Venezuela

🇻🇪VenezuelanVENBolivarian Republic of VenezuelacountryRepublic of VenezuelaVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)VERepública Bolivariana de VenezuelaThe Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.wikipedia
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Caracas

Caracas, VenezuelaCaracas WCT, Venezuelacaraqueño
The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands).
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, and centre of the Greater Caracas Area. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range (Cordillera de la Costa).

Colombia

🇨🇴COLColombian
The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana.
Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru.

Trinidad and Tobago

🇹🇹TrinidadianTrinidad
The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana.
It is situated 130 km south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 km off the coast of northeastern Venezuela.

South America

SouthSouth AmericanSouth-
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.
It includes twelve sovereign states (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela), a part of France (French Guiana), and a non-sovereign area (the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory though this is disputed by Argentina).

Guyana

🇬🇾GuyaneseBritish Guiana
The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana.
Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east.

Guayana Esequiba

Esequiban Guyanaarea claimed by VenezuelaBarima Point
With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km 2 (61,600 sq mi).
Guayana Esequiba is a territory administered by Guyana and claimed by Venezuela.

Andes

AndeanAndes MountainsAndean region
There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
This range is about 7000 km long, about 200 to 700 km wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and of an average height of about 4000 m. The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

First Republic of Venezuela

First RepublicVenezueladeclare independence
In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia.
The First Republic of Venezuela (Primera República de Venezuela in Spanish) was the first independent government of Venezuela, lasting from July 5, 1811, to July 25, 1812.

1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts

coup d'étatcoup attemptFebruary 1992 coup attempt
Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993.
The Venezuelan coup attempts of 1992 were attempts to seize control of the government of Venezuela by the Hugo Chávez-led Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200.

Bolivarian Revolution

RevolutionBolivarianVenezuelan Revolution
A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution.
The Bolivarian Revolution is a political process in Venezuela led by late Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, the founder of the Fifth Republic Movement and later the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV).

Caracazo

El CaracazoCaracas Riots of February 1989Caracazo v. Venezuela
Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993.
The Caracazo, or sacudón, is the name given to the wave of protests, riots, looting, shootings and massacres that began on 27 February 1989 in Venezuela's capital, Caracas, and the surrounding towns.

States of Venezuela

Statestates23 states, one federal dependency, and one federal district
The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands).
Venezuela is a federation made up of twenty-three states (estados), a Capital District (Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Dependencias Federales), which consist of a large number of islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea.

Carlos Andrés Pérez

CAPCarlos Andres PerezPresident Pérez
Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993.
Carlos Andrés Pérez Rodríguez (27 October 1922 – 25 December 2010) also known as CAP and often referred to as [[Venezuelan Spanish#Some examples of Spanish words common in Venezuela.2C including some native Venezuelanisms .28slang.29|El Gocho]] (due to his Andean origins), was a Venezuelan politician, President of Venezuela from 12 March 1974 to 12 March 1979 and again from 2 February 1989 to 21 May 1993.

Amazon basin

AmazonAmazonianAmazonas
There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
It is located in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

Gran Colombia

ColombiaRepublic of Gran ColombiaRepublic of Colombia
In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia.
The state included the territories of present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, and parts of northern Peru, western Guyana and northwestern Brazil.

1999 Constituent National Assembly

Constituent Assembly1999 Constituent Assembly of VenezuelaNational Constituent Assembly
The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written.
The Constituent National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente) was a constitutional convention held in Venezuela in 1999 to draft a new Constitution of Venezuela, but the assembly also gave itself the role of a supreme power above all the existing institutions in the republic.

Los Llanos (South America)

LlanosLos LlanosLlanos Orientales
There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
Los Llanos (, "The Plains") is a vast tropical grassland plain situated to the east of the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela, in northwestern South America.

Economy of Venezuela

Venezuela100% in 1996Venezuelan economy
Inflation peaked at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rose to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak.
Venezuela is the sixth largest member of OPEC by oil production.

Crisis in Venezuela

crisis in Bolivarian VenezuelaVenezuelan crisiseconomic crisis
The destabilized economy led to a crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime.
A socioeconomic and political crisis began in Venezuela in 2010 under the presidency of Hugo Chávez and has continued into the current presidency of Nicolás Maduro.

Orinoco Delta

Orinoco basinOrinoco River DeltaDelta del Orinoco
There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.
The Orinoco Delta is a vast river delta of the Orinoco River, located in eastern Venezuela.

List of countries by proven oil reserves

oil-rich countryproven oil reservesoil reserves
Oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and today, Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil.

United States of Venezuela

VenezuelaCongress of the United States of VenezuelaEstados Unidos de Venezuela
Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
The United States of Venezuela (Estados Unidos de Venezuela) was the official name of Venezuela, adopted in its 1864 constitution under the Juan Crisóstomo Falcón government.

Republic of Venezuela

VenezuelaRepública de VenezuelaVenezuelan
Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Venezuela saw ten years of military dictatorship from 1948 to 1958.

Alonso de Ojeda

Ojeda
According to the most popular and accepted version, in 1499, an expedition led by Alonso de Ojeda visited the Venezuelan coast.
He travelled through Guyana, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, Curaçao, Aruba and Colombia.

Caribbean Sea

CaribbeanCaribbean coastthe Caribbean Sea
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.
From Galera Point through Trinidad to Galeota Point (Southeast extreme) and thence to Baja Point (9.53333°N, -61°W) in Venezuela.