Vector graphics

vectorvector graphicvector-basedvector imagevector imagesvectorsvector artvector datavector drawingvector drawings
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.wikipedia
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Computer graphics

graphicsCGcomputer-generated
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
Some topics in computer graphics include user interface design, sprite graphics, vector graphics, 3D modeling, shaders, GPU design, implicit surface visualization with ray tracing, and computer vision, among others.

IBM 2250

22502250 Graphical Display Unit
Subsequent vector graphics systems, most of which iterated through dynamically modifiable stored lists of drawing instructions, include the IBM 2250, Imlac PDS-1, and DEC GT40.
The IBM 2250 Graphics Display Unit was a vector graphics display system by IBM for the System/360.

DEC GT40

GT40
Subsequent vector graphics systems, most of which iterated through dynamically modifiable stored lists of drawing instructions, include the IBM 2250, Imlac PDS-1, and DEC GT40.
DEC GT40 is an VT11 vector graphic terminal produced by the Digital Equipment Corporation, first introduced in October, 1972 (selling for “under $11,000”).

Space Wars

Space War
There was a home gaming system that used vector graphics called Vectrex as well as various arcade games like Asteroids, Space Wars and many cinematronics titles such as Rip-Off, and Tail Gunner using vector monitors.
Space Wars is a 1977 vector graphics arcade game based on the 1962 PDP-1 program Spacewar!.

Vectrex

Heads UpHeads Up'' (video game)Star Trek: The Motion Picture
There was a home gaming system that used vector graphics called Vectrex as well as various arcade games like Asteroids, Space Wars and many cinematronics titles such as Rip-Off, and Tail Gunner using vector monitors.
Unlike other non-portable video game consoles, which connected to televisions and rendered raster graphics, the Vectrex has an integrated vector monitor which displays vector graphics.

Scalable Vector Graphics

SVG.SVGScalable Vector Graphics (SVG)
Vector graphics are commonly found today in the SVG, EPS and PDF graphic file formats and are intrinsically different from the more common raster graphics file formats of JPEG, PNG, APNG, GIF, and MPEG4.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.

Plotter

pen plottercutting plottersplotted
Vector graphics can be created in a form using a pen plotter, a special type of printer that uses a series of ballpoint and felt-tip pens on a servo-driven mount that moves horizontally across the paper, with the plotter moving the paper back and forth through its paper path for vertical movement.
The plotter is a computer printer for printing vector graphics.

Asteroids (video game)

AsteroidsAsteroids & DeluxeAsteroids 7800
There was a home gaming system that used vector graphics called Vectrex as well as various arcade games like Asteroids, Space Wars and many cinematronics titles such as Rip-Off, and Tail Gunner using vector monitors.
Rains initially wanted the game done in raster graphics, but Logg, experienced in vector graphics, suggested an XY monitor because the high image quality would permit precise aiming.

Image scaling

scalingscaledresampling
The parameters of objects are stored and can be later modified. This means that moving, scaling, rotating, filling etc. doesn't degrade the quality of a drawing. Moreover, it is usual to specify the dimensions in device-independent units, which results in the best possible rasterization on raster devices.
When scaling a vector graphic image, the graphic primitives that make up the image can be scaled using geometric transformations, with no loss of image quality.

Raster graphics

Rasterraster imagebitmap
Vector graphics are commonly found today in the SVG, EPS and PDF graphic file formats and are intrinsically different from the more common raster graphics file formats of JPEG, PNG, APNG, GIF, and MPEG4.
The opposite to contones is "line work", usually implemented as vector graphics in digital systems.

Rasterisation

rasterizationrasterizedrasterizer
The parameters of objects are stored and can be later modified. This means that moving, scaling, rotating, filling etc. doesn't degrade the quality of a drawing. Moreover, it is usual to specify the dimensions in device-independent units, which results in the best possible rasterization on raster devices.
Rasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image ( A series of pixels, dots or lines that when they come together on a display, they recreate the image).

Bézier curve

BézierQuadratic bézier curvebezier
Bézier curves and bezigons
In vector graphics, Bézier curves are used to model smooth curves that can be scaled indefinitely.

Vector graphics editor

vectordrawing programdrawing utility
Vector graphics editors typically allow translation, rotation, mirroring, stretching, skewing, affine transformations, changing of z-order (loosely, what's in front of what) and combination of primitives into more complex objects.
A vector graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to compose and edit vector graphics images interactively on a computer and save them in one of many popular vector graphics formats, such as EPS, PDF, WMF, SVG, or VML.

Computer-aided design

CADcomputer aided designcomputer-aided design (CAD)
Many computer-aided design applications support splines and other curves, such as:
Current computer-aided design software packages range from 2D vector-based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modelers.

Vector monitor

VectorVector displayvector graphics
There was a home gaming system that used vector graphics called Vectrex as well as various arcade games like Asteroids, Space Wars and many cinematronics titles such as Rip-Off, and Tail Gunner using vector monitors.
Vector graphics

PDF

PDF format.pdfPDF file
Vector graphics are commonly found today in the SVG, EPS and PDF graphic file formats and are intrinsically different from the more common raster graphics file formats of JPEG, PNG, APNG, GIF, and MPEG4. For example, the PostScript and PDF page description languages use a vector graphics model.
Based on the PostScript language, each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, vector graphics, raster images and other information needed to display it. PDF was standardized as an open format, ISO 32000, in 2008, and no longer requires any royalties for its implementation.

Cairo (graphics)

CairolibcairoCairo graphics library
Cairo (graphics)
Cairo (stylized as cairo) is an open source programming library that provides a vector graphics-based, device-independent API for software developers.

Rip-Off

There was a home gaming system that used vector graphics called Vectrex as well as various arcade games like Asteroids, Space Wars and many cinematronics titles such as Rip-Off, and Tail Gunner using vector monitors.

Direct2D

Direct2D
Direct2D is a 2D vector graphics application programming interface (API) designed by Microsoft and implemented in Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, and also Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 (with Platform Update installed).

Composite Bézier curve

Bézier splinebezigonBézier
Bézier curves and bezigons
Modern vector graphics and computer font systems like PostScript, Asymptote, Metafont, OpenType, and SVG use composite Bézier curves composed of cubic Bézier curves (3rd order curves) for drawing curved shapes.

Image tracing

raster to vector conversionRaster-to-vectorRaster-to-vector conversion
Raster to vector
In computer graphics, image tracing, raster-to-vector conversion or vectorization is the conversion of raster graphics into vector graphics.

Video game graphics

top-down perspectivegraphicstop-down
Vector game
Some of the earliest video games were text games or text-based games that used text characters instead of bitmapped or vector graphics.

Turtle graphics

turtleturtle graphicTurtle Logo
Turtle graphics
In computer graphics, turtle graphics are vector graphics using a relative cursor (the "turtle") upon a Cartesian plane.

Color gradient

gradientsgradientcolor ramp
Color gradients
In vector graphics polygon meshes can be used, e.g., Adobe Illustrator supported gradient meshes.

PostScript

PS.EPS, .PSPSCRIPT
For example, the PostScript and PDF page description languages use a vector graphics model.
Vector graphics printing was left to special-purpose devices, called plotters.