sam.jpgGupta ashoka skrr.jpgGupta ashoka t.svg Saṃ-skṛ-ta 
Mandsaur stone inscription of Yashodharman-Vishnuvardhana, 532 CE.
Sanskrit's link to the Prakrit languages and other Indo-European languages
The Spitzer Manuscript is dated to about the 2nd century CE (above: folio 383 fragment). Discovered in the Kizil Caves, near the northern branch of the Central Asian Silk Route in northwest China, it is the oldest Sanskrit philosophical manuscript known so far.
A 5th-century Sanskrit inscription discovered in Java, Indonesia—one of the earliest in southeast Asia after the Mulavarman inscription discovered in Kutai, eastern Borneo. The Ciaruteun inscription combines two writing scripts and compares the king to the Hindu god Vishnu. It provides a terminus ad quem to the presence of Hinduism in the Indonesian islands. The oldest southeast Asian Sanskrit inscription—called the Vo Canh inscription—so far discovered is near Nha Trang, Vietnam, and it is dated to the late 2nd century to early 3rd century CE.
Sanskrit language's historical presence has been attested in many countries. The evidence includes manuscript pages and inscriptions discovered in South Asia, Southeast Asia and Central Asia. These have been dated between 300 and 1800 CE.
One of the oldest surviving Sanskrit manuscript pages in Gupta script (c. 828 CE), discovered in Nepal
One of the oldest Hindu Sanskrit inscriptions, the broken pieces of this early-1st-century BCE Hathibada Brahmi Inscription were discovered in Rajasthan. It is a dedication to deities Vāsudeva-Samkarshana (Krishna-Balarama) and mentions a stone temple.
in the form of a terracotta plaque
Sanskrit in modern Indian and other Brahmi scripts: May Śiva bless those who take delight in the language of the gods. (Kālidāsa)
One of the earliest known Sanskrit inscriptions in Tamil Grantha script at a rock-cut Hindu Trimurti temple (Mandakapattu, c. 615 CE)
The ancient Yūpa inscription (one of the earliest and oldest Sanskrit texts written in ancient Indonesia) dating back to the 4th century CE written by Brahmins under the rule of King Mulavarman of the Kutai Martadipura Kingdom located in eastern Borneo
Sanskrit festival at Pramati Hillview Academy, Mysore, India

The cities of Varanasi, Paithan, Pune and Kanchipuram were centers of classical Sanskrit learning and public debates until the arrival of the colonial era.

Sarnath

4 links

Gautama Buddha teaching his first sermon in the Deer Park, Sarnath. Wall painting Manali
Gandhara Greco-Buddhist sculpture of Gautama Buddha delivering his first sermon in the deer park at Sarnath. He preached the Four Noble Truths, the middle path and the Eightfold Path. In the statue, he is seated in Padmasana with his right hand turning the Dharmachakra, resting on a Triratna symbol, flanked on either side by a deer. He is surrounded by five Bhikkhus with shaven heads. In the background, Vajrapani and other attendants, including probable princes, are seen. Statue on display at the Prince of Wales museum.
The Bala Boddhisattva, an important statue for dating Indian art, was dedicated in "the year 3 of Kanishka" (circa 123 CE) and was discovered at Sarnath.
Shri Digambar Jain Temple, Singhpuri, Sarnath, Varanasi
Emblem of the Supreme Court of India: Lion Capital with Dharma-chakra
Ancient Buddhist monasteries near Dhamekh Stupa Monument Site, Sarnath. The ruins of the original main temple are to the left.
Ashoka pillar capital of Sarnath.
Dharmarajika Stupa from the pre-Ashokan Era
Ashoka's Brahmi inscription on the main pillar
Buddha image at Sarnath, a replica of the excavated Dharmachakra Pravartana Buddha at Sarnath
Mulagandhakuti fresco by Kosetsu Nosu
Interior of Sri Digamber Jain Shreyansnath Mandir
Temple of the Tibetan community in Sarnath
Mulagandhakuti Vihara, Mahabodhi Society Buddhist temple at Sarnath
Head of West Asian foreigner, Sarnath.<ref>Page 122: About the Masarh lion: "This particular example of a foreign model gets added support from the male heads of foreigners from Patna city and Sarnath since they also prove beyond doubt that a section of the elite in the Gangetic Basin was of foreign origin. However, as noted earlier, this is an example of the late Mauryan period since this is not the type adopted in any Ashoka pillar. We are, therefore, visualizing a historical situation in India in which the West Asian influence on Indian art was felt more in the late Mauryan than in the early Mauryan period. The term West Asia in this context stands for Iran and Afghanistan, where the Sakas and Pahlavas had their base-camps for eastward movement. The prelude to future inroads of the Indo-Bactrians in India had after all started in the second century B.C."... in {{cite book |last1=Gupta |first1=Swarajya Prakash |author-link=Swaraj Prakash Gupta|title=The Roots of Indian Art: A Detailed Study of the Formative Period of Indian Art and Architecture, Third and Second Centuries B.C., Mauryan and Late Mauryan |year=1980 |publisher=B.R. Publishing Corporation |isbn=978-0-391-02172-3 |pages=88, 122 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=0lDqAAAAMAAJ |language=en}}.</ref>
Sarnath Mauryan capital.
Sarnath capital with an elephant.
Sarnath - Plan of Excavations and constructions.
View of Lord Buddha at Thai Temple Sarnath Varanasi.
Buddha statue inside a votive stupa, Sarnath

