Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge

Verrazano-Narrows BridgeVerrazano Narrows BridgeVerrazano BridgeVerrazano-NarrowsVerrazzano BridgeThe Bridge: The Building of the Verrazano-Narrows BridgeVerazanno-Narrows BridgeVerrazzano-NarrowsVerrazzano–Narrows Bridgea single bridge
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, also referred to as the Verrazzano Bridge and formerly the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge connecting the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn.wikipedia
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Staten Island

Staten Island, New YorkRichmondStaten Island, NY
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, also referred to as the Verrazzano Bridge and formerly the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge connecting the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn. At the time, Staten Island was isolated from the rest of New York City, and its only direct connection to the other four boroughs was by the Staten Island Ferry to South Ferry in Manhattan, or 39th and 69th Streets in Brooklyn.
Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn via the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey via the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge and Bayonne Bridge.

Brooklyn

Brooklyn, New YorkBrooklyn, NYKings
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, also referred to as the Verrazzano Bridge and formerly the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge connecting the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn. At the time, Staten Island was isolated from the rest of New York City, and its only direct connection to the other four boroughs was by the Staten Island Ferry to South Ferry in Manhattan, or 39th and 69th Streets in Brooklyn.
Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects it with Staten Island.

New York Harbor

New York HarbourNew YorkNew York waterfront
The span is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first documented European explorer to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River in 1524.
It is fairly firmly held by historians that his ship anchored at the approximate location where the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge touches down in Brooklyn today.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, also referred to as the Verrazzano Bridge and formerly the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and Narrows Bridge, is a suspension bridge connecting the New York City boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn. At the time, Staten Island was isolated from the rest of New York City, and its only direct connection to the other four boroughs was by the Staten Island Ferry to South Ferry in Manhattan, or 39th and 69th Streets in Brooklyn.
Staten Island is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, and to Manhattan by way of the free Staten Island Ferry, a daily commuter ferry which provides unobstructed views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.

List of longest suspension bridge spans

longest suspension bridgelongest suspension bridge in the worldlongest suspension bridge span
The Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge has a central span of 4260 ft. It was the longest suspension bridge in the world until it was surpassed by the Humber Bridge in the United Kingdom in 1981.

Bay Ridge, Brooklyn

Bay RidgeBay Ridge, Brooklyn, New YorkBay Ridge, New York
One of the alternative proposals had the subway tunnel going from St. George, Staten Island, to Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, before continuing to Governors Island and then Lower Manhattan.
It is bounded by Sunset Park on the north, Dyker Heights on the east, the Narrows and the Belt Parkway on the west, and Fort Hamilton Army Base and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge on the south.

Hudson River

HudsonNorth RiverHudson River Watershed
The span is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first documented European explorer to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River in 1524.
Its outflow continues through the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, under the Verrazzano Bridge, and into Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.

Othmar Ammann

Othmar H. AmmannO. H. AmmannOthmar Amman
Structural engineer Othmar H. Ammann, who was building the Triborough Bridge, Midtown Tunnel, and Golden Gate Bridge at the time, showed interest in designing the proposed Narrows bridge, which would be the world's longest bridge if it were built.
Othmar Hermann Ammann (March 26, 1879 – September 22, 1965) was a Swiss-American civil engineer whose bridge designs include the George Washington Bridge, Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, and Bayonne Bridge.

Staten Island Tunnel

tunnelpartially-built tunnelproposed rail tunnel
A 1920s attempt to build a rail tunnel across the Narrows was aborted, as was another 1930s plan for vehicular tubes underneath the Narrows.
Similar to the 1890 proposal, it would have followed the routing of the current Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge (constructed from 1959 to 1964).

Robert Moses

In the late 1940s, urban planner Robert Moses championed a bridge across the Narrows as a way to connect Staten Island with the rest of the city.
From the 1930s to the 1960s, Robert Moses was responsible for the construction of the Triborough, the Marine Parkway, the Throgs Neck, the Bronx-Whitestone, the Henry Hudson, and the Verrazzano–Narrows bridges.

Staten Island Ferry

ferryStaten Island Ferriesa ferry
At the time, Staten Island was isolated from the rest of New York City, and its only direct connection to the other four boroughs was by the Staten Island Ferry to South Ferry in Manhattan, or 39th and 69th Streets in Brooklyn.
The 69th Street ferry ceased operation in 1964, due to the opening of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge a short distance south of its route.

Triborough Bridge

Robert F. Kennedy BridgeTriboroughRFK Bridge
On the Brooklyn side, the city planned to connect the Liberty Bridge to a "Crosstown Highway", spanning Brooklyn and Queens and connecting to the proposed Triborough Bridge in northwestern Queens.
By the end of the month, Walker acquiesced, and he had included both the Tri-Borough Bridge and a tunnel under the Narrows in his 10-year traffic program.

