Video CD

VCDVCDsVideo-CDVideoCDvideo diskAVCDvideo compact disc (VCD)C.D formatsCVDDAT
Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc Digital Video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard 120 mm optical discs.wikipedia
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Compact disc

CDCDsCD single
The format is a standard digital format for storing video on a compact disc.
Several other formats were further derived from these, including write-once audio and data storage (CD-R), rewritable media (CD-RW), Video Compact Disc (VCD), Super Video Compact Disc (SVCD), Photo CD, PictureCD, Compact Disc-Interactive (CD-i), and Enhanced Music CD.

Home video

home entertainmenthome mediavideo album
Video CD (abbreviated as VCD, and also known as Compact Disc Digital Video) is a home video format and the first format for distributing films on standard 120 mm optical discs.
The VCD format remains popular in Asia, although DVDs are gradually gaining popularity.

DVD-Video

DVDDVD-VDVD video
The format was widely adopted in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, superseding the VHS and Betamax systems in the regions until DVD-Video finally became affordable in the late 2000s.
Some DVD hardware or software players may play discs whose MPEG files do not conform to the above standards; commonly this is used to support discs authored with formats such as VCD and SVCD.

MPEG-1

MPEG-1 Part 2MPGMPEG1
However, they are less widely playable in some Blu-ray Disc players, in-car infotainment with DVD/Blu-ray support and video game consoles such as the Sony PlayStation 3-4 due to lack of support for backward compatibility of the older MPEG-1 format.
It is designed to compress VHS-quality raw digital video and CD audio down to about 1.5 Mbit/s (26:1 and 6:1 compression ratios respectively) without excessive quality loss, making video CDs, digital cable/satellite TV and digital audio broadcasting (DAB) possible.

DVD player

DVD playersDVDconsumer entertainment device
VCDs are playable in dedicated VCD players and widely playable in most DVD players, personal computers and some video game consoles.
Additionally, most DVD players allow users to play audio CDs (CD-DA, MP3, etc.) and Video CDs (VCD).

DVD

DVD-ROMDVDsDVD-9
The development of more sophisticated, higher capacity optical disc formats yielded the DVD format, released only a few years later with a copy protection mechanism.
Video CD (VCD) became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993.

White Book (CD standard)

CD-i BridgeWhite Book
by Sony, Philips, Matsushita, and JVC and is referred to as the White Book standard. Video CDs comply with the CD-i Bridge format, and are authored using tracks in CD-ROM XA mode.
These discs, most commonly found in Asia, are usually called "Video CDs" (VCD).

VHS

videoVHS tapeVHS tapes
The format was widely adopted in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, superseding the VHS and Betamax systems in the regions until DVD-Video finally became affordable in the late 2000s.
The Video CD (VCD) was created in 1993, becoming an alternative medium for video, in a CD-sized disc.

MPEG-1 Audio Layer II

MP2MPEG-1 Layer IIMUSICAM
In the late 1980s, ISO's Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) started an effort to standardize digital audio and video encoding, expected to have a wide range of applications in digital radio and TV broadcasting (later DAB, DMB, DVB), and use on CD-ROM (later Video CD).

Blu-ray

Blu-ray DiscBDBlu-ray 3D
However, they are less widely playable in some Blu-ray Disc players, in-car infotainment with DVD/Blu-ray support and video game consoles such as the Sony PlayStation 3-4 due to lack of support for backward compatibility of the older MPEG-1 format.
Some Blu-ray players can also play Video CDs, and all 4K Blu-ray players can play regular Blu-ray Discs, and most can play DVDs and CDs.

CD Video

CD-VideoCDVCD video single
This led to the creation of CD Video (CD-V) in 1987.
Though CD Video lasted only a few years in the marketplace and began disappearing by 1991, its legacy would live on with the all-digital MPEG-based Video CD format, which came out a few years later in 1993.

CD-ROM

CDCD-ROM driveCD-ROM XA
Video CDs comply with the CD-i Bridge format, and are authored using tracks in CD-ROM XA mode.
Other standards, such as the White Book for Video CDs, further define formats based on the CD-ROM specifications.

PlayStation 3

PS3Sony PlayStation 33
However, they are less widely playable in some Blu-ray Disc players, in-car infotainment with DVD/Blu-ray support and video game consoles such as the Sony PlayStation 3-4 due to lack of support for backward compatibility of the older MPEG-1 format.

CD-i

Philips CD-iPhilips Interactive MediaGreen Book
Shortly before the advent of White Book VCD, Philips started releasing movies in the Green Book CD-i format, calling the subformat CD-i Digital Video (CD-i DV). Early devices supporting Video CD playback include the Philips CD-i systems and the Amiga CD-32 (albeit via an optional decoder card).
Authoring kits for the format were released first in 1988, and the first player aimed for home consumers, Philips's CDI 910/205, at the end of 1991, initially priced around US$1,000, and capable of playing interactive CD-i discs, Audio CDs, CD+G (CD+Graphics), Karaoke CDs, Photo CDs and Video CDs (VCDs), though the latter required an optional "Digital Video Card" to provide MPEG-1 decoding.

Karaoke

noraebangkaraoke machinekaraoke bars
In Asia, the use of VCDs as carriers for karaoke music is very common.
Most common machines are CD+G, Laser Disc, VCD or DVD players with microphone inputs and an audio mixer built in.

VLC media player

VLCVLC playerlibVLC
The disc format is also supported natively by Media Player Classic, VLC Media Player and MPlayer.
VLC supports many audio and video compression methods and file formats, including DVD-Video, video CD and streaming protocols.

Amiga CD32

CD32Amiga CD-32CD³²
Early devices supporting Video CD playback include the Philips CD-i systems and the Amiga CD-32 (albeit via an optional decoder card).
A hardware MPEG decompression module for playing Video CD was also released.

Super Video CD

SVCDChina Video DiscChina Video Disc (CVD)
Super Video CD is a format intended to be the successor of VCD, offering better quality of image and sound.
SVCD was intended as a successor to Video CD and an alternative to DVD-Video, and falls somewhere between both in terms of technical capability and picture quality.

MPlayer

liba52mplayer2Gnome MPlayer
The disc format is also supported natively by Media Player Classic, VLC Media Player and MPlayer.

LaserDisc

LDlaser discLaserVision
LaserDisc was first available on the market, in Atlanta, Georgia, on December 15, 1978.
The format also became quite popular in Hong Kong during the 1990s before the introduction of VCDs and DVD; although people rarely bought the discs (because each LD was priced around US$100), high rental activity helped the video rental business in the city grow larger than it had ever been previously.

Media Player Classic

Media Player Classic Home CinemaMPC-HCGabest
The disc format is also supported natively by Media Player Classic, VLC Media Player and MPlayer.
Media Player Classic is capable of VCD, SVCD, and DVD playback without installation of additional software or codecs.

Sega Saturn

SaturnSSarcade
Disc playback is also available both natively and as an option on some CD- and DVD-based video game consoles, including PC-FX, Sega Saturn (pictured), Sega Dreamcast, and Sony PlayStation (only on the SCPH-5903 model).

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
The format was widely adopted in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, superseding the VHS and Betamax systems in the regions until DVD-Video finally became affordable in the late 2000s.

Middle East

Middle Easternthe Middle EastMiddle-East
The format was widely adopted in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, superseding the VHS and Betamax systems in the regions until DVD-Video finally became affordable in the late 2000s.