Verb phrase ellipsis

VP-ellipsisellipsisshortened sentences
In linguistics, verb phrase ellipsis (VP ellipsis or VPE) is an elliptical construction in which a non-finite verb phrase has been left out (elided), e.g.wikipedia
33 Related Articles

Auxiliary verb

auxiliaryauxiliary verbsauxiliaries
Further, the ellipsis must be introduced by an auxiliary verb (be, can, do, don't, could, have, may, might, shall, should, will, won't, would, etc.) or by the infinitive particle to.
See the article on verb phrase ellipsis for examples.

Antecedent-contained deletion

Antecedent-contained deletion (ACD), also called antecedent-contained ellipsis, is a phenomenon found in contexts containing verb phrase ellipsis and a quantifier.

Catena (linguistics)

catenacatenaecatena'' or 'chains
An alternative explanation, pursued in dependency grammars, is to assume that the basic unit of syntax is not the constituent, but rather the catena.
The catena has served as the basis for the analysis of a number of phenomena of syntax, such as idiosyncratic meaning, ellipsis mechanisms (e.g. gapping, stripping, VP-ellipsis, pseudogapping, sluicing, answer ellipsis, comparative deletion), predicate-argument structures, and discontinuities (topicalization, wh-fronting, scrambling, extraposition, etc.).

Ellipsis (linguistics)

ellipsisellipticalellipses
In linguistics, verb phrase ellipsis (VP ellipsis or VPE) is an elliptical construction in which a non-finite verb phrase has been left out (elided), e.g. She will sell sea shells, and he will sell sea shells too.
The occurrence of VP-ellipsis, for instance, is often optional, e.g. He will help, and she will (help), too.

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
In linguistics, verb phrase ellipsis (VP ellipsis or VPE) is an elliptical construction in which a non-finite verb phrase has been left out (elided), e.g. She will sell sea shells, and he will sell sea shells too.

Nonfinite verb

non-finite verbnon-finitenon-finite forms
In linguistics, verb phrase ellipsis (VP ellipsis or VPE) is an elliptical construction in which a non-finite verb phrase has been left out (elided), e.g. She will sell sea shells, and he will sell sea shells too. In the types of VP ellipsis considered here, which are features of English grammar, the elided VP must be a non-finite VP; it cannot be a finite VP.

English grammar

Englishgrammarthere is
In the types of VP ellipsis considered here, which are features of English grammar, the elided VP must be a non-finite VP; it cannot be a finite VP.

Finite verb

finitefinite formsfinite form
In the types of VP ellipsis considered here, which are features of English grammar, the elided VP must be a non-finite VP; it cannot be a finite VP.

Tag question

tag questionsquestion tagQuestion Tags
A particularly frequent construction in which VP ellipsis (obligatorily) occurs is the tag question:

Antecedent (grammar)

antecedentantecedents antecedent
VP ellipsis can be said to operate either forwards or backwards: it operates forwards when the antecedent to the ellipsis precedes the ellipsis (as in the above examples) and backwards when the antecedent follows the ellipsis.

Dependent clause

subordinate clausesubordinate clausessubordinate
It operates upwards when the antecedent appears in a clause that is subordinate to the clause containing the ellipsis, and downwards when the ellipsis appears in a clause subordinate to the clause containing the antecedent.

Coordination (linguistics)

coordinationcoordinatedcoordinate structure
In the above examples, the two clauses are coordinated, so neither is subordinate to the other, and hence the operation of the ellipsis is neither upward nor downward.

Infinite regress

infinite regressionregressus ad infinitumcannot be infinitely long
This analysis would imply an infinite regress, which is an impossibility, since it would mean that the ellipsis could never acquire full semantic content.

Phrase structure grammar

phrase structureconstituencyconstituency grammar
One means of addressing antecedent-contained ellipsis that is pursued in some phrase structure grammars is to assume quantifier raising (QR).

Raising (linguistics)

raisingraising verbsubject raising
One means of addressing antecedent-contained ellipsis that is pursued in some phrase structure grammars is to assume quantifier raising (QR).

Dependency grammar

dependentdependencydependency grammars
An alternative explanation, pursued in dependency grammars, is to assume that the basic unit of syntax is not the constituent, but rather the catena.

Constituent (linguistics)

constituentconstituentssyntactic constituents
An alternative explanation, pursued in dependency grammars, is to assume that the basic unit of syntax is not the constituent, but rather the catena.

Sloppy identity

heresloppy
In linguistics, sloppy identity is an interpretive property that is found with verb phrase ellipsis where the identity of the pronoun in an elided VP (verb phrase) is not identical to the antecedent VP.

Comparative

Comparisondegreenull comparative
In particular, the comparative frequently occurs with independent mechanisms of syntax such as coordination and forms of ellipsis (gapping, pseudogapping, null complement anaphora, stripping, verb phrase ellipsis).

English conditional sentences

first conditionalIf (conjunction)second conditional
It may also be shortened by verb phrase ellipsis; a minimal conditional sentence could therefore be something like "Would you?"

Answer ellipsis

Answer ellipsis is like sluicing in this regard, but unlike gapping, stripping, VP-ellipsis, and pseudogapping, e.g.

Pseudogapping

Pseudogapping occurs in comparative and contrastive contexts, so it appears often after subordinators and coordinators such as if, although, but, than, etc. It is similar to verb phrase ellipsis (VP-ellipsis) insofar as the ellipsis is introduced by an auxiliary verb, and many grammarians take it to be a particular type of VP-ellipsis.