Video game console

consolegame consoleconsolesvideo game consolesgame consolesvideo game systemgames consolegaming consolegaming consoleshome console
A video game console is a computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.wikipedia
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Video game

video gamesgamegaming
A video game console is a computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
These include dedicated devices such as video game consoles, as well as general-purpose computers like a laptop, desktop or handheld computing devices.

Home video game console

home consoleconsolehome video game consoles
There are various types of video game consoles, including home video game consoles, handheld game consoles, microconsoles and dedicated consoles.
Home consoles are one type of video game consoles, in contrast to the handheld game consoles which are smaller and portable, allowing people to carry them and play them at any time or place, along with microconsoles and dedicated consoles.

Handheld game console

handheldhandheld video game consolehandheld console
There are various types of video game consoles, including home video game consoles, handheld game consoles, microconsoles and dedicated consoles.
A handheld game console, or simply handheld console, is a small, portable self-contained video game console with a built-in screen, game controls, and speakers.

Game controller

controllerVideo game controllercontrollers
An arcade machine consists of a video game computer, display, game controller (joystick, buttons, etc.) and speakers housed in large or small chassis.

Nintendo Switch

SwitchNSNintendo Switch eShop
Nevertheless, the relatively high manufacturing costs and limited data capacity compared to optical media at the time saw them completely replaced by the latter for home consoles by the early 21st century, although they are still in use in some handheld video game consoles and in the Nintendo Switch.
The Nintendo Switch is a video game console developed by Nintendo, released on March 3, 2017.

Home computer

home computershomehome computing
The term "video game console" is primarily used to distinguish a console machine primarily designed for consumers to use for playing video games, in contrast to arcade machines or home computers. A flood of low-quality video games by smaller companies (especially for the 2600), industry leader Atari hyping games such as E.T and a 2600 version of Pac-Man that were poorly received, and a growing number of home computer users caused consumers and retailers to lose faith in video game consoles.
A built-in programming language was seen as a requirement for any computer of the era, and was the main feature setting home computers apart from video game consoles.

ROM cartridge

cartridgecartridgesgame cartridge
Magnavox replaced the switch design with separate cartridges for each game.
A ROM cartridge, usually referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable memory card containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console or, to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.

Dedicated console

dedicateddedicated consolesdedicated video game console
There are various types of video game consoles, including home video game consoles, handheld game consoles, microconsoles and dedicated consoles.
A dedicated console is a video game console that is limited to one or more built-in video game or games, and is not equipped for additional games that are distributed via ROM cartridges, discs, downloads or other digital media.

Arcade cabinet

Uprightcabinetarcade machine
The term "video game console" is primarily used to distinguish a console machine primarily designed for consumers to use for playing video games, in contrast to arcade machines or home computers.
Controls are most commonly a joystick for as many players as the game allows, plus action buttons and "player" buttons which serve the same purpose as the start button on console gamepads.

Coleco

Coleco IndustriesColeco Industries, Inc.Coleco Holdings
While a few companies like Atari, Magnavox, and newcomer Coleco pushed the envelope, the market became flooded with simple, similar video games.
It became a highly successful toy company in the 1980s, known for its mass-produced version of Cabbage Patch Kids dolls and its video game consoles, the Coleco Telstar dedicated consoles and ColecoVision.

CD player

CD changerCD playersCompact Disc player
Through evolution over the 1990s and 2000s, game consoles have expanded to offer additional functions such as CD players, DVD players, Blu-ray disc players, web browsers, set-top boxes and more.
CD playback functionality is also available on CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drive equipped computers as well as on DVD players and most optical disc-based game consoles.

Fairchild Channel F

Fairchild Video Entertainment SystemChannel FVideo Entertainment System
Fairchild released the Fairchild Video Entertainment System (VES) in 1976.
The Fairchild Channel F, short for "Channel Fun," was the first programmable ROM cartridge–based video game console, and the first console to use a microprocessor.

Atari

Atari Inc.Atari EuropeAtari, Inc.
While a few companies like Atari, Magnavox, and newcomer Coleco pushed the envelope, the market became flooded with simple, similar video games. The Odyssey initially sold about 100,000 units, making it moderately successful, and it was not until Atari's arcade game Pong popularized video games that the public began to take more notice of the emerging industry.
The original Atari, Inc., founded in Sunnyvale, California in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers.