Sarnath (Hindustani pronunciation: [saːɾnaːtʰ]) is a place located 10 km northeast of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Indo-Gangetic Plain

Indo-Gangetic Plain

6 links

172 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, around half of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

172 e6acre fertile plain encompassing northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, including most of northern and eastern India, around half of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.

Indo-Gangetic Plain
Clusters of yellow lights on the Indo-Gangetic Plain reveal numerous cities large and small in this photograph of northern India and northern Pakistan, seen from the northwest. The orange line is the India–Pakistan border.
A part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain over Northern, Central and Eastern India as well as its neighbouring countries

Most Prominent of them were Chauhans of Ajmer along with Gahadavals Or Rathores of Varanasi and many petty Rajput kingdoms.

North India

4 links

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

Loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.

States under Northern India Zonal Council in orange
Late Vedic Culture (1100-500 BCE)
Vedic India covered North, Central, Western and Eastern India
Children playing cricket in North Indian state of Himachal Pradesh
Sunset on the sand dunes at Thar desert located in North Indian state of Rajasthan
Distribution of Indo-Aryan languages.
North Indian Hindu bride in Lehenga
Chinkara in Madhya Pradesh, India
Goat at Great Himalayan national Park in Himachal Pradesh
Jim Corbett National Park
Sunrise in Kishtwar National Park, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Akshardham Temple, Delhi
The Taj Mahal at Agra
Amer Fort in Rajasthan
India's Köppen climate classification map is based on native vegetation, temperature, precipitation and their seasonality.(Major categories)
(Am) Tropical monsoon
(Aw) Tropical savanna, wet & dry
(BWh) Hot desert
(BWk) Cold desert
(BSh) Hot semi arid
(Cwa) Subtropical humid summer, dry winter
(Cwb) Subtropical highland, dry wint

It has a diverse culture, and includes the Hindu pilgrimage centres of Char Dham, Haridwar, Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, Allahabad, Vaishno Devi and Pushkar, the Buddhist pilgrimage centres of Sarnath and Kushinagar, the Sikh Golden Temple as well as world heritage sites such as the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Khajuraho temples, Hill Forts of Rajasthan, Jantar Mantar (Jaipur), Qutb Minar, Red Fort, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and the Taj Mahal.

An architectural panel depicting scenes from the Ramcharitmanas, Hanuman carrying the mountain of medicinal herbs (left); Rama battles Ravana (right).

Ramcharitmanas

4 links

Epic poem in the Awadhi language, composed by the 16th-century Indian bhakti poet Tulsidas (c.

Epic poem in the Awadhi language, composed by the 16th-century Indian bhakti poet Tulsidas (c.

An architectural panel depicting scenes from the Ramcharitmanas, Hanuman carrying the mountain of medicinal herbs (left); Rama battles Ravana (right).
Picture of author, Tulsidas published in the Ramcharitmanas, 1949.
Scene Ramayana, Gupta art
A Ramlila actor playing Ravana in traditional attire.
The birth of the four sons of Dasharatha.
Vishvamitra looks as Ram breaks the bow, to win the hand of Sita in marriage.
Rama, Sita and Lakshman meeting Sage Bharadwaj at his ashram in Prayag.
Bharata asks for Rama's paduka (footwear).
Ravana fights Jatayu as he carries off the kidnapped Sita.
Lakshman meets with Tara, Sugriva and Hanuman in the Palace of Kishkandha
Rama and the monkey chiefs.
Building Rama Setu Bridge to Lanka.
Hanuman searching for the Sanjivani herb.
The Family of Rama
Vishnu with Jay and Vijay
Daksha insults Sati in his sacrifice
Rama touches the stone by his foot, which turns to Ahalya

Tradition has it that Tulsidas had to face much criticism from the Sanskrit scholars of Varanasi for being a bhasha (vernacular) poet.