Vegetable oil

oilseedoilseedsoilvegetable oilsoil seedsoil seedvegetable fatoilsvegetable fats and oilsvegetable
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.wikipedia
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Soybean oil

soybeansoy oilsoya oil
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Soybean oil is a vegetable oil extracted from the seeds of the soybean (Glycine max).

Cocoa butter

cacao buttercacao fatcocoa
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds.
Cocoa butter, also called theobroma oil, is a pale-yellow, edible vegetable fat extracted from the cocoa bean.

Palm oil

palmoilpalm-oil
Olive oil, palm oil, and rice bran oil are example of fats from other parts of fruits. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.

Rapeseed

rapeseed oiloilseed raperape
Soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and cocoa butter are examples of fats from seeds. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
It is the third-largest source of vegetable oil in the world.

Oil

oilsoil solutionoil and oil products
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
Oils may be animal, vegetable, or petrochemical in origin, and may be volatile or non-volatile.

Triglyceride

triglyceridestriacylglyceroltriacylglyceride
Like animal fats, vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride). Triglycerides are the main constituents of body fat in humans and other animals, as well as vegetable fat.

Rice bran oil

bran oilgamma oryzanoloryzanol
Olive oil, palm oil, and rice bran oil are example of fats from other parts of fruits. Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Rice bran oil is the oil extracted from the hard outer brown layer of rice called chaff (rice husk).

Peanut oil

groundnut oilpeanutarachis (peanut) oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachide/arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts.

Sesame oil

sesamesesame seed oiloil
Flavor – while less flavorful oils command premium prices, some oils, such as olive, sesame, or almond oil, may be chosen specifically for the flavor they impart.
Sesame oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame seeds.

Safflower

safflower oilCarthami FlosCarthamus tinctorius
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds and was used by the early Spanish Colonies along the Rio Grande river as a substitute for Saffron.

Lard

pork fatpig fatanimal
Many vegetable oils are consumed directly, or indirectly as ingredients in food – a role that they share with some animal fats, including butter, ghee, lard, and schmaltz.
As a readily available by-product of modern pork production, lard had been cheaper than most vegetable oils, and it was common in many people's diet until the industrial revolution made vegetable oils more common and more affordable.

Cottonseed oil

cottonseedcotton oiloil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Cotton seed has a similar structure to other oilseeds such as sunflower seed, having an oil-bearing kernel surrounded by a hard outer hull; in processing, the oil is extracted from the kernel.

Butter

Bennecultured buttermelted butter
Many vegetable oils are consumed directly, or indirectly as ingredients in food – a role that they share with some animal fats, including butter, ghee, lard, and schmaltz.
Some methods modify the makeup of the butter's fat through chemical manipulation of the finished product, some manipulate the cattle's feed, and some incorporate vegetable oil into the butter.

Castor oil

castorcastor bean oilcastor-oil
Castor oil has numerous industrial uses, owing to the presence of hydroxyl group on the fatty acid.
Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans.

Biodiesel

bio-dieselB20green diesel
Vegetable oils are also used to make biodiesel, which can be used like conventional diesel.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.

Vegetable oils as alternative energy

vegetable oil economyvegetable oil powered cars
The use of vegetable oils as alternative energy is growing and the availability of biodiesel around the world is increasing.
Vegetable oils are increasingly used as a substitute for fossil fuels.

Lubricant

lubricantslubricating oillubricating
Vegetable oil is being used to produce biodegradable hydraulic fluid and lubricant.
Vegetable oils or synthetic liquids such as hydrogenated polyolefins, esters, silicones, fluorocarbons and many others are sometimes used as base oils.

Animal fat

animalanimal fatsfat
Like animal fats, vegetable fats are mixtures of triglycerides.
Vegetable fats and oils

Coconut oil

coconutoilcoconut fat
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Coconut oil makes up around 2.5% of world vegetable oil production.

Oil mill

oilmilloilindustrial building
This can be done via mechanical extraction using an oil mill or chemical extraction using a solvent.
An oil mill is a grinding mill designed to crush or bruise oil-bearing seeds, such as linseed or peanuts, or other oil-rich vegetable material, such as olives or the fruit of the oil palm, which can then be pressed to extract vegetable oils, which may used as foods or for cooking, as oleochemical feedstocks, as lubricants, or as biofuels.

Hydrogenation

hydrogenatedcatalytic hydrogenationhydrogenated oil
Unsaturated vegetable oils can be transformed through partial or complete "hydrogenation" into oils of higher melting point.
The largest scale application of hydrogenation is for the processing of vegetable oils.

Canola oil

canolacanola (rapeseed)canola (rapeseed) oil
Such oils include the major cooking oils – soybean, rapeseed, canola, sunflower, safflower, peanut, cottonseed, etc. Tropical oils, such as coconut, palm, and rice bran oils, are particularly valued in Asian cultures for high-temperature cooking, because of their unusually high flash points.
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from a variety of rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.

Palm kernel oil

Palm kernelpalm kernelspalm kernel acid
Palm kernel oil is an edible plant oil derived from the kernel of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis.

Biofuel

biofuelsbio-fuelbio-fuels
Whereas first generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste plant material (from food crops that have already fulfilled their food purpose).

Corn oil

corncorn oilscorn-oil
* Corn oil, one of the most common cooking oils.
Corn oil is generally less expensive than most other types of vegetable oils.