Variable pricing

Variable pricing and real-time pricinghagglingPrice shadingpricing variessurge pricing
Variable pricing is a pricing strategy for products.wikipedia
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Yield management

yieldrevenue managementyield management system
More recent examples, driven in part by reduced transaction costs using modern information technology, include yield management and some forms of congestion pricing.
Yield management is a variable pricing strategy, based on understanding, anticipating and influencing consumer behavior in order to maximize revenue or profits from a fixed, time-limited resource (such as airline seats or hotel room reservations or advertising inventory).

Pricing strategies

pricing strategypricepricing
Variable pricing is a pricing strategy for products.
Variable pricing strategy sums up the total cost of the variable characteristics associated in the production of the product.

Congestion pricing

congestion chargecongestion chargingroad congestion pricing
More recent examples, driven in part by reduced transaction costs using modern information technology, include yield management and some forms of congestion pricing.
In an effort to improve the pricing mechanism, and, to introduce real-time variable pricing,

Pricing

price comparisonPriceprice determination
Price discrimination is also known as variable pricing or differential pricing.

Auction

auctioneerauction houseauctions
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Foreign exchange market

foreign exchangeForexcurrency exchange
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Bargaining

hagglingbargainhaggle
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Electricity

electricalelectricelectrically
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Discounts and allowances

discountdiscounteddiscounts
Traditional examples include auctions, stock markets, foreign exchange markets, bargaining, electricity, and discounts.

Transaction cost

transaction coststransaction cost economicsTransaction cost theory
More recent examples, driven in part by reduced transaction costs using modern information technology, include yield management and some forms of congestion pricing.

Information technology

ITinformation technologiescomputer industry
More recent examples, driven in part by reduced transaction costs using modern information technology, include yield management and some forms of congestion pricing.

Online auction

Online auction business modelinternet auctiononline auctions
A variant of real time pricing is online auction business model (such as eBay).

EBay

E-bayeBay.comeBay Inc
A variant of real time pricing is online auction business model (such as eBay).

Price discrimination

discriminatory pricingprice discriminateproduct versioning

Net neutrality in the United States

net neutralitynetwork neutralityInternet Freedom Preservation Act
Proponents claimed that these bills would preserve the open Internet that consumer groups sought, and to prohibit Internet service providers from using various variable pricing models based upon the user's quality of service level, described as tiered service in the industry and as price discrimination arising from abuse of "local monopolies enshrined in law" by some economists.

Frank Winfield Woolworth

F.W. WoolworthF. W. WoolworthFrank Woolworth
He pioneered the now-common practices of buying merchandise directly from manufacturers and fixing the selling prices on items, rather than haggling.

Ingogo (company)

Ingogo
The company was the first transportation service company in Australia to provide riders with fixed fares, which included all tolls and charges, and no surge pricing or extra fees due to traffic jams.

San Francisco congestion pricing

San Francisco
Also as part of the USDoT's Urban Partnerships Congestion Initiative, San Francisco will receive $27 million in federal funds, approved in October 2008, to implement in 2010 an innovative parking plan called SFpark that will use rush hour pricing based on advanced technology through variable pricing according to actual demand.

Road pricing

tollstollroad toll
According to city's motor vehicle emission control plan 2013-2017, the congestion charge will be a real-time variable pricing scheme based on actual traffic flows and emissions data, and allow the fee to be charged for different vehicles and varying by time of the day and for different districts.