Victor d'Hupay

Joseph Alexandre Victor d'Hupay (1746–1818) was a French writer and philosopher.wikipedia
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Projet de communauté philosophe

Once his country house in Fuveau was restored, he published his first book, Projet de communauté philosophe, which advocated the idea of living in a sort of commune.
Projet de communauté philosophe (translated as Project for a Philosophical Community) is a book written by the French philosopher Victor d'Hupay, published in 1777.

Communism

communistcommunistscommunist ideology
He is best known as the first theorist of modern communism. Around this time, just before the French revolution, he was referred to as a communist in a book review by Restif de la Bretonne; according to some sources, this was the first time that the word "communism" was used in print in its modern sense.
The term "communism" was first coined and defined in its modern definition by the French philosopher and writer Victor d'Hupay.

Nicolas-Edme Rétif

Restif de la BretonneRétif de la BretonneNicolas-Edmé Restif de la Bretonne
Around this time, just before the French revolution, he was referred to as a communist in a book review by Restif de la Bretonne; according to some sources, this was the first time that the word "communism" was used in print in its modern sense.
He is also noted for his advocacy of communism, indeed the term first made its modern appearance (1785) in his book review of Joseph-Alexandre-Victor Hupay de Fuveau who described himself as "communist" with his Project for a Philosophical Community.

Aix-en-Provence

AixAix-en-Provence, FranceAquae Sextiae
During his life, Victor d'Hupay divided his time between La Tour-d'Aigues, Aix-en-Provence and the neighbouring village of Fuveau, to the south of Montagne Sainte-Victoire.
Victor d'Hupay, (1746–1818), writer and philosopher

Aristocracy (class)

aristocrataristocraticaristocrats
In 1746 Victor d'Hupay was born into an aristocratic family in the village of La Tour-d'Aigues in the Luberon, Provence.

La Tour-d'Aigues

In 1746 Victor d'Hupay was born into an aristocratic family in the village of La Tour-d'Aigues in the Luberon, Provence.

Luberon

Luberon MountainsParc Naturel Régional du LuberonLittle Luberon
In 1746 Victor d'Hupay was born into an aristocratic family in the village of La Tour-d'Aigues in the Luberon, Provence.

Provence

ProvençalProvençalsProvencal
In 1746 Victor d'Hupay was born into an aristocratic family in the village of La Tour-d'Aigues in the Luberon, Provence.

Physiocracy

physiocratsphysiocratphysiocratic
He believed agriculture to be the basis of wealth, and followed the Physiocrat movement that advocated an economy based upon it just as Marquis de Mirabeau did.

Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau

MirabeauComte de MirabeauHonoré Mirabeau
He believed agriculture to be the basis of wealth, and followed the Physiocrat movement that advocated an economy based upon it just as Marquis de Mirabeau did.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

RousseauJ.-J. RousseauJean Jacques Rousseau
d'Hupay challenged the display of wealth of Bruny, and other barons, because he, as a follower of Rousseau, wanted a simpler more rural life away from the tumult of cities.

Bastide

bastidesBastide Townfortified town
In 1770, he bought the bastide of Puget in Fuveau and became nobleman.

Fuveau

Fuveau-la Barque
During his life, Victor d'Hupay divided his time between La Tour-d'Aigues, Aix-en-Provence and the neighbouring village of Fuveau, to the south of Montagne Sainte-Victoire. In 1770, he bought the bastide of Puget in Fuveau and became nobleman.

Montagne Sainte-Victoire

Sainte-VictoireMont Sainte-Victoire Seen From the Bibemus QuarryMont Sainte Victoire
During his life, Victor d'Hupay divided his time between La Tour-d'Aigues, Aix-en-Provence and the neighbouring village of Fuveau, to the south of Montagne Sainte-Victoire.

Commune

communalcommunescommunally
Once his country house in Fuveau was restored, he published his first book, Projet de communauté philosophe, which advocated the idea of living in a sort of commune.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionaryrevolutionary France
Around this time, just before the French revolution, he was referred to as a communist in a book review by Restif de la Bretonne; according to some sources, this was the first time that the word "communism" was used in print in its modern sense.

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre

Bernardin de Saint-PierreBernardin St. PierreBernardin de St. Pierre
He corresponded with Mirabeau and Bernardin de Saint-Pierre.

Reign of Terror

Terrorthe TerrorGreat Terror
Despite his commitment to the revolution, he was imprisoned under the Terror and his house was looted.

Bouches-du-Rhône

Bouches-du-RhoneBouches-du-Rôhne Bouches-du-Rhône Department

History of communism

communist movementworld communist movementInternational Communist Movement
The term was first created in its modern definition by the French philosopher Victor d'Hupay.

List of French-language authors

FrenchChronological listFrench writers
Joseph-Alexandre-Victor Hupay de Fuveau (1746–1818)