Belt Parkway

Shore ParkwayLaurelton ParkwayCircumferential (Belt) Parkway
On the Brooklyn side, the Narrows Bridge was originally supposed to connect to the Circumferential (Belt) Parkway, but in early 1957, Harriman vetoed a bill that stipulated that the main approach connect to the Belt Parkway.
Just east of the field, the Belt Parkway comes within the shadows of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge and enters exit 2, which serves as the southern terminus of Fourth Avenue.

Throgs Neck Bridge

Throgs NeckThroggs Neck BridgeThrog's Neck Bridge
A little more than a month later, New York Governor W. Averell Harriman signed a $600million spending bill authorizing the construction of the Narrows Bridge; the construction of the Throgs Neck Bridge between Queens and the Bronx; and the addition of a second level to the George Washington Bridge between Manhattan and New Jersey.
The Throgs Neck Bridge was designed by structural engineer Othmar Ammann, who also designed the George Washington, Bronx–Whitestone, Verrazzano-Narrows, and Triborough Bridges in New York City.

Queens–Midtown Tunnel

Queens-Midtown TunnelQueens Midtown TunnelMidtown Tunnel
The tubes were being planned in conjunction with the Triborough Tunnel (the modern-day Queens Midtown Tunnel), which would connect Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens.
The Board of Estimate ultimately allotted $5 million toward feasibility studies and preliminary construction for the Manhattan-Queens tunnel, as well as another tunnel under the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island.

Fort Hamilton

Fort Hamilton, New YorkFort Hamilton, BrooklynFort Hamilton Army Base
The anchorage was now to be located at Fort Lafayette, an island coastal fortification built next to Fort Hamilton at the southern tip of Bay Ridge.
Fort Lafayette was offshore on Hendricks Reef, and was demolished in the 1960s to make room for the eastern tower of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.

The Narrows

NarrowsVerrazano NarrowsVerazzano Narrows
It spans the Narrows, a body of water linking the relatively enclosed Upper New York Bay with Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and is the only fixed crossing of the Narrows.
In 1964 the Narrows was spanned by the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time, and still the longest suspension bridge in the United States (by length of the main span).

St. George, Staten Island

St. GeorgeSaint George120th Precinct
One of the alternative proposals had the subway tunnel going from St. George, Staten Island, to Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, before continuing to Governors Island and then Lower Manhattan.
The opening of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in 1964 created a connection between Staten Island and the rest of New York City that did not require passing through St. George, and led to the development of neighborhoods further inland.

Giovanni da Verrazzano

VerrazzanoGiovanni de Verrazzanoda Verrazzano, Giovanni
The span is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano, the first documented European explorer to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River in 1524.
It was only with great effort in the 1950s and 1960s that Verrazzano's name and reputation were re-established as the European discoverer of the harbor, during an effort to name the newly built Narrows bridge after him.

Lower New York Bay

LowerLower BayNew York Bay
It spans the Narrows, a body of water linking the relatively enclosed Upper New York Bay with Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and is the only fixed crossing of the Narrows.
That island was removed during construction of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.

Fort Lafayette

Fort Diamond
The anchorage was now to be located at Fort Lafayette, an island coastal fortification built next to Fort Hamilton at the southern tip of Bay Ridge.
The fort was demolished in 1960 to make room for the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge; the Brooklyn-side bridge tower now occupies the fort's former foundation site.

Golden Gate Bridge

Golden GateDoyle DriveDoyle Drive Replacement Project
Structural engineer Othmar H. Ammann, who was building the Triborough Bridge, Midtown Tunnel, and Golden Gate Bridge at the time, showed interest in designing the proposed Narrows bridge, which would be the world's longest bridge if it were built.
Until 1964, the Golden Gate Bridge had the longest suspension bridge main span in the world, at 4,200 ft. Since 1964 its main span length has been surpassed by fifteen bridges; it now has the second-longest main span in the United States, after the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in New York City.

Outerbridge Crossing

It was hoped that the new construction would spur development on Staten Island, along with the Outerbridge Crossing and the Bayonne Bridge, which were under construction at the time.
Neither bridge saw high traffic counts until the opening of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in 1964.

Upper New York Bay

Upper BayUpperNew York Harbor
It spans the Narrows, a body of water linking the relatively enclosed Upper New York Bay with Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, and is the only fixed crossing of the Narrows.

Lili Réthi

The book also contains several drawings by Lili Réthi and photographs by Bruce Davidson.
She is particularly known for her drawings of building and construction projects such as the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge.