National capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria.- Vienna
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Former principal imperial palace of the Habsburg dynasty.
Located in the centre of Vienna, it was built in the 13th century and expanded several times afterwards.
Created after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 10 September 1919—the settlement after the end of World War I which ended the Habsburg rump state of Republic of German-Austria—and ended with the establishment of the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria based upon a dictatorship of Engelbert Dollfuss and the Fatherland's Front in 1934.
Vienna, with its population of almost 2 million, was left as an imperial capital without an empire to feed it.
The Second Viennese School (Zweite Wiener Schule, Neue Wiener Schule) was the group of composers that comprised Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils, particularly Alban Berg and Anton Webern, and close associates in early 20th-century Vienna.
The siege of Vienna, in 1529, was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire to capture the city of Vienna, Austria.
World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, began on 28 July 1914 and ended on 11 November 1918.
According to historian Zbyněk Zeman, his reaction was reflected more broadly in Vienna, where "the event almost failed to make any impression whatsoever. On Sunday 28 June and Monday 29th, the crowds listened to music and drank wine, as if nothing had happened."
Adolf Franz Karl Viktor Maria Loos
His essay Ornament and Crime advocated smooth and clear surfaces in contrast to the lavish decorations of the fin de siècle, as well as the more modern aesthetic principles of the Vienna Secession, exemplified in his design of Looshaus, Vienna.
Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.
Overall, he was unhappy in Vienna, which was musically dominated by the critic Eduard Hanslick.
The Allied occupation of Austria started on 27 April 1945 as a result of the Vienna Offensive and ended with the Austrian State Treaty on 27 July 1955.
Vienna was similarly subdivided but the central district was collectively administered by the Allied Control Council.
Set of theories and therapeutic techniques that deal in part with the unconscious mind, and which together form a method of treatment for mental disorders.
The idea of psychoanalysis (psychoanalyse) first began to receive serious attention under Sigmund Freud, who formulated his own theory of psychoanalysis in Vienna in the 1890s.
The Vienna State Opera (Wiener Staatsoper, ) is an opera house and opera company based in Vienna, Austria.