Vegetable oil

oilseedoilseedsoilvegetable oilsoil seedsoil seedvegetable fatvegetable fats and oilsoilsvegetable
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are oils extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.wikipedia
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Soybean oil

soybeansoya oilsoy oil
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the soybean (Glycine max).

Cocoa butter

cacao buttercacao fatcocoa
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds.
Cocoa butter, also called theobroma oil, is a pale-yellow, edible vegetable fat extracted from the cocoa bean.

Palm oil

palmoilpalm-oil
Olive oil, palm oil, and rice bran oil are examples of fats from other parts of fruits. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.

Rapeseed

rapeseed oilBrassica napusoilseed rape
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Rapeseed is the third-largest source of vegetable oil and second-largest source of protein meal in the world.

Rice bran oil

bran oil
Olive oil, palm oil, and rice bran oil are examples of fats from other parts of fruits. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Rice bran oil is the oil extracted from the hard outer brown layer of rice called chaff (rice husk).

Triglyceride

triglyceridestriacylglyceroltriacylglycerols
Like animal fats, vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides.
Triglycerides are the main constituents of body fat in humans and other vertebrates, as well as vegetable fat.

Oil

oilsoil solutionoil and oil products
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are oils extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Oils may be animal, vegetable, or petrochemical in origin, and may be volatile or non-volatile.

Mineral oil

petroleum oiloilparaffin oil
Vegetable oils are usually edible; non-edible oils derived mainly from petroleum are termed mineral oils.
Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum, as distinct from usually edible vegetable oils.

Peanut oil

groundnut oilpeanutArachide oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a vegetable oil derived from peanuts.

Safflower

safflower oilCarthamus tinctoriusCarthami Flos
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds and was used by the early Spanish colonies along the Rio Grande as a substitute for saffron.

Lard

pork fatpig fatanimal
As a readily available by-product of modern pork production, lard had been cheaper than most vegetable oils, and it was common in many people's diet until the industrial revolution made vegetable oils more common and more affordable.

Sesame oil

sesame seed oilsesamegingelly oil
Sesame oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame seeds.

Cottonseed oil

cottonseedcotton oilcotton seed oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Cotton seed has a similar structure to other oilseeds such as sunflower seed, having an oil-bearing kernel surrounded by a hard outer hull; in processing, the oil is extracted from the kernel.

Butter

Bennecultured buttermelted butter
Some methods modify the makeup of the butter's fat through chemical manipulation of the finished product, some manipulate the cattle's feed, and some incorporate vegetable oil into the butter.

Castor oil

castorcastor-oilcastor bean oil
Castor oil has numerous industrial uses, owing to the presence of hydroxyl group on the fatty acid.
Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans.

Biodiesel

bio-dieselB20bioheat
Vegetable oils are also used to make biodiesel, which can be used like conventional diesel.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.

Vegetable oils as alternative energy

Vegetable oil economyvegetable oil powered cars
The use of vegetable oils as alternative energy is growing and the availability of biodiesel around the world is increasing.
Vegetable oils are increasingly used as a substitute for fossil fuels.

Lubricant

lubricantslubricating oillube oil
Vegetable oil is being used to produce biodegradable hydraulic fluid and lubricant.
Vegetable oils or synthetic liquids such as hydrogenated polyolefins, esters, silicones, fluorocarbons and many others are sometimes used as base oils.

Animal fat

animal fatsanimalfat
Like animal fats, vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides.

Coconut oil

coconutoilcopra oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Coconut oil makes up around 2.5% of the world vegetable oil production.

Oil mill

oilmilloilindustrial building
This can be done via mechanical extraction using an oil mill or chemical extraction using a solvent.
An oil mill is a grinding mill designed to crush or bruise oil-bearing seeds, such as linseed or peanuts, or other oil-rich vegetable material, such as olives or the fruit of the oil palm, which can then be pressed to extract vegetable oils, which may used as foods or for cooking, as oleochemical feedstocks, as lubricants, or as biofuels.

Hydrogenation

hydrogenatedcatalytic hydrogenationhydrogenated vegetable oil
Unsaturated vegetable oils can be transformed through partial or complete "hydrogenation" into oils of higher melting point.
The largest scale application of hydrogenation is for the processing of vegetable oils.

Canola oil

canolacanola (rapeseed)canola (rapeseed) oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from a variety of rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.

Palm kernel oil

Palm kernelpalm kernelspalm kernel acid
Palm kernel oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis.

Biofuel

biofuelsbio-fuelbio-fuels
Whereas first generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste plant material (from food crops that have already fulfilled their food purpose).