Vibram FiveFingers

FiveFingersToe shoeToe shoesVibrams
Vibram FiveFingers are a type of minimalist shoe manufactured by Vibram, originally marketed as a more natural alternative for different outdoors activities (sailing, kayaking, canoeing, and as a camp or after-hike shoe).wikipedia
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Minimalist shoe

minimalist runnersminimalist shoes
Vibram FiveFingers are a type of minimalist shoe manufactured by Vibram, originally marketed as a more natural alternative for different outdoors activities (sailing, kayaking, canoeing, and as a camp or after-hike shoe).

Vibram

Vibram FiveFingers are a type of minimalist shoe manufactured by Vibram, originally marketed as a more natural alternative for different outdoors activities (sailing, kayaking, canoeing, and as a camp or after-hike shoe).
In April 2012, a lawsuit was filed against Vibram over claims made about their Vibram FiveFingers minimalist shoe.

Abebe Bikila

Olympic marathon champion Abebe Bikila
Vibram FiveFingers come in a variety of styles and sizes, including FiveFingers KMD Sport, KMD Sport LS, Classic, Sprint, Flow, KSO (the most popular), TrekSport, KSO Trek, Bikila (named for Abebe Bikila), Bikila LS, Speed and also men's styles FiveFingers Spyridon, Trek LS and Bormio and women's styles FiveFingers Jaya and Jaya LR.
In 2010, the Italian company Vibram introduced the "Bikila" model of its FiveFingers line of minimalist shoes.

Barefoot running

barefootrunning barefootran barefoot
The two American groups were adult athletes who had run with shoes since childhood, and those who habitually ran barefoot or with minimal footwear such as Vibram FiveFingers (mentioned by name in the study). Barefoot running, which is similar to running with FiveFingers on, appears to decrease the risk of ankle sprain and plantar fasciitis.
The Vibram FiveFingers has separate slots for each toe and no cushioning.

Toe socks

toe sock
*Vibram FiveFingers – a five-toed, minimalist running shoe

Vinschgau

Val VenostaVinschgau ValleyVintschgau
Invented in 1999 by Robert Fliri, a design student from Vinschgau who wanted to "figure out a way to move around in nature better."

Nature (journal)

NatureNature MagazineNature News
In a report on an article in Nature, co-author Daniel E. Lieberman stated that "People who wear conventional running shoes tend to run with a significantly different strike than those who run in minimalist shoes or barefoot. More specifically, the ball of the foot should strike the ground before the heel when running (or walking) barefoot or in minimalist shoes. By landing on the middle or front of the foot, barefoot runners have almost no impact collision."

Gait (human)

gaithuman gaitheel strike
In a report on an article in Nature, co-author Daniel E. Lieberman stated that "People who wear conventional running shoes tend to run with a significantly different strike than those who run in minimalist shoes or barefoot. More specifically, the ball of the foot should strike the ground before the heel when running (or walking) barefoot or in minimalist shoes. By landing on the middle or front of the foot, barefoot runners have almost no impact collision."

Kenya

KenyanRepublic of KenyaKEN
Lieberman et al.'s study was an experiment that involved five groups of runners from Kenya and the United States.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Lieberman et al.'s study was an experiment that involved five groups of runners from Kenya and the United States.

Force platform

force plateforce platesforceplate
The runners were instructed to run over a force plate that was embedded in a 25-meter track, and were recorded during the run using a three-dimensional infrared kinematic system.

Plantar fasciitis

plantar fascia injuryDancer's heelHeel spur syndrome
Barefoot running, which is similar to running with FiveFingers on, appears to decrease the risk of ankle sprain and plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fascia

plantar aponeurosisplantar aponeuroses
If not conditioned slowly enough, especially when transitioning away from heelstrike running or from wearing shoes with an elevated heel, the sole of the foot or plantar fascia can become inflamed or damaged with activity.

Edema

dropsyoedemaswelling
One study found a greater number of new wearers of FiveFingers showed an increase in bone marrow edema than those in the study's control group.

Tabi

jika-tabisockssplit-toe socks

Footwear

fashion footwearApparel/Footwear Retaildesigner

Shoe

shoessoleinsole
Some of these shoes include the Vibram FiveFingers, Nike Free, and Saucony's Kinvara and Hattori.