Space Invaders

Space Invaders: The Original GameSpace InvaderINVADERS
However, it was not until Atari released a conversion of the golden age arcade hit Space Invaders in 1980 for the Atari 2600 that the home console industry took off.
The 1980 Atari VCS version quadrupled sales of the VCS, thereby becoming the first killer app for video game consoles.

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (video game)

E.T. the Extra-TerrestrialE.T.E.T. the Extra Terrestrial
A flood of low-quality video games by smaller companies (especially for the 2600), industry leader Atari hyping games such as E.T and a 2600 version of Pac-Man that were poorly received, and a growing number of home computer users caused consumers and retailers to lose faith in video game consoles.
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (also referred to as E.T.) is a 1982 adventure video game developed and published by Atari, Inc. for the Atari 2600 video game console.

Mattel

Mattel ElectronicsMattel EntertainmentMattel Creations
A group of employees from Mattel Electronics formed the INTV Corporation and bought the rights for the Intellivision.
In the early 1980s, Mattel produced video game systems, under its own brands and under license from Nintendo.

Magnavox

Magnavox Electronic SystemsMagnavox Corp.Magnavox Research Laboratories
In 1972, Magnavox released the Magnavox Odyssey, the first home video game console which could be connected to a TV set.
Six decades later, Magnavox produced the Odyssey, the world's first home video game console.

Golden age of arcade video games

golden age of video arcade gamesGolden Age of Arcade Gamesclassic arcade games
However, it was not until Atari released a conversion of the golden age arcade hit Space Invaders in 1980 for the Atari 2600 that the home console industry took off.
At around this time, the home video game industry (second-generation video game consoles and early home computer games) emerged as "an outgrowth of the widespread success of video arcades" at the time.

Amstrad GX4000

GX4000
Additionally, two popular 8-bit computers, the Commodore 64 and Amstrad CPC, were repackaged as the Commodore 64 Games System and Amstrad GX4000 respectively, for entry into the console market.
The GX4000 is a video game console that was manufactured by Amstrad.

Nintendo

Nintendo of AmericaNintendo.comNintendo of Europe
In 1983, Nintendo released the Family Computer (or Famicom) in Japan.
Nintendo's first venture into the video gaming industry was securing rights to distribute the Magnavox Odyssey video game console in Japan in 1974.

Sega Genesis

Mega DriveSega Mega DriveMega Drive/Genesis
Sega scaled down and adapted their Sega System 16 (used to power arcade hits like Altered Beast and Shinobi) into the Mega Drive (sold as the Genesis in North America) and released it with a near arcade-perfect port of Altered Beast.
This success led to Sega having control of 65% of the 16-bit console market in January 1992, making it the first time Nintendo was not the console leader since December 1985.

Coleco Telstar series

TelstarColeco TelstarTelstar (game console)
While there had been previous game consoles that used cartridges, either the cartridges had no information and served the same function as flipping switches (the Odyssey) or the console itself was empty (Coleco Telstar) and the cartridge contained all of the game components.
Starting with Coleco Telstar Pong clone based video game console on General Instrument's AY-3-8500 chip in 1976, there were 14 consoles released in the Coleco Telstar series.

R.O.B.

GyromiteStack-UpRobot
To distinguish its product from older game consoles, Nintendo released their Famicom as the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) which used a front-loading cartridge port similar to a VCR, included a plastic "robot" (R.O.B.), and was initially advertised as a toy.
Following the devastating North American video game crash of 1983, Nintendo alleviated the fearful retail market by rebranding its Japanese Famicom video game console as the Nintendo Entertainment System—a new platform focused on R.O.B. to further reclassify the system as a uniquely sophisticated toy experience instead of simply as a video game console.

Hudson Soft

HudsonHudson EntertainmentLast Legion UX
NEC brought the first fourth-generation console to market with their PC Engine (or TurboGrafx16) when Hudson Soft approached them with an advanced graphics chip.
Hudson Soft Co., Ltd was a Japanese video game company that released numerous games for video game consoles, home computers and mobile phones, mainly from the 1980s to the 2000s.

SNK

SNK PlaymoreEikichi KawasakiSNK Corporation
The arcade gaming company SNK developed the high end Neo Geo MVS arcade system which used interchangeable cartridges similar to home consoles.
SNK is most known for its creation of the Neo Geo family of arcade, home, and handheld game consoles in 1990.